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DarkRavie

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  1. Fact of the Day - WHISTLE Carved whalebone whistle dated 1821. 8 cm long. Did you know... that a whistle is an instrument which produces sound from a stream of gas, most commonly air. It may be mouth-operated, or powered by air pressure, steam, or other means. Whistles vary in size from a small slide whistle or nose flute type to a large multi-piped church organ. (Wikipedia) Whistle History The whistle originated in ancient China around 5000 years ago. In cs. 200, TS' AI Yen, an Ancient Chinese Woman Poet refers to the Tatar Reed Whistle in her poem titled, "18 Verses Sung To a Tatar Reed Whistle." It appears that the whistle got it's name during a war torn time during the Han Dynasty when the soldiers and civilians were fleeing death and suffering. It was used as an alert for people to know when the barbarians where sited. By the 11th century, it had made it's way to Europe. Stone high crosses in Ireland have carvings of players blowing on bone pipes with narrow conical bones. With the 12th century, bird bone whistles were used. The High Street excavations in Dublin's old Norman quarter have yielded the oldest specimens of this Irish version of the whistle . In the 19th century, the "Feadan" was whistle made from from hollowed stalks of such plants as cane, elder, and wild reeds and grasses. As craftsmen became more proficient in bone carving and woodworking, new materials were used for the exterior, reeds and fipples or flageolets. The newer ones were made of clay. In 1843, the tin whistle was made by Robert Clarke after he modified the design of a wooden whistle he himself owned and played. The Clarke Tinwhistle Company is one of the largest manufacturers today. By 1870, the Boatswain's Pipe was used to give commands to the crew of ships. Even though the name has the word "pipe" in it, it's truly a unique whistle. The high pitched notes can be heard in the worst gales. Today it's used mostly for ceremonial purposes. Joseph Hudson, a Birmingham, England toolmaker, revolutionized the world of whistles in 1884. This was the world's first and leading pea whistle called the Acme Thunderer. In order to supplement the family income, Joseph had done everything from watch repair to cobbling shoes. It was his passion for whistles that prompted him to try numerous designs to perfect a whistle for the London Police One day while playing his violin, he dropped the violin, and the broken violin emitted a high-pitched sound, that he knew was unique and would carry a long way. He had the perfect sound for his police whistle! His whistle when tested, was heard over a mile away, and became the official whistle of the London Bobby, which is still used to this day. In 1995 Acme celebrated 125 years of whistle manufacturing. Plastic whistles were first manufactured in Britain in 1914, after earlier attempts to produce a satisfactory model from vulcanite (hardened rubber) had failed. This allowed design variations and colors that became popular with consumers. The components of modern plastic whistles may be either glued or ultrasonically welded together. Soccer games used to be refereed with white flags until 1878, when a whistle was used for the first time at the English Football Association Cup 2nd Round game between Nottingham Forest (2) vs Sheffield (0). Prior to this, games were refereed using a white flag. In 1930, the 'Pro-Soccer' whistle had a special mouthpiece and a barrel for even greater power and a higher pitch for use in a noisy stadium In 1935, the Acme Silent Dog Whistle became available. This is still the ultimate in training and commanding for sporting and domestic dogs. Ultra sonic adjustable frequencies features allow it to be heard for long distances. The first life-saving whistle was developed for use on life-jackets and flotation devices in 1949. By 2002, Whistle Away Crime was established in response to the communities' desire for safety in an unsafe world. We have searched and extensively tested many products on the market and have discovered that our product is far superior and unique. It's a 3 chamber whistle made of a durable plastic that is virtually indestructible. Combined with empowerment training, the Whistle Away Crime® safety training is even more unique and the perfect tool for a safer, more confident environment. 1860 In the 1860s, Joseph Hudson, who was a Birmingham trained toolmaker, converted his washroom at St. Marks Square, which he rented for one shilling and six pence per week, into a workshop. Here he did anything he could to supplement the family income from watch repairing to cobbling shoes. For reasons now lost in the mists of antiquity, whistles were his passion. 1870 The Boatswain Pipe was first designed in 1870. It was used to give commands to the crew of ships. The high-pitched notes can be heard in the worst gales. Today it is used mostly for ceremonial purposes. 1883 In 1883 the London Police were looking for an idea to replace the hand rattle. Inspired by a sound derived from his violin, Joseph Hudson created the perfect sounding whistle for police use. A slightly jarring, discordant trill, that would be unique and far-carrying. When tested by the Metropolitan Police in London, the whistle was heard over a mile away and immediately adopted as the official whistle of the London Bobby. It can still be seen on duty in the streets of London, and occasionally even heard. 1884 In 1884 the ACME Thunderer, the world's first pea whistle, was launched. Offering total reliability, control and power to the referee, it is now the world's biggest selling whistle. There is not a major league sport that has not been graced by this whistle. 1895 The ACME Siren, sometimes known as the cyclist's road clearer, was introduced in 1895. The unmistakable sound still finds numerous uses today. From tribal dances to marine signaling, this complex whistle made with watchmaker's precision, was the beginning of the ACME range of orchestral whistles and musical sound effects that remain popular to this day. 1935 Up until the 1930s, dog whistles had not been specialized. Almost anything that made a sound was used. In 1935 ACME invented the Silent Dog Whistle, another world first. Having a highly tuned and adjustable frequency range has made this the most effective whistle for trainers to communicate with their dogs, dolphins or whales. Source: Wikipedia - Whistle | Whistle Away Crime | ACME Whistles
  2. What's the Word? - SPREZZATURA pronunciation: [sprets-ə-TYOOR-ə] Part of speech: noun Origin: Italian, early 15th century Meaning: 1. Studied carelessness, especially as a characteristic quality or style of art or literature. Example: "Leo's artwork demonstrates enviable sprezzatura." "At first glance the mural seems unfinished, but it's actually a lovely example of sprezzatura." About Sprezzatura Nonchalance describes being (or feigning being) in a calm or relaxed state. Similarly, sprezzatura is studied carelessness — which often describes attempting to seem calm or relaxed when undertaking a particular action. Did You Know? While many people claim to work in a careless sprezzatura style, not everyone can be the next Picasso or Jackson Pollack. It takes hard work to imbue a childlike doodle with intention.
  3. Fact of the Day - BABY POWDER Did you know.... that baby powder is an astringent powder used for preventing diaper rash and for cosmetic uses. It may be composed of talcum or corn starch. Baby powder can also be used as a dry shampoo, cleaning agent, and freshener. Talcum powder, if inhaled, may cause aspiration pneumonia and granuloma. (Wikipedia) Facts You Didn't Know About Johnson & Johnson By Margaret Gurowitz | Jul 28, 2009 Strange But True: The Baby Powder that Helped Launch a Rocket 1. JOHNSON’S® Baby Powder was used by NASA to help insure the successful launch of the Apollo 8 spacecraft in 1968. The rocket had a rubber strip holding together a covering that protected a measuring instrument. NASA needed a means to insure that the rubber strip could slide off freely during the rocket’s launch. A NASA engineer used some JOHNSON’S® Baby Powder that he brought in from home. It did the job so well that he planned to use it on all subsequent Apollo launches. [The Bulletin, The J&J Employee Magazine, February/March 1969, Vol. XXVII, No. 2, p. 10] 2. In 1970, advice columnist Ann Landers noted in her nationally syndicated newspaper column that Johnson & Johnson in New Brunswick, N.J. had “the most immaculate and best laid out ladies room I’ve ever seen anywhere….” Ann Landers presumably travelled quite a bit, so that recognition was a singular honor. [The Bulletin, the Johnson & Johnson Employee Magazine, August 1970, Volume 28, No. 6] Some of the Company's Early Medicated Plasters 3. Medicated plasters, one of our earliest products in the 1800s, could not be manufactured on very humid days, because the humidity interfered with the manufacturing process. (Which must have been challenging in the pre-air conditioning days over 100 years ago in humid Central New Jersey, where the plasters were manufactured.) James Wood Johnson 4. In 1918 Company president James Wood Johnson was presented with an award by the Russian government for supplying something that helped the Russian army during World War I. (Russia and the U.S. were allies during World War I.) Was it sterile bandages or dressings? No: it was horseshoes. Johnson had bought an interest in the Neverslip Horseshoe Company in New Brunswick, which had filled the largest order in its history for the Russian cavalry. We still have one of the horseshoes in our archives today. McNeil family pharmacy: the origin of one of our operating companies 5. Company founder Robert Wood Johnson, Scientific Director Fred Kilmer, Revra DePuy (founder of our affiliate company DePuy, Inc.), and the McNeil family (founders of McNeil Laboratories, which became part of the Johnson & Johnson Family of Companies in 1959) all had one thing in common. What was it? They all started their careers in retail pharmacies. Philip B. Hofmann 6. Philip B. Hofmann, chairman and chief executive officer of Johnson & Johnson from 1963 to 1973, spent part of his early career here successfully selling the Company’s most notoriously hard to sell product: Lister’s Dog Soap. And by the way, Hofmann’s father -- who steered his son toward joining Johnson & Johnson -- was a retail pharmacist too. 7. When television became part of American life in the early 1950s, Johnson & Johnson became one of its first major sponsors with TV ads and sponsorship of specific shows. Some of the early shows the Company sponsored were The Adventures of Robin Hood, The Donna Reed Show, Cheyenne and Gunsmoke. Source: Wikipedia - Baby Powder | Facts You Didn't Know
  4. What's the Word? - ESTAMINET pronunciation: [es-tam-ih-NAY] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, unknown Meaning: 1. A small cafe in France that sells alcoholic drinks. Example: "I plan to visit every estaminet I find on my trip to Paris" "The artist enjoyed visiting the estaminet for a glass of wine while sketching." About Estaminet An estaminet is a small French cafe, specifically one that serves alcoholic drinks. Did You Know? Plan a visit to an estaminet during a trip to France, and know that you're the latest in a long line of folks who love the atmosphere of a cozy French cafe. F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and Picasso were all patrons of estaminets in their day.
  5. Fact of the Day - EDDIE AND THE CRUISERS Did you know... that Eddie and the Cruisers is a 1983 American drama musical film directed by Martin Davidson with the screenplay written by the director and Arlene Davidson, based on the novel by P. F. Kluge. A sequel, Eddie and the Cruisers II: Eddie Lives!, followed in 1989. (Wikipedia) Soulful Facts About Eddie and the Cruisers BY JAKE ROSSEN | MARCH 28, 2016 A classic example of a movie finding its audience despite a weak theatrical run, 1983’s Eddie and the Cruisers gained a cult following for its original soundtrack and the convincing lip-syncing talents of star Michael Paré. Read on to find out why the story of a fictional '60s musician struck a chord with viewers, how Rick Springfield nearly starred, and whether we’ll ever see Eddie Wilson one more time. IT WAS BASED ON A MURDER MYSTERY. Eddie and the Cruisers was not originally conceived as a nostalgia trip for Jersey rock. Author P. F. Kluge wrote the 1980 novel it was based on as more of a thriller, with Eddie’s former bandmates reflecting on their heyday with the presumed-dead Wilson as a killer tries to find some “missing” recordings the singer made before his apparent death. While the movie stuck to the same basic structure, the killer angle was dropped. RICK SPRINGFIELD WANTED TO PLAY EDDIE. Itching to grow out of his scrubs on General Hospital, soap opera actor-slash-singer Rick Springfield lobbied for the title role in Eddie and the Cruisers. Unfortunately, director Martin Davidson—who bought the novel rights—didn’t think he could be convincing as anyone other than Rick Springfield. While he “might have been great” in the part, Davidson said, “he wouldn’t have spanned the history” of the missing musician. THE BAND GOT ADVICE FROM THE BOSS. When producers went looking for a group to supply original music that would be lip-synched by the cast, they found John Cafferty & The Beaver Brown Band (named after a paint color) toiling in and around New Jersey. Their Bruce Springsteen-esque sound actually had some endorsement from Springsteen himself: Cafferty told People that the Boss was around for their early gigs and helped guide him through some songwriting challenges. “It was like getting batting tips from Mickey Mantle,” Cafferty said. ELLEN BARKIN HATED MAKING IT. Ellen Barkin, who played the latter-day investigative reporter looking into Eddie Wilson’s death, was not enthused about making the film. “That’s what we liked to call a 'pay the rent' job,” she told The A.V. Club in 2010. “It wasn’t a script I liked.” Barkin said her agent more or less talked her into it on the premise she’d only have to work on it for a couple of weeks. THE DIRECTOR WAS PRETTY MEAN TO MICHAEL PARÉ. Paré’s most notable acting gig up to that point was as a supporting cast member of NBC’s The Greatest American Hero. Davidson didn't have much confidence the young actor could pull off some of the more emotionally demanding scenes required: He essentially put him on acting probation. “If you f*ck up tomorrow, you’re fired,” he allegedly told Paré. The animosity was strong enough that Paré’s co-stars held a meeting and told Davidson that if he fired the actor, they’d walk off the shoot. SYLVESTER STALLONE MADE AN IMPORTANT INTRODUCTION. When Davidson had Cafferty’s master recording set, he needed a record label to distribute it. Having directed Sylvester Stallone in 1974’s The Lords of Flatbush, he approached the actor to put him in touch with Scotti Bros. Records, the label that had helped facilitate a meeting between Stallone and the group Survivor that eventually paved the way for “Eye of the Tiger.” Scotti Bros. agreed to distribute the soundtrack, giving Cafferty’s band its first real break after toiling in local clubs for over a decade. HBO AND MTV GAVE THE MOVIE A SECOND WIND. Dumped unceremoniously by its distributor in September 1983 after a chunk of its potential audience was back in school, Eddie and the Cruisers was a theatrical flop. But in 1984, when the film hit HBO in heavy rotation and one of Cafferty’s songs was featured in a music video, audiences who had missed it the first time around caught on. Buoyed by the television exposure, the soundtrack cracked Billboard’s top 10 before topping one million in sales to go platinum. (Through 1989, it sold an astounding three million copies.) THE PALACE OF DEPRESSION REALLY EXISTED. Eddie’s existential crisis—to stay true to his music or placate record industry executives—comes during a scene shot at the “Palace of Depression,” a massive junkyard with parts and assorted junk artistically arranged. It wasn’t just set dressing: the Palace opened in 1932 in Vineland, New Jersey, after a man named George Daynor lost his savings in the stock market crash. Arriving in the state, he took to using trash to build out on a small patch of land. A restoration society is hoping to re-open the site in 2017. THE SEQUEL WENT THROUGH 14 DRAFTS. After the success of the album, Scotti Brothers purchased the sequel rights in 1985. That film wouldn’t see the light of day until 1989: It took 14 drafts for producers to be satisfied with a script for a follow-up that sees Eddie (Paré) living in anonymity in Canada as blue-collar worker “Joe West” before he gets the urge to start recording music again. Unfortunately, not everyone was interested in hearing it: Eddie and the Cruisers II: Eddie Lives! was an even bigger box office disappointment than the original, grossing just $536,508 in its opening weekend in roughly 400 theaters. THE SEQUEL WAS SHOT AT A BON JOVI CONCERT. To capture the atmosphere of a live arena crowd for Eddie’s climatic return to performing, the crew of Eddie II set up cameras at a Bon Jovi concert in April 1989 at the Thomas & Mack Center in Las Vegas. According to one concertgoer, the “fake” band lead by Paré was more well-received than the real warm-up band—Skid Row. PARÉ RECORDED AN ALBUM OF HIS OWN. Speaking to the Los Angeles Times in 1989, Paré revealed he had recently finished an album featuring his own vocals and planned on touring overseas to avoid any Michael/Eddie overlap. While there’s no evidence the album was ever released, you can still hear Paré sing (a little) on a track from the film Road to Hell. PARÉ HAS WRITTEN A SECOND SEQUEL. In 2015, Paré told The Washington Post that he’s been pecking away at a script for a third movie with a friend. “I’ve got up to page 78,” he said. Director Brad Furman (The Lincoln Lawyer), who is a fan of the original, said he would consider directing. In a time where Netflix and other venues are catering to some highly specific tastes, there might be more to Eddie Wilson’s story yet. After watching Eddie and cruisers I became a fan of John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band. On the Dark Side from the movie is my very favorite song. (DarkRavie) Source: Wikipedia - Eddie and the Cruisers | Soulful Facts About Eddie and the Cruisers
  6. What's the Word? - FELICITOUS pronunciation: [fə-LIS-ə-dis] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, 17th century Meaning: 1. Well-chosen or suited to the circumstances. 2. Pleasing and fortunate. Example: "It turned out to be a felicitous decision to bring an umbrella." "She discovered a number of felicitous finds with her trusty metal detector." About Felicitous One of the definitions of felicitous is something that is well-chosen or suited to the circumstances. Similarly, something that is opportune occurs at a well-chosen or appropriate time. Did You Know? A truly felicitous occurrence is winning the lottery. Only 1 in 14 million people ever draw the correct numbers to win the lottery, making it a real stroke of luck to actually win a huge amount of money.
  7. Fact of the Day - THE TARDIS Did you know... that the TARDIS is a time machine and spacecraft that appears in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who and its various spin-offs. The TV show Doctor Who mainly features a single TARDIS used by the central character The Doctor. However, in the series other TARDISes are sometimes seen or used. (Wikipedia) Things Only Real Doctor Who Fans Know About The TARDIS A spaceship/time machine that's bigger on the inside is cool enough as it is, but here are 10 things that make the TARDIS even cooler. BY MICHELLE SANDERS | JAN 12, 2019 Nothing says Doctor Who quite like the TARDIS. This iconic time machine is such an integral part in the series, it's the only one featured in the opening theme! Even the Doctor isn't seen in the beginning credits in his (and now her) own show! That's how important this machine is. The fact is, the Doctor wouldn't be the Doctor without that blue police box. The TARDIS is the Doctor's constant companion, his trusty sidekick, the one who's always there to take care of him and to get him where he wants to go. It's high time the TARDIS gets her dues. Show that beautiful box some love and check out these 10 things only real Doctor Who fans know about the TARDIS. There's More Than One TARDIS As it turns out, the TARDIS isn't the one and only. There are loads of TARDISes out there, as we see in the episode titled "The Name of the Doctor." The Doctor is shown stealing his TARDIS, which appears as a silver cylinder, not unlike one of those stainless steel trash cans sitting in a row of other TARDISes. The SIDRAT, or the Space and Interdimensional Robot All-Purpose Transporter, was an earlier version of the TARDIS, and it was also bigger on the inside. But, alas, even with a catchy name like SIDRAT, this predecessor of the Doctor's time machine simply couldn't compete with the TARDIS. It's Designed To Have Six Pilots Most of the time, The Doctor flies the TARDIS all by himself. If he's lucky, he'll have a few companions to help him out. But, as it happens, the TARDIS is actually supposed to be piloted by six Time Lords. Six! Holy TARDIS of Gallifrey, that's a lot of people (or aliens). Of course, it's no surprise that it takes so many Time Lords to fly one of these things. Just look at how big the console is! All those buttons, all those levers, all those dials! There's so much high tech-ness with just one guy to keep track, the fact that the Doctor can fly solo is mighty impressive. It's A Sentient Being The Doctor's TARDIS is special. Most Time Lords don't bond with their time machines to the extent that the Doctor has with his. In the episode "The Doctor's Wife," an asteroid called The House traps the Doctor and places the matrix of the TARDIS in a woman, who calls herself Idris. Idris reveals to the Doctor that even though she doesn't always take him where he wants to go, she always takes him where he needs to go. The TARDIS is more than a "Time and Relative Dimension in Space" machine; it's a sentient being that thinks and feels and, above all else, protects the Doctor — a lot like Baby does for Sam and Dean in Supernatural. The TARDIS Is Picky About The Doctor's Companions The TARDIS loves the Doctor, but the TARDIS doesn't always love The Doctor's companions. Now, the TARDIS doesn't really object to any of the Doctor's companions until Clara Oswin Oswald comes along. Then, for whatever reason, the Doctor's beloved spaceship takes on a whole new personality, making Clara concerned. It could be that the TARDIS disliked competing with Clara for the Doctor's attention. Or, more likely, it could be because the TARDIS is highly sensitive to temporal anomalies. As the "impossible girl," born to save the Doctor at various points throughout his timeline, it's no wonder the TARDIS picked up on some red flags when it came to Clara. The TARDIS Is An Asteroid Well, okay, you caught us. That's not quite right. The Doctor's TARDIS isn't an asteroid, it's a time machine and a spaceship. But the TARDIS is so iconic that in 1984, when American astronomer Brian Skiff discovered a new Alauda asteroid at the Anderson Mesa unit of Lowell Observatory in Arizona, it was named after that beautiful blue police box. Everyone, say hello to 3325 TARDIS, which is up there in the sky, somewhere... We're sure it's there, but we still don't even know where the Big Dipper is, so when it comes to finding it with your telescope, it looks like you're on your own. In any case, the Doctor would be so proud! It's Bigger On The Inside — A LOT Bigger We all know the TARDIS is bigger on the inside. Heck, that one-liner has been said so often, you don't even have to watch Doctor Who to know it! But just how much "bigger on the inside" is the TARDIS? We don't know the exact square footage of the Doctor's spaceship, but we do know it's got plenty of space —and presumably time. There's a library, an art gallery, a wardrobe, an observatory... The TARDIS also has a room where the Doctor stores keepsakes from his past companions, and another one called the Zero Room, which is a healing chamber that assists the Doctor during regeneration. The TARDIS Isn't The Doctor's Only Form Of Transportation Obviously, the TARDIS is the Doctor's main method of transport. Whether he's hopping from one planet to the next, fighting off the baddies, or he's trekking to the past and back to the future, the TARDIS is his favorite way of getting around, but it's not the only way. We've seen the Doctor ride mopeds, horses, and even a dinosaur, but for a while back in season seven of the original Who, the Doctor was spending some time in exile here on earth. It's there that he worked closely with UNIT. During that time, the Doctor relied on an adorable little yellow car named Bessie to get from point A to point B. The TARDIS Is Broken, That's Why It's A Police Box Originally, the writers of Doctor Who thought it would be fun if the TARDIS changed its appearance in every episode to blend in with its surroundings. But, when they discovered this idea proved to be too much for their budget, they decided to keep the TARDIS permanently stuck as a police box, and explained that the spaceship's chameleon circuit was broken. "It's not that we can't afford to change the TARDIS's appearance, it's that the chameleon circuit broke!" Man, when it comes to getting themselves out of a jam, the Doctor Who writers are more than up to the task. There's A Reason The TARDIS Makes *That Sound* What exactly is *that sound* you ask? Well, if you're a bonafide Whovian, then chances are you can hear it in your head right now! But to anyone who doesn't know the sound of the Doctor's TARDIS materializing and/or dematerializing, it sounds like someone scraping piano strings with a key. Funnily enough, that's exactly how *that sound* is made. Of course, according to River Song, the TARDIS isn't actually supposed to make that high-pitched screeching sound. The reason it does is because the Doctor doesn't fly it correctly. Turns out, he leaves the brakes on. That's probably not too good for the TARDIS's brake pads, eh Doctor? The Doctor And The TARDIS Are Connected The Doctor has had dozens of companions over the centuries, but no companion has been more constant than the TARDIS. The bond that these two have is unshakeable. They look out for each other and they take care of each other. They're more than good buddies or travel partners — they're connected. As Idris reveals in "The Doctor's Wife," the fact that The Doctor chose her was no coincidence. In fact, it was actually the other way around. The TARDIS chose the Doctor. She wanted the Doctor to steal her away from Gallifrey, and after spending so much time with each other, the TARDIS has developed a psychic link with the Doctor. Source: Wikipedia - TARDIS | Doctor Who Tardis Fact Trivia
  8. Fact of the Day - STRAWBERRY Did you know.... that the garden strawberry is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. It is consumed in large quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as jam, juice, pies, ice cream, milkshakes, and chocolates. Artificial strawberry flavorings and aromas are also widely used in products such as candy, soap, lip gloss, perfume, and many others. (Wikipedia) About Strawberries ROBINTIDE Farms | June 2019 FACTS YOU DIDN’T KNOW Fresh, juicy, ripe strawberries are one of the best treats to enjoy during the summer. They’re great on their own, or baked in a pie, or made into jam, or served with vanilla ice cream—really, they are great no matter how you serve them. There are so many different ways to enjoy strawberries and so many benefits to eating them. To celebrate strawberry picking season, here are some interesting facts you didn’t know about strawberries! 1: STRAWBERRIES ARE ONE OF THE ONLY FRUITS WITH ITS SEEDS OUTSIDE Did you know that strawberries are the only fruit with seeds on the outside? Some say that because of this, it cannot be considered a real berry (thus, see Fact #10 below), since all other berries have their seeds on the inside. The average strawberry has about 200 seeds on it! 2: ANCIENT ROMANS BELIEVED THEY HAD MEDICINAL POWERS Since ancient days, strawberries have been used for medical purposes. They were used by the Romans to alleviate symptoms of kidney stones, fainting, inflammation, melancholy, fever, gout, bad breath, throat infections, and diseases of the blood, liver, and spleen. 3: STRAWBERRIES MAY HELP REDUCE THE RISK OF HEART DISEASE & CERTAIN CANCERS It wasn’t only the Romans who believed in the healing abilities of strawberries—today, there is research suggesting that they may have a role in reducing the risk of heart disease and certain cancers. They are low in calories and rich in vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin K, fiber, folic acid, amino acids, and potassium. 4: STRAWBERRIES CONTAIN HIGH LEVELS OF NITRATE Nitrate is a naturally occurring substance in the human body that helps oxygen move throughout the body. Oxygen is essential for the body to function properly. Strawberries contain high levels of nitrate, which can have a role in increasing blood and oxygen flow to the muscles in the body. This makes them the perfect snack before exercising, as they may increase endurance and help you burn more calories. 5: STRAWBERRIES HELP WITH WEIGHT LOSS Strawberries may aid in weight loss for the following reasons: They are an anti-inflammatory, helping the body effectively produce the hormones that keep you lean and regulate body weight They increase the body’s production of adiponectin (hormone), which can stimulate your metabolism and suppresses your appetite They contain substances that control the rise of blood sugar that occurs as a result of eating a starchy meal 6: STRAWBERRIES ARE A SYMBOL OF PERFECTION & LOVE According to folklore, if you split a double strawberry in half and share it with someone of the opposite sex, you will fall in love. Medieval stone masons used to carve strawberry designs on altars, around the tops of church pillars, and other sacred places as a symbol of perfection. 7: STRAWBERRIES CAN BE PICKLED It may sound unusual, but strawberries can also be pickled, especially when they are green or unripe. When they are overripe, however, they are perfect for making jam. Vanilla Bean Pickled Strawberries Yield: 1 pound pickled berries These vanilla bean pickled strawberries are super simple to make and are the perfect balance of sweet and tangy. Serve with yogurt or ice cream or even throw them on a salad. You’ll love this easy springtime recipe! Ingredients: 1 pound strawberries, small berries halved and large berries quartered 2 Nielsen-Massey Madagascar Bourbon Vanilla Beans, cut down the middle 1-1/2 teaspoons peppercorns 3/4 cup (180 ml) apple cider vinegar 3/4 cup (180 ml) water 1/2 cup (120 ml) honey 1/4 teaspoon kosher salt Directions: In a large jar add berries, vanilla beans, and peppercorns. For a more intense vanilla bean flavor scrape out 1 of the halved beans. In a medium-sized saucepan add apple cider vinegar, water, honey and kosher salt. Bring to a boil over high heat and pour over the berries. Put the lid on the berries and cool to room temperature. Place in the refrigerator and let sit overnight. 8: THERE ARE THREE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRAWBERRIES There are three different types of strawberries, and depending on the type you choose, each has its own distinct flavour and benefits. The three types of strawberries are determined based on the time of year they are produced. June bearing: These plants have a huge crop of strawberries each year. Generally, they are grown in June, but they can sprout earlier or later, depending on your zone. Everbearing: These plants have smaller sized crops but start producing as soon as there are 12 hours of daylight. They will continue to bear thereafter until the end of summer. Day-neutral: These strawberry plants have three peak times for fruiting—early June, mid-July, and late August. This provides a steady crop that spreads through the summer. There are also many different types of strawberry plants, called varietals, including at Robintide Farms, Cabot, Cavendish, Honeyoye, Brunswick, AC Valley Sunset, St. Laurent, Sable and Malwina. 9: THERE IS A MUSEUM DEDICATED TO STRAWBERRIES IN BELGIUM In Belgium, there is a gift shop called Le Musée de la Fraise, or The Strawberry Museum in English. At this museum, you can buy everything strawberry-related, from jam to beer. 10: STRAWBERRIES AREN’T TECHNICALLY BERRIES The most surprising fact of all is that strawberries (and raspberries), despite their appearance and name, are not actually berries. This is because their seeds are on the outside, whereas all berries are characterized by their seeds on the inside. Since they are a flowering plant, they belong to the rose family. Their botanical name is Fragaria ananassa. Click here to learn what the University of Vermont has found on the History of the Strawberry. Source: Wikipedia - Strawberry | Facts About the Strawberry
  9. What's the Word? - MANSUETUDE pronunciation: [man-SOO-ə-tood] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, unknown Meaning: 1. Meekness; gentleness. Example: "Grant handled the difficult situation with the utmost mansuetude." "It's important to approach the shelter animals with mansuetude." About Mansuetude Mansuetude developed through Late Middle English and Old French, but originated from the Latin words "mansuetudo" (gentle, tame) and the combination of the words "manus" (hand) + "suetus" (accustomed). Did You Know? Adopting a pet is exciting, and you might want to spend a lot of time playing with your adoptee immediately. However, experts advise mansuetude; give your new pet some room to explore and be gentle. As they get used to their surroundings, they'll warm up to you.
  10. What's the Word? - HOLUS-BOLUS pronunciation: [hol-əs-BOL-əs] Part of speech: adverb Origin: Unknown, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. All at once. Example: "Everything was happening holus-bolus, and I couldn't keep up." "After a lull in my business, holus-bolus, I have all sorts of great opportunities." About Holus-Bolus Holus-bolus possibly originated as a pseudo-Latin rhyme based on the phrase "whole bolus" (all at once), but might also come from the Greek word "hólos bôlos" (clump of earth). Did You Know? When it seems like everything is happening holus-bolus (all at once), it might seem bad to procrastinate. However, sometimes taking a step back from something overwhelming is exactly what you need to figure out a different approach.
  11. Fact of the Day - RAIN Did you know... that rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. Weird Facts About Rain Beth Dreher | Meghan Jones | Updated: Dec. 05, 2018 The least rainy place on earth isn’t in the desert It may be covered with ice, but Antarctica gets only 6.5 inches of rain or snow per year, making it the continent with the lowest annual rainfall by far. On the other end of the spectrum, Lloró, Colombia, absorbs more than 500 inches of rainfall per year. North America is relatively dry by comparison, collecting 256 inches of rain annually. Find out some old wives’ tales about weather that just aren’t true. Rain doesn’t always make the ground wet In dry, hot places, rain sometimes evaporates before it hits the ground. Environmentalist Edward Abbey describes “phantom rain” this way: “You see curtains of rain dangling in the sky while the living things wither below for want of water. Torture by tantalizing, hope without fulfillment. Then the clouds dissipate into nothingness.” Not all raindrops are made of water On Venus, and other moons and planets, rain is made of sulfuric acid or methane. Even stranger: On a planet 5,000 light years away, scientists found raindrops made of iron rather than water. For more watery wisdom, check out these facts you never knew about Earth’s oceans. There’s a scientifically proven way to get less wet in the rain Run! As Henry Reich, the brains behind the YouTube Channel MinutePhysics, explains, the faster you get out of the rain, the drier you’ll be, regardless of the additional raindrops you run into. The shape and color of clouds can help you predict rain Generally speaking, if you see a cumulonimbus cloud (a tall, puffy cloud that looks flat at the top), or a nimbostratus cloud (a flat low-level gray cloud), you can be fairly certain that rain is in the 24-hour forecast. Find out more ways to predict the weather just by looking at the clouds. There’s a reason you love the smell of rain Water doesn’t smell like anything, so why does rain produce a pleasant aroma after it falls? Well, it’s because of a molecule, called geosmin, created by soil-dwelling bacteria. When rain falls, it creates air pockets, which contain small amounts of geosmin. The rain traps and then releases these air pockets, dispersing geosmin into the air, where it’s free to travel to human sniffers. The smell of rain even has a name: “Petrichor.” Learn some surprising facts you never knew about lightning, too. It’s not actually “drop”-shaped The “raindrop” designation is actually a misnomer, since scientists have concluded that rain is not actually shaped like a teardrop. When water molecules condense and bind together in the atmosphere before falling, they form a more-or-less spherical shape. As they fall, they encounter air pressure, flattening the bottom of the drops, so that they end up taking on a shape more like a hamburger bun. The United States record for 24-hour rainfall was just broken In a single day in July 1979, Tropical Storm Claudette dropped a whopping 43 inches of rain on a small Texas town called Alvin. Alvin, which is just south of Houston, held the record for the most rainfall in the United States in 24 hours—until 2018. In April of that year, a rain gauge in the Hawaiian town of Hanalei recorded 49.69 inches of rainfall in one day. Learn about some more unbelievable weather phenomena you never knew happened in America.\ Rain is money In the African nation of Botswana, the currency is the Botswanan pula. The word “pula,” though, also means “rain,” and its use as the name of the primary currency demonstrates just how rare and precious rain is in this sub-Saharan country. It’s been raining a long time Scientists have discovered fossils containing indentations of raindrops dating back as far as 2.7 billion years ago. According to Scientific American, the early liquid rain fell on layers of ash from volcanic eruptions, and then more ash fell on top, preserving the miniature craters from the raindrops. Interestingly, it was erosion created by more rain that exposed the rain fossils for modern study. Source: Wikipedia - Rain | Reader's Digest - Rain Facts
  12. What's the Word? - ANAGNORISIS pronunciation: [an-ag-NOR-ih-sis] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, late 18th century Meaning: 1. The point in a play, novel, etc., in which a principal character recognizes or discovers another character's true identity or the true nature of their own circumstances. Example: "My favorite part of a story is the big reveal that happens at the anagnorisis." "The hallmark of Scooby Doo is the moment of anagnorisis when we finally get to see who is under the monster's mask." About Anagnorisis This word aims to make everything crystal clear: it originated from the Greek words "ana" (back) and "gnorisis" (to make known), which when combined literally means "recognition." Did You Know? The anagnorisis is important in many different stories — and some reveals are particularly surprising. One of the most famous examples was "The Empire Strikes Back," when audiences were shocked to find out that Darth Vader was actually Luke Skywalker's father.
  13. Fact of the Day - RANDOM TRIVIA Did you know... that whether it's an interesting truth about blue whales or some mind-boggling facts about American food, it's always good to know some random trivia — and even more fun to quiz your friends and family with some crazy facts that are wildly unknown but still surprisingly true. The next time you're gathered around the table for some quality family dinner time, pull out one (or more) of these cool-but-unknown facts as an interesting conversation starter or a fun quizzing game — you'll even be sure to impress everyone with your knowledge and have tons of fun while you're at it, too! Celebrate National Trivia Day with these fun facts. BY CAROLINE PICARD | Dec 27, 2019 The hashtag symbol is technically called an octothorpe. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the "octo-" prefix refers to the eight points on the popular symbol, but the "thorpe" remains a mystery. One theory claims that it comes from the Old English word for "village," based on the idea that the symbol looks like a village surrounded by eight fields! The 100 folds in a chef's hat represent 100 ways to cook an egg. Yes, that tall, pleated white hat that chefs wear — technically called a toque — has 100 folds for a reason! According to Reluctant Gourmet, the pleats used to signify a chef's level of experience, like the number of ways he or she knew how to prepare eggs. The longest wedding veil was longer than 63 football fields. If you thought Meghan Markle's wedding veil was long, get this: there's a woman in Cyprus who set the Guinness World Record for the longest wedding veil. How long was it, you ask? Nearly 23,000 feet, which is the same length as about 63.5 football fields. Some cats are allergic to people. FYI for all you people allergic to cats: they might be allergic to you, too! It's pretty uncommon due to the fact that we bathe ourselves more often than other species and don't shed as much hair or dead skin, but yes, it does happen. Apple Pie isn't actually American at all. The next time you call something "as American as apple pie," you might want to consider the fact that neither apple pies nor apples originally came from America. Apples are in fact native to Asia, and the first recorded recipe for apple pie was actually written in England. The unicorn is the national animal of Scotland. Yes, although it's a fabled creature, the national animal of Scotland is actually the mythical unicorn — chosen because of its association with dominance and chivalry as well as purity and innocence in Celtic mythology. BRB, moving to Scotland real quick. The largest known living organism is an aspen grove. Pando (Latin for "I spread out") is a group of genetically identical quaking aspens in Utah with an interconnected root system. It's an estimated 80,000 years old and takes up more than 100 acres. M&M stands for Mars and Murrie. Forrest Mars (son of the Mars Company founder) first spotted the British confection Smarties during the Spanish Civil War and noticed the candy shell prevented the chocolate from melting. He teamed up with Bruce Murrie (son of Hershey Chocolate's president) and the company later trademarked the "Melts in Your Mouth, Not in Your Hand" slogan. Neil Armstrong didn't say "That's one small step for man." The astronaut insists he actually stated, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." "That's the only way the statement makes any sense," Armstrong told biographer James Hansen. And for the record, no real astronaut ever uttered "Houston, we have a problem" — Tom Hanks only said that in the movie Apollo 13. You can hear a blue whale's heartbeat from more than 2 miles away. The world's largest animal's heart weighs about 400 pounds — approximately the size of a small piano. Click the link below to read more Random Trivia. Source: GoodHousekeeping - Random Trivia
  14. Fact of the Day - SKATEBOARDING Lenna performs a 360 flip in front of the Barclays Center, Brooklyn, NY Did you know.... that the first skateboards started with wooden boxes, or boards, with roller skate wheels attached to the bottom. Crate scooters preceded skateboards, having a wooden crate attached to the nose (front of the board), which formed rudimentary handlebars. The boxes turned into planks, similar to the skateboard decks of today. Skateboarding is an action sport that involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, an entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation. Skateboarding has been shaped and influenced by many skateboarders throughout the years. A 2009 report found that the skateboarding market is worth an estimated $4.8 billion in annual revenue, with 11.08 million active skateboarders in the world. In 2016, it was announced that skateboarding will be represented at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Since the 1970s, skateparks have been constructed specifically for use by skateboarders, freestyle BMXers, aggressive skaters, and very recently, scooters. However, skateboarding has become controversial in areas in which the activity, although illegal, has damaged curbs, stoneworks, steps, benches, plazas, and parks. (Wikipedia) History of Skateboarding by SkateDelux.com Skateboarding is more than just cruising around. Skateboarding is a lifestyle. Skateboarding is love. Over the past 60 years Skateboarding went through a kind of evolution. The main points of the story we clarified for you in our skateboarding history: THE 1950S By the early 1950s, surfing can be traced as the source of skateboarding. Some surfers had the idea to transfer the feeling of riding waves onto the streets to defy times of days with a gentle swell. Not without any reason these dudes were called “asphalt surfers”. At two spots in the world a kind of a skateboard was developed at the first time in the early 1950s: California and Hawaii. They used shorter surfboards and wheels made out of metal without some bearings. In the late 1950s, skateboarding had a first peak. During the post-war period, the U.S. economy boomed and this also affected the toy industry. During that time, the toy industry became aware of the board with wheels. In 1959, Roller Derby released the first official skateboard with some new technical developments. Thereby, the handling characteristics have been improved. For this reason, skateboarders were able to develop new tricks and maneuvers. THE 1960S Between the years 1959 and 1965, skateboarding became more and more popular in the United States. Particularly affected were the states on the east and west coasts. Due to the industrial development, the skateboard’s status changed from toy to sports equipment. In 1962, the surf shop “Val-Surf” in Hollywood sold the first self-produced skateboards. These boards featured a typical surfboard shape and roller skate trucks and were sold as complete boards. In the same year, the company Patterson Forbes developed the first industrially produced complete boards with more developed trucks. In 1963, the publisher of the “Surf Guide Magazine” Larry Stevenson released the first advertisement for skateboards in his magazine. Also the clothing industry specialized more and more on skateboarding. One of the most famous skateboarding shoe brand named Vans was established in 1966. From this day on, Vans supported skateboarders from all over the world. Especially shoe companies like Vans, Etnies, Converse and DC Shoes developed and manufactured skateboarding related footwear and streetwear. Another landmark event in 1963 was the first skate contest in Hermosa Beach, California. Skateboarding was not just cruising anymore. Skateboarders showed their skills in different disciplines like slalom or freestyle and companies started to assemble a team to sponsor the riders. As the popularity of skateboarding began to expand, the first skateboarding magazine “The Quarterly Skateboarder” was published in 1964. A next big step was the further development of the shape of the boards. Larry Stevenson invented the “kicktail“, and with it came a lot more possibilities to ride a skateboard. THE 1970S The only consistent thing is change and so it came to a point where everything changed for skateboarding. Frank Nasworthy’ invention of polyurethane wheels in 1972 made it possible for skateboarding to come back. Nasworthy started the company Cadillac Wheels and with the new material it was possible to ride smoother, faster and more comfortable. A variety of disciplines such as freestyle, downhill and slalom experienced a real high point. New magazines like the “Skateboarder Magazine” from 1975 were published and new events were launched. In 1976, the first artificially created skate park was inaugurated and new parks emerged with new elements such as vertical ramps and kickers. In the mid-1970s, skateboarding reached Germany. The American soldiers brought the trend with them and by 1976 Munich became the first German skateboard center. In Munich Neuperlach, the first skate park was built, first skateboard magazines followed and in 1978 the first German skateboard championships were held in Munich. All the different riders with their individual styles enhanced lots of new tricks. Therefore, skateboarding hardware was developed further and further: Shapes changed, boards became wider, got more concave and they featured nose and tail. Then in 1978, Alan Gelfand invented a maneuver that gave skateboarding another revolutionary jump: The “Ollie”, which counts as the greatest trick ever invented and completely revolutionized skateboarding. That was the birth of street skateboarding! THE 1980S Rodney Mullen was one of the first riders who transferred the Ollie for different maneuvers onto the streets and spread a new style of skateboarding. Next to other fun sport activities like BMX or inline skating, street skateboarding developed more and more and became very popular. In 1981, the “Thrasher Magazine” was founded and since then, this magazine stands for street skateboarding, the core scene, punk rock and the lifestyle slogan “Skate And Destroy”. In 1983, another well-known magazine was founded, namely the “Transworld Skateboarding Magazine”. Next to these magazines, a few smaller ones were founded and more skate shops opened. Because of this, the popularity of skateboarding continued to grow. A global dissemination of new tricks and unseen skate maneuvers allowed the first skate videos on VHS. Videography has become increasingly important to the scene. Titus Dittmann was instrumental in the development of skateboarding in Germany. He imported skate-related products from the US and organized contests and various skateboarding events. The “Münster Monster Mastership” became one of the biggest international skateboarding competitions in the 1980s. For that reason, skateboarding became more and more famous in Germany. From the mid-1980s on, it was possible to earn good money as a professional skateboarder and the skateboard industry boomed in the US. In the late 1980s, companies like Powell Peralta, Santa Cruz and Vision dominated the international market of the scene. The fashion was mainly determined by shoes. Shoes by Vans, Converse or Vision became flagships for the skateboarding scene. Skateboarding was now absolutely established the US and in Germany and vert skateboarding was replaced by street skateboarding. The number of skateboarders increased significantly and professional skateboarders became more and more famous just like baseball or football stars. FROM THE 1990S In the early 1990s, skateboarding went through a further depth phase due to the increase in various trend sports. So skateboarding went back to its roots. But because of the digitalization, skateboarding maintained its presence in public. From the mid-1990s, the modern skateboarding experienced a next high phase, which continues until today. Mega events like the “X-Games” were launched and televised. Due to numerous magazines, all the events, videos and last but not least the internet, skateboarding became common worldwide. Because of brands like Chocolate, Girl Skateboards or Flip Skateboards, the skateboarding hardware was developed more and more and skateboarders could buy high-quality skateboards in every bigger city. More indicators are the big and worldwide known events of “Street League”. “Street League Skateboarding” is a contest series for international pro skaters. Here, you only see the best street skateboarder you can think of like Nyjah Huston, Eric Koston, Paul Rodriguez, Andrew Reynolds, Ryan Sheckler or Torey Pudwill. Due to the cash prizes of 200.000 US Dollars or more for the winner and 10.000 visitors at the “Street League” stops, skateboarding has become a professional sport. 2012 Champion, Nyjah Huston In Germany, street skating is the most popular discipline at contests just like in the USA. The European and German skate scene is independent, has its own industry, pros and a national contest series. This is an evidence of how big the role of skateboarding is in our society. Skateboarding has become a job for a lot of people. Because of the increasing networking inside the skate scene, skateboarding will grow and bring more innovations in the future. But for the most of us, skateboarding is and will be a hobby and an attitude to life. The only thing we have left to say is: Thank you skateboarding! Source: Wikipedia - Skateboarding | History of Skateboarding
  15. Friday's Word What's the Word? - MAECENATISM pronunciation: [may-SI-nə-tɪz-əm] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, early 17th century Meaning: 1. Patronage. Example: "The museum honored the donors at a reception for their maecenatism." "Thanks to the maecenatism of regular shoppers, the local businesses were thriving." About Maecenatism This word originates from the classical Latin word "maecēnāt," which means a patron of the arts. Did You Know? The word maecenatism comes from the ancient Roman diplomat Gaius Maecenas. Besides being well-known for being a counselor to Emperor Augustus, Maecenas was famous for patronizing the arts — specifically literature and poetry.
  16. What's the Word? - DEMIURGIC pronunciation: [dem-ee-ER-jik] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Greek, early 17th century Meaning: 1. A powerful creative force or being. Example: "When she's in her studio, she's a demiurgic force." "I meditate before I work to try to access a demiurgic state." About Demiurgic Demiurgic is thought to have originated from the Greek word "dēmiourgós," or "skilled worker." Did you Know? While demiurgic describes a powerful creative force or state of being, a demiurge is a creative entity — such as an artisan or craftsman. One notable demiurge is the Greek god Hephaestus, who was a talented blacksmith known as the god of the forge.
  17. Fact of the Day - ICE CREAM Black Sesame Soft Ice Cream, Japan Did you know... that ice cream is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert. It may be made from dairy milk or cream and is flavoured with a sweetener, either sugar or an alternative, and any spice, such as cocoa or vanilla. It can also be made by whisking a flavored cream base and liquid Nitrogen together. (Wikipedia) Ice Cream facts You Might Not Know The Introduction of Ice Cream is Unclear No one really knows who invented ice cream. We have bits and pieces of information. It’s enough to put together a basic story, but we don’t have all of the answers. In Ancient Rome, Emperor Nero enjoyed mixing snow with fruit and honey. He frequently sent messengers out to gather snow from the mountains. Some historians credit Marco Polo with being the first one to bring some type of ice cream to Europe. He had learned it from the Chinese, who had flavored snow with rice and milk to make a creamy dessert. From there, it progressed. Eventually, ice cream recipes reached the United States a few centuries after Christopher Columbus landed on American soil. Ice Cream Sundaes Were Actually Made For Sundays There are two competing stories about the invention of the ice cream sundae. Here is the most popular one. Ice cream sodas were a popular drink you could buy at the local soda shop. However, religious laws forbade shop owners from selling them on Sundays because people were not allowed to indulge in the sugary treats on the Sabbath. The owner of Ed Berners’ Ice Cream Parlor, Edward Berners, decided to get around this law. One day, he served a customer ice cream soda without the actual soda part, so it was just ice cream and syrup. Soon, the concoction was sold on Sundays as an alternative to ice cream sodas. However, it became so popular it was sold every day. Berners changed the spelling to “sundae” to avoid associating it with the holy Sabbath. The Waffle Cone Was Invented by Accident In 1904, an ice cream vendor ran out of cones. He was at the World’s Fair in St. Louis, Missouri, and he was facing high demand from guests. Desperate for a solution, he turned to a waffle vendor nearby. Together, they came up with the idea to mold the waffles into cones and serve the ice cream in there. Customers loved the idea, and the waffle cone was officially born. America Loves Ice Cream! The United States is one of the top 3 countries in the world with the highest ice cream consumption. California is the country’s top ice cream producer. That’s no surprise, since it’s also the top dairy producer in the country. Can you guess what America’s favorite flavor is? If you guessed chocolate, rocky road, or cookies n’ crème, you’re wrong. It’s actually vanilla. The Ingredients of the First Handwritten Ice Cream Recipe Will Disgust You Sometime around 1668, English noblewoman Lady Anne Fanshawe wrote down the first official ice cream recipe. She originally called it “icy cream,” and it called for some pretty strange things. To prepare the ice cream, the recipe states to boil cream with mace. If that doesn’t throw you off, wait till you see what comes next. For flavor, Fanshawe wrote to use orange flower or ambergris with some sugar. If you don’t know what ambergris is, it is essentially whale vomit. Occasionally, sperm whales suffer from a buildup in their intestines, which ends up coming up in the form of a vomit-like substance. This is known as ambergris, and in the past it was commonly used to make things like candles or perfumes. Which Came First: Chocolate or Vanilla? If you thought the answer was vanilla, you’re wrong. Chocolate was actually invented first. We generally assume that vanilla ice cream came first because it’s the common base that creates many other flavors. However, it wasn’t always that way. Ice Cream Used to be a Luxury Back in the day, ice cream was seen as a luxurious dessert that only the elite could enjoy. It was considered rare and exotic, and remained this way until the late 1800s. The elite and rich upper-class society members were the only ones who could afford the imported ingredients and the cold storage. These were also the days before the commercialization and manufacturing of ice cream. Therefore, it wasn’t as easy to get for everyone, which led to the exclusivity. There is an Ice Cream Fruit in Hawaii That’s right. There’s a Hawaiian fruit that tastes exactly like vanilla ice cream. It’s called the Inga feuilleei, but locals call it the ice cream bean. It grows on perennial trees in hot climates, and it is enjoyed in many different ways by locals. Astronaut Ice Cream Has Never Actually Been to Space You’ve probably seen astronaut ice cream in a handful of gift shops and candy stores. It’s essentially freeze-dried ice cream. But astronaut ice cream is actually not used on space missions. In fact, astronaut ice cream has never been to space at all. Some reports have said it did once, on the Apollo 7 mission in 1968. However, those reports have been dismissed by Walter Cunningham, the only living astronaut on that mission, who claims that there was never such a thing. NASA scientists are now coming up with new inventions to help astronauts enjoy ice cream in space. However, this form of ice cream isn’t exactly the freeze-dried Neapolitan you might have tasted as a kid. Freeze-dried Neapolitan ice cream There’s a Simple Trick to Help Brain Freeze The real word for brain freeze is sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia. But you can keep calling it brain freeze or frozen headache. What is brain freeze? In simple terms, you have temperature sensors on the roof of your mouth. When cold objects hit it before your body has time to process, your nerves send a message to your brain that signal heat loss. This is what brings on that massive headache halfway through eating your ice cream. To combat brain freeze, hold your tongue against the roof of your mouth. This will help warm your sensors and get your brain out of panic mode. Brain Freeze Cat We Know How Many Licks it Takes to Get Through a Scoop The magic number is 50. We’re just jealous we weren’t the person who got to do the taste test to get that data! Source: Wikipedia - Ice Cream | Ice cream Facts
  18. What's the Word? - BOÎTE pronunciation: [bwat] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, unknown Meaning: 1. A small restaurant or nightclub. Example: "Pierre was delighted to learn the new boîte was not too far from his apartment." "This boîte has the best happy hour in town." About Boîte Boîte means "box" in French. This word's origins and how it became widely used to describe restaurants and nightclubs is, unfortunately, unknown. Did you Know? Not every restaurant is a boîte. If a restaurant is small and has a vibrant nightlife, then it is considered a boîte.
  19. Fact of the Day - BASKETBALL James Naismith Did you know... that the history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a 31-year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters. (Wikipedia) Basketball in Canada Article by Frank T. Butler | April 30, 2006 Updated by Tabitha Marshall | March 10, 2017 Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each. The objective is to score by throwing a ball through a netted hoop located at each end of the court. Invented by Canadian James Naismith in 1891, while he was teaching at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, basketball is now one of the most popular sports in the world. James Naismith, inventor of basketball Invention of Basketball Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith at the YMCA International Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Naismith, an instructor at the school, responded to the need for an indoor winter recreational activity that could be easily learned and played in teams. Naismith wanted to develop a game that emphasized skill instead of force. The result was a team sport in which the object was to score by throwing a large ball into a (peach) basket placed about 3 m (or 10 feet) above the floor. Naismith also defined 13 basic rules, including prohibitions against running with the ball and “shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping, or striking in any way.” Naismith's original rules There were only thirteen rules of "basket ball": The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made Graduates of the YMCA training school in Springfield helped to spread basketball throughout the world. By the 1930s, it was played in countries around the world, prompting its acceptance as an official Olympic men’s competition in 1936. Basketball in Canada Many students at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield were Canadian, and these young men (e.g., Lyman Archibald, J. Howard Crocker, William H. Ball) helped establish the new game across the country. By 1900, basketball was being played in Canada by both men and women at local YMCAs and YWCAs, and in schools and clubs. In 1923, the Canadian Amateur Basketball Association (CABA) was formed in Port Arthur [Thunder Bay], Ontario. As the official governing body for basketball in Canada, its main function was to assist with national championships, but its programs, beyond men's and women's national championships, now include: men's and women's national team development; technical development with coaching; official and player certification; youth programs; a Hall of Fame; educational services; and promotion and revenue generation. In 1973, the organization voted to adopt the international playing rules of the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur/International Amateur Basketball Federation (FIBA). The CABA was renamed Basketball Canada by 1980, and later became Canada Basketball. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in Canada. According to the Canadian Youth Sports Report, around 354,000 youth (age 3–17) played basketball in 2014, making it the sixth most popular sporting activity for young Canadians after swimming, soccer, dance, hockey and skating. Among new Canadians (those whose parents were born outside Canada), basketball was second only to soccer. The first basketball court: Springfield College Professional Basketball in Canada Canada’s first professional basketball teams began playing in the 1946–47 season. The Toronto Huskies played that season as part of the Basketball Association of America, a forerunner of the National Basketball Association. On 1 November 1946, Toronto hosted the league’s first game, playing the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens. The Huskies lost to the Knickerbockers that evening and folded at the end of the season. On the West Coast, the Vancouver Hornets played in the Pacific Coast Professional Basketball League (1946–47 and 1947–48), before the league folded. It would be several decades until professional basketball returned to Canada. In the 1980s, Canadian teams began playing in minor professional leagues such as the Continental Basketball Association and the World Basketball League. A new era in Canadian professional basketball began in 1994, when the National Basketball Association (NBA), the major professional league in the United States, awarded franchises to two Canadian cities. The Toronto Raptors and Vancouver Grizzlies, who both began play in 1995, brought major professional basketball to Canada for the first time. The Grizzlies were unsuccessful and moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 2001. The Raptors continue as the league's only Canadian team. Support for the Raptors has grown, with increasing numbers watching or attending games. In 2005–06, the average attendance at Raptors home games was 17,056 (17th of 30 teams in the NBA), but by 2015–16, attendance had risen to 19,825 (4th of 30 teams). Between the 2010–11 and 2014–15 seasons, TV viewership for the Raptors more than doubled, from 108,000 to 246,000. A growing number of Canadians have played on National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) teams in the United States, and in the professional National Basketball Association and Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). Canadian NBA players include Bob Houbregs, Bill Wennington, Rick Fox, Steve Nash, Cory Joseph and Andrew Wiggins. In 2005, while playing for the Phoenix Suns, Nash won the league's MVP award, becoming the first Canadian to receive the honour. Steve Nash International Competition Basketball appeared as a demonstration sport for male athletes at the 1904 Olympic Games in St Louis. The Edmonton Grads, a women's team, played a series of matches in conjunction with the 1924, 1928 and 1936 Olympic Summer Games. In 1936, men’s basketball first appeared as an official Olympic sport. Canada's team at the 1936 Berlin Olympiad, the Windsor Ford V8s, made up of players primarily from Windsor, Ontario, and strengthened by players from the West Coast, won the silver medal, losing in the final to the United States 19 to 8. Women’s basketball became an Olympic sport in 1976. Neither team has won an Olympic medal in basketball since 1936, but both have reached the podium at the Pan American Games and the FIBA Americas Championships. The women’s team has also won bronze medals at the FIBA World Championships. Wheelchair Basketball In 1946, about half a century after basketball was invented, American Second World War veterans played the first documented wheelchair basketball game. Two Canadian teams soon formed — the Vancouver Dueck Powerglides in 1950 and the Montréal Wheelchair Wonders in 1951. The game quickly became popular, and in 1968 the first Canadian championships were held in Edmonton, Alberta. Wheelchair basketball is now one of the most popular team sports for athletes with disabilities. The national men’s and women’s teams are among the best in the world, and since 1992 have won several Paralympic and world championships. Source: Wikipedia - History of Basketball | Basketball in Canada
  20. What's the Word? - TOHUBOHU pronunciation: [toh-hoo-BOH-hoo] Part of speech: noun Origin: Hebrew, unknown Meaning: 1. A state of chaos; utter confusion. Example: "The mayor's unexpected announcement left the press in a tohubohu." "After recess the students were always in a tohubohu." About Tohubohu This word developed from the Hebrew word "tōhū wa-ḇōhū," which translates to "emptiness and desolation." Tohubohu is also found in the Bible, used in context to mean "without form and void." Did you Know? In a modern sense, tohubohu refers to a state of chaos. Originally, however, it meant something very different. The Hebrew phrase "tōhū wa-ḇōhū" refers to the world just before the creation of light. In this context, it means a lightless, endless void.
  21. Thanks. It's always nice to hear!
  22. Fact of the Day - DRIFTWOOD Driftwood provides a perch for a bald eagle on Fir Island, Washington. Did you know... that driftwood is wood that has been washed onto a shore or beach of a sea, lake, or river by the action of winds, tides or waves. In some waterfront areas, driftwood is a major nuisance. However, the driftwood provides shelter and food for birds, fish and other aquatic species as it floats in the ocean. (Wikipedia) The Surprising Beauty and Benefits of Driftwood By Russell McLendon | Updated August 15, 2018 Trees are pillars of their communities, a role they can maintain even in death. An upright dead tree offers vital habitat to certain birds and bats, for example, while a fallen tree is a bonanza for life on the forest floor, including future trees. Yet rotting in place is not the only natural afterlife for a tree. Sometimes, instead of giving back to its birth forest, a tree will embark on an odyssey to pay it forward, carrying its ecological wealth away from the only home it has ever known. These traveling trees don't mean to betray their roots; they're just going with the flow. They've become driftwood, a term for any woody remnants of trees that wind up moving through rivers, lakes or oceans. This journey is often brief, merely leading to a different part of the same ecosystem, but it can also send a tree far out to sea — and maybe even across it. Driftwood is a common sight at beaches around the world, although many people dismiss it as unremarkable scenery or useless debris. And while some driftwood is a little short on mystique — like twigs from a nearby tree, or boards that fell off a fishing pier — it can also be a ghost from a distant forest or shipwreck, transformed by its adventures into something beautiful. Along the way, driftwood tends to return the favor by reshaping and enriching the environments it visits. In an age when oceans are plagued by plastic trash, driftwood is a reminder that natural marine debris can be benign, even beneficial. It embodies the fragile ecological links between land and water, as well as the subtle beauty commonly hiding in plain sight. In hopes of shedding more light on these qualities, here's a deeper look at why driftwood deserves more attention: Windows of opportunity Long before humans built boats from dead trees, the raw materials were out there exploring uncharted waters on their own. Driftwood may have even inspired our first wooden rafts and boats, as ancient people noticed its strength and buoyancy. Dead trees have always served as boats, though, just usually for smaller passengers. Driftwood not only feeds and shelters lots of tiny wildlife, but can also help them colonize otherwise unreachable habitats. And its arrival can benefit local residents, too, introducing new resources to sustain coastal wildlife and help buffer their exposed home from wind and sun. Depending on the driftwood and where it washes up, seafaring trees can be valuable additions to waterfront habitats that lack the canopy and roots of live trees, such as rocky beaches or coastal sand-dune ecosystems. Even in places with plenty of trees, like the banks of a forested river, driftwood often plays an integral role in building up and shaping the habitat's infrastructure. Logging off The adventures of driftwood often begin in rivers, and many of them stay there. Driftwood is an important part of virtually all natural waterscapes around the world, including freshwater streams, rivers and lakes as well as oceans. Rivers that flow through or near forests tend to collect pieces of dead trees, sometimes resulting in accumulations of driftwood known as logjams. Over time, these clusters can help build up the banks of rivers and even shape their channels, influencing not only the way water moves through the ecosystem, but also what kind of solutes, sediments and organic matter it contains. Driftwood also slows down the flow of a river, helping it retain more nutrients to nourish its native wildlife. And by forming lots of different microhabitats within a river channel, driftwood has a tendency to boost local biodiversity, too. Similar to long-lived beaver dams, driftwood logjams have been known to persist for centuries if left alone, eventually becoming huge, landscape-altering rafts. One such logjam, known as the Great Raft, may have been growing for 1,000 years before the Lewis and Clark expedition encountered it in 1806. The raft, reportedly sacred to the native Caddo people, held tens of millions of cubic feet of cedar, cypress and petrified wood, covering nearly 160 miles of the Red and Atchafalaya rivers in Louisiana. The Great Raft may have been a natural wonder, but because it blocked navigation of the Red River, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers launched an effort to dismantle it. Initially led by steamboat captain Henry Shreve, the project kicked off in the 1830s and took decades to complete, inadvertently transforming the geology of the Lower Mississippi River watershed in the process. "The many lakes and bayous that the Red River had created in Louisiana and East Texas drained away," according to the Red River Historian. "The river shortened its path to the Mississippi. To stop the destabilization of the land surrounding the river, the Corps of Engineers had to implement billions of dollars in lock and dam improvements to keep the river navigable." Even under natural conditions, however, rivers rarely hold onto all of their driftwood. Depending on the size of a waterway, it may let trees and woody debris keep flowing downstream, eventually reaching a new environment like a lakeshore, estuary or beach. Although driftwood often decays within two years, some pieces last much longer under certain conditions. The Old Man of the Lake, for one, is a 30-foot-tall (9-meter) tree stump that's been bobbing vertically in Oregon's Crater Lake since at least 1896. Branching out As streams and rivers carry driftwood seaward, large "driftwood depositories" sometimes collect at a waterway's mouth. These buildups have existed for roughly 120 million years, dating back almost as far as flowering plants themselves. Some of their driftwood may eventually continue out to sea, while other pieces stick around in a river delta, estuary or a nearby shoreline. Click the link below to read more about Driftwood. Source: Beauty and Benefits of Driftwood | Wikipedia - Driftwood
  23. Thank you for the correction. I got this on a website but they don't go in-depth on the colors, so it's always good to know when I get something off and someone corrects me!
  24. What's the Word? - AILUROPHILE pronunciation: [aye-LOO-rə-fayhl] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, early 20th century Meaning: 1. A cat lover. Example: "She must be an ailurophile after fostering cats for 15 years." "Even though I only have dogs, I'm an ailurophile at heart." About Ailurophile Ailurophile developed in Greek, specifically from a combination of the Greek word "ailuros" (cat) and "phile" (a love or fondness for something). Did you Know? If you would like to indicate your identity based on your love for something, you can follow this pattern: use its Greek or Latin name + the suffix "phile." Some examples include ailurophile (cat lover), bibliophile (book lover), and Anglophile (a lover of England and English culture).
  25. Fact of the Day - COLOR Did you know... that color, or colour, is the characteristic of visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple. This perception of color derives from the stimulation of photoreceptor cells by electromagnetic radiation. (Wikipedia) Interesting Color Facts COLORS About colors. The world around us is not black and white. It is beautiful, colorful, and it offers itself to us in a multitude of different colors. The human eye can distinguish between at least 2000 different shades of different colors and those also in many different combinations. We use and express ourselves with them. They serve as a tool for communication and help us as changing the welfare, surroundings. Using them, we also disclose our spiritual and cultural orientation. We can enrich our world with colors, making it more aesthetic and adjusted to your own needs and desires. It is also good to know something about the colors so that we do not spoil the climate in which we live. ABOUT COLORS There are three basic colors: yellow, red, and blue. These are called primary colors. They are basic because they can not be derived from other colors. When mixed, they form black. This is called subtraction of color mixtures. From the original primary colors mentioned above, they differ in that: we get them by the removal of light. Primary Colors When we mix the neighboring colors, the circle, we get secondary colors: orange, violet, and green. Secondary Colors And if we mix the primary and secondary colors, we get tertiary colors: red-violet, red-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, blue-violet, and yellow-orange. Tertiary Colors Harmonic colors are those who are the neighbors of the color circle. These are, for example: yellow, lemon yellow, orange-yellow, orange-brown. All 4 of these are originating from the area between yellow and orange, so they fit together nicely. Harmonic Colors Complementary colors are those that are lying on the opposite side from one another and are generating a voltage. Yellow is complementary to purple; orange is complementary to blue, and green is complementary to red. Complimentary Colors Warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. Cool colors are blue, green, and purple. Neutral colors are white, brown, and beige. Color Wheel CONCLUSION We practically never see a single solitary color, not even if we want to isolate it on purpose. Each has its color tone, brightness, and saturation, and is more or less under the influence of the colors that surround it, or those that form its background: – Brightness: color on a dark background seems to be brighter than on a lighter background. – Tint: Cyan on a green background looks bluer and on a blue background looks greener. – Saturation: any color is greyish on the background of pure, clean tone; however, if the background is bright, it looks greyish. WHITE COLOR FACTS The white flag is a symbol of peace. Pharaohs of Egypt wore a white crown. A wedding in a white dress is supposed to bring good luck. Therefore, it is the traditional color of wedding dresses in the Western world and Japan. Whitelist (opposite to blacklist) contains big things. The knight in shining white armor is supposed to be the savior. White Room is usually a clean room, dust-free, temperature-controlled, meant for Inhalt precise instruments. Old Persians believed that all gods wore white clothes. The white feather is a symbol of a coward. Angels are mostly dressed in white. White is the color of mourning in China and some parts of Africa. By the 16th century, it was also the color of mourning in Europe. The ancient Greeks were dressed in white while sleeping due to dreams, more pleasant thoughts. YELLOW COLOR FACTS Yellow is the color of mourning in Egypt and Burma. For holistic healers, it is the color of peace. The yellow ribbon is a sign of support to the soldiers at the front. If someone is said to have yellow lines, it means that a person is a coward. Yellow can symbolize jealousy and deceit (France) and sadness (Greece). Hindus in India wear yellow when celebrating the festival of spring. In the 10th century, in France, criminals and traitors got their front door painted with yellow. Executioners in Spain in the old days wore yellow. In the US, taxis and school buses are yellow. For old Aztecs, yellow symbolized food (corn). The yellow flag means quarantine. In India, it can symbolize farmers or traders. ORANGE COLOR FACTS Orange is Dutch national color from their War for Independence, which participated in the rebel “Orange” prince. In China and Japan, the orange symbolizes happiness and love. RED COLOR FACTS In South Africa, red is the color of mourning. Red in Russia represents beauty. In India, red is a symbol of a soldier. “Red-shirts” were soldiers of the Italian leader Garibaldi, who united and founded modern Italy in the 19th century. In Greece, Easter eggs are colored in red for good luck. For old Romans, red was also a sign of conflict. In England, telephone booths and double-decker buses are red. The Aztecs associated red color with blood. In China, red is the color of happiness and is used for weddings. Also, with Hindus and Muslims. Red amulets prolong life for many cultures. The highest arc in the rainbow is red. In financial circles, red represents a negative outlook. Bees can see all the colors except red. In India, the red dot on the forehead of women is bringing good luck. When you blush, it means that you feel embarrassed. A red flag means danger. VIOLET COLOR FACTS Purple is the color of mourning in Thailand. Violet’s heart is a reward for the injured and dead soldiers. Purple gowns represent authority and high positions. BLUE COLOR FACTS In Iran, blue is the color of mourning. Pharaohs in ancient Egypt wore blue for protection against evil. Blue blood means royal roots. We believe that blue protect against witches. Even in ancient Rome, public officials wore blue. GREEN COLOR FACTS In the ancient Egyptians, the floor of the temple was painted green. Green with envy means that jealous and envious. In ancient Greece, green symbolized victory. Greenhorn means a new man, a newcomer, someone fresh without experiences. If anyone gets the green light means that a person can start with a task or project. Green Room is a special room in concerts and theaters, where performers rest and relax before performing. In Scotland’s Highlands, the green is worn as a sign of pride. Green is the national color of the Irish people. If you’re green, it means that you got sick. Green means go. BLACK COLOR FACTS Black Sheep is an outcast. With the ancient Egyptians and Romans, the black was the color of mourning. Black is often the color of secrets and mysteries. A person who has “a black heart” is evil. The black market stands for illegal trafficking in goods or money. Blacklist is a list of people or organizations which are punished or boycotted. If a business is in the black, it means it is doing well and brings in some money. The ancient Egyptians believed that black cats possess divine power. Experts in karate are wearing black belts. The black flag in car racing means that the driver needs to drive into the boxes. Source: Wikipedia - Color | Interesting Color Facts
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