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  1. Fact of the Day - ANNE OF GREEN GABLES Did you know..... that Anne of Green Gables is a 1908 novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery. Written for all ages, it has been considered a classic children's novel since the mid-twentieth century. Set in the late 19th century, the novel recounts the adventures of Anne Shirley, an 11-year-old orphan girl, who is mistakenly sent to two middle-aged siblings, Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, who had originally intended to adopt a boy to help them on their farm in the fictional town of Avonlea in Prince Edward Island, Canada. The novel recounts how Anne makes her way through life with the Cuthbert', in school, and within the town. Since its publication, Anne of Green Gables has been translated into at least 36 languages and has sold more than 50 million copies, making it one of the best selling books worldwide. The first in an anthology series, Montgomery wrote numerous sequels, and since her death, another sequel has been published, as well as an authorized prequel. The original book is taught to students around the world. The book has been adapted as films, made-for-television movies, and animated and live-action television series. Musicals and plays have also been created, with productions annually in Europe and Japan. (Wikipedia) What You Might Not Know About Anne of Green Gables BY LINDA RODRIGUEZ MCROBBIE | APRIL 1, 2015 Lucy Maud (without an e, thanks) Montgomery’s classic bildungsroman, Anne of Green Gables, was published to massive—Harry Potter levels—success in 1908, spawning a whole series of sequels, a bustling tourism industry for the Canadian island where the books were set, and a worldwide enduring love affair with the feisty Anne “with an ‘e’” Shirley. Montgomery finished Anne in 1905, and it took her six tries to find the novel a publisher. That sixth publisher, the Page Company of Boston, Mass., was very lucky: The original book was a runaway bestseller, selling 19,000 copies in the first five months and sprinting through 10 printings in its first year alone. The following year, it was translated into Swedish, the first of at least 20 different languages Anne would be published in. More than 50 million copies of the book have been sold worldwide, and it is probably still the most widely read Canadian novel in the world. The story of how the independent, flame-topped 11-year-old orphan Anne comes to live at the Cuthberts’ farm on Prince Edward Island is by now a well-worn classic, especially—but not solely—if you’re a woman. Anne is clever, spirited, loyal, and imaginative, but prone to dramatic flights of fancy and getting herself into situations; her transformation into the beloved adopted daughter of the elderly brother and sister Cuthbert, the Island’s brightest student, a pretty woman whose carrot-colored locks deepen into a handsome auburn, and a mature caretaker who is willing to put her own dreams on hold for the good of others is at times mawkish, but on the whole deeply satisfying. Even now, the books retain the charm that first set young imaginations alight, as evidenced by how much people continue to celebrate them, more than 100 years after their first printing. But even if you’ve read the whole series—the seven sequels and the two related books by Montgomery, all about Anne—there might be a few things about Anne with an e that you don’t know. 1. Anne has fans—and many of them are writers. Famous curmudgeon Mark Twain loved her, saying she was "the dearest and most lovable child in fiction" since Lewis Carroll's Alice. Margaret Atwood, in an essay that appeared in The Guardian in 2008—the 100th anniversary of the book’s publication—wrote about her love of reading the book as a child and then again, when her own daughter was of Anne-age. Atwood also makes a compelling case that in Anne of Green Gables, the story isn’t so much about Anne’s transformation—or lack thereof, because notwithstanding her new thoughtfulness and auburn locks, she’s still the same girl inside—but about cold spinster Marilla Cuthbert’s. “Anne is the catalyst,” wrote Atwood, “who allows the crisp, rigid Marilla to finally express her long-buried softer human emotions.” 2. Anne is big in Japan. In 1939, a missionary from New Brunswick left her copy of Anne with a friend, respected translator Hanako Muraoka. Muraoka secretly translated the book into Japanese, renaming it Akage No Anne (Anne of the Red Hair), but held on to it through the war. In 1952, when Japanese officials were looking for translations of enriching, inspirational Western literature to teach in schools, she brought out her translation and Anne of Green Gables became part of the Japanese curriculum. Japan fell in love with Anne overnight, finding her red hair exotic, her hardworking attitude and kind nature endearing, and her story of winning over the town—not to mention Marilla Cuthbert, the seemingly hard-hearted matron—inspirational. National obsession might not even begin to cover it: In 1986, a Japanese businessman made news when he signed a contract to import more than $1.4 million worth of potatoes from Prince Edward Island, solely on the realization that the potatoes came from Anne’s island. There is an Anne Academy in Fukuoka, which teaches Japanese students how to speak English with a Prince Edward Island accent; a nursing school called the School of Green Gables that tries to instill Anne-like qualities in its students; and several national fan clubs. People get married in Anne-themed weddings, thousands of Japanese tourists—many of them adult women with their hair dyed red and tied up in pigtails—visit Prince Edward Island each year, and surveys consistently find that the character is still one of the most beloved of young women across Japan. In 2008, the Canadian and Japanese post jointly sold a sheet of stamps featuring scenes from the 1979 Nippon Animation Anne cartoon; the stamps proved so popular in Japan that they sold 10 million of the 15 million run in the first month of their release. 3. Anne was a hero of the Polish Resistance. Anne of Green Gables was translated, although not officially, into Polish in 1912. This pirated copy, under the spurious author name “Anne Montgomery,” would become hugely popular and deeply important to Poland over the next 40 years and beyond. During World War II, the Polish resistance issued copies of Anne of Green Gables to its fighters as a reminder of what they were fighting for and to emphasize the values of family, loyalty, and selflessness—all of the things that plucky Anne seemed to embody. After the War and during the Communist occupation, the book was suppressed as subversive, largely due to its themes of resisting authority and the importance and value of the individual. The book was big on the black market; the copies sold there were often patched together from personal copies that hadn’t been confiscated. Just as Anne herself became a kind of emblem of individualism and hope, so too did the author, whose works were celebrated well beyond the Anne canon. In 1982, Montgomery's only book set entirely outside of Prince Edward Island and one of the few to be pitched to an adult audience, The Blue Castle, was turned into a musical in Krakow, no mean feat during the Communist privations. 4. Anne is big business. While the sales of the books may have slowed somewhat with age, Anne is still big business to all those kindred spirits who love her so. Cavendish, which Montgomery re-imagined as Avonlea in the books, sees more than 125,000 Anne fans on pilgrimage each year (an estimated 20 percent of them are from Japan), and Green Gables, a farmhouse that had actually belonged to Montgomery’s cousin but certainly looks the part, is a National Historic Site (it abuts an 18-hole golf course; such is the course of modernity). Prince Edward Island, which jointly owns the trademarked term “Anne of Green Gables” with Montgomery's heirs, remains a veritable wonderland of Anne-themed tchotchkes. Anne fans can buy Anne tea sets and Anne candies; Anne tea towels and potholders, cookbooks and aprons; Anne note cards and pencils; CDs featuring music from the several Anne musicals; and Anne light switches. There are Anne buttons and magnets, Anne bookmarks, Anne puzzles, Anne stained glass night lights; for the kids, an Anne straw hat to wear just like their favorite heroine, Anne porcelain dolls to be creeped out by, and Anne plush dolls to cuddle. Carry it all home in your new Anne tote bags, just because you can. Virtually anything that you could put Anne on, someone has. 5. Anne is who LM wished she could be. In some senses, Montgomery was rewriting her own past in Anne of Green Gables. Montgomery wasn’t exactly an orphan in the strictest sense of the word—her mother died when she wasn’t even 2 years old, and her father left her to be raised by her severe, Presbyterian maternal grandparents in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island. But she felt like one in the spiritual, emotional sense: Sensitive and book-loving, Montgomery did not find a lot of love with her grandparents, nor did she find it when she was later sent to live with her father’s new family after he remarried. When Anne declares, "Nobody ever did want me," it’s not hard to hear Montgomery’s voice. Despite her fame, success, and rich inner life, at least part of Montgomery’s life was a series of misadventures in love and unhappiness, including refusing to marry the farmer she loved because she believed he wasn’t educated enough for her, and eventually marrying a Presbyterian minister who sank into a debilitating depression. When she died in 1942, her family gave it out that it was heart failure that killed her. In 2008, however, her granddaughter disclosed that the 67-year-old writer had deliberately overdosed on drugs, leaving behind a note asking for forgiveness. (For more about Montgomery’s complicated life, check out this.) 6. Montgomery dreaded the Anne sequels. The success of Anne of Green Gables was, as they say, a blessing and a curse for Montgomery. Even as early as 1908, a year before the first Anne sequel, Anne of Avonlea, came out, Montgomery wrote to a friend that she dreaded the thought of revisiting Anne and that the whole idea of a sequel was her publisher’s: “I’m awfully afraid if the thing takes, they’ll want me to write her through college. The idea makes me sick. I feel like the magician in the Eastern story who became the slave of the ‘jinn’ he had conjured out of a bottle.” College?! Montgomery continued to write Anne well through college, marriage, childbirth, and beyond, and it seems that by Anne of Ingleside, the sixth book, at least, she was more or less all right with it—she wrote that it was like “going home.” 7. Anne Shirley played Anne Shirley. Anne has been reinvented dozens of times over. In 1919, the book was adapted to the screen in a now-lost silent film; in 1934, Hollywood tried again, this time with a 16-year-old girl called “Anne Shirley” in the title role. Shirley was actually born Dawn Paris—a pretty good stage name already —but film studio RKO was never one to pass up a publicity stunt, so they asked the contract player to change her name to her character’s. Funnily enough, her name had already been changed once before, by her stage parents: She went from Dawn Paris to Dawn O’Day by the age of three. 8. More Annes on screen. Anne of Green Gables has been adapted for the screen—both small and large—many other times since 1934, including the 1979 Nippon Animation anime version of Anne of Green Gables, hugely popular in its own right. But it’s the 1985 Canadian-produced TV mini-series starring Megan Follows as the red-haired orphan and Colleen Dewhurst as stern Marilla Cuthbert that is probably the most famous. The film broke Canadian broadcast history when it premiered, establishing a record viewership that wouldn’t be broken until Canadian Idol in 2003, and the program has since been translated in 30 different languages and broadcast in more than 140 countries. The last Anne film came in 2008; the made-for-TV Anne of Green Gables: A New Beginning starred Barbara Hershey as a middle-aged Anne reeling from the death of husband Gilbert in World War II and lost in her troubled memories of her childhood. 9. Canada’s longest running musical A musical based on Anne of Green Gables—titled, obviously, Anne of Green Gables: The Musical—was first staged in 1965, as part of the very first Charlottetown Festival, and has been every year since. Now in its 51st season, the producers claim that the musical is the longest running annual musical in the world; at least 2.3 million people have seen it in Charlottetown, and even more have seen Anne and Gilbert dance across stages in London, New York, and Japan. 10. Anne with an e—but without the red hair? So, Anne’s face has been on everything from the small screen to tea towels to stamps, and each incarnation of the red-haired orphan seems to have a similar look: Straw-hatted child or Gibson girl young woman. Except this one: In 2013, a self-publishing firm, taking advantage of the fact that the books are in the public domain, put out a boxed set of the first three Anne books. On the cover, however, was not a red-haired orphan or even a red-haired “modern gal”, but a sexy blond farm girl. Fans are, understandably, not pleased. Source: Wikipedia - Anne of Green Gables | Facts You Didn't Know About Anne of Green Gables
  2. What's the Word? - LUCUBRATE pronunciation: [LOO-kyə-brayt] Part of speech: verb Origin: Latin, early 17th century Meaning: 1. Write or study, especially by night. 2. Produce scholarly written material. Example: "Elliott was known to lucubrate past midnight every night." "Maryann lucubrated an academic journal on Egyptian history." About Lucubrate This word comes from the Latin “lucubrat-” meaning “(having) worked by lamplight,” from the verb “lucubrare.” Did You Know? Writers are keen on figuring out what time of day is most creative and productive for them. Horror fiction author H.P. Lovecraft insists nighttime lucubration is most suited to the craft, stating, “At night, when the objective world has slunk back into its cavern and left dreamers to their own, there come inspirations and capabilities impossible at any less magical and quiet hour. No one knows whether or not he is a writer unless he has tried writing at night.”
  3. Fact of the Day - TAP DANCE Did you know.... that tap dance is a type of dance characterised by using the sounds of metal taps affixed to the heel and toe of shoes striking the floor as a form of percussion, coupled with both characteristic and interpretative body movements. Its roots were in minstrel shows, it gained prominence in vaudeville, then emerged into an art form and means of expression alongside the evolution of jazz. (Wikipedia) History of Tap Dancing By Benna Crawford Tap, like jazz, is a uniquely American contribution to the performing arts. Its roots are buried in the antiquity of tropical and temperate tribal lands. However, its staccato and style are homegrown. From the West of Ireland to the West Indies to the dance halls of old New York, the drumming of rhythmic feet tapped out an American story that is still unfolding. A Timeline of Tapping The faint percussion of European and African feet echoes through the often brutal colonization of the Americas, across the wars that founded and nearly destroyed a nation, over dirt country roads and the scarred boards of stages, in the fading images of old celluloid, and under the pounding rhythm of a modern flashmob, hammering out a crowd-pleasing, syncopated beat. Tap is a relatively new dance form with an ancient provenance. It is an artifact of history with its own history of fusion and famous tappers. 1600s In the 1600s, indentured Irish servants were imported to the colonies to serve British families, and Africans were enslaved to work the Caribbean and mainland plantations. Their lives were often unspeakable, but their spirits were irrepressible, and dance -- a tapping, stomping, stylized dance -- was a gift of their heritage that survived. The choreography of these poor people's dances didn't require music; they seldom had instruments, anyway. The dance was the music, its sound as important as movement in expressing the emotion and telling the story. 1800s Over time, the two rhythmic dance styles borrowed from each other. By the mid-1800s, the fusion moves turned up in dance halls. Wooden shoes (or wooden soles) allowed tappers to transfix audiences with sound, as well as footwork. A Black tapper named William Henry Lane, renamed Major Juba, broke the color barrier in the late 1800s to appear alongside white acts in a segregated entertainment industry. (.Juba, the capital of the Republic of South Sudan, was also a term for slave dance used to communicate like tribal drumming, only with feet, not drums. The stomping, slapping and patting steps were early precursors of a more polished hybrid that eventually dominated minstrel shows.) 1900s By 1902, a show called Ned Wayburn's Minstrel Misses used a style of syncopated choreography called "Tap and Step dance," performed in clogs with split wooden soles. That was the first mention of "tap" and the precursor to split-soled shoes with aluminum heel-and-toe taps. "Buck and Wing" dancing came out of the 19th-century vaudeville, and minstrel shows and gave the nascent dance form time-step, a rhythmic tap combination that marks tempo. The shim-sham from the same period is a time-step with a shuffle -- more vaudeville steps from the Savoy ballroom that you'll still find in tap class. 1907 and tap exploded into mainstream entertainment when Flo Ziegfeld put 50 tap dancers in his first Ziegfeld Follies. The Follies eventually featured such marquee performers as Fred Astaire and used choreographers to advance the art of tap and create an enthusiastic audience. It worked. From the 1920s through the 1930s, you couldn't go to a movie, a club, a Broadway musical or a vaudeville act without tripping over a tap routine. Bill "Bojangles" Robinson captured public imagination during the heyday of tap until mid-century. His 1918 "Stair Dance" was a tour de force of light, graceful, exquisite tap, and his career encompassed Broadway and Hollywood fame. Robinson delivered some immortal film performances with tiny Shirley Temple in the 1930s. He was a towering figure who had a powerful influence over the next generation of tap dancers. Fred Astaire, Donald O'Connor, Ginger Rogers, Eleanor Powell, Ann Miller, Gene Kelly, Sammy Davis Jr., and other double- and triple-threats (performers who excelled at singing, dancing and acting) held sway over the world of tap from the 1930s through the 1950s and beyond. They were theatrical tappers, incorporating jazz, ballet and ballroom moves for sweeping and elegant dances that enthralled theater patrons and moviegoers. 1950s Rock 'N' Roll edged tap aside as the Swing turned into the Twist and gyrating replaced syncopation. Modern had its passionate devotees; ballet twinkled and sparkled in the concert halls and opera houses; Broadway had a love affair with jazz; and tap languished -- a true step child in the dance world. 1978 - Gregory Hines, a trained dancer who was mentored on the road by classical tappers throughout his childhood, receives a Tony nomination for the Broadway show Eubie and the tap phenomenon overtakes America again. Hines had a distinguished career on Broadway and in film (his 1985 film White Nights, with Mikhail Baryshnikov, is unforgettable) and mentored tap's next boy phenom Savion Glover. Savion Glover is a supernatural kind of tapper -- his sharp, pounding technique is called "hitting," and he was a child prodigy who studied with Gregory Hines and Sammy Davis Jr., starred in Jelly's Last Jam, choreographed and starred in Bring in 'Da Noise, Bring in 'Da Funk (4 Tony awards), and found time to choreograph Mumble, the CGI penguin in Happy Feet. Today's Tap - Two Styles Glover is a rhythm tapper. He makes music with his feet. Theatrical tappers are "whole body" tappers, and you'll find them dancing as characters in Broadway shows or in those vintage movies you binge on where Gene Kelly delights in his puddle stomping and Ginger Rogers mimics every move of the incomparable Fred Astaire, in heels and backwards. Both rhythm and theater tap are staples of dance programs now. The Irish steppers and the African stompers merged their glorious fast-feet percussion and their considerable talents to contribute a novel dance form to a chaotic New World. Source: Wikipedia - Tap dance | Tap Dance Facts
  4. What's the Word? - RECHERCHÉ pronunciation: [rə-sher-SHAY] Part of speech: adjective Origin: French, 17th century Meaning: 1. Rare, exotic, or obscure. Example: "Adrianna had a recherché palate when it came to fine wines." "The pearls gave a refined, recherché quality to the necklace." About Recherché This word stems from the French past participle “rechercher,” meaning “carefully sought out.” "Research." Did You Know? French novelist Marcel Proust’s most prominent work is called “À la recherche du temps perdu.” Published in the early 20th century, the original English translation titled it “Remembrance of Things Past,” but a revised version retitled it “In Search of Lost Time.”
  5. Fact of the Day - AARDVARK Did you know... that the aardvark is a medium-sized, burrowing, nocturnal mammal native to Africa. It is the only living species of the order Tubulidentata, although other prehistoric species and genera of Tubulidentata are known. Unlike most other insectivores, it has a long pig-like snout, which is used to sniff out food. It roams over most of the southern two-thirds of the African continent, avoiding areas that are mainly rocky. A nocturnal feeder, it subsists on ants and termites, which it will dig out of their hills using its sharp claws and powerful legs. It also digs to create burrows in which to live and rear its young. It receives a "least concern" rating from the IUCN, although its numbers seem to be decreasing. Aardvarks are afrotheres, a clade which also includes elephants, manatees, and hyraxes. (Wikipedia) Facts About Aardvarks How Much Do You Really Know About Aardvarks? By Bob Strauss | Updated September 19, 2019 Cartoon The Ant and the Aardvark For many people, the oddest thing about aardvarks is their name, which has landed them on the first page of practically every A to Z kids' animal book ever written. However, there are some truly bizarre facts you should know about these African mammals, ranging from the size of their underground burrows to their predilection for the aardvark cucumber. The Name Aardvark Means Earth Pig When the sun goes down, the nocturnal Aardvark leaves its burrow. Humans have coexisted with aardvarks for tens of thousands of years, but this animal only received its modern name when Dutch colonists landed on the southern tip of Africa in the middle 17th century and noticed its habit of burrowing into the soil (clearly, the indigenous tribes of this region must have had their own name for the aardvark, but that has been lost to history). The "earth pig" is occasionally referred to by other picturesque names, such as the African ant bear and the cape anteater, but only "aardvark" ensures its pride of place at the beginning of English dictionaries and comprehensive, A to Z lists of animals. Aardvarks Are the Sole Species of Their Mammalian Order Skeletal remains of an aardvark that shows its back teeth. The 15 or so extant species of aardvarks belong to the mammalian order Tubulidentata, classified under the genus name Orycteropus (Greek for "burrowing foot"). Tubulidentatans evolved in Africa shortly after the dinosaurs went extinct, 65 million years ago, and even then they weren't abundant to judge by the presence of fossil remains (the most well-known prehistoric genus is Amphiorycteropus). The name Tubulidentata refers to the characteristic structure of these mammals' teeth, which consist of bundles of tubes filled with a protein called vasodentin, rather than more conventional molars and incisors (oddly enough, aardvarks are born with "normal" mammalian teeth in the front of their snouts, which soon fall out and are not replaced). Aardvarks Are the Size and Weight of Full-Grown Humans Closeup of an aardvark. Most people picture aardvarks as being about the size of anteaters, but in fact, these mammals are fairly big—anywhere from 130 to 180 pounds, which puts them smack in the middle of the weight range for full-grown human males and females. As you can see for yourself by looking at any picture, aardvarks are characterized by their short, stubby legs, long snouts and ears, beady, black eyes, and prominently arched backs. If you manage to get close to a living specimen, you'll also notice its four-toed front feet and five-toed rear feet, each toe equipped with a flat, shovel-like nail that looks like a cross between a hoof and a claw. Aardvarks Dig Enormous Burrows Aardvarks are master diggers, creating burrows that can be up to 40 feet long. An animal as big as an aardvark needs a comparably roomy burrow, which explains why the homes of these mammals can measure up to 30 or 40 feet in length. A typical adult aardvark digs itself a "home burrow," where it lives most of the time, as well as various other, smaller burrows in the surrounding territory where it can rest or hide while foraging for food. The home burrow is especially important during mating season, providing valuable shelter for newborn aardvarks. After aardvarks vacate their burrows, either dying or moving on to greener pastures, these structures are often used by other African wildlife, including warthogs, wild dogs, snakes, and owls. Aardvarks Live in Sub-Saharan Africa Some aardvarks can be found in the grasslands, while others in the bushlands, savannahs, or mountains. You might imagine an animal as bizarre as the aardvark would have an extremely restricted habitat, but this mammal thrives across the expanse of sub-Saharan Africa and can be spotted in grasslands, bushlands, savannas, and even the occasional mountain range. The only habitats aardvarks avoid are swamps and lowlands, where they can't burrow their holes to a sufficient depth without hitting water. Aardvarks are completely absent from the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar, which makes sense from a geologic perspective. Madagascar split off from Africa about 135 million years ago, long before the first tubulidentatans evolved, and it also implies that these mammals never managed to island-hop their way to Madagascar from the eastern coast of Africa. Aardvarks Eat Ants and Termites and Chew With Their Stomachs An anteater forages for food on a log, eating up to 30,000 ants and termites a day, while an aardvark devours even more—up to 50,000. A typical aardvark can devour up to 50,000 ants and termites a night, capturing these bugs with its narrow, sticky, foot-long tongue—and it supplements its insectivorous diet with bites of the aardvark cucumber, a plant that propagates its seeds via aardvark poop. Perhaps because of the unique structure of their teeth, aardvarks swallow their food whole and then their muscular stomachs "chew" the food into a digestible form. You will very rarely see an aardvark at a classic African watering hole; considering the number of predators that congregate there, that would be extremely dangerous. And in any case, this mammal derives most of the moisture it needs from its tasty diet. Aardvarks Have the Best Sense of Smell in the Animal Kingdom An aardvark investigates a termite mound for its next meal. You might think dogs have the best sense of smell of any animal, but your beloved pet has nothing on the average aardvark. The long snouts of aardvarks are equipped with around 10 turbinate bones, the hollow, seashell-shaped structures that convey air through nasal passages, compared with only four or five for canines. The bones themselves don't augment the aardvark's sense of smell; rather, it's the epithelial tissues that line these bones, which cover a much larger area. As you might imagine, the brains of aardvarks have especially prominent olfactory lobes—the groups of neurons responsible for processing smells—which enables these animals to sniff out ants and grubs from a long way away. Aardvarks Are Only Distantly Related to Anteaters A giant anteater forages in the grass. Superficially, aardvarks look a lot like anteaters, to the extent that these animals are sometimes referred to as Cape anteaters. It's true that, as fellow mammals, aardvarks and anteaters share a distant common ancestor that lived about 50 million years ago, but otherwise they're almost completely unrelated, and any similarities between them can be chalked up to convergent evolution (the tendency for animals that inhabit similar ecosystems and pursue similar diets to evolve similar features). Tellingly, these two animals also inhabit two entirely different landmasses—anteaters are only found in the Americas, while aardvarks are restricted to sub-Saharan Africa. Aardvarks May Have Inspired the Egyptian God Named Set Some believe that the head of the Egyptian deity named Set looks like an aardvark. It's always a tricky matter to establish the origin stories of ancient deities, and the Egyptian god Set is no exception. The head of this mythological figure vaguely resembles that of an aardvark, which would make sense if, say, ancient Egyptian merchants brought back tales of aardvarks from their trading journeys south. Telling against this theory, though, Set's head has also been identified with donkeys, jackals, fennec foxes, and even giraffes (the ossicones of which may correspond to Set's prominent ears). In popular culture, sadly, Set is less well-known than the dog-headed Egyptian male deity Anubis and the cat-headed female deity Osiris, the backstories of which are much less mysterious. An Aardvark Was the Star of a Long-Running Comic Book Comic book antihero character, Cerebus the Aardvark. If you're a comic book fan, you probably know all about Cerebus the Aardvark, a short-tempered antihero whose adventures ran across a whopping 300 installments (ranging from the first issue, published in 1977, to the last issue, published in 2004). Oddly enough, Cerebus was the only anthropomorphized animal in his fictional universe, which was otherwise populated by humans who seemed completely unrattled by the presence of an aardvark in their midst. (Toward the end of the series, it was revealed that a handful of other supernatural aardvarks lived in Cerebus' fictional world.) Source: Wikipedia - Aardvark | Facts About Aardvarks
  6. What's the Word? - HYPOCORISTIC pronunciation: [hi-pə-kə-ris-tik] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, mid-19th century Meaning: 1. A form that denotes a pet name or diminutive form of a name. Example: "She found the hypocoristic to be childish." "The father of eight came up with a hypocoristic for each child." About Hypocoristic This word originates from the Greek “hupokorisma,” from “hupokorizesthai,” meaning “play the child.” “Hupo” translates to “under,” and “korē” means “child.” Did You Know? Hypocorism, another noun formation with the same root as hypocoristic, is another word for “baby talk.” Wordsmiths of the 19th century used this linguistic term to describe the “baby talk” adults use when they speak to very young children. That usage eventually faded out of fashion and took on the current definition of a nickname or pet name.
  7. Fact of the Day - ONE-HIT-WONDER Did you know.... that a one-hit wonder is any entity that achieves mainstream popularity, often for only one piece of work, and becomes known among the general public solely for that momentary success. The term is most commonly used in regard to music performers with only one hit single that overshadows their other work. Some artists dubbed "one-hit wonders" in a particular country have had great success in other countries. Music artists with subsequent popular albums and hit listings are typically not considered a one-hit wonder. One-hit wonders usually see their popularity decreasing after their hit listing and most often don't ever return to hit listings with other songs or albums. (Wikipedia) Memorable One-Hit Wonders BY KENNETH PARTRIDGE | NOVEMBER 3, 2020 There’s nothing nobler in popular music than being a one-hit wonder. Let the Madonnas, Drakes, and Mariah Careys of the world fill their homes with platinum plaques. Only those artists who manage to crack the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 exactly once know the true meaning of pop music, an ephemeral art form rooted in fads and fleeting pleasures. The next artists on this list of memorable one-hit wonders deserve neither scorn nor pity. They thrilled us for a short time, filling holes in our souls that we didn’t know existed, then got out of the way—voluntarily or otherwise. There are a million no-hit wonders who’d gladly trade places. “COME ON EILEEN” // DEXYS MIDNIGHT RUNNERS Behold, the ultimate one-hit wonder. Dexys Midnight Runners came over from England in 1982 with a weird name and an even weirder song: a Celtic-soul hook barrage about a horny dude trying to scheme some action. The music video showcased the band in overalls and bandanas, a look that might be described as “street urchin chic.” All of this kooky brilliance pushed “Come On Eileen” to No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 while virtually ensuring Dexys would never make the Top 40 again. Fortunately, “Come On Eileen” rode again in 1997, when the ska band Save Ferris scored a minor hit with a bubbly cover version of it. “TOO SHY” // KAJAGOOGOO There’s only one thing more fun than saying Kajagoogoo's name, and that’s singing along to the UK band’s 1983 New Wave fave “Too Shy.” Co-produced by Nick Rhodes of Duran Duran, the synth-pop earworm features head-scratching sexy talk that reads like a medical textbook. (“Moving in circles, won’t you dilate.”) But the chorus is really what seduced America, vaulting “Too Shy” to No. 5 on the Hot 100. “BECAUSE I GOT HIGH” // AFROMAN Afroman was going to write a second hit, but then he got high. Actually, that’s not what happened, but after his 2001 smash “Because I Got High,” a song about how smoking weed can hinder one’s productivity, the singer/rapper/producer born Joseph Foreman was never able to spark the public’s interest again. Still, as long as April has a 20th day, “Because I Got High” will continue to have a place in popular culture. “ABSOLUTELY (STORY OF A GIRL)” // NINE DAYS This is the story of a band that wrote a song that moved the whole world ... and then was never heard from again. Which is fine, because 2000’s “Absolutely (Story of a Girl)” is irresistible power-pop that eased ‘90s kids into the new millennium with the hope that summery guitar jams like this would keep coming forever. (They didn't.) “WHO LET THE DOGS OUT” // BAHA MEN At the turn of the millennium, there was one burning question on everyone’s mind: “Who let the dogs out?” Baha Men weren’t the first to record this novelty tune, but they made it sound like a radio jingle mixed with a club jam, and that made it a hit in America. “Who Let the Dogs Out” peaked at No. 40 on the Hot 100 and would have risen much higher had the chart factored in popularity at sporting events. The strangest thing about “Who Let the Dogs Out?" According to songwriter Anslem Douglas, it’s a feminist anthem aimed at men who catcall women. “SEX AND CANDY” // MARCY PLAYGROUND Creepy, titillating, and a little gross, with a chorus that lingers in your brain like a stalker, 1997’s “Sex and Candy” landed alt-rockers Marcy Playground at No. 8 on the Hot 100. Lead singer John Wozniak nicked the title phrase from a former girlfriend’s college roommate, who once walked in on the couple and said, “It smells like sex and candy in here.” Wozniak claims he doesn’t know what the rest of the song is about, so interpret phrases like “disco lemonade” however you’d like. “BITCH” // MEREDITH BROOKS When “Bitch” stormed the charts in 1997 en route to a peak position of No. 2, a lot of people thought they were hearing a new Alanis Morrissette single. While the brash, unapologetic song is not entirely un-Alanis-like, Meredith Brooks was very much her own artist. The then-38-year-old singer/songwriter/guitarist had been in the business for more than 10 years and spent the late ’80s rocking with The Graces, featuring ex-Go-Go’s member Charlotte Caffey. There was honesty in the way Brooks sang and, yes, shredded on “Bitch”—a song about the many things a woman can be. “SHUT UP AND DANCE” // WALK THE MOON An experience with a real girl in a “backless dress and some beat-up sneaks” inspired this 2014 dance-rock chart-burner. She was a friend of WALK THE MOON lead singer Nicholas Petricca, and by coaxing him onto the dance floor one night, she inadvertently planted the seed for a shimmering collision of U2-style ’80s rock and modern club music. In order to finish the lyric, Petricca thought back to his awkward high school days. “Shut Up and Dance” is one for the dorks, and judging by the song’s No. 4 chart peak, they’re a silent majority. “HIT ’EM UP STYLE (OOPS!)” // BLU CANTRELL In 2001, R&B singer Blu Cantrell had some good advice for ladies with philandering boyfriends and husbands: “Get your hands on his cash and spend it to the last dime for all the hard times.” That’s the gist of “Hit ‘Em Up Style (OOPS!),” a song that cleverly samples the Frank Sinatra dude-bro apologia “The Boys’ Night Out.” “LIFE IS A HIGHWAY” // TOM COCHRANE Canadian rocker Tom Cochrane was in a bad place when he wrote this ubiquitous 1991 radio jam. “I needed a pep talk, and it became that for me and for millions of others,” he said. With “Life Is a Highway," Cochrane turns what might’ve been a T-shirt or coffee mug slogan into a big ol’ fist-pumping rock song, complete with rootsy harmonica blasts. It reached No. 6 in 1992 and No. 7 in 2006, when the country group Rascal Flatts motored up the charts with a faithful remake. (Cochrane's original version has also made memorable cameos in The Office and Family Guy.) Source: Wikipedia - One-hit Wonder | Some Facts About One-hit Wonders
  8. What's the Word? - ALEATORY pronunciation: [EY-lee-ə-tor-ee] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, late 17th century Meaning: 1. Depending on the throw of a dice or on chance; random. 2. Relating to or denoting music or other forms of art involving elements of random choice during their composition, production, or performance. Example: "Vegas casinos run on the outcome of aleatory games." "The aleatory sounds of the symphony demonstrated the composer’s unique vision." About Aleatory This word hails from the Latin “aleatorius,” from “aleator,” meaning “dice player.” “Alea” means “die,” + “-y,” meaning “having the quality of.” Did You Know? Aleatory music, in which some part of the composition is left up to the whims of the performer, is known as chance music. It’s not just improvisation — some forms of aleatory music incorporate statistical and computer techniques.
  9. Fact of the Day - WEDDING CUSTOMS Ethiopia custom Did you know.... that the wedding procedure starts with the groom's side sending elders who then request a union between the parties. The elders discuss a dowry and verify that the intended bride and groom are not relatives by checking their lineage a minimum of seven generations. After a dowry is agreed upon and it has been determined that there is no relationship between the intended bride and groom, the wedding is announced and the families begin preparations for a church/mosque ceremony and a mels/melsi ceremony. (Wikipedia) Unusual Wedding Traditions From Around The World by Helen Armitage | October 2016 We profile some of the world’s most unusual wedding traditions from France’s stomach-churning La Soupe ritual and German plate-smashing to Borneo’s post-wedding bathroom ban and China’s crying brides. South Korea: Beating the Groom’s Feet Following their wedding ceremonies, some South Korean grooms are subjected to a certain ritual before they can leave with their new wives: the beating of their feet. His groomsmen or family members remove the groom’s shoes and bind his ankles with rope before taking turns to beat his feet with a stick or, in some cases, a dried fish. Though obviously painful, the ritual is over quickly and meant to be more amusing than an act of punishment, and apparently – as the groom is often quizzed and questioned during the act – the beating of feet is meant as a test of the newly wedded husband’s strength and character. Kenya: Maasai Marriage Spitting During the weddings of Kenya’s Maasai people, it is often customary for the father of the bride to spit on his daughter’s head and breasts before she leaves with her new husband. What might seem a strange, disrespectful custom to certain cultures actually makes sense within Maasai culture in which spitting is seen as a symbol of good luck and fortune. Spitting can be seen in other areas of Maasai culture too – Maasai tribesmen will spit on their hands before shaking hands with elders as a sign of respect and it is also tradition to spit on newborn Maasai babies to ward off bad luck. Scotland: Blackening Taking stag and hen traditions to the extreme, in parts of Scotland – usually in the Orkney Islands, Fife, Aberdeenshire and Angus – grooms and brides-to-be are subjected to a particularly grimy ritual known as ‘blackening’. Usually taking place the day before a wedding, blackening involves the bride or groom’s friends seizing the soon to be wed and covering them in a mixture of treacle, soot, feathers and flour before noisily parading them through the streets. According to the University of the Highlands and Islands in Inverness, the tradition is carried out to ward off evil spirits. India: Kumbh Vivah An old peepal tree in Andhra In India, women born under Mangala Dosha (a Hindu astrological combination) are termed ‘Mangliks’ and thought to be cursed with bad luck, especially in marriage, where the curse is said to bring tension and even death. In order to remedy this, a kumbh vivah – a ceremony in which the woman marries either a peepal or banana tree or an idol of the god Vishnu – is performed before their actual wedding to break the curse. Bollywood actress and Miss World 1994 winner Aishwarya Rai Bachchan underwent a kumbh vivah before her marriage to fellow actor Abhishek Bachchan in 2007. Germany: Polterabend & Baumstamm Sägen On the eve of some German weddings, guests of the couple will gather at the house of the bride and smash pieces of crockery in a tradition known as Polterabend believed to bring good luck to the bride and groom. The couple are then required to clean up the debris to demonstrate that by working together they can overcome any challenge the face in married life. A similar tradition is that of Baumstamm sägen, in which newlyweds saw a log in half in front of their guests, again symbolizing the importance of cooperation in their marriage. China: Crying Ritual Weddings are often an emotional affair, but in certain parts of China crying is a required part of preparation for marriage. A month before their forthcoming nuptials, Tujia brides will cry for one hour each day. Ten days into the ritual, the bride is joined by her mother and ten days after that, the bride’s grandmother joins the weeping duo and eventually other female family members will join in the cacophony of crying. Termed Zuo Tang in the western Sichuan province, the ritual is said to date back to China’s Warring States era when the mother of a Zhao princess broke down in tears at her wedding. France: Le Pot de Chambre Though we might associate France with haute cuisine, a certain stomach-churning French wedding tradition known as La Soupe is about as far from cordon bleu as you can get. Following the wedding reception, guest would traditionally gather leftover food and drink and place into a chamber pot before presenting to the newlyweds to drink, supposedly to give them energy for their wedding night. Thankfully, when the tradition is observed nowadays, the bride and groom are usually served a slightly more appealing concoction of chocolate and champagne. Malaysia and Indonesia: Borneo’s Bathroom Ban Members of Malaysia and Indonesia’s Tidong people in Borneo observe a tradition that states the bride and groom must not leave their home or use the bathroom for three whole days after their wedding ceremony and are kept under watchful guard and allowed only a small amount of food and drink. In Tidong culture, not observing the ritual is said to tarnish the bride and groom with bad luck often resulting in infidelity, the breakup of their marriage or the death of their children. Sweden: You May All Kiss The Bride In many western weddings, the immortal words ‘you may now kiss the bride’ signifies the sealing of a couple’s vows with a kiss but in Sweden, the kissing ritual is taken to a whole other level. At the wedding reception of newlywed Swedish couples, if the groom should leave the room the male guests of the bridal party are permitted to kiss the bride. Similarly, if the bride leaves the party female guests will hone in to kiss the groom. Inner Mongolia: Chick Liver Before they can even set the date of their wedding, couples from the Daur people of China’s Inner Mongolia must observe a tradition that involves the killing of a chick. The couple take a knife and together kill and gut the baby chicken before inspecting its liver. If the chick’s liver is in a healthy condition, the couple can set a date for their wedding but if they discover that the chick’s liver is of poor quality or diseased they must repeat the process until they find a healthy liver. Source: Wikipedia - Wedding Customs by Country | Around the World Wedding Traditions
  10. What's the Word? - VIAND pronunciation: [VY-ənd] Part of speech: noun Origin: Old French, late 14th century Meaning: 1. (usually viands) (archaic) An item of food. 2. (Philippines) A meat, seafood, or vegetable dish that accompanies rice in a typical Filipino meal. Example: "The lunch came with two savory viands." "Her mother made an array of viands to accompany the starches." About Viand This word stems from the Old French "viande," meaning “food.” This originates from an alteration of Latin’s “vivenda,” from “vivere,” meaning “to live.” Did You Know? The modern iteration of “viand” has been adopted in Filipino English. It’s a translation of the Tagalog word “ulam,” which means “dish.” Note: I am French Canadian and the way they pronounce "viand" sounds more an English than French. For me it sounds more like [vee-on-d].
  11. Fact of the Day - SHIPYARD Constanța Shipyard, Romania Did you know.... that a shipyard or dockyard is a place where ships are built and repaired. These can be yachts, military vessels, cruise liners or other cargo or passenger ships. Dockyards are sometimes more associated with maintenance and basing activities than shipyards, which are sometimes associated more with initial construction. The terms are routinely used interchangeably, in part because the evolution of dockyards and shipyards has often caused them to change or merge roles. (Wikipedia) Shipping Yards That Will Blow Your Mind by Melanie Chan | JANUARY 12, 2018 Shipyards or dockyards are places where ships are built or repaired. These usually exist at major seaside ports or alongside tidal rivers with easy access to the sea. They include mechanisms to manufacture vessels, place them in or lift them out of the water, or to drain water around them for access. Typically, ships are built in dry docks, an area of the docks where water can be pumped in or out. When the shipbuilding is finished, water is allowed to enter the dry dock and the ship to float out. In some yards, ships are built on an inclined ramp and then allowed to slide into the water when complete. This inclined ramp approach is not so common today, because there is some risk to the ship upon entering the water. Here are five little known facts about shipyards that will blow your mind. 1. The biggest shipyards are in Asia The ten most significant shipbuilding companies in the world are all from Asia, with four in the top five from South Korea, and the rest in China and Japan. The most significant yard, run by Hyundai Heavy Industries, is at Ulsan in South Korea. The yard runs for over 2.5 miles, employs over 60,000 people, and produces ships of significant size every 4 to 5 days. By contrast, the entire U.S. shipbuilding and ship repair industry across 50 states support 110,000 jobs, and in 2014, delivered just over 1,000 vessels. Asia shipbuilders, in particular those in South Korea, are a significant size. 2. The biggest shipyards are too small for some ships The largest ship ever built was the Seawise Giant, by Sumitomo Heavy Industries at its shipyards in Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan. Completed in 1979, it took five years to finish, serving initially as a crude oil carrier and finally to carry containers. It had a draft of 81 feet, which unbelievably was too big to navigate the English Channel or the Panama and Suez Canals. Fully loaded, it displaced over 650,000 tons in its 1,500-foot length. It sank during the Iran/Iraq war, but being so big, it was salvaged and ultimately sold for scrap metal in 2009. The Seawise Giant might be the largest ship to ever be built in a shipyard. The Freedom Ship, in its planning stages, is too large to be made in any existing shipyard and so will be built out at sea. This colossal giant is 4,320 feet in length with 25 stories that will house over 50,000 people. It is more than three times the size of the Seawise Giant and will circumnavigate the globe once every two years. If everything goes according to plan, construction on the ship should start in the next few years. 3. A shipyard holds the world’s most massive crane The world’s largest crane lives at Yantai Raffles shipyard in Shandong Province, China. The crane is called Taisun and holds a Guinness world record for the heaviest lift at just over 20,000 metric tons. It’s a massive double gantry crane, with a height of 133 meters, and a span of 120 meters. It employs 50,000 meters of wire rope to do its job, the building of offshore oil rigs and semi-submersibles. Completed in 2009, it was unveiled at a ceremony hosting more than 600 people. Taisun provides enormous safety benefits to shipyard workers by allowing large prefabricated pieces of rigs to be coupled together safely. Previously prefabricated sections were limited to 1,000 to 2,000 tons in weight and needed installation from the ground up, making the work complicated and dangerous. With a lifting capacity of 20,000 tons, prefabricated sections can be built larger and installed from greater height, making the process easier and safer. 4. Shipbuilding is dangerous Perhaps unsurprisingly, shipyard workers are subject to daily risks to their life and health. Their job requires them to work outside, exposed to the elements, and they must be physically healthy and aware. At times, workers are high up on bulkheads facing sheer drops, and at other times, they are cramped into small spaces. Cranes, heavy moving objects and dangerous equipment, like welding torches and riveters, surround workers at all times, keeping them in constant danger. Falls are hazardous, as they happen from a height with broken backs and bones; even drowning is a risk. Amazingly, exposure to asbestos is still a concern in the industry. Although banned for most uses, it is still legal and required for specific applications where high temperatures are involved. Plus, on older ships, asbestos is widely used and so becomes a risk to the shipbuilder. Exposure to asbestos causes mesothelioma, which can take years to surface, putting shipyard workers at risk into their old age. 5. The U.S. Government is a significant shipbuilder The military employs two large U.S. corporations to build most of its ships, including aircraft carriers. These are General Dynamics, and Huntingdon Ingalls Industries has five private shipyards dotted across the USA. In addition to these five yards, there are four government-owned-and-operated shipyards used primarily for repair, maintenance, and modernisation, with one of these in Pearl Harbor. According to the Congressional Budget Office, the average cost per year allocated to U.S. Naval shipbuilding is $21 billion for each year between 2017 and 2046. This amount is the cost of maintenance plus the extension of its battle force ships (the entire navy) from 272 to 308, a goal it looks to achieve by 2021. The entire U.S. shipbuilding industry contributes approximately $38 billion to the national GDP, highlighting the importance of the government’s contribution. In fact, during 2014, 10 of the 12 most expensive deep draft vessels completed in the industry were delivered to the U.S. Government. Summary The shipbuilding industry is thousands of years old, initially fulfilling our need for exploration and discovery and then enabling trade, first between local communities and then globally. It’s a significant industry, often subject to boom and bust as the demand for global trade fluctuates. It’s also one of the most dangerous industries for workers, who suffer exposure to the elements and the dangers inherent in the use of heavy machinery, specialized equipment, and heavy materials, often at a great height or in confined spaces. However, the shipyards of the world are necessary and essential, today supporting more than 50,000 vessels in the merchant navy. Many of these bulk and container carriers move shipping materials and resources efficiently around the globe. Source: Wikipedia - Shipyard | Facts About Shipyards
  12. What's the Word? - AVER pronunciation: [ə-vər] Part of speech: verb Origin: Old French, late 14th century Meaning: 1. State or assert to be the case. Example: "The gentleman avers that he is quite wealthy." "The principal averred that the seniors were responsible for the prank." About Aver This word stems from late Middle English via the Old French “averer.” This is based on the Latin “ad,” meaning “to,” (implying “cause to be”), plus “verus,” meaning “true.” Did You Know? Spanish speakers say a word that sounds like “aver,” but it doesn’t have the same meaning as the English version. It’s actually two words: “a ver,” which roughly translate to “let’s see.”
  13. Fact of the Day - FILMMAKING Did you know.... that Filmmaking (or, in any context, film production) is the process by which a film is made. Filmmaking involves a number of complex and discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, casting, shooting, sound recording and pre-production, editing, and screening the finished product before an audience that may result in a film release and an exhibition. Filmmaking takes place in many places around the world in a range of economic, social, and political contexts, and using a variety of technologies and cinematic techniques. (Wikipedia) FACTS ABOUT FILMMAKING AND THE HISTORY OF FILM BY CHRISTIAN ROEMER Even though digital is the medium of choice these days, for about a hundred years or so, film reigned supreme. Pictures, movies, and even audio was recorded on film-like tapes. Movies – and film in particular – have changed dramatically over the course of their lifetimes, and it’s interesting to wonder if film will even exist in 50 years. For the sake of posterity and looking back at how primitive original film and movie technology was – although revolutionary at the time – we thought we would dig up 10 fun facts about the history of film and cinematography. After all, film has been around for more than 130 years, believe it or not. Technology has come a long way, and in the future when kids have no idea what film is, which is already happening today, we can point to these facts and remind them that the world wasn’t always a digital playground full of cell phones and USBs. 1. WHEN WAS FILM INVENTED? THE 1890S Motion pictures date all the way back to the 1890s when the first moving picture cameras were invented. However, the very first moving picture – the Roundhay Garden Scene – was actually a product of the 1880s. In 1888, French inventor Louis Le Prince filmed his family prancing around in a circle in a whopping two second clip. While that seems insignificant now, it’s innovation is what would eventually lead to commercialized cameras and motion pictures. Before the advancement of the Hollywood scene, movies were somewhat boring. They started out short and only included a single scene that was about a minute long. They were typically silent - except... 2. THE EARLIEST SHORT FILMS WERE SOMETIMES ACCOMPANIED BY BANDS What fun would it be sitting in a theatre while random, everyday scenes scrolled by silently on a screen? Awkward. To make up for the lack of sound in a film, sometimes a band would play live music while the movie was playing. After all, who wants to hear someone going to town on a bag of popcorn in a deaf theater? 3. THE PANORAMA SHOT WAS DEVELOPED IN 1987 1987 is the year panning cameras were first used in film production, meaning the pan shot, also known as the panorama shot, was invented then. Before, cameras were stationary, so you had to move the entire camera and tripod to get any kind of movement. This was a huge advancement in film making and cinematography as an art form. 4. EARLY CAMERAS FILMED AT 16 FRAMES PER SECOND (FPS) By today’s standards, a 16 frames per second speed is pretty slow. For perspective, modern 35mm cameras film at 25 FPS. If you want your mind blown, some modern video games are played at 250 FPS. But hey, you’ve got to start somewhere, right? 5. 13 FRAMES PER SECOND IS THE SLOWEST SPEED THE HUMAN BRAIN WILL PROCESS IMAGES CONSECUTIVELY 13 FPS is the minimum speed that the human brain needs in order to process consecutive images as movement. Anything less than that and the human brain will process each frame as a separate picture. 16 FPS is pretty close to 13, which is why old movies look so choppy and unnatural. 6. THE FIRST FEATURE-LENGTH FILM WAS PRODUCED IN 1906 The Australian film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, was the first feature length film in history. You can see the cast, box office, and budget details on IMDB. It was over an hour long, and the reel length was about 4,000 feet. To put that in perspective, a small 5-inch reel of film holds up to 200 ft., a 6-inch holds 300 ft. and a 7-inch 400 ft. Depending on the size of the reel that, movie is housed in, that’s at least 10 reels of 7-inch film and at most 20 reels of 5-inch film. Imagine that! Crazy enough, it was almost lost forever, but a few pieces of the The Story of Kelly Gang film surfaced in 1975, which helped preserve some of the history-making movie. 7. THE FIRST MOVIE THEATERS OPENED IN 1907 Before 1907, most movies were shown in traditional theaters or at carnivals. With the advent of movie theaters, the films became the main attraction themselves. 8. A 1,000 FOOT LONG FILM WILL PRODUCE 11 MINUTES OF FOOTAGE AT 25 FPS A standard reel of film that runs at 25 FPS is 1,000 feet long. This 1,000 feet of film will produce about 11 minutes of footage. That means that projectionists at movie theatres had to change reels many times during a single motion picture to keep it going uninterrupted. Unlike today, where everything is digital and automated. 9. THE TITANIC MOVIE WAS 17.7 REELS LONG WHEN RELEASED Titanic came out in 1997 when film reels were still the only way to project a movie. With a run time of 3 hours and 15 minutes, each copy of Titanic was 17.7 reels long. That means, at 25 FPS, it consisted of over 17,700 feet of film. That’s over 3 miles for a single movie. For reference, the Titanic was 883 feet long … that’s nearly 20 Titanic's long. 10. MOVIE THEATRES NOW USE DIGITAL LIGHT PROCESSING (DLP) Most movie theaters these days use digital video projectors. The technology is called DLP which stands for Digital Light Processing. Since modern films are projected digitally, movie studios don’t ship huge reels of film to the theaters anymore, which in reality is a giant time and money save. Now, they just send the videos via the internet, satellite, or hard drive. Another huge advancement in the film industry! The improvements in film have brought many different ways for individuals to capture and create their own movies and memories over the years. Whether you have tapes, film, photos, or audio recordings, Legacybox can help digitize your memories so they can be enjoyed by generations to come. Source: Wikipedia - Filmmaking | Filmmaking Fats
  14. What's the Word? - ENCOMIUM pronunciation: [en-KO-mee-əm] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, mid 16th century Meaning: 1. A speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly. Example: "Adlai Stevenson gave a moving encomium about Eleanor Roosevelt to the United Nations." "The mayor praised the first responders in his encomium." About Encomium This word hails from Latin, deriving from the ancient Greek “enkōmion,” meaning “eulogy.” The “en-” means “within” + “komos” means “revel.” Did You Know? The ancient Greeks developed this word to describe the public congratulatory speeches given to Olympic winners in the original games in 776 BCE.
  15. Fact of the Day - VINCENT PRICE (actor) Did you know.... that Vincent Leonard Price Jr. was an American actor best known for his performances in horror films, although his career spanned other genres. He appeared on stage, television, and radio, and in more than 100 films. He has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for motion pictures and one for television. (Wikipedia) Things You Didn't Know About Vincent Price by Skunk Uzeki | 2 years ago in CELEBRITIES Vincent Price was one of the biggest names in horror—but there was far more to him than meets the eye. Don't believe me? You will after reading about these things you didn't know about Vincent Price. Vincent Price was one of the most successful horror actors of all time. Known for such titles as House of Wax, House of Usher, Edward Scissorhands, and The Masque of the Red Death, his career spanned decades, and remains the stuff of legend. His trademark mustache, "evil" laugh, and sonorous voice became a part of pop culture that remains well-known long after his death. Most horror fans you know love Price's work, his amazing voice acting skills, and his one-of-a-kind stage persona, but there was far more to the iconic actor than his horror work. Here are some things you didn't know about Vincent Price that will leave you completely shocked. Vincent Price might be one of the very first actors to really brand himself as a cameo-friendly star. He was known for making surprise appearances on shows and movies that were far outside of the horror genre. He has made surprise appearances on shows like The Simpsons, The Muppet Show, and even The Brady Bunch. In some, he appeared as himself. In others, he used his voice to narrate what was going on. And, in the case of The Brady Bunch, he played a deranged archeologist. Price was a massive art aficionado. Though he was a famous horror actor, Price's true love was actually fine art. He had a degree in art history, was an avid art collector, and even worked as a fine art consultant for the rich and famous. When he wasn't acting, he would offer lectures and write books on the subject of art history. His love of artwork was so deep, he even founded the Vincent Price Art Museum in California. It's about time that art house films are changing horror anyway, right? Everyone knows that Michael Jackson's "Thriller" music video is one of the most iconic music videos of all time. It follows the story of Michael Jackson and a woman being accosted by zombies on a cold Halloween night, only to have Jackson himself be a hidden member of the undead. Remember that evil laugh that sent chills up everyone's spine at the end? That evil laugh belonged to none other than Vincent Price! Disneyland almost has a little bit of Vincent Price in it, too. Disneyland's attractions are typically known for being upbeat, sunny, and totally magical. There's a number of top 10 tips for Disneyland trips out there on the internet that don't even scrape the surface of what is possible at "The Happiest Place on Earth." They're also known for being created by people who make every effort to make rides as realistic as possible. There's one ride in particular that has become famous for its special effects and for its spookiness: The Haunted Manor. It's even rumored to be literally haunted. When Disneyland was going to build a French park, they needed to start planning. Disney executives became enamored with the idea of recreating the Haunted Manor's success, so they created a second ride similar to it called the Phantom Manor. The original star of the Disneyland Paris attraction is none other than Vincent Price himself. He recorded the entire narration, but then it was discovered that the narration had to be in French. Ultimately, his narration was scrapped. If you thought this actor was just about acting, you're wrong. He was a very well-known gourmet chef who regularly discussed his epicurean interests. He even wrote a book featuring his favorite recipes that was published in 1965. Recently, the Vincent Price cookbook came into reprint, but remains difficult to source. It's a collector's item, you know! Price was exceptionally progressive for his time. Most people assume that those who were born in the 1910s would be a "product of their time" when it came to homophobia, racism, and religious discrimination. Even during the 30s and 40s though, Price was known for having extremely liberal views. By the 70s and 80s, he was an outspoken advocate for gay rights, and publicly denounced people who would spread anti-homosexuality propaganda. Along with being very LGBT-friendly, he was staunchly against racism and religious discrimination. Horror movies tend to attract a certain type of fan, don't they? Many horror fans become inspired by the people who contributed to the genre and try to follow in their footsteps... or become inspired to create their own works in the field. It's safe to say that Vincent Price inspired a multitude of people in his lifetime. We're pretty sure that there were a bunch of actors who were inspired by him, but one of the most vocal fans of his work was none other than Tim Burton. Saying Tim Burton was inspired by him is no exaggeration. A little fast fact about Tim Burton and some of his movies involves the creation of a film called Vincent. It's a short story about a boy who pretends to turn into Vincent Price. Want to guess who makes a guest appearance? That's right, Vincent Price, himself. He was a wine aficionado. Along with fine food, Price was a huge fan of drinking. He was a bon vivant like that. He was the speaker for the California Institute of Wines after all, defining him as a serious oenophile. After his death, the community came together to create the Vincent Price Signature Wine Collection, a series of wines dedicated to his love of horror literature and his wild acting career. Despite Price's sophisticated tastes in art and cooking, his taste in booze that wasn't wine was pretty simple. He was known for enjoying Negra Modelo as his favorite beer, and for liking cocktails that weren't too heavy on the liquor. When dinners are held in his honor, they often take a queue from the subtle palate he had. Price was also from a pretty prestigious family. One of the things you didn't know about Vincent Price is that his family's pedigree was pretty impressive, too. His grandfather, Vincent Clarence Price, was the man who invented cream of tartar. He sold it as Dr. Price’s Baking Powder. Vincent Price's father, Vincent Leonard Price, was the head of the National Candy Company. This was once the largest candy company in America! It's no wonder how he became the man he did, right? Source: Wikipedia - Vincent Price | What You Didn't Know About Vincent Price
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