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  1. Fact of the Day - STRAWBERRY Did you know.... that the garden strawberry is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. It is consumed in large quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as jam, juice, pies, ice cream, milkshakes, and chocolates. Artificial strawberry flavorings and aromas are also widely used in products such as candy, soap, lip gloss, perfume, and many others. (Wikipedia) About Strawberries ROBINTIDE Farms | June 2019 FACTS YOU DIDN’T KNOW Fresh, juicy, ripe strawberries are one of the best treats to enjoy during the summer. They’re great on their own, or baked in a pie, or made into jam, or served with vanilla ice cream—really, they are great no matter how you serve them. There are so many different ways to enjoy strawberries and so many benefits to eating them. To celebrate strawberry picking season, here are some interesting facts you didn’t know about strawberries! 1: STRAWBERRIES ARE ONE OF THE ONLY FRUITS WITH ITS SEEDS OUTSIDE Did you know that strawberries are the only fruit with seeds on the outside? Some say that because of this, it cannot be considered a real berry (thus, see Fact #10 below), since all other berries have their seeds on the inside. The average strawberry has about 200 seeds on it! 2: ANCIENT ROMANS BELIEVED THEY HAD MEDICINAL POWERS Since ancient days, strawberries have been used for medical purposes. They were used by the Romans to alleviate symptoms of kidney stones, fainting, inflammation, melancholy, fever, gout, bad breath, throat infections, and diseases of the blood, liver, and spleen. 3: STRAWBERRIES MAY HELP REDUCE THE RISK OF HEART DISEASE & CERTAIN CANCERS It wasn’t only the Romans who believed in the healing abilities of strawberries—today, there is research suggesting that they may have a role in reducing the risk of heart disease and certain cancers. They are low in calories and rich in vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin K, fiber, folic acid, amino acids, and potassium. 4: STRAWBERRIES CONTAIN HIGH LEVELS OF NITRATE Nitrate is a naturally occurring substance in the human body that helps oxygen move throughout the body. Oxygen is essential for the body to function properly. Strawberries contain high levels of nitrate, which can have a role in increasing blood and oxygen flow to the muscles in the body. This makes them the perfect snack before exercising, as they may increase endurance and help you burn more calories. 5: STRAWBERRIES HELP WITH WEIGHT LOSS Strawberries may aid in weight loss for the following reasons: They are an anti-inflammatory, helping the body effectively produce the hormones that keep you lean and regulate body weight They increase the body’s production of adiponectin (hormone), which can stimulate your metabolism and suppresses your appetite They contain substances that control the rise of blood sugar that occurs as a result of eating a starchy meal 6: STRAWBERRIES ARE A SYMBOL OF PERFECTION & LOVE According to folklore, if you split a double strawberry in half and share it with someone of the opposite sex, you will fall in love. Medieval stone masons used to carve strawberry designs on altars, around the tops of church pillars, and other sacred places as a symbol of perfection. 7: STRAWBERRIES CAN BE PICKLED It may sound unusual, but strawberries can also be pickled, especially when they are green or unripe. When they are overripe, however, they are perfect for making jam. Vanilla Bean Pickled Strawberries Yield: 1 pound pickled berries These vanilla bean pickled strawberries are super simple to make and are the perfect balance of sweet and tangy. Serve with yogurt or ice cream or even throw them on a salad. You’ll love this easy springtime recipe! Ingredients: 1 pound strawberries, small berries halved and large berries quartered 2 Nielsen-Massey Madagascar Bourbon Vanilla Beans, cut down the middle 1-1/2 teaspoons peppercorns 3/4 cup (180 ml) apple cider vinegar 3/4 cup (180 ml) water 1/2 cup (120 ml) honey 1/4 teaspoon kosher salt Directions: In a large jar add berries, vanilla beans, and peppercorns. For a more intense vanilla bean flavor scrape out 1 of the halved beans. In a medium-sized saucepan add apple cider vinegar, water, honey and kosher salt. Bring to a boil over high heat and pour over the berries. Put the lid on the berries and cool to room temperature. Place in the refrigerator and let sit overnight. 8: THERE ARE THREE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRAWBERRIES There are three different types of strawberries, and depending on the type you choose, each has its own distinct flavour and benefits. The three types of strawberries are determined based on the time of year they are produced. June bearing: These plants have a huge crop of strawberries each year. Generally, they are grown in June, but they can sprout earlier or later, depending on your zone. Everbearing: These plants have smaller sized crops but start producing as soon as there are 12 hours of daylight. They will continue to bear thereafter until the end of summer. Day-neutral: These strawberry plants have three peak times for fruiting—early June, mid-July, and late August. This provides a steady crop that spreads through the summer. There are also many different types of strawberry plants, called varietals, including at Robintide Farms, Cabot, Cavendish, Honeyoye, Brunswick, AC Valley Sunset, St. Laurent, Sable and Malwina. 9: THERE IS A MUSEUM DEDICATED TO STRAWBERRIES IN BELGIUM In Belgium, there is a gift shop called Le Musée de la Fraise, or The Strawberry Museum in English. At this museum, you can buy everything strawberry-related, from jam to beer. 10: STRAWBERRIES AREN’T TECHNICALLY BERRIES The most surprising fact of all is that strawberries (and raspberries), despite their appearance and name, are not actually berries. This is because their seeds are on the outside, whereas all berries are characterized by their seeds on the inside. Since they are a flowering plant, they belong to the rose family. Their botanical name is Fragaria ananassa. Click here to learn what the University of Vermont has found on the History of the Strawberry. Source: Wikipedia - Strawberry | Facts About the Strawberry
  2. Sorry about this.... New word will be posted tomorrow, (Monday)
  3. What's the Word? - HOLUS-BOLUS pronunciation: [hol-əs-BOL-əs] Part of speech: adverb Origin: Unknown, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. All at once. Example: "Everything was happening holus-bolus, and I couldn't keep up." "After a lull in my business, holus-bolus, I have all sorts of great opportunities." About Holus-Bolus Holus-bolus possibly originated as a pseudo-Latin rhyme based on the phrase "whole bolus" (all at once), but might also come from the Greek word "hólos bôlos" (clump of earth). Did You Know? When it seems like everything is happening holus-bolus (all at once), it might seem bad to procrastinate. However, sometimes taking a step back from something overwhelming is exactly what you need to figure out a different approach.
  4. Fact of the Day - RAIN Did you know... that rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. Weird Facts About Rain Beth Dreher | Meghan Jones | Updated: Dec. 05, 2018 The least rainy place on earth isn’t in the desert It may be covered with ice, but Antarctica gets only 6.5 inches of rain or snow per year, making it the continent with the lowest annual rainfall by far. On the other end of the spectrum, Lloró, Colombia, absorbs more than 500 inches of rainfall per year. North America is relatively dry by comparison, collecting 256 inches of rain annually. Find out some old wives’ tales about weather that just aren’t true. Rain doesn’t always make the ground wet In dry, hot places, rain sometimes evaporates before it hits the ground. Environmentalist Edward Abbey describes “phantom rain” this way: “You see curtains of rain dangling in the sky while the living things wither below for want of water. Torture by tantalizing, hope without fulfillment. Then the clouds dissipate into nothingness.” Not all raindrops are made of water On Venus, and other moons and planets, rain is made of sulfuric acid or methane. Even stranger: On a planet 5,000 light years away, scientists found raindrops made of iron rather than water. For more watery wisdom, check out these facts you never knew about Earth’s oceans. There’s a scientifically proven way to get less wet in the rain Run! As Henry Reich, the brains behind the YouTube Channel MinutePhysics, explains, the faster you get out of the rain, the drier you’ll be, regardless of the additional raindrops you run into. The shape and color of clouds can help you predict rain Generally speaking, if you see a cumulonimbus cloud (a tall, puffy cloud that looks flat at the top), or a nimbostratus cloud (a flat low-level gray cloud), you can be fairly certain that rain is in the 24-hour forecast. Find out more ways to predict the weather just by looking at the clouds. There’s a reason you love the smell of rain Water doesn’t smell like anything, so why does rain produce a pleasant aroma after it falls? Well, it’s because of a molecule, called geosmin, created by soil-dwelling bacteria. When rain falls, it creates air pockets, which contain small amounts of geosmin. The rain traps and then releases these air pockets, dispersing geosmin into the air, where it’s free to travel to human sniffers. The smell of rain even has a name: “Petrichor.” Learn some surprising facts you never knew about lightning, too. It’s not actually “drop”-shaped The “raindrop” designation is actually a misnomer, since scientists have concluded that rain is not actually shaped like a teardrop. When water molecules condense and bind together in the atmosphere before falling, they form a more-or-less spherical shape. As they fall, they encounter air pressure, flattening the bottom of the drops, so that they end up taking on a shape more like a hamburger bun. The United States record for 24-hour rainfall was just broken In a single day in July 1979, Tropical Storm Claudette dropped a whopping 43 inches of rain on a small Texas town called Alvin. Alvin, which is just south of Houston, held the record for the most rainfall in the United States in 24 hours—until 2018. In April of that year, a rain gauge in the Hawaiian town of Hanalei recorded 49.69 inches of rainfall in one day. Learn about some more unbelievable weather phenomena you never knew happened in America.\ Rain is money In the African nation of Botswana, the currency is the Botswanan pula. The word “pula,” though, also means “rain,” and its use as the name of the primary currency demonstrates just how rare and precious rain is in this sub-Saharan country. It’s been raining a long time Scientists have discovered fossils containing indentations of raindrops dating back as far as 2.7 billion years ago. According to Scientific American, the early liquid rain fell on layers of ash from volcanic eruptions, and then more ash fell on top, preserving the miniature craters from the raindrops. Interestingly, it was erosion created by more rain that exposed the rain fossils for modern study. Source: Wikipedia - Rain | Reader's Digest - Rain Facts
  5. What's the Word? - ANAGNORISIS pronunciation: [an-ag-NOR-ih-sis] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, late 18th century Meaning: 1. The point in a play, novel, etc., in which a principal character recognizes or discovers another character's true identity or the true nature of their own circumstances. Example: "My favorite part of a story is the big reveal that happens at the anagnorisis." "The hallmark of Scooby Doo is the moment of anagnorisis when we finally get to see who is under the monster's mask." About Anagnorisis This word aims to make everything crystal clear: it originated from the Greek words "ana" (back) and "gnorisis" (to make known), which when combined literally means "recognition." Did You Know? The anagnorisis is important in many different stories — and some reveals are particularly surprising. One of the most famous examples was "The Empire Strikes Back," when audiences were shocked to find out that Darth Vader was actually Luke Skywalker's father.
  6. Fact of the Day - RANDOM TRIVIA Did you know... that whether it's an interesting truth about blue whales or some mind-boggling facts about American food, it's always good to know some random trivia — and even more fun to quiz your friends and family with some crazy facts that are wildly unknown but still surprisingly true. The next time you're gathered around the table for some quality family dinner time, pull out one (or more) of these cool-but-unknown facts as an interesting conversation starter or a fun quizzing game — you'll even be sure to impress everyone with your knowledge and have tons of fun while you're at it, too! Celebrate National Trivia Day with these fun facts. BY CAROLINE PICARD | Dec 27, 2019 The hashtag symbol is technically called an octothorpe. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the "octo-" prefix refers to the eight points on the popular symbol, but the "thorpe" remains a mystery. One theory claims that it comes from the Old English word for "village," based on the idea that the symbol looks like a village surrounded by eight fields! The 100 folds in a chef's hat represent 100 ways to cook an egg. Yes, that tall, pleated white hat that chefs wear — technically called a toque — has 100 folds for a reason! According to Reluctant Gourmet, the pleats used to signify a chef's level of experience, like the number of ways he or she knew how to prepare eggs. The longest wedding veil was longer than 63 football fields. If you thought Meghan Markle's wedding veil was long, get this: there's a woman in Cyprus who set the Guinness World Record for the longest wedding veil. How long was it, you ask? Nearly 23,000 feet, which is the same length as about 63.5 football fields. Some cats are allergic to people. FYI for all you people allergic to cats: they might be allergic to you, too! It's pretty uncommon due to the fact that we bathe ourselves more often than other species and don't shed as much hair or dead skin, but yes, it does happen. Apple Pie isn't actually American at all. The next time you call something "as American as apple pie," you might want to consider the fact that neither apple pies nor apples originally came from America. Apples are in fact native to Asia, and the first recorded recipe for apple pie was actually written in England. The unicorn is the national animal of Scotland. Yes, although it's a fabled creature, the national animal of Scotland is actually the mythical unicorn — chosen because of its association with dominance and chivalry as well as purity and innocence in Celtic mythology. BRB, moving to Scotland real quick. The largest known living organism is an aspen grove. Pando (Latin for "I spread out") is a group of genetically identical quaking aspens in Utah with an interconnected root system. It's an estimated 80,000 years old and takes up more than 100 acres. M&M stands for Mars and Murrie. Forrest Mars (son of the Mars Company founder) first spotted the British confection Smarties during the Spanish Civil War and noticed the candy shell prevented the chocolate from melting. He teamed up with Bruce Murrie (son of Hershey Chocolate's president) and the company later trademarked the "Melts in Your Mouth, Not in Your Hand" slogan. Neil Armstrong didn't say "That's one small step for man." The astronaut insists he actually stated, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." "That's the only way the statement makes any sense," Armstrong told biographer James Hansen. And for the record, no real astronaut ever uttered "Houston, we have a problem" — Tom Hanks only said that in the movie Apollo 13. You can hear a blue whale's heartbeat from more than 2 miles away. The world's largest animal's heart weighs about 400 pounds — approximately the size of a small piano. Click the link below to read more Random Trivia. Source: GoodHousekeeping - Random Trivia
  7. Fact of the Day - SKATEBOARDING Lenna performs a 360 flip in front of the Barclays Center, Brooklyn, NY Did you know.... that the first skateboards started with wooden boxes, or boards, with roller skate wheels attached to the bottom. Crate scooters preceded skateboards, having a wooden crate attached to the nose (front of the board), which formed rudimentary handlebars. The boxes turned into planks, similar to the skateboard decks of today. Skateboarding is an action sport that involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as a recreational activity, an art form, an entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation. Skateboarding has been shaped and influenced by many skateboarders throughout the years. A 2009 report found that the skateboarding market is worth an estimated $4.8 billion in annual revenue, with 11.08 million active skateboarders in the world. In 2016, it was announced that skateboarding will be represented at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Since the 1970s, skateparks have been constructed specifically for use by skateboarders, freestyle BMXers, aggressive skaters, and very recently, scooters. However, skateboarding has become controversial in areas in which the activity, although illegal, has damaged curbs, stoneworks, steps, benches, plazas, and parks. (Wikipedia) History of Skateboarding by SkateDelux.com Skateboarding is more than just cruising around. Skateboarding is a lifestyle. Skateboarding is love. Over the past 60 years Skateboarding went through a kind of evolution. The main points of the story we clarified for you in our skateboarding history: THE 1950S By the early 1950s, surfing can be traced as the source of skateboarding. Some surfers had the idea to transfer the feeling of riding waves onto the streets to defy times of days with a gentle swell. Not without any reason these dudes were called “asphalt surfers”. At two spots in the world a kind of a skateboard was developed at the first time in the early 1950s: California and Hawaii. They used shorter surfboards and wheels made out of metal without some bearings. In the late 1950s, skateboarding had a first peak. During the post-war period, the U.S. economy boomed and this also affected the toy industry. During that time, the toy industry became aware of the board with wheels. In 1959, Roller Derby released the first official skateboard with some new technical developments. Thereby, the handling characteristics have been improved. For this reason, skateboarders were able to develop new tricks and maneuvers. THE 1960S Between the years 1959 and 1965, skateboarding became more and more popular in the United States. Particularly affected were the states on the east and west coasts. Due to the industrial development, the skateboard’s status changed from toy to sports equipment. In 1962, the surf shop “Val-Surf” in Hollywood sold the first self-produced skateboards. These boards featured a typical surfboard shape and roller skate trucks and were sold as complete boards. In the same year, the company Patterson Forbes developed the first industrially produced complete boards with more developed trucks. In 1963, the publisher of the “Surf Guide Magazine” Larry Stevenson released the first advertisement for skateboards in his magazine. Also the clothing industry specialized more and more on skateboarding. One of the most famous skateboarding shoe brand named Vans was established in 1966. From this day on, Vans supported skateboarders from all over the world. Especially shoe companies like Vans, Etnies, Converse and DC Shoes developed and manufactured skateboarding related footwear and streetwear. Another landmark event in 1963 was the first skate contest in Hermosa Beach, California. Skateboarding was not just cruising anymore. Skateboarders showed their skills in different disciplines like slalom or freestyle and companies started to assemble a team to sponsor the riders. As the popularity of skateboarding began to expand, the first skateboarding magazine “The Quarterly Skateboarder” was published in 1964. A next big step was the further development of the shape of the boards. Larry Stevenson invented the “kicktail“, and with it came a lot more possibilities to ride a skateboard. THE 1970S The only consistent thing is change and so it came to a point where everything changed for skateboarding. Frank Nasworthy’ invention of polyurethane wheels in 1972 made it possible for skateboarding to come back. Nasworthy started the company Cadillac Wheels and with the new material it was possible to ride smoother, faster and more comfortable. A variety of disciplines such as freestyle, downhill and slalom experienced a real high point. New magazines like the “Skateboarder Magazine” from 1975 were published and new events were launched. In 1976, the first artificially created skate park was inaugurated and new parks emerged with new elements such as vertical ramps and kickers. In the mid-1970s, skateboarding reached Germany. The American soldiers brought the trend with them and by 1976 Munich became the first German skateboard center. In Munich Neuperlach, the first skate park was built, first skateboard magazines followed and in 1978 the first German skateboard championships were held in Munich. All the different riders with their individual styles enhanced lots of new tricks. Therefore, skateboarding hardware was developed further and further: Shapes changed, boards became wider, got more concave and they featured nose and tail. Then in 1978, Alan Gelfand invented a maneuver that gave skateboarding another revolutionary jump: The “Ollie”, which counts as the greatest trick ever invented and completely revolutionized skateboarding. That was the birth of street skateboarding! THE 1980S Rodney Mullen was one of the first riders who transferred the Ollie for different maneuvers onto the streets and spread a new style of skateboarding. Next to other fun sport activities like BMX or inline skating, street skateboarding developed more and more and became very popular. In 1981, the “Thrasher Magazine” was founded and since then, this magazine stands for street skateboarding, the core scene, punk rock and the lifestyle slogan “Skate And Destroy”. In 1983, another well-known magazine was founded, namely the “Transworld Skateboarding Magazine”. Next to these magazines, a few smaller ones were founded and more skate shops opened. Because of this, the popularity of skateboarding continued to grow. A global dissemination of new tricks and unseen skate maneuvers allowed the first skate videos on VHS. Videography has become increasingly important to the scene. Titus Dittmann was instrumental in the development of skateboarding in Germany. He imported skate-related products from the US and organized contests and various skateboarding events. The “Münster Monster Mastership” became one of the biggest international skateboarding competitions in the 1980s. For that reason, skateboarding became more and more famous in Germany. From the mid-1980s on, it was possible to earn good money as a professional skateboarder and the skateboard industry boomed in the US. In the late 1980s, companies like Powell Peralta, Santa Cruz and Vision dominated the international market of the scene. The fashion was mainly determined by shoes. Shoes by Vans, Converse or Vision became flagships for the skateboarding scene. Skateboarding was now absolutely established the US and in Germany and vert skateboarding was replaced by street skateboarding. The number of skateboarders increased significantly and professional skateboarders became more and more famous just like baseball or football stars. FROM THE 1990S In the early 1990s, skateboarding went through a further depth phase due to the increase in various trend sports. So skateboarding went back to its roots. But because of the digitalization, skateboarding maintained its presence in public. From the mid-1990s, the modern skateboarding experienced a next high phase, which continues until today. Mega events like the “X-Games” were launched and televised. Due to numerous magazines, all the events, videos and last but not least the internet, skateboarding became common worldwide. Because of brands like Chocolate, Girl Skateboards or Flip Skateboards, the skateboarding hardware was developed more and more and skateboarders could buy high-quality skateboards in every bigger city. More indicators are the big and worldwide known events of “Street League”. “Street League Skateboarding” is a contest series for international pro skaters. Here, you only see the best street skateboarder you can think of like Nyjah Huston, Eric Koston, Paul Rodriguez, Andrew Reynolds, Ryan Sheckler or Torey Pudwill. Due to the cash prizes of 200.000 US Dollars or more for the winner and 10.000 visitors at the “Street League” stops, skateboarding has become a professional sport. 2012 Champion, Nyjah Huston In Germany, street skating is the most popular discipline at contests just like in the USA. The European and German skate scene is independent, has its own industry, pros and a national contest series. This is an evidence of how big the role of skateboarding is in our society. Skateboarding has become a job for a lot of people. Because of the increasing networking inside the skate scene, skateboarding will grow and bring more innovations in the future. But for the most of us, skateboarding is and will be a hobby and an attitude to life. The only thing we have left to say is: Thank you skateboarding! Source: Wikipedia - Skateboarding | History of Skateboarding
  8. Friday's Word What's the Word? - MAECENATISM pronunciation: [may-SI-nə-tɪz-əm] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, early 17th century Meaning: 1. Patronage. Example: "The museum honored the donors at a reception for their maecenatism." "Thanks to the maecenatism of regular shoppers, the local businesses were thriving." About Maecenatism This word originates from the classical Latin word "maecēnāt," which means a patron of the arts. Did You Know? The word maecenatism comes from the ancient Roman diplomat Gaius Maecenas. Besides being well-known for being a counselor to Emperor Augustus, Maecenas was famous for patronizing the arts — specifically literature and poetry.
  9. What's the Word? - DEMIURGIC pronunciation: [dem-ee-ER-jik] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Greek, early 17th century Meaning: 1. A powerful creative force or being. Example: "When she's in her studio, she's a demiurgic force." "I meditate before I work to try to access a demiurgic state." About Demiurgic Demiurgic is thought to have originated from the Greek word "dēmiourgós," or "skilled worker." Did you Know? While demiurgic describes a powerful creative force or state of being, a demiurge is a creative entity — such as an artisan or craftsman. One notable demiurge is the Greek god Hephaestus, who was a talented blacksmith known as the god of the forge.
  10. Fact of the Day - ICE CREAM Black Sesame Soft Ice Cream, Japan Did you know... that ice cream is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert. It may be made from dairy milk or cream and is flavoured with a sweetener, either sugar or an alternative, and any spice, such as cocoa or vanilla. It can also be made by whisking a flavored cream base and liquid Nitrogen together. (Wikipedia) Ice Cream facts You Might Not Know The Introduction of Ice Cream is Unclear No one really knows who invented ice cream. We have bits and pieces of information. It’s enough to put together a basic story, but we don’t have all of the answers. In Ancient Rome, Emperor Nero enjoyed mixing snow with fruit and honey. He frequently sent messengers out to gather snow from the mountains. Some historians credit Marco Polo with being the first one to bring some type of ice cream to Europe. He had learned it from the Chinese, who had flavored snow with rice and milk to make a creamy dessert. From there, it progressed. Eventually, ice cream recipes reached the United States a few centuries after Christopher Columbus landed on American soil. Ice Cream Sundaes Were Actually Made For Sundays There are two competing stories about the invention of the ice cream sundae. Here is the most popular one. Ice cream sodas were a popular drink you could buy at the local soda shop. However, religious laws forbade shop owners from selling them on Sundays because people were not allowed to indulge in the sugary treats on the Sabbath. The owner of Ed Berners’ Ice Cream Parlor, Edward Berners, decided to get around this law. One day, he served a customer ice cream soda without the actual soda part, so it was just ice cream and syrup. Soon, the concoction was sold on Sundays as an alternative to ice cream sodas. However, it became so popular it was sold every day. Berners changed the spelling to “sundae” to avoid associating it with the holy Sabbath. The Waffle Cone Was Invented by Accident In 1904, an ice cream vendor ran out of cones. He was at the World’s Fair in St. Louis, Missouri, and he was facing high demand from guests. Desperate for a solution, he turned to a waffle vendor nearby. Together, they came up with the idea to mold the waffles into cones and serve the ice cream in there. Customers loved the idea, and the waffle cone was officially born. America Loves Ice Cream! The United States is one of the top 3 countries in the world with the highest ice cream consumption. California is the country’s top ice cream producer. That’s no surprise, since it’s also the top dairy producer in the country. Can you guess what America’s favorite flavor is? If you guessed chocolate, rocky road, or cookies n’ crème, you’re wrong. It’s actually vanilla. The Ingredients of the First Handwritten Ice Cream Recipe Will Disgust You Sometime around 1668, English noblewoman Lady Anne Fanshawe wrote down the first official ice cream recipe. She originally called it “icy cream,” and it called for some pretty strange things. To prepare the ice cream, the recipe states to boil cream with mace. If that doesn’t throw you off, wait till you see what comes next. For flavor, Fanshawe wrote to use orange flower or ambergris with some sugar. If you don’t know what ambergris is, it is essentially whale vomit. Occasionally, sperm whales suffer from a buildup in their intestines, which ends up coming up in the form of a vomit-like substance. This is known as ambergris, and in the past it was commonly used to make things like candles or perfumes. Which Came First: Chocolate or Vanilla? If you thought the answer was vanilla, you’re wrong. Chocolate was actually invented first. We generally assume that vanilla ice cream came first because it’s the common base that creates many other flavors. However, it wasn’t always that way. Ice Cream Used to be a Luxury Back in the day, ice cream was seen as a luxurious dessert that only the elite could enjoy. It was considered rare and exotic, and remained this way until the late 1800s. The elite and rich upper-class society members were the only ones who could afford the imported ingredients and the cold storage. These were also the days before the commercialization and manufacturing of ice cream. Therefore, it wasn’t as easy to get for everyone, which led to the exclusivity. There is an Ice Cream Fruit in Hawaii That’s right. There’s a Hawaiian fruit that tastes exactly like vanilla ice cream. It’s called the Inga feuilleei, but locals call it the ice cream bean. It grows on perennial trees in hot climates, and it is enjoyed in many different ways by locals. Astronaut Ice Cream Has Never Actually Been to Space You’ve probably seen astronaut ice cream in a handful of gift shops and candy stores. It’s essentially freeze-dried ice cream. But astronaut ice cream is actually not used on space missions. In fact, astronaut ice cream has never been to space at all. Some reports have said it did once, on the Apollo 7 mission in 1968. However, those reports have been dismissed by Walter Cunningham, the only living astronaut on that mission, who claims that there was never such a thing. NASA scientists are now coming up with new inventions to help astronauts enjoy ice cream in space. However, this form of ice cream isn’t exactly the freeze-dried Neapolitan you might have tasted as a kid. Freeze-dried Neapolitan ice cream There’s a Simple Trick to Help Brain Freeze The real word for brain freeze is sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia. But you can keep calling it brain freeze or frozen headache. What is brain freeze? In simple terms, you have temperature sensors on the roof of your mouth. When cold objects hit it before your body has time to process, your nerves send a message to your brain that signal heat loss. This is what brings on that massive headache halfway through eating your ice cream. To combat brain freeze, hold your tongue against the roof of your mouth. This will help warm your sensors and get your brain out of panic mode. Brain Freeze Cat We Know How Many Licks it Takes to Get Through a Scoop The magic number is 50. We’re just jealous we weren’t the person who got to do the taste test to get that data! Source: Wikipedia - Ice Cream | Ice cream Facts
  11. What's the Word? - BOÎTE pronunciation: [bwat] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, unknown Meaning: 1. A small restaurant or nightclub. Example: "Pierre was delighted to learn the new boîte was not too far from his apartment." "This boîte has the best happy hour in town." About Boîte Boîte means "box" in French. This word's origins and how it became widely used to describe restaurants and nightclubs is, unfortunately, unknown. Did you Know? Not every restaurant is a boîte. If a restaurant is small and has a vibrant nightlife, then it is considered a boîte.
  12. Fact of the Day - BASKETBALL James Naismith Did you know... that the history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a 31-year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters. (Wikipedia) Basketball in Canada Article by Frank T. Butler | April 30, 2006 Updated by Tabitha Marshall | March 10, 2017 Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players each. The objective is to score by throwing a ball through a netted hoop located at each end of the court. Invented by Canadian James Naismith in 1891, while he was teaching at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, basketball is now one of the most popular sports in the world. James Naismith, inventor of basketball Invention of Basketball Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith at the YMCA International Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Naismith, an instructor at the school, responded to the need for an indoor winter recreational activity that could be easily learned and played in teams. Naismith wanted to develop a game that emphasized skill instead of force. The result was a team sport in which the object was to score by throwing a large ball into a (peach) basket placed about 3 m (or 10 feet) above the floor. Naismith also defined 13 basic rules, including prohibitions against running with the ball and “shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping, or striking in any way.” Naismith's original rules There were only thirteen rules of "basket ball": The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made Graduates of the YMCA training school in Springfield helped to spread basketball throughout the world. By the 1930s, it was played in countries around the world, prompting its acceptance as an official Olympic men’s competition in 1936. Basketball in Canada Many students at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield were Canadian, and these young men (e.g., Lyman Archibald, J. Howard Crocker, William H. Ball) helped establish the new game across the country. By 1900, basketball was being played in Canada by both men and women at local YMCAs and YWCAs, and in schools and clubs. In 1923, the Canadian Amateur Basketball Association (CABA) was formed in Port Arthur [Thunder Bay], Ontario. As the official governing body for basketball in Canada, its main function was to assist with national championships, but its programs, beyond men's and women's national championships, now include: men's and women's national team development; technical development with coaching; official and player certification; youth programs; a Hall of Fame; educational services; and promotion and revenue generation. In 1973, the organization voted to adopt the international playing rules of the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur/International Amateur Basketball Federation (FIBA). The CABA was renamed Basketball Canada by 1980, and later became Canada Basketball. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in Canada. According to the Canadian Youth Sports Report, around 354,000 youth (age 3–17) played basketball in 2014, making it the sixth most popular sporting activity for young Canadians after swimming, soccer, dance, hockey and skating. Among new Canadians (those whose parents were born outside Canada), basketball was second only to soccer. The first basketball court: Springfield College Professional Basketball in Canada Canada’s first professional basketball teams began playing in the 1946–47 season. The Toronto Huskies played that season as part of the Basketball Association of America, a forerunner of the National Basketball Association. On 1 November 1946, Toronto hosted the league’s first game, playing the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens. The Huskies lost to the Knickerbockers that evening and folded at the end of the season. On the West Coast, the Vancouver Hornets played in the Pacific Coast Professional Basketball League (1946–47 and 1947–48), before the league folded. It would be several decades until professional basketball returned to Canada. In the 1980s, Canadian teams began playing in minor professional leagues such as the Continental Basketball Association and the World Basketball League. A new era in Canadian professional basketball began in 1994, when the National Basketball Association (NBA), the major professional league in the United States, awarded franchises to two Canadian cities. The Toronto Raptors and Vancouver Grizzlies, who both began play in 1995, brought major professional basketball to Canada for the first time. The Grizzlies were unsuccessful and moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 2001. The Raptors continue as the league's only Canadian team. Support for the Raptors has grown, with increasing numbers watching or attending games. In 2005–06, the average attendance at Raptors home games was 17,056 (17th of 30 teams in the NBA), but by 2015–16, attendance had risen to 19,825 (4th of 30 teams). Between the 2010–11 and 2014–15 seasons, TV viewership for the Raptors more than doubled, from 108,000 to 246,000. A growing number of Canadians have played on National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) teams in the United States, and in the professional National Basketball Association and Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). Canadian NBA players include Bob Houbregs, Bill Wennington, Rick Fox, Steve Nash, Cory Joseph and Andrew Wiggins. In 2005, while playing for the Phoenix Suns, Nash won the league's MVP award, becoming the first Canadian to receive the honour. Steve Nash International Competition Basketball appeared as a demonstration sport for male athletes at the 1904 Olympic Games in St Louis. The Edmonton Grads, a women's team, played a series of matches in conjunction with the 1924, 1928 and 1936 Olympic Summer Games. In 1936, men’s basketball first appeared as an official Olympic sport. Canada's team at the 1936 Berlin Olympiad, the Windsor Ford V8s, made up of players primarily from Windsor, Ontario, and strengthened by players from the West Coast, won the silver medal, losing in the final to the United States 19 to 8. Women’s basketball became an Olympic sport in 1976. Neither team has won an Olympic medal in basketball since 1936, but both have reached the podium at the Pan American Games and the FIBA Americas Championships. The women’s team has also won bronze medals at the FIBA World Championships. Wheelchair Basketball In 1946, about half a century after basketball was invented, American Second World War veterans played the first documented wheelchair basketball game. Two Canadian teams soon formed — the Vancouver Dueck Powerglides in 1950 and the Montréal Wheelchair Wonders in 1951. The game quickly became popular, and in 1968 the first Canadian championships were held in Edmonton, Alberta. Wheelchair basketball is now one of the most popular team sports for athletes with disabilities. The national men’s and women’s teams are among the best in the world, and since 1992 have won several Paralympic and world championships. Source: Wikipedia - History of Basketball | Basketball in Canada
  13. What's the Word? - TOHUBOHU pronunciation: [toh-hoo-BOH-hoo] Part of speech: noun Origin: Hebrew, unknown Meaning: 1. A state of chaos; utter confusion. Example: "The mayor's unexpected announcement left the press in a tohubohu." "After recess the students were always in a tohubohu." About Tohubohu This word developed from the Hebrew word "tōhū wa-ḇōhū," which translates to "emptiness and desolation." Tohubohu is also found in the Bible, used in context to mean "without form and void." Did you Know? In a modern sense, tohubohu refers to a state of chaos. Originally, however, it meant something very different. The Hebrew phrase "tōhū wa-ḇōhū" refers to the world just before the creation of light. In this context, it means a lightless, endless void.
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  15. Fact of the Day - DRIFTWOOD Driftwood provides a perch for a bald eagle on Fir Island, Washington. Did you know... that driftwood is wood that has been washed onto a shore or beach of a sea, lake, or river by the action of winds, tides or waves. In some waterfront areas, driftwood is a major nuisance. However, the driftwood provides shelter and food for birds, fish and other aquatic species as it floats in the ocean. (Wikipedia) The Surprising Beauty and Benefits of Driftwood By Russell McLendon | Updated August 15, 2018 Trees are pillars of their communities, a role they can maintain even in death. An upright dead tree offers vital habitat to certain birds and bats, for example, while a fallen tree is a bonanza for life on the forest floor, including future trees. Yet rotting in place is not the only natural afterlife for a tree. Sometimes, instead of giving back to its birth forest, a tree will embark on an odyssey to pay it forward, carrying its ecological wealth away from the only home it has ever known. These traveling trees don't mean to betray their roots; they're just going with the flow. They've become driftwood, a term for any woody remnants of trees that wind up moving through rivers, lakes or oceans. This journey is often brief, merely leading to a different part of the same ecosystem, but it can also send a tree far out to sea — and maybe even across it. Driftwood is a common sight at beaches around the world, although many people dismiss it as unremarkable scenery or useless debris. And while some driftwood is a little short on mystique — like twigs from a nearby tree, or boards that fell off a fishing pier — it can also be a ghost from a distant forest or shipwreck, transformed by its adventures into something beautiful. Along the way, driftwood tends to return the favor by reshaping and enriching the environments it visits. In an age when oceans are plagued by plastic trash, driftwood is a reminder that natural marine debris can be benign, even beneficial. It embodies the fragile ecological links between land and water, as well as the subtle beauty commonly hiding in plain sight. In hopes of shedding more light on these qualities, here's a deeper look at why driftwood deserves more attention: Windows of opportunity Long before humans built boats from dead trees, the raw materials were out there exploring uncharted waters on their own. Driftwood may have even inspired our first wooden rafts and boats, as ancient people noticed its strength and buoyancy. Dead trees have always served as boats, though, just usually for smaller passengers. Driftwood not only feeds and shelters lots of tiny wildlife, but can also help them colonize otherwise unreachable habitats. And its arrival can benefit local residents, too, introducing new resources to sustain coastal wildlife and help buffer their exposed home from wind and sun. Depending on the driftwood and where it washes up, seafaring trees can be valuable additions to waterfront habitats that lack the canopy and roots of live trees, such as rocky beaches or coastal sand-dune ecosystems. Even in places with plenty of trees, like the banks of a forested river, driftwood often plays an integral role in building up and shaping the habitat's infrastructure. Logging off The adventures of driftwood often begin in rivers, and many of them stay there. Driftwood is an important part of virtually all natural waterscapes around the world, including freshwater streams, rivers and lakes as well as oceans. Rivers that flow through or near forests tend to collect pieces of dead trees, sometimes resulting in accumulations of driftwood known as logjams. Over time, these clusters can help build up the banks of rivers and even shape their channels, influencing not only the way water moves through the ecosystem, but also what kind of solutes, sediments and organic matter it contains. Driftwood also slows down the flow of a river, helping it retain more nutrients to nourish its native wildlife. And by forming lots of different microhabitats within a river channel, driftwood has a tendency to boost local biodiversity, too. Similar to long-lived beaver dams, driftwood logjams have been known to persist for centuries if left alone, eventually becoming huge, landscape-altering rafts. One such logjam, known as the Great Raft, may have been growing for 1,000 years before the Lewis and Clark expedition encountered it in 1806. The raft, reportedly sacred to the native Caddo people, held tens of millions of cubic feet of cedar, cypress and petrified wood, covering nearly 160 miles of the Red and Atchafalaya rivers in Louisiana. The Great Raft may have been a natural wonder, but because it blocked navigation of the Red River, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers launched an effort to dismantle it. Initially led by steamboat captain Henry Shreve, the project kicked off in the 1830s and took decades to complete, inadvertently transforming the geology of the Lower Mississippi River watershed in the process. "The many lakes and bayous that the Red River had created in Louisiana and East Texas drained away," according to the Red River Historian. "The river shortened its path to the Mississippi. To stop the destabilization of the land surrounding the river, the Corps of Engineers had to implement billions of dollars in lock and dam improvements to keep the river navigable." Even under natural conditions, however, rivers rarely hold onto all of their driftwood. Depending on the size of a waterway, it may let trees and woody debris keep flowing downstream, eventually reaching a new environment like a lakeshore, estuary or beach. Although driftwood often decays within two years, some pieces last much longer under certain conditions. The Old Man of the Lake, for one, is a 30-foot-tall (9-meter) tree stump that's been bobbing vertically in Oregon's Crater Lake since at least 1896. Branching out As streams and rivers carry driftwood seaward, large "driftwood depositories" sometimes collect at a waterway's mouth. These buildups have existed for roughly 120 million years, dating back almost as far as flowering plants themselves. Some of their driftwood may eventually continue out to sea, while other pieces stick around in a river delta, estuary or a nearby shoreline. Click the link below to read more about Driftwood. Source: Beauty and Benefits of Driftwood | Wikipedia - Driftwood
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