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  1. What's the Word? - ACCOUCHEMENT pronunciation: [ə-KOOSH-mənt] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, late 18th century Meaning: 1. The process of giving birth to a baby. Example: "It took the entire zoo team to assist the elephant during her accouchement." "Every mother has a different method to make accouchement bearable." About Accouchement Accouchement originated as the French word "accoucher," which means "to act like a midwife." This word, in turn, developed from the Latin words "a" (to) + "coucher" (put to bed). Did You Know? While accouchement seems like a solitary effort, women rarely go through this process alone. A person in labor is often accompanied by their obstetrician, doula, or midwife throughout the process of childbirth — along with a team of supportive nurses.
  2. Fact of the Day - TYRANNOSAURUS Tyrannosaurus rex holotype specimen at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh. Did you know.... that Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. The species Tyrannosaurus rex, often called T. rex or colloquially T-Rex, is one of the most well-represented of the large theropods. Tyrannosaurus lived throughout what is now western North America, on what was then an island continent known as Laramidia. (Wikipedia) Facts About Tyrannosaurus Rex How Much Do You Know About This King of the Dinosaurs? By Bob Strauss | Updated October 22, 2019 Tyrannosaurus rex is by far the most popular dinosaur, having spawned a huge number of books, movies, TV shows, and video games. What's truly amazing, though, is how much what was once assumed as fact about this carnivore has later been called into question and how much is still being discovered. Here are 10 facts known to be true. Not the Biggest Meat-Eating Dinosaur Most people assume that the North American Tyrannosaurus rex—at 40 feet from head to tail and seven to nine tons—was the biggest carnivorous dinosaur that ever lived. T. rex, however, was equaled or outclassed by not one but two dinosaurs: the South American Giganotosaurus, which weighed about nine tons, and the northern African Spinosaurus, which tipped the scales at 10 tons. These three theropods never had the chance to square off in combat, since they lived in different times and places, separated by millions of years and thousands of miles. Arms Not as Tiny as Once Thought One feature of Tyrannosaurus rex that everyone makes fun of is its arms, which seem disproportionately tiny compared to the rest of its massive body. T. rex's arms were over three feet long, however, and may have been capable of bench pressing 400 pounds each. In any event, T. rex didn't have the smallest arm-to-body ratio among carnivorous dinosaurs; that was the Carnotaurus, whose arms looked like tiny nubs. Very Bad Breath The dinosaurs of the Mesozoic Era obviously didn't brush their teeth or floss. Some experts think shards of rotten, bacteria-infested meat constantly lodged in its closely packed teeth gave Tyrannosaurus rex a "septic bite," which infected and eventually killed its wounded prey. This process likely would have taken days or weeks, by which time some other meat-eating dinosaur would have reaped the rewards. Females Bigger Than Males There's a good reason to believe, based on fossils and the shapes of the hips, that the female T. rex outweighed the male by a few thousand pounds. The likely reason for this trait, known as sexual dimorphism, is that females had to lay clutches of T. rex-size eggs and were blessed by evolution with bigger hips. Or maybe females were more accomplished hunters than males, as is the case with modern female lions. Lived About 30 Years It's difficult to infer a dinosaur's life span from its fossils, but based on analysis of existing specimens, paleontologists speculate that Tyrannosaurus rex may have lived as long as 30 years. Because this dinosaur was atop the food chain, it would most likely have died from old age, disease, or hunger rather than attacks by fellow theropods, except when it was young and vulnerable. Some of the 50-ton titanosaurs that lived alongside T. rex might have had life spans of more than 100 years. Both Hunters and Scavengers For years, paleontologists argued about whether T. rex was a savage killer or an opportunistic scavenger—that is, did it hunt its food or tuck into the carcasses of dinosaurs already felled by old age or disease? Current thinking is that there's no reason Tyrannosaurus rex couldn't have done both, as would any carnivore that wanted to avoid starvation. Hatchlings Possibly Covered in Feathers It's accepted as fact that dinosaurs evolved into birds and that some carnivorous dinosaurs (especially raptors) were covered in feathers. Some paleontologists believe that all tyrannosaurs, including T. rex, were covered in feathers at some point during their lives, most likely when they hatched, a conclusion supported by the discovery of feathered Asian tyrannosaurs such as Dilong and the almost T. rex-size Yutyrannus. Preyed on Triceratops Imagine the matchup: a hungry, eight-ton Tyrannosaurus rex taking on a five-ton Triceratops, a not-inconceivable proposition since both dinosaurs lived in late Cretaceous North America. Granted, the average T. rex would have preferred to tackle a sick, juvenile, or newly hatched Triceratops, but if it was hungry enough, all bets were off. Incredibly Powerful Bite In 1996, a team of Stanford University scientists examining a T. rex skull determined that it chomped on its prey with a force of 1,500 to 3,000 pounds per square inch, comparable to that of a modern alligator. More recent studies put that figure in the 5,000-pound range. (The average adult human can bite with a force of about 175 pounds.) T. rex's powerful jaws may have been capable of shearing off a ceratopsian's horns. Tyrant Lizard King Henry Fairfield Osborn, a paleontologist and president of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, selected the immortal name Tyrannosaurus rex in 1905. Tyrannosaurus is Greek for "tyrant lizard." Rex is Latin for "king," so T. rex became the "tyrant lizard king" or "king of the tyrant lizards." Source: Wikipedia - Tyrannosaurus | Tyrannosaurus Facts
  3. What's the Word? - GULLAH pronunciation: [GUH-luh] Part of speech: noun Origin: American English, unknown Meaning: 1. A member of a black cultural community living on the coast of South Carolina and nearby islands. 2. The Creole language of the Gullah, having an English base with elements from various West African languages. It has about 125,000 speakers. Example: "Jess was lucky enough to be able to visit Gullah heritage sites on her visit to the Carolinas." "I am interested in studying all Creole languages, but I am most interested in Gullah." About Gullah This word is thought to have originated from a shortening of Angola, a group of people originally from Sierra Leone and Liberia. By Angola possibly being shorted to "Gola," the word Gullah might have slowly developed over time. Did You Know? The Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, officially designated by the U.S. Congress in 2006, is a National Heritage Area celebrating the cultures and lives of the Gullah people of Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas. Visitors can learn more about the rich African heritage of the Gullah people, sample delicious foods, and participate in a multitude of cultural events, including historical tours, arts and crafts, and music.
  4. Fact of the Day - GREEK MYTHOLOGY Did you know.... that Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. (Wikipedia) Interesting Facts Revolving Around Greek Mythology By Arun Thakur | Updated on 19 August, 2019 The Greek civilization was the most influential civilization in the history of the world. All of today’s thoughts and ideas can be traced back to the Greeks. They gave us democracy, mathematics, drama, philosophy, Olympics and a whole bunch of Gods and tomes of mythology that has been adapted by many subsequent cultures. Recent movies such as Clash of the Titans, Wrath of the Titans, Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief, etc. have brought Greek mythology back into the limelight once again. Here are top 10 interesting facts revolving around Greek mythology. Hercules gave us the saying “Taking the bull by its horns” Hercules capturing the Cretan Bull. Detail of The Twelve Labours Roman mosaic from Llíria (Valencia, Spain). (7th Labour) The saying, “Taking the bull by its horns”, comes from Greek mythology. It was one of the 12 labors of Hercules that he had to perform to repent for killing his own wife and children in a fit of madness caused by Hera. He saved the city of Crete from a raging bull by seizing its horns. Athena defeated Poseidon to become the guardian of Athens Athena fighting Poseidon. Athena and Poseidon both wanted to become the guardian of a certain city so they decided to give a gift each to please the residents of the city. Poseidon gave them water in the form of a spring but the water was salty and of no use. Athena gave them an olive tree which was much more useful as it gave food, oil and wood and so she won and since then that city has been known as Athens. Hera restored her virginity each year Hera and Zeus. Hera was the sister of Zeus who later became his wife as she was very much in love with him. She got a love charm from Aphrodite to make Zeus fall in love with her. But the most interesting thing about her is that she restored her virginity each year by bathing in a sacred spring called Kanathos. Apollo commandeered a ship in his dolphin form Delphinius was the dolphin form of Apollo which was worshiped at Delphi. This is strange because Delphi is in the mountains away from the sea but apparently, Apollo in his dolphin form jumped up on the deck of a ship and commandeered it to the coast at Delphi. According to the Greek mythology, the sailors became the first priests there. Athena’s thousands of grey eyes Athena is supposed to have a thousand eyes in the form of the leaves of the olive tree. She gifted the olive tree to the city of Athens and became its guardian goddess. The leaves of the olive tree are grey at the back and when the wind blows and lifts the leaves up, it looks like a thousand eyes are watching over the city. Pandora was the first mortal women Zeus readies Pandora with Hermes in attendance, a painting by Josef Abel Pandora was made by Zeus and was the first mortal woman according to Greek mythology. She received a gift from each of the Gods to make her perfect. Zeus gave her to Epimetheus who had been warned by his brother Prometheus to not take any gifts from Zeus but he got enchanted by Pandora’s beauty and accepted. He gave her a box and told her never to open it. But she couldn’t resist and opened it, letting out all evil and mistrust in the world. Atlas was punished to hold the heavens not the Earth Lee Lawrie's colossal bronze Atlas, Rockefeller Center, New York Atlas was a Titan who fought and led a battle of Titans against Zeus but got defeated and was punished by Zeus to hold up heavens on his shoulders for all eternity. For a while he got Hercules to hold it up for him but then later resumed his duties when Hercules cheated him into holding the weight of the heavens again. He is wrongly portrayed to be holding up the earth. Prometheus kept stealing from the Gods The Torture of Prometheus, painting by Salvator Rosa (1646–1648). Prometheus was another interesting Titan in the Greek mythology. He was the wisest among the Titans and could apparently see the future. He knew Zeus would win and fought from his side when he fought Cronus. He is notorious for thinking himself to be smarter than the Gods and kept stealing from them. When he stole fire from the Gods and gave it to the mortals he was caught and was punished by Zeus. Hades was technically an Olympian but not counted as one Hades, the Greek God of the Underworld Hades was as powerful as any of the other twelve Olympians which technically made him the thirteenth Olympian but since he resided in the underworld and not on Mount Olympus he was not known as an Olympian. Hades was also the one who helped Zeus defeat their father Cronus and helped them to become Gods. Zeus was an opportunist Zeus Zeus was the all powerful God, the king of Gods, the controller of rain and thunder, the father of many children and the vanquisher of the Titans. But he couldn’t have done it alone. Greek mythology tells us that Hades was the one to surprise Cronus by wearing his invisibility helmet and Poseidon was the one who immobilized his body. Zeus seized this opportunity and killed his father by striking him with a thunderbolt and became the king of Gods. Source: Wikipedia - Greek Mythology | Facts About Greek Mythology
  5. What's the Word? - HEW pronunciation: [hyoo] Part of speech: verb Origin: Old English, unknown Meaning: 1. Chop or cut (something, especially wood or coal) with an axe, pick, or other tool. 2. Make or shape (something) by cutting or chopping a material such as wood or stone. Example: "Michael was expected to hew the lumber into firewood by that evening." "Stone artists are skilled at hewing a marble slab into dramatic figures." About Hew While hew developed from the English word "hēawan," it finds its origins in German (houwen) and Dutch (hauen). Each of these words refers to the act of chopping, cutting, and shaping wood and other hard materials. Did You Know? Totem poles, traditional sculptures made by Indigeneous people of the northern United States and Canada, are used to denote territory and represent historical events. Totems are hewn from cedar trees, and take around six to nine months to complete.
  6. Fact of the Day -- NIAGARA FALLS A view of the American, Bridal Veil and Horseshoe Falls from the Presidential Suite of the Sheraton Fallsview Hotel, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Did you know.... that Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, spanning the border between the province of Ontario in Canada and the state of New York in the United States. (Wikipedia) Niagara Falls Fun Facts By User | February 2020 Fun Facts You Probably Didn’t Know About Niagara Falls Skylon Tower - Revolving Restaurant in Niagara Falls. Niagara Falls is known famously for its three thunderous wonders; bustling city life, international award-winning wineries, and extremely friendly people. Each year, the city welcomes millions of visitors from around the world looking to experience, touch, and taste a piece of the famous falls and its surrounding city. Not only do travelers choose to visit Niagara Falls because of the sites to see, or the closeness to international Canadian – U.S. borders, but also to become one with nature. If your interest in travelling is to be around natural elements and experience feelings of tranquility, consider Niagara Falls as your next city to visit! Here are some Niagara Falls fun facts about the world’s most famous waterfalls to help you plan your visit. When Was Niagara Falls Created? About 12,500 years ago Niagara Falls was created when the Niagara Region became free of ice. As the ice melted, the Great Lakes, including Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, were formed. Water would continue to travel northward through Lake Erie, the Niagara River, and Lake Ontario, then through the St. Lawrence River to the Atlantic Ocean. When the Niagara River intersected with an old riverbed, one that had been hidden during the last Ice Age, it tore through the Niagara Gorge walls and filled the bottom of the river. As opposed to being a waterfall, the water was rapids. Does Niagara Falls Freeze? ‘Does Niagara Falls ever freeze?’ is the most common question visitors ask. Although Niagara Falls has never been frozen, there have been ‘ice boom’ jams in the past. Before 1964, the ice would float from Lake Erie to the Niagara River impeding with power diversions and build ice along the shorelines. If you visit the Falls in the Winter you will notice the American Falls appear ‘more frozen’ than the Canadian Horseshoe Falls. This is because the American Falls receive only 7% of the Niagara River water flow with the rest diverted over the Canadian Horseshoe Falls. With less water, there is more potential for ice build-up, making the waterfalls appear frozen. Where Does The Word Niagara come from? It is believed that the word Niagara originates from the Iroquoian word ‘Onguiaahra’ meaning ‘Strait’. Making reference to the narrow waterways that flow north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. Theories differ as to the origin of the name of the falls. According to Iroquoian scholar Bruce Trigger, Niagara is derived from the name given to a branch of the local native Neutral Confederacy, who are described as the Niagagarega people on several late-17th-century French maps of the area. According to George R. Stewart, it comes from the name of an Iroquois town called Onguiaahra, meaning "point of land cut in two". In 1847, an Iroquois interpreter stated that the name came from Jaonniaka-re, meaning "noisy point or portage." Henry Schoolcraft reports: Niagara Falls. This name is Mohawk. It means, according to Mrs. Kerr, the neck; the term being first applied to the portage or neck of land, between lakes Erie and Ontario. By referring to Mr. Elliott's vocabulary, (chapter xi) it will be seen that the human neck, that is, according to the concrete vocabulary, his neck, is onyara. Red Jacket pronounced the word Niagara to me, in the spring of 1820, as if written O-ne-au-ga-rah. How Was The Whirlpool Created? The Niagara Whirlpool - a natural whirlpool along the Niagara River. The Niagara Whirlpool was created by the sheer force of the water rushing into the Niagara Gorge. The elevation from the Niagara Gorge to the Niagara Rapids drops 15 m (50 ft) and the waters will reach speeds of up to 90 m (30 ft) per second. Once the water travels through the rapids, it meets the Niagara Whirlpool. Here the water has a ‘reverse phenomenon’ and turns counter-clockwise! The Whirlpool is also known as ‘Devils’ Hole’ and is over 91 m (300 ft) deep making it off-limits to boaters or swimmers. What’s The Future of the Falls? Geologists continue to monitor the Niagara Gorge and erosion rates of the Falls. Predictions say that the waterfalls will continue to erode 0.3 m (1 foot) every year. Five hundred years ago, the waterfalls eroded at a much faster rate of 1-1.5 m (3-5 ft) per year. Diversion of water to the hydropower generating plants has helped significantly reduce the rate of erosion. What Is Fossil Water and Foam? While aboard our boat you may hear mention of ‘Fossil Water.’ Fossil water is a term used when describing the Niagara River because it was formed during the last Ice Age that covered the land 18,000 years ago. Less than 1% of the Great Lakes water is renewable on an annual basis and the rest is a legacy from the last ice age. Particles of sedimentary rock buried deep beneath the river bed form a natural foam that sits on top of the water in the Niagara River. Tightrope Walkers Nik Wallenda tight rope walking across Niagara Falls. December 28, 2018 Since 1859, Niagara Falls has seen nine daredevils successfully make it across the tightrope from Niagara Falls, New York to Niagara Falls, Canada. In 1859, Jean Francois Gravelet, a.k.a. ‘The Great Blondin’, was known for performing wild stunts including walking across a tightrope blindfolded while pushing a wheelbarrow with his hands chained. He even cooked an omelet while standing in the middle of the wire. Another stunt included him carrying his manager on his back while he walked across! In 1860 William Leonard Hunt, a.k.a ‘The Great Farini’, tried to outdo Blondin by carrying a washtub on his back while crossing. He even lowered a bucket to gather water while on the tightrope! In 1867, Niagara Falls saw its first female tightrope walker to successfully make it across. Maria Spelterina walked across a dozen times, each time incorporating new stunts making her look graceful as she made it across. In 1873, English tightrope walker Henry Bellini, known as the ‘Australian Blondin’, was the first to bungee jump from the tightrope. He repeated this stunt again in 1886. In 1887, Niagara Falls Native Stephen Peer walked across more than half of the tightrope, but tragedy struck when Peer slipped and fell to his death in the river below. Two years later, using the same tightrope, Samuel J. Dixon crossed over the Niagara River and again one – year later over the Cantilever Railway Bridge and Railway Suspension Bridge. In 1975, a French tightrope walker Henri Julien Rechatin attempted the ropes twice, once on June 3rd while balancing on two stacked chairs. And the second act on the following day where Henri’s friend Frank drove a motorcycle across the Niagara Whirlpool while Henri balanced on top and Henri’s wife, Janyck, hung from the motorcycle barely touching the waters below. In 2012, over 150 years after the first successful walk, Nik Wallenda successfully crossed from Goat Island to Table Rock Welcome Centre on a tightrope. His performance was televised live on national TV networks in the US and Canada, as well as viewed in person by hundreds of thousands on both the Canadian and United States Sides of Niagara Falls. Source: Wikipedia - Niagara Falls | Niagara Falls Fun Facts
  7. What's the Word? -FORSOOTH pronunciation: [fer-SOOTH] Part of speech: adverb Origin: Old English, unknown Meaning: 1. Indeed (often used ironically or to express surprise or indignation) Example: "Forsooth, I believed you were telling the truth from the beginning." "Kayla noticed that, forsooth, he was still studying for the test." About Forsooth This word developed from the Old English word "forsoth," which likely comes from a combination of the words "for" and "sooth" (truth). Did You Know? When used in Old English, forsooth meant "in truth" or "indeed," however, the term has since developed into an exclamation of disbelief. You're now more likely to find this word used more satirically than seriously.
  8. What's the Word? -LABILE pronunciation: [LAY-bihl] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Late Middle English, unknown Meaning: 1. (technical) Liable to change; easily altered 2. Of or characterized by emotions that are easily aroused or freely expressed, and that tend to alter quickly and spontaneously; emotionally unstable. Example: "My roommates are very labile when it comes to plans." "As a doctor, Louie was very familiar with patients becoming emotionally labile when they weren't feeling well." About Labile Labile developed in Middle English, but its roots are found in the Latin words "labilis" and "labi" (to fall). Did You Know? “Red touches yellow, deadly fellow; red touches black, you're all right Jack." This phrase was coined to describe the difference between the deadly coral snake and the king snake. The latter reptile is nonvenomous; instead, it has an aposematic pattern meant to fool predators into believing it is a coral snake. Remembering the rhyme may just help you avoid a deadly bite While we should aim for stability in most aspects of daily life, some things are just labile in nature — such as the stock market, blood pressure, and body temperature.— or avoid disturbing an innocent snake.
  9. Fact of the Day - BAYEUX TAPESTRY A scene from the Bayeux Tapestry depicting Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, rallying Duke William's troops during the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Did you know.... that the Bayeux Tapestry is an embroidered cloth nearly 70 metres (230 ft) long and 50 centimetres (20 in) tall[1] that depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England concerning William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King of England, and culminating in the Battle of Hastings. It is thought to date to the 11th century, within a few years after the battle. It tells the story from the point of view of the conquering Normans but is now agreed to have been made in England. (Wikipedia) Facts About The Bayeux Tapestry LAST UPDATED: JANUARY 11, 2021 | BY ALISON BROWNE So What’s The Story Of The Norman Conquest Of England? In brief, this is the story depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry, listed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. Hold on to your hats, because like every good story there is a voyage or two and a betrayal of trust. Oh… and add in an invasion. King Edward of England knew he was going to die soon and as he had no heir, he asked his brother-in-law Harold Godwinson to go to France and deliver the news to William, Duke of Normandy that he was to become the King of England upon his death. Harold did as he was told. He had a few adventures along the way but when he met William, Duke of Normandy he delivered the message. He even made an oath (possibly in the Bayeux Cathedral) committing to accepting William as King Edward’s successor. King Edward dies soon after Harold’s return to England, and Harold fashions a coronation making himself King of England. Ouf. Quel betrayal. When William hears of this, he gets ready to head over to England and take what is rightfully his. I just have to say that the scenes in the Bayeux Tapestry when the French are preparing for battle are fascinating. Believe you me, there are many kegs of French wine being transported on those ships. The Battle of Hastings takes place on the 14th of October 1066. William, Duke of Normandy (who was once known as William the Bastard) wins the battle and becomes the King of England. 1. The Age Of The Bayeux Tapestry One of the most astonishing facts about the Bayeux Tapestry is its age. The Tapestry has survived over 950 years. For nine and half centuries it has been in existence. It survived the French Revolution and two World Wars. The tapestry of Bayeux is beyond ancient and still enthralls visitors from all over the world. About half a million people visit the Bayeux Tapestry museum each year. 2. The Tapestry Of The Battle Of Hastings The Bayeux Tapestry really is misnamed because it is not at all about Bayeux nor is it a tapestry (spoiler for #3). Although named the Bayeux Tapestry, the tapestry recounts the Norman Conquest of England by William the Conqueror (Guillaume le Conquérant) in 1066. Possibly it should have been named the Battle of Hastings Tapestry or the Tapestry of the Battle of Hastings. Never mind. At least it has always had its home in Bayeux, France, except for a few brief periods in history such as during WWII when this famed Battle of Hastings Tapestry was stored in Sourches and then sent to the Louvre. 3. The Bayeux Tapestry Isn’t A Tapestry At All The Bayeux Tapestry, despite its name, is indeed a work of embroidery of woolen yarn. Embroidered on linen, there are four embroidery stitches used to create the Tapestry of the Battle of Hastings. Most surprising when seeing the Tapestry of the Battle of Hastings is the vibrancy of the four muted colours used. Red, yellow (which appears like golden wheat), sage green and blue are the only colours used. The skill and variety of the embroiderers’ stitching create impressive depth perception. 4. This Tapestry Is Longer Than Two Blue Whales The Battle Of Hastings Tapestry is 68.38 metres (224.34 feet) in length. It is long and skinny. Longer than you can imagine. Enter the darkened room to view the tapestry and sitting behind the protective glass, it stretches along one wall and curves around into the next room! There are 58 scenes depicting Harold’s arrival in France, the betrayal, preparation for the battle and the Battle of Hastings. With the audio guide, it is easy to follow the story. Running above and below the main frame of the story are two decorative borders that portray animals such as dogs, lions and birds and fanciful animals as well. In the battle scenes, dead soldiers and horses are depicted in the lower border. There is a lot to look for when visiting the Bayeux Tapestry! FYI: The maximum confirmed length of a blue whale is 29.9 metres (98 feet). 5. There Are Indeed Women In The Tapestry We know that 950 years ago men were everything. So it is not surprising that the majority of characters in this Battle of Hastings Tapestry are men. There are though, six women that appear in the historic account. There are three women veiled in the main section of the tapestry. There are also three naked women that appear in the borders. The naked women appear just before the battle begins in the main part of the tapestry. 6. Halley’s Comet Appears In The Bayeux Tapestry Halley’s comet appears in the Tapestry of Bayeux in all its glory with a fiery tail! Worried onlookers point to the sky and this strange phenomenon. 7. The Bayeux Tapestry And Its Text The text that appears on the Tapestry of Bayeux is Latin and offers insight into some of the scenes. Not a Latin expert? No worries. The story is easy to follow without deciphering the Latin phrases. Towards the end of the battle the words “Here the English and the French fell together in combat” make me wish I was able to decipher more Latin. 8. Mont-Saint Michel Makes An Appearance William, Duke of Normandy invited Harold Godwinson (who arrived from England to deliver King Edward’s message) to stay in Normandy. At one point they leave for a military expedition in Brittany. Lo and behold there is Mont-Saint Michel (which although technically is part of Normandy is right by the border of Brittany) the beautiful abbey church perched on the rock. Read More: Mont-Saint Michel is a vision rising from the sea. 9. Who Created This Tapestry? There have been many theories over the years as to whose idea it was to retell this historical event in embroidery. And, who embroidered this Tapestry of Bayeux and where was it made? At one point it was believed that Queen Matilda, William the Conqueror’s spouse might have produced the Battle of Hastings Tapestry. It was also believed to have been created in England in some of the towns that had embroidery workshops. More recently, it has been agreed that Bishop Odo of Bayeux, William the Conqueror’s half-brother probably had it commissioned. He is featured in the tapestry as he partook in the battle. The Tapestry of Bayeux could also have been produced in France. Historians have tried to uncover where it was created but it is still not known for sure. 10. Where Was The Bayeux Tapestry Displayed? For one week every year (centuries ago), the Bayeux Tapestry was displayed in the nave of the Bayeux Cathedral for all to see. What a brilliant way to share historical events through visual storytelling with a population that was mostly illiterate. 11. The Bayeux Tapestry: No Photos Are Allowed Although this might not rank as a fascinating fact, it is something to be aware of. I was planning to snap away while viewing the tapestry. It is probably not so surprising that there are no photos allowed in the darkened room where the antique tapestry is lit beautifully. Source: Wikipedia - Bayeux Tapestry | Bayeux Tapestry Facts
  10. Fact of the Day - MOVIE TRIVIA Did you know... that these movie facts will surely impress all the film aficionados and classic movie fans at a trivia night. From misplaced props to odd pay gaps and on-set injuries, you will definitely find some amusing surprises on this list. See how many you already know and make sure to brush up on these other trivia questions only geniuses get right. The code in The Matrix comes from sushi recipes Those green symbols trailing down in The Matrix aren’t complicated algorithms. A production designer scanned symbols from his wife’s sushi cookbooks, then manipulated them to create the iconic “code.” Director James Cameron drew the sketch in Titanic Unlike Jack’s French girls, Kate Winslet wore a bathing suit while Cameron sketched the picture. For more movie trivia, learn the hilarious working titles of Titanic and other famous movies. One famous Pulp Fiction scene was filmed backward When Uma Thurman’s character is having an overdose, it looks like John Travolta sticks a needle in her to revive her. Actually, Travolta pulled the needle out, and the film was run backward to reverse the action. The cat in The Godfather was a stray Director Francis Ford Coppola found the cat in the studio and handed it to Marlon Brando before the shot. This next movie trivia fact is so cute—the cat loved the actor so much that it stayed in his lap and purred so loudly that the crew was afraid the noise would drown out the dialogue. Trivia lovers–test your knowledge with these Jeopardy questions you can’t refuse. Sean Connery wore a toupee in every James Bond movie If you think the dreamy 007 seemed too good to be true, you’re right. Sean Connery started balding at age 17. Make sure you put these 12 greatest spy movies of all time on your streaming list for more ammo for your next movie trivia night. There’s a Starbucks cup in every Fight Club scene Director David Fincher thought the Starbucks shops popping up on every block of LA in the late ‘90s was “too much of a good thing,” so he poked fun of the coffee chain in Fight Club. He’s claimed to have sneaked a Starbucks cup into every shot, with the permission of the chain—with one exception. Starbucks didn’t want its shop destroyed on film, so that scene uses the made-up Gratifico Coffee instead. Find out what the most popular movie was the year you were born. Some of the velociraptor noises in Jurassic Park are actually tortoises mating At least that’s what the sound designer used when the raptors were communicating. Other scenes of the species used horse breathing and goose hisses. Find out what scientists say T-Rexes actually sounded like. (Hint: It’s not turtle sex—or a roar.) E.T. and Poltergeist started from the same script Steven Spielberg was going to produce filmmaker’s John Sayles’ Night Skies script about a rural family invaded by aliens that could kill with a touch of the finger but decided to go a more family-friendly route with the story by creating E.T. The Extra Terrestrial. Sayles wouldn’t rewrite the script, but Spielberg kept the idea for Poltergeist. Michael Myers’ mask in Halloween is William Shatner’s face Or specifically, his Star Trek character, Captain Kirk. There wasn’t money in the 1978 horror film’s budget to create a custom mask, so the art director bought a clown and a Captain Kirk mask. The crew spray-painted it white and adjusted the eyes and hair to create the terrifying mask. Toy Story’s Woody was originally a ventriloquist dummy Even in later versions, he was written as a “sarcastic bully” trying to rally the other toys against Buzz. Luckily, the studio decided to transform him into a more lovable character. See if you can answer these 13 cartoon trivia questions about your favorite animated classics. O.J. Simpson was considered for the lead in The Terminator Director James Cameron rejected the choice because he didn’t think the “this likable, goofy, kind of innocent guy” could pull off a cyborg assassin. The voice actress of Monster Inc.’s Boo was an actual toddler At two and a half, Mary Gibbs had trouble sitting still through the scenes, so the crew would follow her around with a microphone. They’d tickle her or take candy away to make her laugh or cry, so the emotions are as real as they sound. R2-D2 and C-3PO appear in Indiana Jones Look closely at the scenery in Raiders of the Lost Ark and you’ll notice hieroglyphics with the robots’ likeness in two scenes. Put your movie trivia knowledge to the test with these Disney movie trivia questions. Click the link below to read more about movie trivia. Source: Movie Trivia Facts
  11. What's the Word? - APOSEMATIC pronunciation: [ap-ə-sə-MAD-ik] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Greek, late 19th century Meaning: 1. (of coloration or markings) serving to warn or repel predators. 2. (of an animal) having aposematic coloration or markings. Example: "Poison dart frogs have bright aposematic designs to warn potential predators that they are venomous." "Monarch butterfly caterpillars are poisonous, which is why they have aposematic coloring." About Aposematic Aposematic finds its origins in Greek — specifically, a combination of the Greek words "apo" (away from) and "sēma" (sign). Even the roots of this word are warning you to stay back. Did You Know? “Red touches yellow, deadly fellow; red touches black, you're all right Jack." This phrase was coined to describe the difference between the deadly coral snake and the king snake. The latter reptile is nonvenomous; instead, it has an aposematic pattern meant to fool predators into believing it is a coral snake. Remembering the rhyme may just help you avoid a deadly bite — or avoid disturbing an innocent snake.
  12. Fact of the Day - OLD WIVES' TALE Did you know.... that an old wives' tale is a supposed truth which is actually spurious or a superstition. It can be said sometimes to be a type of urban legend, said to be passed down by older women to a younger generation. Such tales are considered superstition, folklore or unverified claims with exaggerated and/or inaccurate details. (Wikipedia) Old Wives Tales That Are Totally Fake BY LIZZ SCHUMER | February 2020 Depending on when you grew up, where you're from, and the kind of tales spun by your parents and the other kids on the playground, you probably know a few old wives' tales. Those stories that we learn when we're too young to really question them and just accept as facts come from a wide array of sources. Some stem from little-understood or outdated science, others from folklore that's passed on like an inter-generational game of telephone. Many old wives' tales, like admonishing kids to spit out their gum instead of swallowing it so it didn't stay in their stomachs, were at least originally intended to keep kids safe from harm. And let's face it, a lot of us still believe these tall tales well into adulthood, even if we can't quite explain their scientific basis. Well, we're here to help you with that. We've dug into a few of the most pervasive old wives tales and figured out which are real, which are bogus, and where the heck they came from in the first place. So go ahead, swallow your gum, pluck out your gray hairs, and hit the pool after lunch with wild abandon. Those – and many others – are perfectly harmless. Swimming After Eating Will Give You Debilitating Cramps No, you won't drown if you don't wait at least 30 minutes before jumping in the pool. The doctors at Duke Health say the science behind this tall tale is all wet. While the body does send extra blood to aid in digestion, it's not enough to keep your arm and leg muscles from functioning. You might get a small cramp, but nothing fatal. Pour one out for all those lost swimming minutes. Chewing Gum Stays in Your Stomach for Seven Years While it's true that the human body can't digest chewing gum, it doesn't really get stuck in your body. The Mayo Clinic reassures us that it passes through your system more or less intact and comes out the other end. That still doesn't mean you should swallow it, but accidentally doing so now and then won't hurt. Human Urine Heals Jellyfish Stings If you or one of your loved ones gets stung by a jellyfish, don't use this mythical healing technique. Peeing on a jellyfish sting won't make it feel better. Instead, The Mayo Clinic recommends removing the stinger with fine-tipped tweezers and soaking the affected area in hot water, or taking a hot shower, for 20–45 minutes. Coffee Stunts Your Growth Not only does coffee not stunt your growth, most people start drinking it after they're finished growing since its bitter taste doesn't usually appeal to kids. Harvard Medical School explains that the misconception comes from the idea that coffee causes osteoporosis. We now know there's no link between the two. Plucking Gray Hairs Will Make Two More Grow In Each hair follicle only contains one hair, so plucking them will not cause more to grow, explains UAMS Health's Shaskank S. Kraleti, M.D. If you just can't stand the sight of gray hairs, trim them close to the scalp instead of plucking, to avoid possibly damaging the follicle. That could lead to infection, scarring, or even bald patches. Sitting too Close to the TV Ruins Your Eyes This one will come as a relief to anyone who spends all day staring at a screen: Sitting too close to the TV will not hurt your eyesight. The American Academy of Ophthalmology explains that it could cause temporary eyestrain, which occurs when your eyes get tired from overuse. So don't forget to rest your peepers every once in awhile, fellow desk jockeys. Cats Suck Babies' Breath Relax, feline fans: Your cat will not suck your baby's breath from their body. According to an investigation by LiveScience, this idea may come from a 300-year-old case in which a child was supposedly strangled to death by a cat. Today, we know the baby more likely passed from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. While you should always monitor pets around babies, your cat likely doesn't bear yours any ill will. Shaving Makes Hair Grow Back Thicker Just like plucking, shaving has no impact on the thickness of your hair, The Mayo Clinic reassures us. Because shaving cuts the hair off at a blunt angle, it can feel thicker and look more noticeable as it grows back in. Hair of the Dog Cures a Hangover There's nothing wrong with a good brunch Bloody Mary, but don't fool yourself: That morning-after drink just delays the inevitable. The idea that "hair of the dog" cures a hangover first appeared in print in 1546, according to Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. But it's never been true. The only cure for a hangover is waiting it out. Cracking Knuckles Can Cause Arthritis Your parents may have told you cracking your knuckles will lead to arthritis, but they were probably just sick of the noise. According to Cedars Sinai orthopedic surgeon Robert Klapper, M.D., that cracking sound is just nitrogen bubbles in the fluid that lubricates your joints. If, however, you feel pain or discomfort while cracking, that may be a sign of an issue. Eating Carrots Will Give You Better Eyesight While carrots do contain beta-carotene, a vitamin that helps maintain normal vision, eating more of them won't help fix poor eyesight, explains Berkeley Health. This myth actually dates back to the British Royal Air Force during World War II. Pilots used radar to shoot down enemy planes for the first time but spread a rumor that eating more carrots gave them better eyesight to fool the Allied forces. Evidently, their plot worked a little too well. Being Cold Will Give You One The bottom line is, you only get sick when exposed to a virus or bacteria. But research shows being cold can have an adverse effect on your immune system. We also spend more time indoors and around other people when the mercury drops, which leads to passing disease around like a hot dish at a potluck. The Five Second Rule f you've ever exclaimed, "Five second rule!" while picking up a dropped piece of candy and popping it into your mouth, we have bad news. Scientists from Rutgers University found that bacteria transfers to food starting immediately. How much depends on the type of flooring and food involved, but it's best not to eat anything that hit the ground at all. We Eat Eight Spiders a Year in Our Sleep The arachnophobe might sleep a little better tonight knowing this old wives tale isn't true. The National Sleep Foundation says there's no hard data to support it, but that spiders wouldn't be inclined to crawl into a predator's mouth. We also move around enough in our sleep to scare them off, so don't worry about accidentally swallowing the creepy crawlies. Source: Wikipedia - Old Wives' Tale | Old Wives' Tales - Real or Fake
  13. What's the Word? - CHINWAG pronunciation: [CHIN-wag] Part of speech: noun Origin: British English, late 19th century Meaning: 1. A chat. Example: "I love having a chinwag with my friends and catching up on all the latest gossip." "Ursula looked forward to her weekly chinwag with the baker." About Chinwag The word chinwag was made from the combination of "chin" + "wag," which is likely a humorous way of describing the movement your chin makes when you're having a vigorous chat. Did You Know? Why is it so satisfying to have a good chinwag? Contrary to beliefs about gossiping, the practice might not be as negative as it seems. In fact, evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar argues that gossiping developed as a way to disseminate important information amongst a social network.
  14. What's the Word? - PUKKA pronunciation: [PUH-kuh] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Hindi, late 17th century Meaning: 1. (British informal) Genuine. 2. Of or appropriate to high or respectable society. Example: "The clerk bit down on the gold coin to make sure it was pukka." "The restaurant was very pukka, from the expensive suits worn by the staff down to the tiny snail forks." About Pukka Pukka developed from the Hindi and Urdu word "pakka." "Pakka" means "cooked, ripe, or substantial," but can also mean "solid" — which is likely how, over time, it came to mean "genuine." Did You Know? While pukka is now regarded as casual British slang, the word originated in the languages Hindi and Urdu. The word "pakka" meant "solid," and its use slowly evolved towards something being genuine or honest. An American example would be our use of the phrase, "the real McCoy."
  15. Fact of the Day - BARRED OWL Barred Owl (Strix varia) – Whitby, Ontario (Canada) Did you know.... that The barred owl, also known as the northern barred owl, striped owl or, more informally, hoot owl, is a North American large species of owl. A member of the true owl family, Strigidae, they belong to the genus Strix, which is also the origin of the family's name under Linnaean taxonomy. (Wikipedia) Facts About the Barred Owl A Barred Owl shakes snow off its feathers. A large owl of the eastern, central, and, increasingly, northwestern United States, the Barred Owl is one of our more common owl species. As with most owls, the Barred is primarily nocturnal, but it is known to call and hunt during the day. Easily identified by its heavily streaked chest, round, tuftless head, and big, black eyes, the Barred Owl can be found in forested areas throughout its range year-round, including in more urban environments. Read on to learn more about this bird, and when you're done, check out these other fun facts about owls. 1.) If you're out in the woods and hear someone calling who cooks for you, who cooks for you all?, you're actually hearing the distinctive call of the Barred Owl. If you hear what sounds like maniacal laughing afterward, that's usually two Barred Owls performing a courtship duet. Usually. Barred Owl Call 2.) Barred Owls prefer nesting in tree hollows, but they will also use nests abandoned by other animals, from squirrels to Red-tailed Hawks, and nest boxes located in forest habitat. Red-tailed Hawk Call 3.) These hefty owls can become incredibly territorial once they establish a nest—and especially when they begin rearing chicks. Barred Owls are known to chase away intruders by aggressively hooting or attacking and striking with their talons. (There's even a theory that a Barred Owl was the culprit in a famous murder case.) 4.) Barred Owls prefer mature forests that have both an abundance of prey and trees with cavities. Barred Owls hunt from a perch, where they sit and wait, scanning and listening for prey, and then silently swoop down when they pinpoint their meal. Barred Owl eating a crayfish. 5.) Barred Owls mostly eat small mammals like mice and voles, but sometimes they go fishing for crayfish and crabs. If a Barred Owl eats enough crayfish, the feathers under its wings can turn pink—just like a flamingo, which gets its hue from the high volume of shrimp in its diet. 6.) Barred Owls are largely sedentary, but in the past century, they have gradually expanded their range. The expansion began west across Canada and then south into the states of the Pacific Northwest, reaching California by the 1980s. This poses a problem for the bird's smaller cousin, the Spotted Owl, which is endangered and also relies on old-growth forests. Barred Owls force Spotted Owls from their territories and can also hybridize with them. Spotted Owl Call 7.) Barred Owls mate for life, and they usually have a single clutch of two or three white eggs each year. During the incubation period, which lasts somewhere between 28 and 33 days, the female sits on the eggs while the male hunts for food. A Barred Owl feeds its chick in a tree hollow. 8.) After they hatch, young Barred Owls can stick around the nest for up to six months, which is unusual for owls. During this time, the young owls rarely stray far from each other and are often seen sitting side by side. 9.) Hatching order often determines chick size: The oldest of a Barred Owl clutch tends to be the largest, with the other chicks being progressively smaller. Adult owls can grow to an impressive 20 inches tall—big enough to terrify an unsuspecting person wandering in the woods. 10.) Chicks leave the nest at four to six weeks old, but they don't go far: Once they leave the nest, these talented climbers clamber about their nest trees (or a nearby tree if they fall to ground), using their bill and talons to grab hold while flapping their wings to keep balance. At 10 to 12 weeks, they begin flying. Bonus Fact! Historians believe that Harriet Tubman, an avid naturalist, used the Barred Owl’s call as a signal for people seeking to use the Underground Railroad. Depending on the call she used, freedom-seekers would know whether it was okay to come out of hiding. Bonus Fact 2! Many different hoots of the Barred Owl Source: Wikipedia - Barred Owl | Barred Owl Facts
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