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  1. 1 point
    What's the Word? - SOCKDOLAGER pronunciation: [sahk-DOL-e-jər] Part of speech: noun Origin: American English, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. An exceptional person or thing. 2. A forceful blow. Example: "All of the nominees tonight are well-accomplished sockdolagers." "The car door hit Randy with a sockdolager that knocked the wind out of him." About Sockdolager It is believed that sockdolager developed as a fanciful formation from “sock.” How the word became associated with an exceptional person or a forceful blow is unknown. Did You Know? To find a sockdolager, you need not look much further than the Nobel Prizes. People and companies who qualify for nomination are exceptional in their actions and impact, and have often found a way to contribute to humanity’s progress in a particular field. Some notable recipients include activist Malala Yousafzai, writer Ernest Hemingway, and scientist Albert Einstein.
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    Fact of the Day - THE AFRICAN QUEEN (FILM) Hepburn and Bogart in a publicity still for the film. Did you know... that The African Queen is a 1951 British–American adventure film adapted from the 1935 novel of the same name by C. S. Forester. The film was directed by John Huston and produced by Sam Spiegel and John Woolf. The screenplay was adapted by James Agee, John Huston, John Collier and Peter Viertel. It was photographed in Technicolor by Jack Cardiff and has a music score by Allan Gray. The film stars Humphrey Bogart (who won the Academy Award for Best Actor – his only Oscar) and Katharine Hepburn with Robert Morley, Peter Bull, Walter Gotell, Richard Marner and Theodore Bikel. The African Queen was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry in 1994, with the Library of Congress deeming it "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant". (Wikipedia) All Aboard These African Queen Facts BY: MOVIES! STAFF POSTED: DECEMBER 13, 2020 Considered an underdog film at the time that the studio didn’t know how to market, The African Queen floated into movie theaters with great success, even earning an Oscar win for Humphrey Bogart and Oscar nominations for Katharine Hepburn and director John Huston. 1. THE BOOK WAS ALMOST ADAPTED EARLIER. Bette Davis and husband-wife duo, Charles Laughton and Elsa Lancaster, were interested in starring in adaptions of C. S. Forester’s 1935 novel. After John Huston mentioned his desire to direct the piece, producer Sam Spiegel bought the rights with Humphrey Bogart in mind for the lead. It was considered an independent film, which was especially rare during the studio era. 2. THE LEAD CHANGED TO FIT BOGIE. Originally, the male lead had a cockney accent. However, Spiegel wanted Bogart and the part changed to accommodate him. Katharine Hepburn said, “[Can] you imagine anyone but Bogie playing the part? He was really it – hook, line and sinker.” Hepburn didn’t know Bogart or Huston at the time, but also got the part through Spiegel, after he sent her the book to read. 3. THEY SHOT PARTS IN AFRICA. It was especially rare at the time to shoot on location, and even more rare to go to Africa. Hepburn felt that the movie had to be made on the continent for authenticity sake, but she also just wanted to travel there. In fact, she accepted the part before the script (which she wasn’t quite satisfied with) was even finished. She even played golf while there. While many scenes were filmed in Africa, some had to be shot in California. 4. BACALL JOINED THE TRIP. Bogie and Lauren Bacall were married in 1945, and the two made quite the Hollywood romance. Hepburn remembered, “She and Bogie seemed to have the most enormous opinion of each other’s charms, and when they fought it was with the utter confidence of two cats locked deliciously in the same cage.” Bacall didn’t just come for the view though. She assisted with getting food for the busy crew and acting as a nurse when many fell ill. 5. ROBERT MORLEY WANTED TO WORK WITH HEPBURN. Hepburn was surprised Morley accepted his part because, as she put it, he was a “big London star”. In fact, Morley joined the production late because he was performing in The Little Hut in London, and a double was used for the burial scene. When Hepburn asked why he accepted the role, he said it would be “rather fun to play your brother”. Too bad his character didn’t last long. 6. THEY STAYED OUT OF THE WATER. Bilharzia is a bug found in polluted water that can enter a host through their pores. Even worse, they can cause boils in the urinary tract and in some cases, be fatal. As a result, scenes that required the leads to be in water were filmed in a tank at the studio. However, the first water tank burst, but thankfully, no one was injured. 7. BUGS WERE A BUG. Thankfully, the leeches used on their bodies were rubber. However, real bugs were still an issue. Bogie got a jigger between his toes. A local was able to remove the pest though, which was important, as incorrectly doing so could have led to blood poisoning. Soldier ants were also an issue. After being away, Bogie and Bacall returned to their hut to find it covered in ants. Hepburn was bitten severely by ants when they invaded her hut, but her costumes covered the bites. 8. HEPBURN FOUND INSPIRATION FROM MRS. ROOSEVELT. Huston worried that if Hepburn played her part too angrily the changing relationship between the leads wouldn’t feel natural. So he likened her character to Eleanor Roosevelt and called out the smile that she often wore when visiting the wounded, despite her insecurities about her beauty. The direction helped Kate, and she called it the best pierce of direction that she ever heard. “I was his from there on in,” she said. 9. THE FILM INSPIRED A BOOK. Peter Viertel was an uncredited screenwriter for The African Queen that was brought in to help craft the ending of the film. Viertel was so influenced by the experience that he crafted a fictional account entitled White Hunter Black Heart and ran the manuscript by John Huston for his approval. Huston suggested changes, which to his surprise made the Huston-character less likable. The novel was adapted in 1990 with Clint Eastwood as the Huston-character. 10. HUAC INFLUENCED THE FILM. In the 1940s, McCarthyism’s spotlight fell on Hollywood. Links and perceived links to communism ended or derailed the careers of actors, writers, and directors. Even Huston, Bogart, Bacall, and Hepburn were suspected of having ties to Communism because of their ideology. Some view The African Queen as their response, since the main characters come up against and prevail over the Germans. 11. THERE WERE MULTIPLE “BOATS”. A boat built in 1912 was purchased and named The African Queen. However, it was impossible to fit the crew for lights, camera, and sound on the boat, and so parts of the boat were built on a raft that had enough space. It wasn’t easy work, and they had to deal with engine problems, tangled propellers, hornets, other boats in the way, and even their own boat sinking. There was also a small miniature boat used for shots of them going through rough rapids. Watch the movie! Source: Wikipedia - The African Queen (film) | The African Queen Facts
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    What's the Word? - HEURISTIC pronunciation: [hyoo-RIS-tik] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Greek, early 19th century Meaning: 1. Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves. 2. A heuristic process or method. Example: "The pottery professor’s heuristic technique helped students discover their own sculpting style." "This heuristic will help interested parties become better writers." About Heuristic Heuristic developed from the Greek word “heuriskein,” or “find.” Did You Know? Self-education doesn’t have to be difficult. People attempting to self-educate themselves benefit from a heuristic method, which includes action items like goal-setting, committing to consistency, and minimizing distractions to maximize focus.
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    The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV - Launch Week Deluxe Edition (PC) - $63.98 The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV - Consumable Starter Set DLC (PC) - $18.92 The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV - Consumable Value Set DLC (PC) - $31.60 The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel IV - Premium Cosmetic Set DLC (PC) - $17.54 Probably the most I've ever spent on a single game.... but hey it was a -20% off discount on all of it on the day of release.
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    Fact of the Day - STAGECOACH (FILM) George Bancroft, John Wayne and Louise Platt in Stagecoach (1939) Did you know.... that Stagecoach is a 1939 American Western film directed by John Ford and starring Claire Trevor and John Wayne in his breakthrough role. The screenplay by Dudley Nichols is an adaptation of "The Stage to Lordsburg", a 1937 short story by Ernest Haycox. The film follows a group of strangers riding on a stagecoach through dangerous Apache territory. Stagecoach was the first of many Westerns that Ford shot using Monument Valley, in the American Southwest on the Arizona–Utah border, as a location, many of which also starred John Wayne. Scenes from Stagecoach, including a sequence introducing John Wayne's character the Ringo Kid, blended shots of Monument Valley with shots filmed on the Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, California, RKO Encino Movie Ranch, and other locations. Similar geographic incongruencies are evident throughout the film, up to the closing scene of Ringo (Wayne) and Dallas (Trevor) departing Lordsburg, in southwestern New Mexico, by way of Monument Valley. The film has long been recognized as an important work that transcends the Western genre. Philosopher Robert B. Pippin has observed that both the collection of characters and their journey "are archetypal rather than merely individual" and that the film is a "mythic representation of the American aspiration toward a form of politically meaningful equality." In 1995, the film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in their National Film Registry. Still, Stagecoach has not avoided controversy. Like most Westerns of the era, its depiction of Native Americans has been criticized. (Wikipedia) Facts About Stagecoach April 1, 2018 Orson Welles argued that Stagecoach was a perfect textbook of filmmaking and claimed to have watched the movie more than 40 times in preparation for the making of Citizen Kane. Asked why, in the climactic chase scene, the Indians didn’t simply shoot the horses to stop the stagecoach, director John Ford replied, “Because that would have been the end of the movie.” In addition, Apaches would have stolen the stagecoach horses because, in their culture, horses were valuable in determining a warrior’s worth. Local Navajo Indians played the Apaches. The film’s production was a huge economic boost to the local impoverished population, giving jobs to hundreds of locals as extras and handymen. Stagecoach was John Wayne’s 80th movie. The hat that John Wayne wears is his own. He would wear it in many Westerns during the next two decades before retiring it after Howard Hawks’ Rio Bravo, because it was simply “falling apart.” After that, the hat was displayed under glass in his home. The interior sets all have ceilings, an unusual practice at the time for studio filming. This was to create a claustrophobic effect in complete counterpoint to the wide open expanse of Monument Valley. Hosteen Tso, a local shaman, promised John Ford the exact kind of cloud formations he wanted. They duly appeared. Near the end of the movie, Luke Plummer has a pair of black aces and a pair of black eights. This is the notorious “dead man’s hand” supposed to have been held by Wild Bill Hickok before he was killed. John Wayne’s salary was considerably less than all of his co-stars, apart from John Carradine. John Ford loved the Monument Valley location so much that the actual stagecoach journey traverses the valley three times. Thomas Mitchell had stopped drinking alcohol for more than two years before he played the drunken Doc Boone. John Ford originally wanted Ward Bond to play Buck the stage driver but gave the role to Andy Devine when he found that Bond couldn’t drive a “six-up” stagecoach and there wasn’t enough time to teach him. Andy Devine was borrowed from Universal, John Carradine was borrowed from Twentieth Century Fox and John Wayne was borrowed from Republic. Louise Platt, who played the very proper Mrs. Lucy Mallory, wasn’t quite so prim off-camera. Observing John Wayne on the set one day, Platt turned to Claire Trevor and said, “I think he has the most beautiful buttocks I have ever seen.” The movie was originally budgeted at $392,000, but it cost over $500,000 to make. The movie grossed nearly $1 million by the end of 1939, earning the biggest profit of any Walter Wanger film production to that date. John Ford was so pleased with the way Yakima Canutt solved the problem of safely shooting the stagecoach’s river crossing that he gave Yakima carte blanche in creating all the stunts for the movie. Louise Platt, in a letter recounting the experience of the film’s production, quoted John Ford on saying of John Wayne’s future in film: “He’ll be the biggest star ever because he is the perfect everyman.” John Ford asked David O. Selznick to produce the movie. Selznick was interesting in making the movie, but only if he could have Gary Cooper as the Ringo Kid and Marlene Dietrich as Dallas. In 1939, Claire Trevor was Stagecoach’s biggest star and commanded the highest salary. Stagecoach is the first of three movies in which John Wayne and Claire Trevor were paired as romantic partners. Stagecoach made John Wayne a major star, 9 years after the failure of The Big Trail. In making the Ringo Kid, John Ford referred back to a silent era Western hero he made with Harry Carey called Cheyenne Harry. The interior scenes of the coach were all shot in a studio, and the town sequences were shot on Hollywood backlots. Producer Walter Wanger wanted Gary Cooper for the role of Ringo but Cooper’s fees were too high. Bruce Cabot unsuccessfully tested for it before John Ford got his wish and cast John Wayne. Joel McCrea and Errol Flynn turned down the role of The Ringo Kid. Source: Wikipedia - Stagecoach (1939 film) | Fun And Interesting Facts About Stagecoach
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    Fact of the Day - MICROBURSTS ALSO CALLED DOWNBURSTS Illustration of a microburst. The air moves in a downward motion until it hits ground level. It then spreads outward in all directions. The wind regime in a microburst is opposite to that of a tornado. Did you know... that in meteorology, a downburst is a strong ground-level wind system that emanates from a point source above and blows radially, that is, in straight lines in all directions from the point of contact at ground level. Often producing damaging winds, it may be confused with a tornado, where high-velocity winds circle a central area, and air moves inward and upward; by contrast, in a downburst, winds are directed downward and then outward from the surface landing point. Downbursts are created by an area of significantly rain-cooled air that, after reaching ground level (subsiding), spreads out in all directions producing strong winds. Dry downbursts are associated with thunderstorms with very little rain, while wet downbursts are created by thunderstorms with high amounts of rainfall. Microbursts and macrobursts are downbursts at very small and larger scales, respectively. Another variety, the heat burst, is created by vertical currents on the backside of old outflow boundaries and squall lines where rainfall is lacking. Heat bursts generate significantly higher temperatures due to the lack of rain-cooled air in their formation. Downbursts create vertical wind shear or microbursts, which is dangerous to aviation, especially during landing, due to the wind shear caused by its gust front. Several fatal and historic crashes have been attributed to the phenomenon over the past several decades, and flight crew training goes to great lengths on how to properly recognize and recover from a microburst/wind shear event. They usually last for seconds to minutes. (Wikipedia) Facts About Microbursts By Traci Pedersen | August 27, 2016 Debris from downbursts, or microbursts, is commonly blown in one direction. Often there will be an impact point with debris spread downwind in a fanned or divergent pattern. Microbursts, also called downbursts, are powerful, localized columns of wind that occur when cooled air drops from the base of a thunderstorm at incredible speeds — up to 60 mph — and subsequently hits the ground, spreading out in all directions. Once this column of air reaches the ground (or body of water) and fans outward, it produces straight winds that can reach up to 100 mph, equivalent in speed to an EF1 tornado on the Enhanced Fujita scale, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Strong microbursts are capable of creating havoc for miles, knocking down trees, power lines and fences and causing extreme damage to buildings. Microbursts can occur all over the United States but are more common east of the Rocky Mountains, simply because there are more thunderstorms on this side. What’s in a name? The term “microburst” was coined by Ted Fujita, a severe storm researcher who developed the Fujita tornado intensity scale. It was upgraded to the Enhanced Fujita scale in 2007 and ranges from EF0 to EF5. An EF0 tornado may damage trees but not buildings, with winds ranging up to 85 mph (137 km/h). An EF5 tornado is devastating; winds exceed 200 mph (322 km/h), and buildings can be annihilated. As the name suggests, a microburst is a relatively small weather event, lasting anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes and affecting 2.5 miles or less. For downbursts affecting areas greater than 2.5 miles, Fujita used the term “macroburst.” How do microbursts form? The most common weather event leading to microburst development is dry air entrainment, a phenomenon that occurs when dry air mixes with precipitation in a thundercloud. The dry air causes the droplets to evaporate, resulting in a rapid drop in air temperature. This patch of cooled air begins to sink, gaining momentum as it drops and essentially turning into a speeding column of air. Air flows in and around a convective cloud. William Gallus, a professor of meteorology and numerical weather prediction in the department of geological and atmospheric sciences at Iowa State University, explains this phenomenon: “Cool air is heavier than warm air, so this blob of cold air can plunge toward the ground, and it spreads out rapidly when it hits the ground, kind of like how water explodes sideways when a water balloon is dropped and hits the ground,” he told Live Science. When this cool, dry air is further pulled down by the weight of precipitation, it is called water loading, and this causes the air to drop even faster. Wet and dry microbursts Microbursts are divided into two basic types: wet and dry. Depending on where you are in the country will determine which type you are more likely to encounter. Wet microbursts are more common in humid climates where there are plenty of thunderstorms, such as the Southeastern United States. These microbursts are typically driven by both dry air entrainment and water loading. Dry microbursts usually begin with dry air entrainment due to moisture in the upper levels but eventually turn into wind-driven events with no surface precipitation. “For dry microbursts, we know they are more likely when the relative humidity a few thousand feet up in the sky is rather high, but it is much lower (dryer) below that level, especially near the ground. This kind of situation happens relatively often in places like Denver,” said Gallus. “When this happens, a storm can form from the moisture up high, but as it creates rain, the rain falls into the very dry air near the ground, and it evaporates, which cools the air.” Precipitation that evaporates before it hits the ground is called virga. Some microbursts, known as hybrids, have characteristics of both wet and dry types and are driven by several influences, such as dry air entrainment, precipitation loading, cooling beneath the cloud base and/or sublimation (ice crystals turning directly into vapor), according to NOAA. Microburst or tornado? Though less well-known than tornadoes, microbursts are much more common. According to the National Weather Service, there are approximately 10 microburst reports for every one tornado, but these numbers are just an estimate. “There has not been a detailed study done to look at how many happen on average each year in different areas, but it is believed a lot of wind damage happening in thunderstorms is likely due to microbursts, so that our climatology of wind damage from storms might give us a good idea [of their frequency],” Gallus said. In fact, microbursts can cause so much damage that residents often believe they’ve been struck by a tornado. The surest way of knowing whether it was a tornado or a microburst, however, is by studying the pattern of damage. When a tornado hits, it leaves behind a more circular or meandering pattern of destruction and debris, while microburst winds cause straight-line damage that radiates from a center point of impact. Disasters in the sky The study of microbursts is relatively new in the field of atmospheric science. Before the introduction of Doppler radar at airports just a few decades ago, microbursts were responsible for as many as 20 major airline accidents, resulting in over 500 deaths, according to the National Science Foundation (NSF). Many of these had been mistakenly blamed on pilot error. Microbursts still pose an incredible danger to aircraft, particularly during a take-off or landing. With winds up to 100 mph, trying to maneuver through a strong microburst is about as difficult as flying through a tornado. And like tornadoes, microburst development can be difficult to detect on radar and seem to come out of nowhere. One terrible disaster in particular — the crash of Delta Airlines Flight 191 — is credited with speeding up microburst research as well as bringing stronger safety measures for all aircraft. The disaster happened in August 1985. A thunderstorm was hovering over Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport as the pilots of Flight 191 were preparing to land. As the aircraft descended toward the runway, an explosive downdraft of wind knocked the plane full of passengers to the ground, sending the aircraft careening onto a highway where it hit and killed an automobile driver and plowed into two large water tanks where it burst into flames. Only 27 people survived this horrific event, and 137 lives were lost. While most pilots at this time had been highly trained in wind shear — rapid changes in wind speed or direction — surprisingly little was known about the specific dangers of microbursts. The crash of Delta 191 was a turning point, calling for more scientific research on these small but potentially fatal weather phenomena. Soon after, it was required that all planes be equipped with wind shear detection devices. Thanks to better research and advancements in technology, including the introduction of Doppler radar in 1988, the airways are much safer today. The last U.S. commercial airline to crash from a microburst was USAir Flight 1016 in 1994. Forecasting microbursts Even with today’s advanced technology, detecting microbursts is still a difficult task. Not only are they a relatively small phenomenon, but they are also quick to form. “It is very hard to predict microbursts,” Gallus said. “We can predict that an environment is somewhat favorable for microbursts, but we cannot tell in advance which exact locations will get hit by one, and not all storms will produce one even on a day when we say conditions are favorable. So it is a lot like forecasting tornadoes, except that conditions that support microbursts happen more often than those that support tornadoes.” When forecasters are searching for ripe conditions, radar is the most helpful tool. They look for several factors, including air instability, high PW or precipitable water (a prediction of precipitation levels based on moisture in the atmosphere), dry air in middle levels, and strong winds in the layer of dry air, according to NOAA. The perfect conditions usually occur in the hot and humid summer months, especially in the Southeastern states. Forecasting Microburst Potential Forecasting for microbursts is typically done on a near-term basis, generally within 6-12 hours before convection is expected to develop. There are several atmospheric parameters that forecasters use to help determine the microburst potential on any given day, primarily during the summer months. Instability, high precipitable water (PW), dry air in the mid levels, and strong winds in the dry layer are just a few of the parameters necessary for the development of microbursts. The ideal conditions typically come together during hot and humid summertime afternoons in the Southeast. An actual microburst in the works will give specific clues to the forecasters. “Radar can show air colliding a few thousand feet above the ground, which normally would mean some of the air is forced downward,” Gallus told Live Science. “Radar also can show air diverging or spreading out in the lowest part of the atmosphere, near the ground, which again is a sign that a microburst is happening.” Radar does have some limitations when it comes to microbursts, though. For example, if a microburst forms on the outskirts of a radar’s reach, it may look so small that the meteorologist can’t see it, Gallus said. Also, since they form so quickly, one could hit the ground before a forecaster has time to issue a warning. When interpreting radar data, forecasters look for converging air within the mid levels of the thunderstorm, also known as a mid-altitude radial convergence (MARC) signature. These can be very hard to detect since microbursts are so short-lived and can sometimes occur between radar scans. Therefore, unfortunately, Severe Thunderstorm Warning lead times for microbursts can be very short, or there may be no warning at all. Our understanding of microburst formation and detection continues to increase and will hopefully lead to better lead times in the future. When a microburst reaches the ground, a divergence signature can be seen on radar. In the image to the right, you can see the divergent wind pattern in velocity near ground level from two different storms. The bright red indicates winds blowing away from the radar, and the bright green indicates winds blowing toward the radar. Another helpful tool for detecting microbursts is DCAPE (Downdraft Convective Available Potential Energy), a computation used to estimate the potential strength of downdrafts in thunderstorms. “DCAPE gives us an idea of how much negative buoyancy can happen, which means how much cooler can a blob of air get due to evaporative cooling than the background temperature,” Gallus said. Source: Wikipedia - Downburst | Live Science - Microburst Facts
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    What's the Word? - INOSCULATE pronunciation: [in-AHS-kə-layt] Part of speech: verb Origin: Latin, late 17th century Meaning: 1. Join by intertwining or fitting closely together. Example: "The two trees had grown so closely together that they were inosculated." "The toymakers shaped the product so that the pieces would inosculate while stored." About Inosculate Inosculate developed from a combination of the words “into” and the Latin word “osculare,” which means “to provide with a mouth or outlet.” Did You Know? Many living creatures inosculate in a symbiotic relationship, depending on each other to survive and thrive. For example, remora fish share a symbiotic relationship with sharks and some whales; they attach themselves onto the larger animal, helping to keep them clean and seeking shelter from predators.
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    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/3-out-of-10-season-2 3 out of 10: Season Two is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/pdp?id=8a25fd47-c800-45b1-b4cf-349d875fdf0d Minecraft Spring Friends Skin Pack is currently free on the MInecraft marketplace for PC, consoles and mobile devices. https://freebies.indiegala.com/theatre-of-war-3-korea Theatre of War 3: Korea is currently free on IndieGala.
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    Fact of the Day - PODCASTING Did you know... that podcasting, previously known as "audioblogging", has its roots dating back to the 1980s. With the advent of broadband Internet access and portable digital audio playback devices such as the iPod, podcasting began to catch hold in late 2004. Today there are more than 115,000 English-language podcasts available on the Internet, and dozens of websites available for distribution at little or no cost to the producer or listener. According to one survey in 2017, 42 million Americans above the age of 12 listen to podcasts on at least a weekly basis. (Wikipedia) History Podcasts to Share With Your Friends These educational podcasts are much lighter than a textbook. BY LIZZ SCHUMER | Oct 9, 2019 If you're the kind of person who often starts sentences with "Did you know?" or you just need holiday cocktail party conversation fodder, add a few of these great history podcasts to your listening queue. They're faster and more portable than historical fiction and much more fun than a formal course, but they'll drop just as much knowledge into your ears. It's probably been awhile since most of us took a high school history class, and once you dive into the best history podcasts out there, you will quickly start to realize there were likely some gaps in your education, no matter how closely you paid attention. Some of our favorite podcasts provide fresh perspectives on politics, offer background on current events, or even help teach us more about people and events we thought we knew already. Even podcast fans who don't consider themselves history buffs will enjoy the witty banter on podcasts like The History Chicks, the golden age of film nostalgia on You Must Remember This, and the true crime bent on podcasts like Monster. If there's a podcast genre, there's probably a historical take on it, so we've found a selection to hit every subject. With this list, you'll never find yourself feeling under-informed again. The History Chicks If you ever felt that history class skewed a little male, this podcast will help close the gender gap. Each episode introduces listeners to female characters in history, including fun facts and interesting tidbits, juicy details and minutiae that will make you the smartest gal at your next get-together. And the show notes include links to learn more, if you're really invested. Listen now. Presidential Host Lillian Cunningham delves into the gap between our historical perception of our nation's past presidents and the real, complicated people they actually were. The series was originally launched as a lead-in to the 2016 presidential election, but it's still worth a listen today. Listen now. Atlanta Monster Some true crime podcasts focus more on the salacious stories than the actual events. Not the Monster series, which has one season on the 1979 spate of child killings in Atlanta and one on the infamous Zodiac Killer. This well-researched series hosted by Payne Lindsey and Matt Frederick will give you all of the facts and background to become a virtual expert on the subject at hand. Listen now. Throughline Help contextualize your news diet with this podcast that explains the historical basis for current events. Hosts Ramtin Arablouei and Rund Abdelfatah take listeners through subjects like military activity along the U.S.-Mexican border and sports protests, so you can come away feeling like a more educated news consumer. Listen now. More Perfect Supreme Court decisions shape so many aspects of our lives, from public safety to public restrooms and a whole host of private matters too, but most of us don't know the whole story behind the landmark cases. This podcast takes you inside the proceedings, explaining how they come about and what they mean for your life. Listen now. Slow Burn For history junkies who want to really dig into the issue, try the exhaustively fascinating Slow Burn from Slate. With two seasons focusing on Watergate and the Monica Lewinsky scandal, respectively, it not only investigates what happened during those events in minute detail, but ties them to our current political circumstances. Listen now. Back Story If you've ever wondered about the real whale that inspired Moby Dick or wanted to know the history of UFOs and aliens in this country, you'll want to take a listen to this aptly-named podcast. It also covers weightier topics like the opioid crisis and immigration, which those lighter concepts balance out nicely. Listen now. Fiasco For those of us who can't tear ourselves away from the latest political happenings, Fiasco is an excellent complement to the news. Host Leon Neyfakh takes us through what really happened during the 2000 election, shedding light on the twists and turns most of us probably never even knew about. It's fascinating, and totally binge-able. Listen now. Revisionist History From the author of such deep dives as The Tipping Point comes this podcast with equally in-depth explorations into historical events and issues you may think you understand. Malcolm Gladwell will show you there's a lot we're taught about our past that isn't entirely accurate, and help correct some of those misconceptions. Listen now. Stuff You Missed in History Class Whether you snoozed your way through AP History or just want to learn about obscure facts while doing other things, this podcast will help fill your chore time or commute with a dose of knowledge. It may not help you pass the exam, but it will make you more interesting at parties. Listen now. Source: Best History Podcasts | Wikipedia - History of Podcasting
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    What's the Word? - STACCATO pronunciation: [stə-KA-doh] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Italian, 1715 Meaning: 1. Consisting of a series of sounds that are each sharply separated from the others. 2. A series of short, sharply separated sounds or words. Example: "It was hard to work with the staccato of the nail gun in the background." "Kim’s heels made a sharp staccato against the tile as she hurried down the hallway." About Staccato This word evolved from Italian, where it translates to “disconnected.” Did You Know? Staccato also exists in the world of music. Staccato notes have spaces between them for silence, which creates the sharply separated sounds the music is known for. Its opposite is legato, notes that are connected and played with no silence or pauses between them.
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    Since I haven't seen a post in a bit, here's some indiegala freebs Stranded in Time World's Dawn
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    Fact of the Day - THE 1950s American fashion, 1953 Marylin Monroe (left, Jane Russell (right) Did you know... that The 1950s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1950, and ended on December 31, 1959. Throughout the decade, the world continued its recovery from World War II, aided by the post-World War II economic expansion. The period also saw great population growth with increased birth rates and the emergence of the baby boomer generation. Despite this recovery, the Cold War developed from its modest beginnings in the late 1940s to a heated competition between the Soviet Union and the United States by the early 1960s. The ideological clash between communism and capitalism dominated the decade, especially in the Northern Hemisphere, with conflicts including the Korean War in the early 1950s, the Cuban Revolution, the beginning of the Vietnam War in French Indochina, and the beginning of the Space Race with the launch of Sputnik 1 in 1957. Along with increased testing of nuclear weapons (such as RDS-37 and Upshot–Knothole), the tense geopolitical situation created a politically conservative climate. In the United States, a wave of anti-communist sentiment known as the Second Red Scare resulted in Congressional hearings by both houses in Congress. The beginning of decolonization in Africa and Asia also took place in this decade and accelerated in the following decade. (Wikipedia) Things That Happened in the '50s It's a decade where you'll meet multiple princesses, a new Queen, The King, Prince and the future King of Pop. BY BRIE DYAS | Nov 16, 2020 What comes to mind when you think of the 1950s? The baby boom and Cold War are certainly high on that list, but we're here to tell you that the record of noteworthy events goes on from there. From the world stage to our American backyards, here are just a few of the amazing, and in some cases ground-breaking events that had people buzzing throughout this decade. 1950: The Baby Boom Though it started in 1946, the '50s makes records for the number of babies born per year — around 4 million on average. The top names of the decade: James and Mary. 1950: The Price of the American Dream Just in case you were wondering, the median home price was $7,354 this year. The average home size was under 1,000-square-feet. 1950: A New Princess On February 15, Disney's Cinderella premieres and quickly becomes one of the highest-grossing movies of that year. 1950: Future Food Icon Years before she would become a TV hit and change the way we eat, Julia Child enrolls at Le Cordon Bleu cooking school. 1951: In Living Color RCA broadcasts the first color TV episode on June 25. However, the only photos we could find were in black and white! 1951: Our Favorite Redhead On October 15, I Love Lucy debuts. In the first season, the show reaches over 10 million viewers. 1952: Look Up! Just before midnight July 19-20, a UFO is allegedly spotted on radar and by witnesses on the ground in Washington, D.C. 1953: A New Queen June 2 marks the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Hundreds of millions tune in on their televisions and radios to follow the day's momentous events. 1955: A Courageous Bus Ride On December 1st, Rosa Parks made the life altering decision to sit in the section reserved for white passengers on her bus ride home. Her refusal to offer the seat to a white man subsequently led to her arrest and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The famous boycott lasted for 381 days and resulted in the end of segregation on Montgomery's buses. In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the ruling that bus transportation within a state couldn't be segregated. 1955: Kermit Debuts Kermit the Frog makes his earliest debut on "Sam and Friends," Jim Henson's live action/puppet show that aired on WRC-TV in Washington, D.C. Click the link below to read more about what was happening in The 1950s. Source: Good Housekeeping - Facts About the 50s | Wikipedia - 1950s
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    What's the Word? - FETTLE pronunciation: [fedl] Part of speech: noun Origin: Late Middle English, 1300s Meaning: 1. Condition. 2. Make or repair (something). Example: "Despite being over a decade old, the biplane remained in fine fettle." "Since Mark had experience with repairing manual vehicles, he was put in charge of fettling the old Chevy." About Fettle While the word fettle developed as a verb meaning “to prepare oneself or get ready” in Late Middle English, it originated from the Old English word “fetel” (strip of material) and the Germanic word “fessel” (chain, band). Did You Know? Old vehicles displayed in museums and in classic shows seem to naturally remain in fine fettle, but a lot of care goes into maintaining their condition. Vehicles are often already donated or loaned in relatively pristine conditions, and staff determine whether it should be cleaned or kept in its original state. Workers also follow meticulous instructions from experts to keep cars gleaming.
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    Fact of the Day - '70s ALBUMS Did you know.... that the ’70s – we have a love/hate relationship with this era. On one hand, it gave us some of the greatest classic tunes of all time. The decade represented an explosion of talent – singer/songwriters were becoming a trend and rock was branching out into several subgenre. But on the downside, it’s often remembered as the time of the disco mania. Let’s not go down that path because it only upsets us. Now, there were so many things going on in the ’70s that sometimes it’s hard to keep track of tiny details – little-known facts which might surprise even the most diehard fans. There was no Google, Twitter or Facebook and so there was no way of knowing seemingly insignificant things unless they’re published by magazines and newspapers or shown on TV. This list includes all those interesting things about ’70s albums which you may not know. If you already do, congratulations. If you don’t, you’re welcome. Bob Dylan Had To Re-Record Some Songs In “Blood On The Tracks” (1975) After The Test Acetate Pressing Bob Dylan’s “breakup album” is one of his finest works as a singer-songwriter. He exceeded everybody’s expectations and while it received mixed reviews when it was released, over time people acknowledged his musical brilliance evident in this record. It was deeply personal from him since it tackled his failing relationship with his then-wife Sarah. Even their child Jakob was well-aware it was about his parents’ marital discord. After listening to the test acetate pressing, Bob Dylan wasn’t at all pleased. Five songs were scrapped and re-recorded. While majority of listeners believe he made the right call, there are still those who prefer the original versions over the replacement tracks. Obviously, that was a good choice since over the years, the album received more and more praises. Patti Smith’s “Easter” (1978) Was Her First Album Since Her Infamous Stage Fall Patti Smith Group’s third studio album “Easter” was commercially successful due in part to the diversity in the sound and musical styles used. It received widespread critical acclaim even if it didn’t make it to the top in the US Billboard and UK Charts. Also, this is the band’s first album after Patti Smith broke her neck during a stage fall in January 1977. It was during the tour for “Road to Ethiopia” in Tampa, Florida when she fell while dancing on stage and plunged 15 feet into the pit. She had to wear a neck brace and undergo physical therapy. The sad part is, “Road to Ethiopia” was a commercial failure. Aside from a broken neck vertebra, the accident also left her with a fractured spine. Still, she took advantage of her time off by writing a poetry book and of course, “Easter” which is one of the highlights of her career. Bassist John Paul Jones Almost Quit Recording “Physical Graffiti” (1975) To Become A Choirmaster Not everyone will agree that “Physical Graffiti” is Led Zeppelin’s finest work but the fact is it’s one of their best-selling albums with more than eight million copies sold. But it wasn’t an easy record to make. Let’s just say there were a few bumps in the road for these boys. For one, Peppy the roadie crashed Bonzo’s new car and of course he was upset. It pushed back the sessions for weeks. But perhaps the most interesting thing that happened was the fact that they had to cancel recording because JPJ almost quit the band so he can be a choirmaster. Aren’t we glad JPJ finally came around? And well, let’s all thank Peter Grant for talking him out of it. The poor guy only wanted to take a break. Some Dudes Stole Guitars And Even Bill Wyman’s Bass From The Rented Villa Where Rolling Stones Recorded “Exile On Main St.” (1972) The Rolling Stones’ double album is often associated with tales of debauchery. Some of them are so wild it’ll make you wonder how they managed to come up with a legendary record. Now we’ll reserve our thoughts whether “Exile on Main St.” deserves to be tagged as their greatest work ever. Instead, how many of you knew there were axe thieves in Keith Richards’ rented villa in Nellcôte, France? There was no shortage of drugs and craziness but we can’t get over the fact that someone managed to steal one of Bill Wyman’s bass guitars. How dare they? From John Lennon and Eric Clapton to groupies and drug dealers – it was probably hard to keep track of people coming in and out of the house and its security obviously wasn’t the top priority. God knows what happened in that villa so guys walking out with a bunch of guitars probably was the least shocking thing to happen. Rumor has it, those were dealers who collected overdue payment. The Repeated, Insane Laughter In “Dark Side Of The Moon” (1973) Was From Naomi Watts’ Father We know Paul and Linda McCartney didn’t make the cut but if you’ve listened to the album more than once, you probably wondered who that guy with the demented “stoned” laughter was. Well it’s Peter Watts – the band’s road manager and also the father of actress Naomi Watts (she starred in the 2001 thriller “Mulholland Drive” and the 2012 film “The Impossible"). Peter Watts also appeared in the rear cover for Pink Floyd’s 1969 album “Ummagumma” where he posed with fellow roadie Alan Styles in an airport runway along with the band’s van and equipment. You can hear the lunatic laughter in “Speak to Me” and “Brain Damage.” He died a few years later in a Knotting Hill flat due to heroin overdose. It Took Three Hours To Shoot The Cover Photo For Bruce Springsteen’s “Born To Run” (1975) It was the commercially successful “Born to Run” album which allowed Bruce Springsteen to break into mainstream – it sold six million copies in the US alone. And of course, the cover artwork is possibly one of the most iconic photos in rock. It shows The Boss holding his Fender Telecaster and leaning against E Street Band saxophonist Clarence “The Big Man” Clemons. It may look like it was perfected in one take but it was actually a three-hour session with photographer Eric Meola who took 900 frames. Meola even published a book which contained the other shots taken during the photo shoot. And this image is so popular many other artists imitated it – even Sesame Street’s Cookie Monster and Bert recreated the same pose for the album “Born to Add.” Click the link below to read more about these '70s Albums. Source: Facts You Might Not Know From These ’70s Albums
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    What's the Word? - VULGATE pronunciation: [VUHL-geyt] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, 4th century Meaning: 1. A commonly recognized text or edition, as of the Iliad. 2. Common or colloquial speech. Example: "The professor instructed his class to purchase the vulgate of “Romeo and Juliet” so that they could all read the same text." "While I use flowery words on the stage, I prefer vulgate with my friends." About Vulgate This word originated from the Latin words “vulgata” (a written edition for the general public) and “vulgus” (a word meaning “common people”). Did You Know? Lexicographers, or people who compile and edit dictionaries, choose words by both examining those in widespread use and evaluating the probability of the word remaining in use for a significant period of time. Some words that develop in vulgate but are widely used enough can be added to the dictionary, including slang or playful combinations like “hangry.”
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    Shogun Orochi gets sliced up once more, with Raizo going against another ninja it seems. And unless something miraculous happens for her, Big Mom will be taken out of the picture till further notice with none of her personal minions to help.
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    Fact of the Day - ANIMALS Did you know.... that the animal kingdom is full of fascinating birds, mammals, sea creatures and reptiles, each with their own set of distinct traits and habits. Learning some interesting animal facts is a great way to explore the natural world around us. (Woman's Day) Interesting Animal Facts You Didn't Know Learn new animal trivia for your next summer road trip BY SABAH KARIMI | Jun 12, 2008 Flamingos are pink because of the food they eat. Shrimp is one of their main sources of food, so their skin takes on that pinkish color. Most snakes never stop growing. This is why they're always shedding their skins, and can grow to be several feet long depending on the species. A pot-bellied pig by the name of Kotetsu set a world record for the highest jump by a pig. Kotetsu jumped 27.5 in. in August 2004 at a farm in Japan. The black bulldog ant (Myrmecia) is one of the few insects that can kill humans. It's found in Australia and is considered to be the most dangerous ant in the world. It can sting and bite people and animals alike. Crows like to play pranks. One of their favorite games involves sneaking up on a sleeping cow, rabbit, pig or other farm animal, and making a loud noise to startle it. Talk about a wake-up call. The bird-eating spider (Goliath birdeater) of South America is about 3.5 in. long and has a 10-in. leg span. That's bigger than the size of your hand. The bug-eyed tree frog (Theloderma asperum) has to use its eyes to eat with. When swallowing food, the frog closes its eyelids and then presses down on the food with its eyeballs to lower the mouth and force the food down into its stomach. Black cats are considered to be unlucky in the United States, but are considered to be a sign of luck in Britain. Lobsters can live for up to 100 years. One of their most important survival skills is the ability to grow back a claw or a leg when they lose it. A chameleon's tongue is almost as long as its body. It's also one of the few animals that can change color to match its surroundings. Click the Live Science to read more about Amazing Things You Didn't Know about Animals. Source: Animal Facts You Didn't Know
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    What's the Word? - SIMPATICO pronunciation: [sim-PA-də-koh] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Italian and Spanish, 1860s Meaning: 1. (of a person) likable and easy to get along with. 2. Having or characterized by shared attributes or interests; compatible. Example: "The new manager is a pleasant, simpatico man." "Their shared love of rock climbing began a happy simpatico relationship." About Simpatico This word is credited with developing in both Italian and Spanish, most likely from each respective language’s word for sympathetic. Did You Know? Conventions are a perfect place to find simpatico people who share similar interests. Conventions usually have panels of experts and events corresponding to a specific interest, but there’s also plenty of time to mingle with fellow-minded folks. From Comic Cons to Book Cons, there’s a convention for everyone.
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    Fact of the Day - EASTER Did you know... that Easter is one of the principal holidays, or feasts, of Christianity. It marks the Resurrection of Jesus three days after his death by crucifixion. For many Christian churches, Easter is the joyful end to the Lenten season of fasting and penitence. The earliest recorded observance of Easter comes from the 2nd century, though it is likely that even the earliest Christians commemorated the Resurrection, which is an integral tenet of the faith. (Britannica) Easter Facts about Peter Cottontail and Other Traditions You'll never look at Easter eggs the same way. BY JILL GLEESON | JAN 27, 2021 For many, Easter is one of the most beloved holidays of the year. Whether or not you attend church on the big day, there are so many lovely traditions to enjoy, from brightly colored Easter baskets stuffed with eggs, chocolate bunnies, and small gifts for kids, to the extravagant brunches and wonderful dinners marking the occasion. You can even dress up your home inside and out with festive Easter decorations, or celebrate the day with Easter crafts great for the whole family. But amidst all the fun, have you ever stopped to ponder Easter facts like, say, where that bunny came from, or what those colored eggs really mean? There's a whole fascinating history behind Easter's most iconic symbols and customs, from elaborate egg decorating to the name itself, which some historians believe predates Christianity—and we've gathered the most interesting. Along with historical tidbits we've also dug up plenty of surprising information about newer Easter practices, including dressing up and chowing down (marshmallow Peeps, we're looking at you). So whether you're simply looking to expand your knowledge or would like some good trivia questions to ask before you turn on your favorite Easter movie, we have what you need. After you've tested your knowledge, check out our guide to the Easter Bunny Tracker, which is sure to become your family's new favorite holiday tradition. Easter Is Named for a Fertility Goddess Many historians believe that Christians named Easter after Ēastre or Ēostre, a pagan Anglo-Saxon goddess, in the hopes of encouraging conversion. Like the Christian equivalent, Eastre festivities heralded the coming of spring after winter's long slumber. Easter is the Oldest Christian Holiday Celebrating Jesus's resurrection, the foundation upon which Christianity was built, Easter is one of the most important Christian Holy Days. Eggs Were Originally Dyed to Represent Christ's Blood The tradition of dyeing Easter eggs is said to date back to ancient Mesopotamia. In modern times it continues on in secular fashion as well as in Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches, where eggs are dyed red, blessed, and passed out to supplicants. The Easter Bunny is German Both hares and eggs were signs of fertility in Germany during the Middle Ages, and it was during this time that the legend of an egg-laying, candy-giving bunny was born. It wasn't until the first Germans immigrated to America in the 1700s that the Easter Bunny became a beloved tradition here. We Have the Ukraine to Thank for Egg Decorating While the tradition of dyeing eggs at Easter may have begun as a religious practice, the custom of decorating those eggs comes from a Ukrainian craft dating back thousands of years. The eggs, called pysankas, are painstakingly created using wax and dyes, a process Ukrainian immigrants brought with them to the United States. In 2007, Florida Held the Largest Easter Egg Hunt Ever And a whopping 9,753 children participated, searching for 501,000 eggs. Speaking of Easter egg hunts, it was President Rutherford B. Hayes who instituted the first White House Easter egg roll in 1878. It usually attracts some 30,000 people, although the 2020 event was canceled due to COVID-19. But Easter Games Used to be Even Weirder Yep, back in the Middle Ages priests used to play a sort of "Hot Potato" game where they would toss a hard-boiled egg at a choir boy. The boy would then throw it to another boy, and so on, until the clock struck midnight. Whoever was holding the egg at that point got to eat it. Dressing Up for Easter is Based on a Superstition While you might think that dressing to the nines on Easter is simply a sign of respect for the holiday, that's not the case. At least it wasn't in 19th-century New York, when residents believed that wearing new duds on Easter would bring luck for the rest of the year. These days, it's estimated that $3.3 billion is spent on Easter finery. Those Brightly-Colored Clothes Have a Meaning All those pastels and floral prints folks wear on Easter are meant as a tip of the hat to spring's arrival. And the holiday's extravagant headwear? It only evolved into a popular tradition after Irving Berlin wrote of Easter bonnets in his hit 1933 song, "Easter Parade." Only a Dozen States Recognize Good Friday Commemorating Jesus's crucifixion, Good Friday occurs two days prior to Easter. States like New Jersey, Connecticut, and Texas have named it a state holiday, but it has not been designated a federal one. Click the link below to read more about Fascinating Easter Facts Source: Fascinating Easter Facts | Britannica - Easter
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    What's the Word? - BOBTAIL pronunciation: [BAHB-teyl] Part of speech: noun Origin: Middle English, mid 16th century Meaning: 1. A docked tail of a horse or dog. 2. Cut short; abbreviated. Example: "NOUN: The Australian Sheepdog has a natural, genetic bobtail." "ADJECTIVE: We had longer plans but the weather bobtailed our date." About Bobtail This word is thought to have come about from a combination of the noun “bob” (a short haircut) and “tail.” Did You Know? In order to save space and time for the listener, some audiobooks use a bobtail script rather than the full text of the book. If you would like to listen to the full-text of a book, make sure to check whether the audiobook you’re purchasing is full-text or abridged.
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    Fact of the Day - NATURAL SOUNDS Did you know.... that natural sounds are any sounds produced by non-human organisms as well as those generated by natural, non-biological sources within their normal soundscapes. It is a category whose definition is open for discussion. Natural sounds create an acoustic space. (Wikipedia) Strange and Mysterious Sounds on Earth & Beyond Nature's noises What’s that sound? Many scientists have come up with curious answers to explain some of the mysterious noises found in nature, while others are discovering strange new sounds from the extremes of the Earth and outer space. THE BLOOP One of the most famous and powerful underwater sound events, known as Bloop, was recorded by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 1997. Over the past 70 years, the world’s oceans have emerged as a valuable global listening device, first by networks of underwater microphones scanning for enemy submarines during the Cold War, and in more recent decades, by scientists studying the oceans and the internal structure of the Earth. The Bloop event lasted for about 1 minute and rose in frequency from a low rumble. It was detected by underwater microphones more than 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) away and was much louder than the noises made by any known animal. Click to hear the sound: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Bloop_real.ogg The rough location of the event that caused Bloop is in the sea near the Antarctic Circle, and NOAA now thinks that Bloop was caused by the sound of massive icebergs "calving," or splitting, from the end of Antarctic glaciers and falling into the sea. Several other distinctive underwater sound events have been identified and named by NOAA: a weird cooing sound dubbed "Julia" that was likely caused by an iceberg running into the seafloor, an event known as "Train" (because it sounded like train wheels against a track) that scientists think likely originated in Antarctica's Ross Sea, and a scratchy noise dubbed "Upsweep," which likely originates in the Pacific and has been picked up by hydrophones seasonally since 1991. AQUATIC CHOIRS Scientists in Australia report that many different species of fish join in a mass chorus with their fellows at dawn and dusk, in much the same way as many birds. The researchers, from Curtin University in Perth, recorded vocal fish songs off the coast of Port Headland in Western Australia for 18 months, reported New Scientist. They were able to make recordings of seven distinct choirs of fish, including overlapping foghorn calls made by Black Jewelfish and the "ba ba ba" sounds repeated by chorusing batfish. Most of the noises recorded by the scientists are just a single fish repeating the same call over and over. But, when two or more fish of the same kind can hear each other, often over a large distance underwater, they began to overlap their calls in a synchronous pattern. The researchers noted that sound plays an important role in many fish behaviors, such as breeding, feeding and territorial disputes. THE LONELIEST WHALE The world's 'loneliest whale' was first recorded in 1989 by an American military network listening for nuclear submarines. It's been identified as a blue whale by the pattern of its calls, but it seems to have a uniquely high voice, with the main notes at a frequency of 52 hertz — a low bass note to human ears. The world's "loneliest whale" was first recorded in 1989 by an American military network listening for nuclear submarines. It's been identified as a blue whale by the pattern of its calls, but it seems to have a uniquely high voice, with the main notes at a frequency of 52 hertz — a low bass note to human ears. Most blue whales speak in voices at frequencies between 10 and 40 hertz. This is how the Loneliest Whale picked up its lonesome eponym, because scientists and the media speculated that it was unable to communicate with all the other blue whales. Click to hear the sound: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/Ak52_10x.ogg It's possible that "Sad Moby" may be a hybrid whale, with one parent from a different whale species, which could cause a different body shape and a different call. But, recent research suggests the difference between the Loneliest Whale and all the rest of the blue whales in the world may be not such a big social challenge after all. The researchers say many idiosyncratic whale calls have been detected, and some studies suggest that groups of whales living in particular regions have distinct "dialects" of whale song that often differ in frequency. Later recordings have also found that the Loneliest Whale is now changing its tune — the whale's call has been getting deeper for several years and now registers around 47 hertz. So, maybe it has cheered up a bit? DEEP-SEA NOISE In March 2016, NOAA released recordings of low moans, grumbles and occasional screeches from the deepest spot on Earth, the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench, located in the western Pacific Ocean. The sounds were recorded over more than three weeks by a titanium-encased microphone that had to be lowered slowly so it wouldn’t be crushed by the pressure of the surrounding water, which is more than 1,000 times the atmospheric pressure at sea level. The microphone operated for 23 days at the deepest point of the ocean and captured the sounds several of different kinds of whales, passing boats and the rumble of nearby earthquakes. Researchers at NOAA say they want to understand if noises in the ocean from human sources are causing noise levels to rise in the deep ocean, and scientists want to study how these changes may be affecting animals that rely on echolocation, such as dolphins and whales. It's estimated the ocean is about 10 times noisier today than it was 50 years ago, thanks to the increase in shipping, submarines and underwater construction projects. THE HUM The ancient city of Taos in New Mexico. Unlike the inaudible microseismic hum reported by ocean and Earth scientists, "The Hum" is a social phenomenon somewhere on the spectrum between conspiracy theory and annoying genuine mystery that has become famous enough to warrant having a "the" in its name, like The Rock. Many people around the world, but mainly in the United Kingdom and the United States, have reported being able to hear a faint low-pitched humming sound, sometimes compared to the sound of a distant engine idling or an electrical device, but no evident explanation for the sound can be found. Some people seem to hear The Hum more easily than others, and the phenomenon is often linked to a particular local area, such as the Taos Hum in New Mexico and the Bristol Hum in England. Doctors have suggested the experience of The Hum may result from people focusing too keenly on background sounds, as they try to listen for The Hum that they have heard other people talking about. EARTHSONG This photo from NASA's Suomi NPP satellite shows the Eastern Hemisphere of Earth in 'Blue Marble' view. Ocean waves beating against the shores of land around the globe cause a continual, slow sound vibration within the Earth, well below the levels of human perception, according to research published in 2015. This low "hum" of the Earth can't be heard, but it can be measured with very sensitive seismographs. Seismologists have known since the 1990s that the Earth rings with faint "microseismic" vibrations even when there are no earthquakes, which make our planet ring like a bell with strong sound vibrations. Research published in February 2015, based on computer models, found that ocean waves could generate faint seismic waves on the seafloor with very slow sound frequencies of between 13 and 300 seconds. The researchers think the longest waves cause the observed microseismic activity. ROCK GUITAR A vibrational mode of Rainbow Bridge natural arch in Utah. New research has revealed that the delicately carved bridge sways in response to waves rippling on a lake nearby, and in response to human-induced earthquakes in distant Oklahoma. An iconic narrow arch of rock in southern Utah, the 300-foot-high (90 meters) Rainbow Bridge, has been shown to vibrate like a plucked guitar sting when stimulated by other sounds and geological vibrations in the local environment, such as waves on a nearby lake or distant earthquakes, according to a study published in September 2016 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. By making precise measurements of the vibrations of the massive sandstone arch and using those to create computer models of the structure, the researchers were able to identify some of the sources of local vibrations that cause a strong resonant response in the arch. The scientists hope that learning more about the stability of the Rainbow Bridge, and how it responds to vibrational stresses in its environment, can help preserve the rare and already ancient geological structure for as long as possible. Many visitors to the Rainbow Bridge have also reported hearing a distinctive humming sound in the area, and some claim to have recorded the sound. Click the link below to read more about strange sounds. Source: What's that Noise? | Wikipedia - Natural Sounds
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    What's the Word? - NORTHEASTER pronunciation: [north-EES-tər] Part of speech: noun Origin: American English, late 18th century Meaning: 1. a storm or wind blowing from the northeast, especially in New England Example: "Even though the northeaster knocked down a lot of trees in my neighborhood, we didn’t lose power." "Jane’s flight was delayed because of the northeaster passing over Rhode Island." About Northeaster The word northeaster developed as a description of the powerful northeast winds that cause storms in the New England region of the United States. Did You Know? A northeaster, often contracted to be called a nor’easter, can happen year round, which is why people might get a spring nor’easter composed of rain and winds and a winter nor’easter bringing piles of snow in the same year. However, the storms are most likely to be strongest between September and April. These winter nor’easters can cause billions of dollars in damage, so batten down the hatches if you’re anywhere near one.
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    What's the Word? - WAGGISH pronunciation: [WAG-ish] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Middle English, 1580s Meaning: 1. Humorous in a playful, mischievous, or facetious manner. Example: "This book appeals to readers with a particularly waggish nature." "While Joshua seems serious when you first meet him, he becomes quite waggish once he gets comfortable." About Waggish This word finds its roots in the Middle English word “waggen,” either a verb referring to the act of moving something back and forth or a noun describing a person who uses mischievous humor. “Waggen” originated from the Old Norse words “vaga” (to sway) and “vagga” (cradle). Did You Know? Waggish describes someone or something that is humorous in a playful way, and the word's prefix is used for similar effect. “Wag” is a noun that directly means a class clown or joker, while “waggery” describes a situation of general merriment and mischievousness.
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    Fact of the Day - KNOCK-KNOCK JOKE Did you know... that the knock-knock joke is a type of audience-participatory joke cycle, typically ending with a pun. Knock-knock jokes are primarily seen as children's jokes, though there are exceptions. The scenario is of a person knocking on the front door to a house. The teller of the joke says, "Knock, knock!"; the recipient responds, "Who's there?" The teller gives a name (such as "Noah") or a description (such as "Police") or something that purports to be a name (such as "Needle"). The other person then responds by asking the caller's surname ("Noah who?" "Police who?" "Needle who?"), to which the joke-teller delivers a pun involving the name ("Noah place I can spend the night?" "Police let me in—it's cold out here!" "Needle little help with the groceries!"). (Wikipedia) The Unusual History Of Knock-Knock Jokes The knock-knock joke is so simple that it’s usually the first one we learn as preschoolers. Ever wonder how these pun-based ditties entered into our lexicon? We have the answer. by Jim Kneiszel | Updated: March 25, 2021 If you’re the teller of a joke, you want your witty quip to be followed by a cascade of laughter. A joke is meant to leave the listener doubled over in spasms of laughs: they used to call it a real “knee-slapper.” And what does a good stand-up comic do when he hits the stage? He or she “kills”—brings the house down in side-splitting guffaws. None of this applies, however, to the knock-knock joke. The success of these musty and dusty pun-based ditties is measured in groans and eye rolling. The knock-knock is so simple that it’s usually the first joke we learn as preschoolers. Ever wonder how these jokes entered into our lexicon? How could you not love watching a pair of four-year-olds' recite this joke handed down from generation to generation: Knock Knock Who’s there? Boo. Boo who? Don’t cry! The Start of the Knock-Knock Joke? It might come as a surprise that the silly knock-knock joke was once a popular parlor game for grown-ups, and it may have started in a passage from William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, where in Act II, Scene III, a drunken porter greets three imaginary guests in a long diatribe of musings: (Three knocks in the darkness) PORTER: Who’s there, in the name of Beelzebub? Here’s the farmer, that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty… This call-and-response style of humor then lay dormant like the plague. Luckily for the younger set, the Knock-Knock Joke was dumbed down over the ensuing 300 years when, in 1900, it started to show up as an evening pastime of bored 20-somethings—that is, before the invention of other distracting amusements such as swing music, radio, television, video games, and smartphones. “Do You Know?” Jokes Around the turn of the 20th century, Merely McEvoy, a writer for the Oakland Tribune, explained a new craze sweeping the land called, “Do You Know?” jokes. They went like this: DO YOU KNOW ARTHUR? ARTHUR WHO? ARTHURMOMETER! (This one is best if heard aloud: i.e., “our thermometer”) Knock-Knock Jokes Officially Come A-Knocking By the 1930s, they were officially called “knock-knock” jokes, and the craze reached a crescendo as folks living through the Great Depression would try anything to coax a smile from their friends and neighbors. Knock-knock jokes even made it into music. Big Band leader Fletcher Henderson celebrated the knock-knock joke in a 1930s tune called Knock Knock Who’s There. If you know how puns are made, then you know how this is played. On your mark, get set, let’s go. Knock knock knock knock, that’s the phrase… Knock knock. Who’s there? Saul who? Saul there is: there ain’t no more. Another Funny Theory A number of historical accounts trace the Knock-Knock Joke to a 1920s children’s game called “Buff.” Buff involves a child thumping a stick on the ground and saying, Knock knock. Who’s there? Buff. What says, Buff? Buff says Buff to all his men, and I say Buff to you again! Cue the giggling kindergarteners. For the most part, knock-knock jokes after the 1950s seem to have been confined to the most youthful comedians. Although they did enjoy something of a renaissance in the 1960s, thanks to their use on the hippy-dippy television series Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In. A popular bit on the sketch comedy show involved members of the cast poking their heads through small doors in a wall to tell jokes to each other, as well as poking fun at figures of the day. Here’s a classic from hundreds and thousands of knock-knocks exploding on the Internet: Knock knock. Who’s there? Little old lady. Little old lady who? I didn’t know you could yodel! Celebrate this October And on October 31, when National Knock-Knock Joke Day comes a-knocking, be sure to pull out one of your old favorites to try out on anyone from age 3 to 93—and, with any luck, you’ll hear groans of appreciation. Moments in Knock Knock Joke History BY JENNIFER M WOOD | APRIL 1, 2014 Think back to the first joke you ever learned to tell, and chances are good that it started out with two simple words: Knock knock. (Chances are also pretty good that it wasn’t very funny.) You may have thought you invented the pun, but its history dates back much, much further than that. Here’s a brief history… 1. THE BARD ABIDES IN 1606. Though the exact origin of the knock knock joke is officially unknown, many scholars point to the second act of Shakespeare’s Macbeth—written around 1606—as the earliest known example. It occurs when a porter is awoken out of a drunken stupor by a man knocking at Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s door. 2. CHILDREN PLAY IN 1929. In Henry Bett’s 1929 book, The Games of Children: Their Origin and History, the author talks about the knock knock joke as being part of a kid’s game called Buff, in which one child would bang a stick while saying “Knock knock,” to which his or her opponent would ask, “Who’s there?” 3. WRITERS CATCH ON IN 1934. In 1934, a newspaper columnist used the following (not-so-funny) joke in a story, which marked the knock knock joke’s first published appearance in popular culture: Knock knock. Who's there? Rufus. Rufus who? Rufus the most important part of your house. 4. WHAT’S THIS TURNS TO WHO’S THERE IN 1936. By 1936, the knock knock joke had made its way to the masses. So much so that an Associated Press article about its growing popularity appeared in the August 3rd edition of the Titusville Herald. Titled “‘Knock Knock’ Latest Nutsy Game for Parlor Amusement,” the piece talked about how “What’s this?” had given way to “Knock, knock” as the favorite parlor game setup. “Gone, apparently, are the days when the more serious-minded settled down to a concentrated spar with jigsaw puzzles, anagrams, intelligence tests, and similar intellectual pursuits,” the author lamented. 5. RAMROD DANK INVENTED IT IN 1936. On December 30, 1936, humorist/radio host Fred Allen produced a wrap-up of the year’s biggest events in which he included an interview with the fictional Ramrod Dank, whom he deemed “The first man to coin a knock knock.” Fred Allen 6. KNOCK KNOCK GOES INTERNATIONAL IN 1953. By the 1950s, the knock knock joke had gained popularity around the world, in both English-speaking countries (England, Ireland, Australia, Canada) and otherwise (France, Belgium, India). French versions of the joke started out with “Toc-Toc,” and the punchline was typically a song title. In Afrikaans and Dutch, it’s “Klop-klop” and “Kon-kon” in Korean and Japanese. In Spanish, the joke usually rhymes. In South Africa in 1953, the following joke was popular amongst school children: Knock, knock! Who's there? Delores. Delores who? Delores my shepherd. 7. LAUGH-IN DOES KNOCK-KNOCK IN 1968. Knock knock jokes were a staple of the banter on Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In from the very first season of the sketch comedy show’s six-season run. 8. GEORGE ZIMMERMAN’S LAWYER GETS IN ON THE FUN IN 2013. “At considerable risk… I’d like to tell you a little joke,” George Zimmerman’s lawyer, Don West, told the jury during opening statements. Then proceeded to unleash the following bit: Knock-knock. Who's there? George Zimmerman. George Zimmerman who? Alright good. You're on the jury. Crickets would have been an improvement over the reaction the “joke” got. Source: Wikipedia - Knock-Knock Joke | Brief Knock-Knock Joke History | Knock-Knock Jokes Facts
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