Jump to content

Leaderboard


Popular Content

Showing content with the highest reputation since 09/23/2020 in all areas

  1. 3 points
    Fall Anime 2020 AniChart | MAL Chart | AniDB Chart My Personal Autumn Watch List is currently as follows: Left-Overs: Fire Force Season 02 Definite Pick-ups: Golden Kamuy Season 03 Is It Wrong To Try To Pick Up Girls In A Dungeon? Season 03 Yashahime: Princess Half-Demon Possible Pick-ups (Pending Impressions on further PVs and/or first couple episodes): Akudama Drive Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai Higurashi: When They Cry (2020) Jujutsu Kaisen Kuma Kuma Kuma Bear MWZ Nobelesse Our Last Crusade or the Rise of a New World The Day I Became a God The Journey of Elaina Movies BEM: Become Human Burn The Witch Demon Slayer: Infinity Train Fate/Grand Order: Camelot 1 - Wandering; Agateram Josee, the Tiger and the Fish You are Beyond OVAs Eden
  2. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - FINAL FANTASY Did you know.... that Final Fantasy is a Japanese anthology science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games. The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 15 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels. Final Fantasy is one of the highest-grossing video game franchises of all time, having grossed $10.9 billion in lifetime revenue, as of 2019. (Wikipedia) What You Might Not Know About ‘Final Fantasy’ NATHAN BIRCH | APRIL 9, 2014 The creator of Final Fantasy also popularized the Japanese dating sim. While not particularly well known on this side of the Pacific, dating sims in which the player attempts to romance various virtual ladies are a staple in Japan. These games are, at best, kind of sad and at worst just outright porn, so it may come as some surprise that the whole misbegotten genre was more-or-less spawned by Final Fantasy mastermind Hironobu Sakaguchi. Before he made Final Fantasy Sakaguchi created all kinds of different games for Square, including Nakayama Miho no Tokimeki High School, a game in which you, as a high school kid, try to woo popular-at-the-time Japanese idol Miho Nakayama. The game wasn’t the first Japanese dating sim, but it was the first to feature a real-life celebrity and the first to be a mainstream hit. Nakayama Miho no Tokimeki High School Also interestingly, the game was co-produced with Nintendo itself, with Metroid co-creator Yoshio Sakamoto working on the game. Final Fantasy is also linked to the creation of first-person shooters. The lead programmer of Final Fantasy was Nasir Gebelli, an Iranian-American whiz programmer who created groundbreaking first-person shooters such as Horizon V and Zenith for the Apple II in the early 80s. John Romero, designer of Wolfenstein 3D and Doom has cited Gebelli as a major inspiration and influence. The game originally had a more badass name. Originally Final Fantasy was going to be called Fighting Fantasy. Frankly I’m kind of shocked Square-Enix has never done a Final Fantasy fighter called Fighting Fantasy. Final Fantasy really could have been the final game in the series. We’ve all seen the snarky comments — hell, we might have made a few of them ourselves. “Final Fantasy? Lol! There’s been, like, 50 of them! When’s the ‘final’ part happening?” Well, Final Fantasy’s name could have been much more literal. Back in 1987 Square was coming off a series of flops and was on its last legs financially. After Dragon Quest hit big in Japan in 1986, Sakaguchi convinced his bosses to let him make an RPG, but few in the company had high hopes that the game would be a success. Most assumed Final Fantasy would be Square’s final glorious gasp before going out of business. Sakaguchi also assumed it would be his final shot at being a video game writer and designer and that he’d be forced to drag his ass back to university. It was this air of finality and gloom that led Fighting Fantasy to be renamed Final Fantasy. Thankfully the original release of Final Fantasy would sell over 400,000 copies in Japan, save Square and give birth to a very ironically named series. Final Fantasy was almost Fighting Fantasy Final Fantasy was made with a team of just 7 people. By comparison, a decade later planning sessions for Final Fantasy VII began in 1994 after the release of Final Fantasy VI. At the time, Final Fantasy VII was planned to be another 2D project for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Series creator Hironobu Sakaguchi has noted the game's central theme of "life" dating back to when his mother passed away while he was working on Final Fantasy III (uncertain whether the interview is referring to Final Fantasy III or Final Fantasy VI), after which he always wanted to explore the theme of "life" in a "mathematical and logical way to overcome the mental shock." Sakaguchi intended the story to take place in modern New York City in the year 1999. Several of the staff were working in parallel on Chrono Trigger, and development for Final Fantasy VII was interrupted when the other project became significant enough to require the help of director Yoshinori Kitase and other designers. Some of the ideas originally considered for Final Fantasy VII ended up in Chrono Trigger and other ideas, such as the New York setting and the sorceress character Edea, were kept unused until the later projects Parasite Eve and Final Fantasy VIII respectively. Square opened graphic research facilities in Japan and the United States, including one located in Los Angeles, for which in 1995 they advertised job vacancies for roles in high-end graphics development and animation production. Development of Final Fantasy VII resumed in late 1995, and required the efforts of approximately 120 artists and programmers, using PowerAnimator and Softimage 3D software. This was the largest game development team at the time, and included Japanese CG artists working alongside Hollywood CG visual effects artists, such as Ron Sabatino, former British ILM artist Paul Ashdown who worked on Star Wars and Jurassic Park, and artists from Digital Domain who worked on Terminator 2: Judgement Day and True Lies. Final Fantasy VII was the most expensive video game of its time, with a production budget of around US$45 million, equivalent to $67 million in 2015. Aside from the story, Final Fantasy VI had many details undecided when development began with many things filled out along the way. In contrast, with Final Fantasy VII the developers knew from the outset it was going to be "a real 3D game," so from the earliest planning stage detailed designs were drawn up. The script was also locked in, and the image for the graphics was fleshed out. So when the actual work began "storyboards" for the game were already in place. Around a decade after that, nearly 300 people worked on Final Fantasy XII. The Final Fantasy series’ most iconic melody was written in five minutes. Every version of Final Fantasy has featured some take on the song “Prelude”, a beautiful little melody that inspires instant nostalgia in anyone who’s ever touched a Final Fantasy game. Well, turns out the song was just farted out in five minutes by Final Fantasy composer Nobuo Uematsu when Sakaguchi barged into the studio one day demanding one more song. Given the results, maybe Sakaguchi should have been totally unreasonable more often. Cid is not in the game. As all Final Fantasy fans know, every game in the series has featured an appearance by a gruff, airship owning character named Cid. Obviously this includes the original Final Fantasy, right? Nope! The original NES version of Final Fantasy is completely Cid-less, although later versions of the game for the Playstation and GBA retconned Cid into the game’s world. Oh, and there’s no Chocobos in the game either. The game’s battle system was inspired by American football. Hiroyuki Ito, the designer of Final Fantasy’s battle system, had never played a tabletop or video game RPG in his life before working on Final Fantasy. Instead his inspiration was American football, with it’s back and forth action, two teams taking turns on offense and heavy emphasis on pre-planning. You can definitely see the football influence in Final Fantasy’s iconic side-view battles (up until Final Fantasy, most RPGs used a first-person or over-the-shoulder view for battle). A large portion of the game’s spells are completely useless. When you were playing through Final Fantasy as a kid, did you ever get the sense that the game didn’t quite work like it was supposed to? Well, you were exactly right! Final Fantasy may have been a groundbreaking title, but it was also a completely busted shmozz of a game. For instance, a large portion of the game’s spells either do nothing, or worse, may do the complete opposite of what they’re supposed to do. Tmbr and Sabr are supposed to buff your party, but actually do absolutely nothing. Lock misses 100% of the time. Lok2 is supposed to decrease your enemy’s ability to evade, but it actually increases it. And these examples are just the tip of the iceberg. The Intelligence stat is completely meaningless. In Final Fantasy games the “Intelligence” stat is supposed to indicate the strength of your magic power. In the original Final Fantasy it has no effect on anything. In other words, despite what the game tells you, the White, Red and Black Mages all have the exact same magical ability. A Red Mage can cure just as well as a White Mage, but don’t tell Red or White mage fans that. The game contains an accidental grinding paradise. Named the Peninsula of Power by fans, this small, unremarkable chunk of land located northeast of the town of Pravoka, is accessible by ship. Due to a programming error, enemies you should only encounter once you get the airship can be fought here, allowing you to artificially pump up your party’s levels early in the game. Nearly every classic 2D Final Fantasy game had its own example of a Peninsula of Power. The game contains a secret puzzle game. Once you’ve got your hands on the ship, press the A and B buttons together a whopping 55 times, and you’ll unlock a little slide puzzle. You can solve the minigame as many times as you want, with 100 gil being your prize for each completion of the puzzle. The game contains morbid Legend of Zelda and Dragon Quest references. As for the tomb at Elfheim (or Elf Land in the NES version), the tomb reads "Here lies Erdrick" in the American NES version of Final Fantasy I, a reference to the Dragon Quest game. It reads "May Link rest in peace," in the American Final Fantasy Origins version (in reference to the hero of the Legend of Zelda series.) It reads "May Erdrick rest in peace," in the PAL Final Fantasy Origins version (interestingly, the text referencing Link was only slightly changed in Final Fantasy I & II: Dawn of Souls, even though that version was made for a Nintendo system. In Dawn of Souls, it reads "Here lies Link"). Elf Land or Elfheim The game contains a creepy invisible woman. In the original NES version of Final Fantasy there’s a strange invisible NPC in Cornelia that you can talk to, but can’t see. For years gamers assumed that the ghost NPC was a man, until somebody figured out how to make the glitched out character reappear using a Game Genie and discovered the ghostly voice actually belonged to a woman. Europe didn’t get their hands on Final Fantasy until 2003. Unbelievably Europe didn’t get to play the game that launched one of the biggest franchises of all time until the 2003 remake Final Fantasy Origins was released there. In fact, Europe didn’t get a true Final Fantasy game until Final Fantasy VII in 1997. On a side not: To Final Fantasy gamers out there. If I have some facts wrong, don't hesitate to correct me. The info I post comes from the Internet and I know they're not always accurate. Source: Wikipedia - Final Fantasy | Facts You May Not Know About Final Fantasy | Final Fantasy Fandom
  3. 1 point
    What's the Word? - SEMPITERNAL pronunciation: [sem-pə-TUHR-nl] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, 15th century Meaning: 1. Eternal and unchanging; everlasting. Example: "As an astronaut, I'm intrigued by the sempiternal vastness of space." "The young couple's heartfelt vows promised their love was sempiternal." About Sempiternal You might have seen monuments and memorials engraved with the words "semper fidelis," meaning "always faithful." The Latin words "semper," means always. Joined with the word "aeternus," or eternal, it represents a word with an enduring, everlasting presence. Did you Know? Bring Me the Horizon, a British metalcore band, had their 2013 album "Sempiternal" debut at No. 3 on the UK Album Chart — an album that later went on to receive critical acclaim. The band obviously wanted their album to last forever; whether they succeeded or not is up to their fans.
  4. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - FORTUNE COOKIE Did you know.... that a fortune cookie is a crisp and sugary cookie usually made from flour, sugar, vanilla, and sesame seed oil with a piece of paper inside, a "fortune", on which is an aphorism, or a vague prophecy. (Wikipedia) Almost every Chinese restaurant ends a meal with a few fortune cookies, those crunchy, folded treats with a special message inside. But you may be surprised to know that the fortune cookie is not Chinese at all. In fact, modern-day fortune cookies first appeared in California in the early 1900s. There is some discrepancy, however, on who actually invented the cookie. Inventor Controversy Most sources credit either Makoto Hagiwara or David Jung with the invention of the fortune cookie. Of the two, Hagiwara seems to have the stronger claim. A Japanese immigrant who had served as official caretaker of the Japanese Tea Gardens in San Francisco since 1895, Hagiwara began serving the cookies at the Tea Garden sometime between 1907 and 1914. (His grandson, George Hagiwara, believes the correct date is between 1907 and 1909). The cookies were based on Japanese senbei—toasted rice wafers. According to some sources, the cookies contained thank-you notes instead of fortunes and may have been Hagiwara’s way of thanking the public for getting him rehired after he was fired by a racist Mayor. Meanwhile, Canton (Guangzhou), China, native David Jung had immigrated to Los Angeles and in 1916 he founded the Hong Kong Noodle Company. He claimed to have invented the fortune cookie around 1918, handing out baked cookies filled with inspiring passages of scripture to unemployed men. However, there is no surviving documentation showing how he came up with the idea. Court Ruling In 1983, the San Francisco Court of Historical Review held a mock trial to settle the issue for once and for all. (The Court has no legal authority; other weighty culinary issues they have settled include whether or not chicken soup deserves its reputation as "Jewish Penicillin.") During the trial, someone provided the judge with a fortune cookie containing the message "S.F. Judge who rules for L.A. not very smart cookie." In fairness to Daniel M. Hanlon, the real-life federal judge who presided over the case, his decision rested on weightier pieces of evidence, including a set of grills. Still, it came as no surprise when the Court sided with Hagiwara and ruled that San Francisco is the birthplace of the fortune cookie. Not surprisingly, Angelenos ignored the ruling: many sources continue to credit Jung with inventing fortune cookies. But for now, Los Angeles (County) will have to be satisfied with being the official birthplace of the Cobb Salad and the Shirley Temple mocktail. Alternate Theory Or maybe not. Yet another possibility is that the fortune cookie was invented by a Japanese American living in Los Angeles. That is the claim of the proprietors of Fugetsu-Do, a family-owned and operated bakery in the Little Tokyo district of downtown Los Angeles. According to the Kito family, the idea for the fortune cookie originated with their grandfather, Seiichi Kito, who founded Fugetsu-do in 1903. While the confectionary quickly became famous for its mochi—sweet round rice cakes accompanied by everything from sweet red bean paste to peanut butter—at some point Kito began making fortune cookies and selling them to Chinese restaurants. Visitors to the shop can still see the original fortune cookie molds on display in the front store window “collecting dust and memories.” Origin of the Fortune According to sources, Kito's inspiration was omikuji – fortunes written on slips of paper found in Japanese Buddhist temples. Today, you’ll find omikuji-senbei (“fortune crackers”) sold in bakeries in Japan. Example of an Omikuji. But where does the inspiration for modern-day fortune cookie messages come from? Despite the fact that fortune cookies have proved about as popular in China as a plate of cooked spinach is to the average five-year-old, their origins may be Chinese after all. Every fall (the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese calendar, to be exact) the Chinese celebrate the mid-Autumn Moon Festival. Children hear the legend of how, in the 14th century, the Chinese threw off their Mongol oppressors by hiding messages in Mooncakes (which the Mongols did not like to eat). On the night of the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival, the rebels attacked and overthrew the government, leading to the establishment of the Ming dynasty. Mooncake Origin of the Cookie Today's Mooncakes don’t contain messages, but some believe that during the American railway boom of the 1850s, Chinese railway workers came up with their own substitute for the mooncakes they were unable to buy: homemade biscuits with good luck messages inside. Like the mooncake legend, no proof for this story exists. And, thanks to the exhaustive efforts of Japanese researcher Yasuko Nakamachi, we now know that at about the same time the Chinese railway workers were laying down tracks, tsujiura senbei (rice cakes containing paper fortunes) were being made at the Hyotanyama Inari shrine outside Kyoto in Japan. According to Jennifer 8. Lee's book, The Fortune Cookie Chronicles, Nakamachi uncovered an illustration in an 1878 book showing a man grilling tsujiura senbei outside the shrine. Man grilling tsujiura senbei. So, where do fortune cookies come from? At this point, the weight of historical evidence seems to agree with a man interviewed for the movie, “The Killing of a Chinese Cookie”, who states, “The Japanese invented the fortune cookie, the Chinese advertised it, and the Americans tasted it.” Still, as author Lee says, it’s “a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside a cookie.” Source: Wikipedia - Fortune Cookie | History of the Fortune Cookie
  5. 1 point
    What's the Word? - ADYNATON pronunciation: [a-dih-NAH-tən] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, mid-17th century Meaning: 1. A figure of speech by which an impossible (or highly unlikely) situation is used for emphasis; an instance of this. Example: "With a bit of adynaton, the story went from mundane to fantastic." "It's just adynaton, but the campfire story was so impossibly scary none of us could sleep." About Adynaton If you take a rhetoric class, you'll learn tools for persuasive writing and public speaking. One of these tricks is adynaton, or a figure of speech in which an impossible situation is described to make a point. Think: "raining cats and dogs" or "when pigs fly." Did you Know? Parents might use the tale of "The Boy Who Cried Wolf" as adynaton to teach their children not to exaggerate or tell false stories. In this case, a bit of exaggeration is used as a lesson about the dangers of exaggeration.
  6. 1 point
    According to Dusk Golem, Full Resident Evil: Infinite Darkness details are It's an episodic 3D CG animated television series. Netflix exclusive, but will release globally. A collaboration between Capcom, TMS Entertainment & Marza Animation Planet. Canon to the games, and covers the series history. The series is part of the 25th anniversary celebration of Resident Evil. Pays special attention to sound design - Recommend wearing headphones while watching. Stars Leon Kennedy and Claire Redfield, the events of the series set-off when Claire stumbles upon "something" late one night, and Leon helps "someone", setting things into motion. The series is described as "Horror-Action", with scenes of "Horror Suspense" and "Breath-taking Dynamic Action". Tease there may be other familiar faces as side roles.
  7. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - STREET ART Somewhere in Portugal. Did you know.... that street art is unofficial and independent visual art created in public locations for public visibility. Street art is associated with the terms "independent art", "post-graffiti", "neo-graffiti", and guerrilla art. (Wikipedia) Art or vandalism? Street Art’s controversial history has often centered on this touchstone debate. Long associated with gangs and crime, graffiti tipped into the realm of art during the 1970s and 1980s as artists including Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring, Fab Five Freddy and Blek le Rat revolutionized guerrilla tagging of the urban environment with their distinctive visions. Below are some facts about the origins of Street Art and its lasting importance today. Donuts Strawberry by Banksy Rooted in Romance Street Art in the contemporary sense is traced to 1960s Philadelphia when enamored teenager Daryl "Cornbread" McCray began tagging “Cornbread loves Cynthia” on buildings and walls throughout the city in an attempt to woo the object of his affection. As his fame as a vandal grew to disproportionate heights, McCray engaged in a number of increasingly public stunts, going so far as to tag the Jackson 5’s plane while they were on tour in the city. In a few short years, Cornbread single handedly reframed graffiti as a mode of individual expression rather than a marker of gang affiliation. Ben Eine at Work in London. Runaway Trains and Dizzying Heights During the early 1970s, graffiti art exploded across New York City with artists showcasing their daring by tagging both prominent intersections and inaccessible locations from water towers to bridges as well as the city’s many subway trains. Certain destinations became legendary. 5 Pointz, a cluster of factory buildings in Long Island City, Queens, became a well-known hotspot for graffiti murals until its demolition in 2013, while the lower Manhattan street corner of Houston Street and Bowery has been home to murals by giants of Street Art including Keith Haring, OsGêmeos, Swoon, JR and most recently Banksy, whose “Free Zehra Doğan” mural appeared at the location on 15 March. Blue underwater painted water tower In Rhythm Hip-hop culture and Street Art worlds emerged together and often overlapped with many artists crossing back and forth between the two. Artist Phase 2 perfected graffiti’s emblematic bubble lettering style in early 1970s while simultaneously rising to prominence in the South Bronx hip-hop scene. Fab Five Freddy similarly released hit songs while a member of the Brooklyn based graffiti crew the Fabulous 5 and also curating groundbreaking exhibitions of Basquiat, Haring and Rammellzee. Rammellzee: A Roll of Dice Art World Wingmen Though graffiti artists were included in exhibitions in Lower Manhattan as early as the 1970s, these artists gained increased acceptance into the art world throughout the 1980s in part due to their friendships with contemporary artists such as Andy Warhol and Kenny Scharf. Keith Haring, famous for his ‘radiant baby’ tag, had his first solo exhibition at Tony Shafrazi Gallery in 1982, and while already famed in art circles Basquiat gained widespread public acclaim through a series of collaborations with his close friend Warhol. Warhol and Basquiat Style Wars Emerging in a world before the Internet and Instagram, Street Art grew its audience the old fashioned way — through a series of rambunctious and gritty documentary films. The most significant among these was the 1983 Style Wars, directed by Tony Silver and produced with Henry Chalfant. Originally aired on PBS, the film absorbed the captivating spirit of young street artists attempting to express themselves in a city that considered them criminals and became the benchmark for the numerous Street Art documentaries that followed, including Banksy’s 2010 Exit Through the Gift Shop. Keith Haring Tagging a New York City Subway Wall. Activist Art Since World War II, when an American soldier’s tag “Kilroy was here” inadvertently became an anti-war emblem, Street Artists have often employed their unique public platform for progressive social campaigns. Keith Haring, who lost his life to AIDs at the age of 31 in 1990, promoted anti-drug messaging with his 1986 Harlem mural Crack Is Wack and was a leading voice in AIDS and safe-sex awareness. More recently in Shepard Fairey’s 2008 poster 'Hope' became the de-facto face of the Obama presidential campaign. Pioneering Woman Street Artist Swoon's Mural Dedicated to Those Affected by Hurricane Sandy, Intersection of Bowery and Houston, New York, 2013 Next Generation Over the decades, the reach of Street Art seems only to have grown with entire neighborhoods — Bushwick in Brooklyn, Shoreditch in London, Belleville in Paris — camouflaged by it. British-born Banksy, who was influenced by French street artist Blek le Rat, is now a household name, known as much for his distinctive imagery as for his closely guarded identity. As public attitudes, and even the laws, toward Street Art have become more accepting younger generations of street artists including Barry McGee, Brazilian twins OsGêmeos and Swoon have garnered institutional acclaim with museum exhibitions devoted to their work. Source: Wikipedia - Street Art | Things You Need to Know: Street Art
  8. 1 point
    What's the Word? - SCUTTLEBUTT pronunciation: [SKUH-dl-bət] Part of speech: noun Origin: North American English, early 19th century Meaning: 1. Rumor. 2. Gossip. Example: "Tell me everything! I need the scuttlebutt." "The scuttlebutt is that she's found a new job." About Scuttlebutt Sailors have the best words for things. On a 19th century ship, a "butt" was a cask of drinking water, and a "scuttle" was the hole made for drinking. The sailors would gather at the scuttlebutt for a bit of chit-chat. Now we have the term "scuttlebutt" for watercooler gossip. Did you Know? If you're in Australia, "furphy" is slang for a story too good to be true. It comes from the name of the manufacturer of water carts used to supply soldiers in World War I. Scuttlebutt or furphy, it's all just a bit of watercooler gossip.
  9. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - TETHER CAR A tether car with 1.5 cc engine. Did you know... that Tether Cars are model racing cars powered by miniature internal combustion engines and tethered to a central post. Unlike radio control cars, the driver has no remote control over the model's speed or steering. (Wikipedia) Tether cars were developed beginning in the 1920s–1930s and still are built, raced and collected today. First made by hobby craftsmen, tether cars were later produced in small numbers by commercial manufacturers such as Dooling Brothers (California), Dick McCoy (Duro-Matic Products), Garold Frymire (Fryco Engineering) BB Korn, and many others. Original examples of the early cars, made from 1930s to the 1960s, are avidly collected today and command prices in the thousands of dollars. Dooling brothers Mercury Midget rear drive, 1939-41 Building model cars has been a longtime hobby of car enthusiasts both young and old, but most model cars, whether built for display or to be raced, don't quite stack up to the sheer speed that tether car racing produces. Tether cars are built for maximum speed, which is why some people describe them as bullets on wheels, rather than cars. The world record for the top tether car speed is 214 miles per hour (344.4 kilometers per hour), well above the top speed of most model cars and perhaps more impressively, well above the top speed of most full-size cars [source: AMRCA]. Tether car racing is so named because each car races while tethered to a pole. The cars race individually on a circular track while attached to the center pole by a steel wire. Similar to rally car competition, the cars race individually and the winners of the tether car races are determined based on average speed of several laps. Once the cars get up to top speed, they can exert a force of about 91 Gs. That means the car is pulling away from the pole with a force about 91 times heavier than its own weight. Although tether cars reach extremely high speeds, the actual construction of the cars and time spent building them is the true focus of the hobby. Each car, called a racer, has many of the same components of a real car, but on a much smaller scale. The cars easily come apart so they can be worked on. Those who build and race the cars are called drivers and they constantly modify and tweak the cars to outperform others on the track. Each car receives many hours of preparation time and testing before a race. Tether car racing earns a certain unique cachet among other types of model car building, because of its long history and unique style of racing. History of Tether Cars Two pictures of Ed Baynes -- after the Nationals competition at Anderson, Ind., in 1956, and after the same event held in the same place 50 years later. Shortly after Charles Lindbergh became the first person to fly his airplane over the Atlantic Ocean, model airplanes and cars quickly became a hobby in the United States. In the late 1930s, hobbyists started adapting their model airplane engines for use in model cars. One such hobbyist, Tom Dooling and his brothers, often referred to collectively as the Dooling Brothers, receive much of the credit for starting the tether car sensation. After building and flying model airplanes, the brothers decided that they could build a car using an airplane engine. It worked, and the Dooling Brothers began building their own tether cars immediately. The first unofficial tether car races were held in an abandoned lot in Los Angeles, Calif., in 1937 [source: Macropoulos]. In 1939, they held their first official miniature car race in Fresno, Calif., and one year after that they had built a car that reached a top speed of about 64 miles per hour (103 kilometers per hour). The brothers began building tether car engines and racers to be sold to the public in the late 1930s and early 1940s. They created a famous car design called the Frog, and also a popular engine called the Dooling 61. The Dooling Frog During this time, tether car racing grew in popularity in the United States. By 1948, there were about 2,500 to 3,000 racers nationwide, with about 440 tracks throughout the country. However, during World War II, the demand for scrap metal contributions almost brought an end to the hobby. After the war, land development across the nation eliminated many of the tracks throughout the country. Mainly because the hobby can be very time consuming, people began to lose interest during the 1980s, and by 2008 there were only 150 members remaining in the American Miniature Racing Car Association, or AMRCA. Although membership in the states is low, the hobby is still popular in many European countries and Australia. The AMRCA holds races in the United States and other countries under the World Organization for Model Car Racing, or WMCR, association. In 2009, an Italian driver, Gaultier Picco, set a new world record of 214 miles per hour (344.4 kilometers per hour) with his racer in Sydney, Australia [source: AMRCA]. Achieving that speed takes a significant amount of off-track tinkering and engine modifications. Vintage tether cars. See pictures of classic toys. Tether Car Specifications On the outside, tether cars look a lot like the vehicles that break land-speed records. The cars are narrow and most of the engine parts are enclosed inside the body of the racer. They're comprised of parts similar to a full-size car, including a combustion engine, exhaust pipe, air intake, flywheel, gearbox, driveshaft and wheels. The racers also have a tailskid, located in the back that stabilizes the vehicles at top speeds. The cars are typically about one to two feet (30.5 to 61 centimeters) long, and weigh anywhere from two to six pounds (0.9 to 2.7 kilograms). In the international competitions, there are five different engine sizes that compete. The smallest is the 1.5 cubic centimeter (cc) engine, which has a top speed over 65 miles per hour (104.6 kilometers per hour). The other engine sizes are the 2.5cc, 3.5cc, 5cc and 10cc classes. The 10cc engine class cars are capable of producing speeds over 200 miles per hour (321.9 kilometers per hour). These two-cylinder engines typically run on a fuel mixture of 80 percent methanol and 20 percent castor oil and are capable of producing engine speeds up to 45,000 revolutions per minute. Drivers can spend hours modifying the cars to squeeze just a little more speed -- perhaps a half a mile per hour more -- out of the engines. In fact, making adjustments and changes to the engine are a huge part of the hobby. One of the main components contributing to the car's speed is the tuning pipe. The tuning pipe not only acts as the exhaust pipe, but it also helps to propel the car. The pipe's design sucks out any unspent fuel in the engine, shoots it to the back of the pipe where it becomes vaporized, and then forces part of it back into the engine. The vaporized fuel gives more power to the engine and helps it reach its top speed, but this effect only kicks in after the car reaches 100 miles per hour (160.9 kilometers per hour). With cars regularly achieving speeds well over 100 miles per hour (160.9 kilometers per hour), the tracks they race on have to be specially built to accommodate the tether cars and protect the people watching the races. Tether Car Races Ed Baynes readies a tether car for competition in the moment called "pushing off." The tether itself is faintly visible in the photo, attached to the frame of the car. We already know that the cars can achieve speeds faster than 200 miles per hour (321.9 kilometers per hour) and they pull with a force of up to 91 times their own weight, but how do these cars actually race on a track? Each car has a metal bar attached to the body called the panhandle. The panhandle attaches the car to the steel cable and post in the center of the circular track. Official WMCR racetracks are made of flat concrete and are built in two different sizes. The first size is a 70-foot (21.3-meter) diameter track that provides the cars with six laps for a total distance run of one-fourth of a mile (.4 kilometers). However, the WMRC rulebook states that new tracks should be built at 19.9 meters (65 feet, 3 and 1/2 inches) in diameter and allow 8 laps of running time, equaling 500 meters (.3 miles) total. Races are won by averaging the speed of eight laps compared to the averages of other drivers. The driver decides when his or her car is at its maximum speed, and then the laps are counted from that point forward. Drivers have three minutes to stop the race if they feel their car isn't performing correctly. Each driver is assisted by up to two helpers to start his or her vehicle. To start the car, the driver or a helper pushes it forward with a stick, turning on the fuel switch. Another helper, called the horser, holds the 33-foot (10.1-meter) long steel cable off of the ground until the car is going fast enough to hold the cable up by its own force, which usually occurs around 80 miles per hour (128.7 kilometers per hour). To stop the tether car, a broom is used to knock the fuel switch down, shutting off the fuel to the engine. In the United States, there are only three official tracks still in use. They're located in Whittier Narrows, Calif., Seaford, N.Y., and now there's a portable track located in northern California, too. Protective fences are built around each track due to the extreme top speeds and the tremendous force exerted on the car can cause parts of the vehicle to fly off or break during a race. Although there are only a handful of tether car members and racetracks across the United States, those involved in the sport are committed to this 70-year-old hobby. 210 mph Electric Powered Vector Tether Car Source: Wikipedia - Tether Car | How Tether Car Racing Works
  10. 1 point
    @Kid Boruto shared this with me https://www.pushsquare.com/news/2020/09/final_fantasy_xvi_coming_sooner_than_people_think_reportedly_in_development_for_at_least_4_years No 10 year wait this time!! Lots of people are speculating we'll see it late 2021 or early 2022 Yeah... I'll definitely take that.
  11. 1 point
    What's the Word? - PANTOPHAGOUS pronunciation: [pan-TAH-fə-ɡəs] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Greek, mid-19th century Meaning: 1. Eating all kinds or a great variety of food. 2. Omnivorous. Example: "We promise the wedding reception menu will be pantophagous." "I've always been a pantophagous eater, and I don't have any food aversions." About Pantophagous You might have thought "omnivorous" was a fancy way of saying you eat everything, but we'll give you one level up with "pantophagous." The prefix "panto-" is Greek for "all," and "-phagous" means subsisting on a specific food. All food, that is. Did you Know? To be pantophagous can mean that you have a preference for a variety of foods, but evolution also has something to do with it. If a carnivorous (meat eating) species cannot find enough meat in their environment, they might adapt to eat more vegetation. Being pantophagous usually means that a species has more food security during stressful times.
  12. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - CAVING OR SPELUNKING Spelunking in the Cango Caves. Did you know... that caving – also known as spelunking in the United States and Canada and potholing in the United Kingdom and Ireland – is the recreational pastime of exploring wild cave systems. In contrast, speleology is the scientific study of caves and the cave environment. (Wikipedia) There's just something about a cave. It represents nature's final frontier -- a subterranean universe of mazelike passages, tight crawl spaces, vast chambers, deep crevices, cascading waterfalls, bizarre creatures and extraordinary natural sculptures just waiting to be discovered. Spelunking is the recreational sport of exploring caves, but no one really calls it spelunking anymore. The acceptable term -- and the one we'll use here -- is caving. Caves, like this one in Cueva de Villa Luz, Mexico, offer some amazing views for those willing to take a chance and go inside. Caving, like scuba diving or rock climbing, is as adventurous as you want it to be. There are family-friendly caves you can stroll through on a paved path. And there are others that require hundreds of feet of face-in-the-dirt crawling and rappelling down bottomless shafts. There are thousands of caves in the United States, and more than 100 are open to the public for guided tours and expeditions [source: National Caves Association]. More than 200 U.S. caving clubs offer organized excursions to remote caves, teach advanced caving skills and participate in cave conservation. Humans have been drawn to caves since ancient times. Modern archeologists have found evidence that ancient people viewed caves as sacred locations in which to carry out important religious rites. In prehistoric times, caves were attractive dwellings that offered stable interior temperatures and protection from harsh weather and other humans. In more recent history, caves have served as hiding places for stashed treasure, ideal environments for aging cheese and wine, and excellent natural labs for scientific discovery. All About Caves Caves like this one in coastal Australia are formed over long periods as water eats away at the limestone underground. A cave is any kind of natural, hollow, underground passage or enclosure with an opening to the surface. Caves are most commonly found in what's called a karst landscape, characterized by sinkholes, substantial underground aquifers and active subterranean drainage. Around 20 percent of the United States qualifies as karst [source: National Caves Association]. Caves are formed by four basic processes: The majority of caves are limestone caves. These form when rainwater seeps down through the soil, picking up extra carbon dioxide. The result is a weak acid called carbonic acid. The water collects in underground aquifers where it slowly eats away the limestone. Some limestone caves are also formed by large amounts of running rainwater which carves away at the rock in a process called corrasion, or erosion by abrasion [source: Nova]. Limestone Caves, Baratang Island Only very recently have researchers discovered that microscopic bacteria have helped form some of the most impressive caves in the world. Bacteria called extremeophiles (creatures that thrive in "extreme" or highly toxic conditions) feed off of deep underground oil deposits. After eating a big meal, they expel hydrogen sulfide gas that bubbles up through the groundwater, picking up extra oxygen to become sulfuric acid, a powerful corrosive agent. Other bacteria live in the caves themselves, feeding off hydrogen sulfide to make even more sulfuric acid. Extremophile microbes survive only on energy from formate oxidation Pounding waves eat away at weak points in seaside cliffs forming caves with large overhanging ceilings. Most sea caves are carved from sandstone or limestone. Lava tubes are created when the sides of an active lava flow cool first, forming a crust that slowly merges to cover up the still-liquid center. When all the liquid lava flows out, only the hardened tube is left. If part of the tube ceiling collapses, you have an opening to a lava cave. [source: Nova] Stalactites (the ones that hang down) and stalagmites (the ones that point up) are the best-known examples of speleotherms, also called cave formations. There's an astounding variety of speleotherms, some with oddly descriptive names like fried eggs and bacon. When carbonic acid eats away at limestone, it creates the mineral calcite, which is then carried by rainwater into the cave. When this rainwater drips onto the floor of a cave, it very slowly deposits bits of calcite until a stalagmite is formed. Other speleotherms are formed by calcite being precipitated in brilliant patterns and crystalline formations on cave walls, ceilings and floors. Speleothems There are three different classifications of animals that live in caves: Trogloxenes are temporary visitors that live in and around the entrances to caves. Bats are the most famous trogloxenes, but the list also includes bears, bobcats, raccoons, cave swallows and pack rats. Troglophiles spend most of their lives in caves, but occasionally wander out for food. Examples would be salamanders, crickets, flatworms and different species of spiders and daddy longlegs. Troglobites live their entire lives in the pitch-black depths of dry and sea caves. All are blind and some don't even have eyes. Examples are the Ozark blind salamander, the Tooth Cave spider and Tooth Cave beetle, cave fish and blind shrimp [source: U.S. Geological Survey] Cave conditions vary dramatically depending on how the cave was formed and where it's located. Some caves are wet and muddy; others are dry and dusty. The temperature of a cave is very stable. It's always the average annual temperature of the surface above the cave [source: National Speleological Society]. Click below to learn more about Caving and the equipment needed. Source: Wikipedia - Caving | How Spelunking Works
  13. 1 point
    What's the Word? - BERGAMUT pronunciation: [BER-gə-mot] Part of speech: noun Origin: Italian, late 17th century Meaning: 1. An oily substance extracted from the rind of the fruit of a dwarf variety of the Seville orange tree. It is used in cosmetics and as flavoring in tea. 2. A dessert pear of a rich and sweet variety. Example: "The house tea blend has strong notes of bergamot." "We're serving poached bergamot for dessert." About Bergamut In Northern Italy there's a city and province called Bergamo. But there's also a Turkish word — "begarmudu" — that means "prince's pear." Between the orange extract and the pear, bergamot is likely a mix of these origins. Did you Know? So many versions of bergamot, so little time! A Seville orange tree produces the fruit from which bergamot is extracted for Earl Grey tea. Then there's also a variety of herb in the mint family called bergamot, and finally we have a type of pear called bergamot.
  14. 1 point
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/465760/Scrap_Garden/ Scrap Garden is currently free on Steam. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.MDeeApp.dark_legend_of_war_1917 Dark Legend of War 1945 is currently free on Android. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.waywaystudio.rowrow Row Row is currently free on Android.
  15. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/bundles/3-out-of-10-season-one 3 out of 10: Season One is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/heroes-and-generals-wwii/home Heroes & Generals WWII is now free to play on Epic Games Store. https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/path-of-exile/home Path of Exile: Heist is now free to play on Epic Games Store.
  16. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - JACK-IN-THE-BOX Victorian Wooden Jack-In-The-Box Did you know.... that a jack-in-the-box is a children's toy that outwardly consists of a box with a crank. When the crank is turned, a music box mechanism in the toy plays a melody. After the crank has been turned a sufficient number of times (such as at the end of the melody), there is a "surprise": the lid pops open and a figure, usually a clown or jester, pops out of the box. Some jacks-in-the-box open at random times when cranked, making the startle even more effective. Many of those that use "Pop Goes the Weasel" open at the point in the melody when the word "pop" would be sung. In 2005, the jack-in-the-box was inducted into the American National Toy Hall of Fame, where are displayed all types of versions of the toy, starting from the beginning versions, and ending with the most recently manufactured versions. (Wikipedia) The Jack-in-the-Box has been one of the most enduring toys throughout the centuries. There are many stories and theories circulating about the origin of this classic toy. One is that it was popularized in the 15th and 16th centuries, based on the very popular “Punch” puppet featured in the “Punch and Judy” shows seen in public squares throughout England beginning in the Middle Ages. Early Jack-in-the Box toys resembled the jester Punch, with his white painted face. Another theory is that the name “Jack” was a reference to the devil, referred to as a “jack”. There is a legend in England about a medieval ecclesiastic who claimed to have captured the devil by trapping him a boot. This story may have contributed to the toy’s invention as well, as illustrations were made of him holding a boot with the devil’s head popping out of it. Of course, wind-up toys had been evolving since early Grecian days and there was a revival of this earlier technology with clockmakers beginning in the 13th century. The first documentation of a Jack-in-the-Box toy was of one made in Germany in the early 16th century by a clockmaker as a gift for the son of a local prince. The wooden box had a handle on the side that when cranked, would play music until a “jack”, or devil on a spring was suddenly released. Word spread among the nobles, creating demand for the toy. Technology improved, and by the 1700s, the Jack-in-the-Box had become easier to produce, thus becoming a common toy for people of all ages. The Cockney tune known as “Pop Goes the Weasel” became a frequently used melody in the toy. The Jack-in-the-Box itself became a frequently used image in political cartoons, featuring the face of the latest politician to be lambasted. Out again,Political cartoon,Theodore Roosevelt as jack-in-the-box, fists raised. In the 1930s, the Jack-in-the-Box began to be made out of tin, rather than wood. The exterior of the boxes were stamped with images from nursery rhymes and the “jack” was changed to one of the characters featured in the rhymes. The music was sometimes the tune traditionally sung along to the rhyme. In 1951 restaurateur Robert O. Peterson opened the first Jack in the Box hamburger stand. The top of the building featured a clown head sprouting from a SpeakerBox. In 1980 the company rebranded and the clown’s head became a simple sphere, often sitting atop a human body. The Jack-in-the-Box character continues to be made today and it makes for a great toy for young children, due to the surprise factor associated with it. Of course, many people who are merely young at heart enjoy them, too. Charlie-in-the-Box from Island of Misfit Toys, TV's Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer 1964 Snoopy Jack-in-the-Box Snoopy Peanuts Characters on tin box 1966 Mattel. Source: Wikipedia - Jack-in-the-Box | Classic Toys: Jack-in-the-Box
  17. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/rollercoaster-tycoon-3-complete-edition/home RollerCoaster Tycoon 3: Complete Edition is free on Epic Games Store. https://www.totalwar.com/access-amazons/ A Total War Saga: Troy Amazons DLC is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://store.steampowered.com/app/1414700/The_Imagined_Leviathan/ The Imagined Leviathan is free on Steam.
  18. 1 point
    What's the Word? - MOLESKIN pronunciation: [MOHL-skin] Part of speech: noun Origin: Middle English, 17th century Meaning: 1. The skin of a mole used as fur. 2. A thick, strong cotton fabric with a shaved pile surface Example: "I found a vintage coat lined with moleskin in exactly my size." "I need to buy three yards of moleskin to make my new comforter." About Moleskin While moleskin originally meant the fur from an actual mole, it now applies to a cotton fabric with a soft nap, similar to the animal's fur. It's also used in American English to refer to the soft adhesive fabric you'll put in a new shoe to avoid blisters. Did you Know? Say "moleskin" and people might think you're talking about Moleskine, an Italian stationery company. It produces notebooks, sketchbooks, and various writing accessories favored by writers and creative types across the world.
  19. 1 point
    Yeah, I'll be watching AoT Season 4 whenever the dub begins. Seems like we're getting 4 weekly recap episodes in November:
  20. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - ARBORICULTURE An arborist practicing tree care: using a chainsaw to fell a eucalyptus tree in a park at Kallista, Victoria. Did you know.... that arboriculture is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants. The science of arboriculture studies how these plants grow and respond to cultural practices and to their environment. The practice of arboriculture includes cultural techniques such as selection, planting, training, fertilization, pest and pathogen control, pruning, shaping, and removal. (Wikipedia) The basic principles and objectives of arboriculture are of ancient origin. Early Egyptians transplanted trees with a ball of earth and originated the practice of shaping the soil around a newly planted tree to form a saucer to retain water, both still practiced. About 300 BC the Greek philosopher Theophrastus wrote Peri phytōn historia (“Inquiry into Plants”), in which he discussed transplanting of trees and the treatment of tree wounds. Virgil’s Georgics portrays Roman knowledge of tree culture. The English horticulturist John Evelyn, in his Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest-trees, and the Propagation of Timber (1664), offered advice on pruning, insect control, wound treatment, and transplanting. Trees or plants may be propagated by seeding, grafting, layering, or cutting. In seeding, seeds are usually planted in either a commercial or home nursery in which intensive care can be given for several years until the plants are of a size suitable for transplanting on the desired site. In soil layering, the shoots, or lower branches of the parent plant, are bent to the ground and covered with moist soil of good quality. When roots have developed, which may require a year or more, the branch is severed from the parent and transplanted. In an alternative technique, air layering, the branch is deeply slit and the wound covered by a ball of earth, moss, or similar material. The ball, enclosed in a divided pot supported from underneath, or in a sturdy paper cone, is kept moist. As in soil layering, the branch is severed and transplanted after roots have developed. Root cuttings can be used for propagating trees that do not normally produce roots from stems. Tree species such as willow and poplar that sucker, or send up shoots readily, are usually propagated from stem cuttings. Cuttings are made from deciduous plants during dormancy, preferably from the terminal growing shoots of the current season. Pieces 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 centimetres) long with two or more buds are tied in bundles and stored in damp sand or moss for callus formation before planting in prepared beds. Root formation may be stimulated by application of growth-promoting chemicals or growth hormones. In treating tree-trunk wounds in which large areas of bark are torn away, the bark around the wound is trimmed back to sound tissue and, at the top and bottom of the injury, trimmed to form a pointed ellipse of the wound area. The exposed wood is covered with wound dressing material, protecting it from wood decay fungi. Repairing Damaged Tree Bark Flexible cables (guys) or rigid braces are used to support recently transplanted trees until the roots become established, or to lessen the danger that a tree with a weakened root system will be blown over by the wind; bracing is also used to support unduly long or heavy branches, to prevent splits developing at branch forks, or to permit healing of splits already developed. Cavities in trunks, caused by decay-inducing fungi, may be treated with antiseptic dressing and left open, with drains installed at the bottom, or filled with concrete or other material after removal of the decayed wood. See also graft; pruning; transplant. Fun Facts About Arboriculture The general aim of arboriculture is to cultivate trees for amenity reasons. Arborists recognize these trees as a source of beauty to homes and gardens. The difference between arboriculture and forestry is that arboriculture is concerned with cultivating trees and shrubs to enhance the pleasantness and desirability of a garden. On the other hand, forestry, also known as silviculture, is an art of establishing and managing trees mainly for the production of timber. Forest Ecosystem It is also essential to recognize that both arboriculture and forestry share certain similarities. Both disciplines require specific sets of scientific skills to establish. In addition to this, the two are equally important and there is a need for advocating the importance of planting trees and taking care of the already existing ones. That is why there is a need for professional arborists, especially in urban areas where trees can pose some dangers to people or vehicles passing by. The people behind Maple Leaf recognize these threats and have made the jobs of arborists not only easier, but safer as well by providing them with quality gear that allows them to work more efficiently in an urban community. They believe that there is absolutely no need to cut down a tree way ahead of its time, and that maintenance will be more beneficial not only to the tree but to the community as well. Below are some fun facts about arboriculture: 1. There Are More Tree Species Than There Are Tribes Of The World Surprisingly, it was until 2007 when a world census for trees took place. Yes, trees get counted too! This is to ascertain the tree species that are either near extinction or are already extinct. The research conducted back then revealed that there were more than 600,000 tree species on the face of the earth. The data was compiled both from the field, botanical centers, agricultural centers, and museums. Some tree species have played a crucial role in human development both economically and culturally. Economically in the sense that certain tree species will specifically be used for the production of high-quality timber, ropes, paper, and rubber. You'll bear witness that man can not do without paper and rubber. The databases of ancient trees such as the Old list dates certain species of trees at White Mountains of California as over 4,800 years old! 2. Can Trees Really Communicate With Each Other? The ability to signal each other when there is an attack coming either from insects or from the changes in the environment has for the longest time baffled scientists globally. Trees will use the networks they share when drawing nutrients from the ground to send distress signals about eminent insect attacks, diseases, and drought. When various trees receive these signals, they'll change their behaviors including folding their leaves or shedding them. Arborists and other scientists have established that trees can defend themselves against insect attacks by folding their leaves or by shedding them. 3. Certain Species Of Trees Have Gender Like human beings and other living organisms, there is a need for reproduction. Some trees, such as pine reproduce sexually. The male pine cone secretes pollen grains and sheds on the female pine cones for pollination. The female pine cones then make seeds which will then, on the ground, germinate and grow into adorable pine “babies”! A mature female Coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) cone, the heaviest pine cone. 4. Planting Of Trees and Shrubs Drastically Reduces The Cost Of Energy When you start smart landscaping, you save energy costs. Having trees and shrubs on your property can save you up to 25% of your energy bills. When trees are strategically positioned, they'll provide your home with natural air conditioning thus slashing those air conditioning bills by nearly half and in addition to this, they'll block the winter draft so you don't have to keep your heaters running. In a way, trees care about your economic well being and it's time you gave back by protecting them! 5. Trees And Shrubs Offer Excellent Protection And Add Value To A Property They’ll provide vegetative cover to your property, protecting it from soil erosion, and provide food to insects that would otherwise become a menace in your household. The proper selection, cultivation, and maintenance of trees and shrubs can help to increase the value of your property. They provide shade to your land by preventing excessive heating by the sun’s radiation. 6. Trees Can Be Used as a Compass In the northern hemisphere, the moss plant grows in the temperate climates on the north side of tree trunks. This is the side associated with more shade. You can follow the direction using the shadows to find your way. This is an old wisdom that has been passed from one generation to the other. If your compass is stuck, don't worry, stay calm, and follow the moss! Aren't these facts amazing! You probably didn't know that trees actually cared about your well being, right? For centuries, trees have existed peacefully with mankind but unfortunately, man is almost driving some tree species into extinction. This means that there is a great need to plant more trees and take care of the already existing ones. This will help restore a harmonious balance. Source: Wikipedia - Arboriculture | Britannica - Arboriculture | Fun Facts about Arboriculture
  21. 1 point
    What's the Word? - ARBORIST pronunciation: [AR-bə-rəst] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, mid-18th century Meaning: 1. A tree surgeon. Example: "We need to call an arborist to look at the elm in the backyard." "Talk to an arborist about those dead branches before they fall on the roof." About Arborist The Latin word for tree — "arbor" — has been used to create a variety of tree-like words. Arbor in English means a shady alcove created by trees. Arboriculture means cultivation of trees, and arboretum is a botanical garden devoted entirely to trees. An arborist, a tree surgeon, helps these trees grow strong and healthy. Did you Know? If you have a problem with trees, you're going to want to call an arborist. An arborist, or a tree surgeon, will be able to diagnose a fungus, or pests, or some other thing that only an arborist will be able to identify.
  22. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/rocket-league/home Rocket League is now free to play on Epic Games Store. Add this game to your library to receive a $10 coupon. Players will also receive the Sun Ray Boost and Hot Rocks Trail for free. https://freebies.indiegala.com/unforgiving-trials-the-darkest-crusade/ Unforgiving Trials: The Darkest Crusade is currently free on IndieGala. https://store.steampowered.com/app/346850/Chips_Challenge_1/ Chips Challenge 1 is free on Steam.
  23. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - NOBLE GASES Kripton (Kr) Did you know... that the noble gases (historically also the inert gases; sometimes referred to as aerogens) make up a class of chemical elements with similar properties; under standard conditions, they are all odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with very low chemical reactivity. The six naturally occurring noble gases are helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and the radioactive radon (Rn). Oganesson (Og) is variously predicted to be a noble gas as well or to break the trend due to relativistic effects; its chemistry has not yet been investigated. (Wikipedia) In 1785 Henry Cavendish, an English chemist and physicist, found that air contains a small proportion (slightly less than 1 percent) of a substance that is chemically less active than nitrogen. A century later Lord Rayleigh, an English physicist, isolated from the air a gas that he thought was pure nitrogen, but he found that it was denser than nitrogen that had been prepared by liberating it from its compounds. He reasoned that his aerial nitrogen must contain a small amount of a denser gas. In 1894, Sir William Ramsay, a Scottish chemist, collaborated with Rayleigh in isolating this gas, which proved to be a new element—argon. Apparatus used in the isolation of argon by English physicist Lord Rayleigh and chemist Sir William Ramsay, 1894 After the discovery of argon, and at the instigation of other scientists, in 1895 Ramsay investigated the gas released upon heating the mineral clevite, which was thought to be a source of argon. Instead, the gas was helium, which in 1868 had been detected spectroscopically in the Sun but had not been found on Earth. Ramsay and his coworkers searched for related gases and by fractional distillation of liquid air discovered krypton, neon, and xenon, all in 1898. Radon was first identified in 1900 by German chemist Friedrich E. Dorn; it was established as a member of the noble-gas group in 1904. Rayleigh and Ramsay won Nobel Prizes in 1904 for their work. In 1895 the French chemist Henri Moissan, who discovered elemental fluorine in 1886 and was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1906 for that discovery, failed in an attempt to bring about a reaction between fluorine and argon. This result was significant because fluorine is the most reactive element in the periodic table. In fact, all late 19th- and early 20th-century efforts to prepare chemical compounds of argon failed. The lack of chemical reactivity implied by these failures was of significance in the development of theories of atomic structure. In 1913 the Danish physicist Niels Bohr proposed that the electrons in atoms are arranged in successive shells having characteristic energies and capacities and that the capacities of the shells for electrons determine the numbers of elements in the rows of the periodic table. On the basis of experimental evidence relating chemical properties to electron distributions, it was suggested that in the atoms of the noble gases heavier than helium, the electrons are arranged in these shells in such a way that the outermost shell always contains eight electrons, no matter how many others (in the case of radon, 78 others) are arranged within the inner shells. In a theory of chemical bonding advanced by American chemist Gilbert N. Lewis and German chemist Walther Kossel in 1916, this octet of electrons was taken to be the most stable arrangement for the outermost shell of any atom. Although only the noble-gas atoms possessed this arrangement, it was the condition toward which the atoms of all other elements tended in their chemical bonding. Certain elements satisfied this tendency by either gaining or losing electrons outright, thereby becoming ions; other elements shared electrons, forming stable combinations linked together by covalent bonds. The proportions in which atoms of elements combined to form ionic or covalent compounds (their “valences”) were thus controlled by the behaviour of their outermost electrons, which—for this reason—were called valence electrons. This theory explained the chemical bonding of the reactive elements, as well as the noble gases’ relative inactivity, which came to be regarded as their chief chemical characteristic. Shell atomic modelIn the shell atomic model, electrons occupy different energy levels, or shells. The K and L shells are shown for a neon atom. Screened from the nucleus by intervening electrons, the outer (valence) electrons of the atoms of the heavier noble gases are held less firmly and can be removed (ionized) more easily from the atoms than can the electrons of the lighter noble gases. The energy required for the removal of one electron is called the first ionization energy. In 1962, while working at the University of British Columbia, British chemist Neil Bartlett discovered that platinum hexafluoride would remove an electron from (oxidize) molecular oxygen to form the salt [O2+][PtF6−]. The first ionization energy of xenon is very close to that of oxygen; thus Bartlett thought that a salt of xenon might be formed similarly. In the same year, Bartlett established that it is indeed possible to remove electrons from xenon by chemical means. He showed that the interaction of PtF6 vapour in the presence of xenon gas at room temperature produced a yellow-orange solid compound then formulated as [Xe+][PtF6−]. (This compound is now known to be a mixture of [XeF+][PtF6−], [XeF+] [Pt2F11−], and PtF5.) Shortly after the initial report of this discovery, two other teams of chemists independently prepared and subsequently reported fluorides of xenon—namely, XeF2 and XeF4. These achievements were soon followed by the preparation of other xenon compounds and of the fluorides of radon (1962) and krypton (1963). In 2006, scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, announced that oganesson, the next noble gas, had been made in 2002 and 2005 in a cyclotron. (Most elements with atomic numbers greater than 92—i.e., the transuranium elements—have to be made in particle accelerators.) No physical or chemical properties of oganesson can be directly determined since only a few atoms of oganesson have been produced. General Properties Of The Group Each noble-gas element is situated in the periodic table between an element of the most electronegative group, the halogen elements (Group 17, the atoms of which add electrons to achieve the octet and thereby become negative ions), and an element of the most electropositive group, the alkali metals (Group 1, the atoms of which lose electrons to become positive ions). Several important uses of the noble gases depend on their reluctance to react chemically. Their indifference toward oxygen, for example, confers utter non-flammability upon the noble gases. Although helium is not quite as buoyant as hydrogen, its incombustibility makes it a safer lifting gas for lighter-than-air craft. The noble gases—most often helium and argon, the least expensive—are used to provide chemically unreactive environments for such operations as cutting, welding, and refining of metals such as aluminium (atmospheric oxygen and, in some cases, nitrogen or carbon dioxide would react with the hot metal). The helium-filled balloon Bubble, manned by a scientist researching the rainforest canopy, in the Danum Valley, Sabah, Malay., 2005. The noble gases absorb and emit electromagnetic radiation in a much less complex way than do other substances. This behaviour is used in discharge lamps and fluorescent lighting devices: if any noble gas is confined at low pressure in a glass tube and an electrical discharge is passed through it, the gas will glow. Neon produces the familiar orange-red colour of advertising signs; xenon emits a beautiful blue colour. Noble gases have uses that are derived from their other chemical properties. The very low boiling points and melting points of the noble gases make them useful in the study of matter at extremely low temperatures. The low solubility of helium in fluids leads to its admixture with oxygen for breathing by deep-sea divers: because helium does not dissolve in the blood, it does not form bubbles upon decompression (as nitrogen does, leading to the condition known as decompression sickness, or the bends). Xenon has been used as an anesthetic; although it is costly, it is nonflammable and readily eliminated from the body. Radon is highly radioactive; its only uses have been those that exploit this property (e.g., radiation therapy). (Oganesson is also radioactive, but, since only a few atoms of this element have thus far been observed, its physical and chemical properties cannot be documented.) Only krypton, xenon, and radon are known to form stable compounds. The compounds of these noble gases are powerful oxidizing agents (substances that tend to remove electrons from others) and have potential value as reagents in the synthesis of other chemical compounds. Source: Wikipedia - Noble Gas | Britannica - Noble Gas by Gary J. Schrobilgen
  24. 1 point
    What's the Word? - NEOPHILIA pronunciation: [nee-ə-FIL-ee-ə] Part of speech: noun Origin: American English, late 19th century Meaning: 1. Love of, preference for, or great interest in what is new. 2. A love of novelty. Example: "My neophilia means I always buy the new generation of iPhone as soon as it's released." "I accused my father of neophilia when he brought home yet another smart gadget." About Neophilia The great thing about Ancient Greek is that so many new words can be created from its roots. "Neo" means new and "philia" means fondness. Neophilia, quite simply, is a love or preference for all that is new and trendy. Did you Know? The first documented usage of "neophilia" was in "Political Science Quarterly," an academic journal founded in the late 19th century. Millennial and Gen Z social media influencers are the perfect purveyors of neophilia, or a love of new trends.
  25. 1 point
    These are series/movies I'd definitely say people should check out if they haven't already in alphabetical order: .hack//SIGN 91 Days Angel Beats! Another A Silent Voice Attack on Titan Basilisk Black Lagoon BTOOOM! Children of the Whales Claymore Colorful Cowboy Bebop Darker Than Black Deadman Wonderland Death Note Death Parade Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba Dr. Stone Eden of the East ef ~ a tale of memories Elfen Lied Eureka Seven Expelled from Paradise From The New World Fullmetal Alchemist Gantz Ga-Rei Zero Gargantia on the Verdurous Planet Genshiken Ghost in the Shell GOD EATER Grave of the Fireflies Grimgar: Ashes & Illusions Gundam: 08th MS Team Gungrave Gurren Lagann Hatsukoi Limited Hunter x Hunter Inuyashiki Kanon (2006) Made in Abyss Moribito Ninja Scroll Noragami Now and Then, Here and There Orange Outlaw Star Psycho-Pass Rainbow Re:Zero R.O.D. the TV Rumbling Hearts Rurouni Kenshin: Trust & Betrayal Saga of Tanya the Evil School Days Seraph of the End Shion no Ou Somali and the Forest Spirit Soul Eater Spice & Wolf Spiral Steins;Gate Terror in Resonance The Ancient Magus' Bride The Boy and the Beast The Promised Neverland The Twelve Kingdoms The Vision of Escaflowne Tokyo Magnitude 8.0 Vinland Saga Whisper of the Heart Witch Hunter Robin Wolf Children Xam'd: Lost Memories Your Name. Yuyu Hakusho
  26. 1 point
    Go to the Settings tab, scroll down to Advanced Settings. Then use the Search to find and disable (uncheck) the options which appear: premium alert Special Deals oboom Donate Banner Then simply exit JDownloader and re-open it. Voila!
This leaderboard is set to Mexico City/GMT-05:00
  • Newsletter

    Want to keep up to date with all our latest news and information?
    Sign Up
×
×
  • Create New...