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  1. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - PEPSI Did you know... Pepsi was originally called “Brad's Drink.” Pepsi has been nearly synonymous with cola for more than a century, but it wasn’t always called that. We have pharmacist Caleb Bradham to thank for the bubbly beverage, as well as its original name: Brad's Drink. Believing that his concoction had digestive benefits, Bradham sold it at his pharmacy in New Bern, North Carolina. Brad’s Drink didn’t last long, however — it was renamed Pepsi-Cola in 1898. The new name was partly derived from the word “dyspepsia,” a technical term for indigestion, and was meant to convey the tasty beverage’s supposed medicinal properties. Bradham trademarked the name in 1903, and the company grew exponentially over the next few years, with 240 franchises opening across 24 states by 1910. Pepsi isn’t the only major company to undergo a name change, of course — 7-Eleven used to be known as Tote’m Stores, Nike was founded as Blue Ribbon Sports, and Canon was originally called Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory, among others. Dr. Pepper used to be served warm. Dr. Pepper used to be advertised as a hot holiday drink, a response to declining sales in the winter months. The original ad from the 1960s even came with helpful instructions: Simply warm the beverage in a saucepan until it steams, then pour it over a lemon slice. The result was a “distinctively different hot Dr. Pepper” and “the holiday favorite of the proud crowd,” per the festive commercial. Heating the drink to 180 degrees Fahrenheit eliminated the carbonation, leaving behind a sweet, flat flavor that was especially popular in the South. ( Interesting Facts ) Things You Probably Didn't Know About Pepsi By Andrew LaSane | Apr 12, 2016 From the classic commercials featuring Michael Jackson and Ray Charles, to the long-standing rivalry with Coca Cola, the 120-year-old beverage has become an iconic part of global pop culture and shows no signs of stopping. Here are 11 things that you may not know about the drink that has been hitting the spot for generations of soda drinkers. 1. PEPSI-COLA WAS ONCE CALLED "BRAD'S DRINK." The inventor of Pepsi-Cola was a druggist in North Carolina named Caleb Davis Bradham. In 1893, Bradham began selling “Brad’s Drink” at the soda fountain in his store. The beverage was a mixture of sugar, water, caramel, lemon oil, nutmeg, kola nuts, and a few other ingredients. Five years later, Bradham renamed the drink Pepsi Cola because he believed that it helped to stave off dyspepsia (indigestion). 2. WORLD WAR I COULD HAVE BEEN THE END OF THE COMPANY. The price of sugar increased significantly during the war, and Bradham used the opportunity to buy more of it, thinking that the price would continue to climb and he would be able to sell for a profit. The gamble didn’t work out in his favor, and in 1923 Bradham declared bankruptcy. The company was purchased eight years later by the Loft Candy Company. 3. PEPSI STAYED AFLOAT BY OFFERING MORE COLA FOR LESS MONEY. While competitors were selling 6-ounce bottles for a nickel during the Great Depression, Pepsi began selling 12-ounce bottles for the same price. Their profits doubled. They even had a catchy jingle to make sure that consumers never forgot that their price was right. 4. THE BRAND GAVE SOFIA VERGARA HER FIRST ACTING JOB. The Modern Family star was only 17 when she starred in her first commercial. The 30-second Pepsi ad ran in South America and featured Vergara in a bikini trying to get across the hot sand to a Pepsi cart. Vergara said that the commercial made her famous and that it was one of the reasons why the company approached her to be a spokesperson for Diet Pepsi in 2011. 5. PEPSI WAS THE FIRST SOFT DRINK COMPANY TO USE TWO-LITER BOTTLES. In the 1970s, an inventor named Nathaniel Wyeth developed a bottle made of polyethylene terephthalate, which was lighter than glass, wouldn’t shatter if dropped, and wouldn’t contaminate its contents. By 1976, Pepsi was selling the bigger bottles to thirsty consumers everywhere. 6. THERE WERE PEPSI MASCOTS IN JAPAN. In the 1990s, Pepsi Japan approached Canadian comic book artist Travis Charest to create a character to be used in their television commercials. Charest came up with a faceless superhero named Pepsiman, who ran around bringing the beverage to anyone in need. Pepsiwoman made her debut in a later commercial for Diet Pepsi Twist, and there was even a 1999 video game that involved guiding Pepsiman through obstacles so that he could deliver the carbonated drink to fans. Want to read more of your favorite Pepsi drink? Click the link below Source: Interesting Facts About Pepsi | What You Might Not Know About Pepsi
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    What's the Word: VEDETTE pronunciation: [və-DET] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, 17th century Meaning: 1. (Historical) A mounted sentry positioned beyond an army's outposts to observe the movements of the enemy. 2. A leading star of stage, screen, or television. Example: "Chris Evans and Chris Hemsworth, two of the biggest action movie vedettes at the show, presented an award together." "My grandmother used to read me celebrity gossip magazines like “Allo Vedettes” so we could talk about Quebec’s biggest vedettes." About Vedette “Vedette” is taken from French, where the word was based on the Italian “vedetta,” meaning “lookout” or “patrol.” Did you Know? “Vedette” has seen a swap in meaning since it entered English in the 17th century. In its early forms, “vedette” referred to an advance sentry outside an army’s encampment who kept tabs on the enemy. Instead of referring to those performing surveillance, “vedette” now refers to those people who are watched and seen: celebrities. Though considered outdated in France, “vedette” is still widely used in Canada’s French-speaking province Quebec, where it often celebrates “vedettes de chez nous,” or “major stars of our own.”
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    I guess Prima Doll and Buchigire have, though less in a sense of "AOTY" and more "huh, they have some cool little ideas I'd like to steal for my own setting". We'll ramble about them later this moth, so I don't want to spoil too much. Other then that - the most liked ones are Call of the Night and Summertime Render, at least on a storytelling level. Speaking of: This week, Anti rambles about Call of the Night
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    Fact of the Day - CARICATURISTS Did you know.. A famous caricaturist hid the name of his daughter in his drawings for decades as a game. Some caricaturists, whether in celebrity restaurants or theme parks, face customers who are less than thrilled with their portraits, but to be drawn by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld was considered an honor. Hirschfeld began working with The New York Times in 1929, often drawing the stars of Broadway and Hollywood, but it wasn’t until the birth of his daughter Nina in 1945 that a now-legendary game began. In many of his drawings following her birth, for the Times and other prominent publications, Hirschfeld hid his daughter’s name “in folds of sleeves, tousled hairdos, eyebrows, wrinkles, backgrounds, shoelaces — anywhere to make it difficult, but not too difficult, to find,” Hirschfeld once said. Next to his signature, the artist included the number of times “Nina” appeared throughout the image. This tradition inspired an unofficial puzzle for decades, as readers scanned Hirschfeld’s work to find each and every “Nina” — and this included Hirschfeld himself. According to his foundation’s website, the artist became so accustomed to adding his daughter’s name as part of his artistic process that he often had to go back through the piece and find every hidden “Nina” for himself in order to come up with the total count. Hirschfeld continued this tradition for nearly 60 years, until his death at the age of 99 in 2003. A computer programmer built an algorithm for finding Waldo in “Where’s Waldo?” When it comes to hiding secrets in illustrations, nothing compares to Where’s Waldo? First published in Britain in 1987 under the title Where’s Wally? (it’s still called that in the U.K.), this famous series of books follows the bespectacled and candy cane-colored Waldo through various adventures as he hides among artist Martin Handford’s amazingly detailed illustrations. “As I work my way through a picture, I add Wally when I come to what I feel is a good place to hide him,” Handford once told the publisher Scholastic. Because Waldo’s location is random in all the original 68 illustrations in Handford’s original seven books, any sort of sleuthing strategy seems impossible. Well, almost impossible. In 2015, a doctoral student named Randal Olson from Michigan State University’s High-Performance Computing Center developed a computer algorithm for locating Waldo. By performing a “kernel density estimation” on Waldo’s 68 locations, Olson developed a few simple tips. For example, Waldo never appears in the top left corner, bottom right corner, or near the edges of either page. Then, Olson developed an algorithm for scanning a typical Waldo spread, including step-by-step processes for which parts of the page to scan first. When the algorithm was put to the test, Olson says he spotted Waldo in most spreads in less than 10 seconds. However, some “outlier” illustrations took a bit longer, proving Waldo can still stump both man and machine. ( Interesting Facts ) Secrets of Caricature Artists By Lela Nargi | May 25, 2018 The word caricature likely conjures up images of street artists on boardwalks or outside museums working up quick, humorous sketches of visitors, to the delight or dismay of their subjects. But the exaggerated illustrations of caricature include a lot more than what you see on the boardwalk—and can be more art than kitsch. We spoke to three experts in the field about the subjects caricature artists love and hate to depict, the best way to make their job harder, what they do if you don't like their drawing, and how they can tell when you really don't want to sit for a portrait. 1. THEY WANT YOU TO KNOW IT'S OLDER THAN YOU THINK. Some of the greatest artists in history practiced caricature as a means to develop their skills. Eileen Owens, curator of "Biting Wit and Brazen Folly: British Satirical Prints, 1780s–1830s" at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, says Leonardo da Vinci was one of the first artists to use caricature, in the “grotesque” sketches of unusual faces and heads that populated his notebooks. (His 16th-century biographer, Giorgio Vasari, wrote that Leonardo was “so delighted when he saw curious heads, whether bearded or hairy, that he would follow anyone who had thus attracted his attention for a whole day.”) Many other well-established Renaissance artists dabbled in caricature on the side, as breaks from their rigorous training: "It was a lot more huge noses, big hair, ways to poke fun at faces. You had to be adept at drawing to know how to exaggerate," Owens says. The form gained momentum in late-17th century Italy, when Pier Leone Ghezzi “started making funny little drawings that poked fun at well-to-do Romans and tourists,” according to Owens. From there, it spread to Britain, where it became so popular that publishing companies sprung up for the sole purpose of printing caricatures. Publishers also rented out portfolios of caricatures by the day, and hung prints in their windows, to which crowds flocked to see the latest depictions of a buffoonish Napoleon and laughable upper-crust fashions. Owens says, “This was your chance to keep up with the gossip—kind of like People magazine today.” 2. MANY OF THEM ARE SELF-TAUGHT. Lots of caricature artists learn on the job, in part because there's not a ton of specific training available. Illustrator Tom Richmond, who spoofs movies for MAD Magazine (among other gigs), says, "Only a handful of art schools teach cartooning or caricature as a major part of curriculum, so it's hard to find instruction on how to do it. Caricature is such a specialized sort of thing, and diverse; you can’t teach it like you teach people how to draw comics, where [there's] storytelling technique and sequential art tricks and a science behind it, so to speak." Overall, what Richmond and others strive for is to “translate [your] art skill [into caricature], really lean into it—no matter how you practice.” 3. IT CAN BE GREAT TRAINING FOR OTHER ART FORMS. Richmond says that when he teaches at workshops around the country, he always recommends—no matter what facet of the industry they are interested in—that students try their hand at live drawing, "maybe even volunteer at the local homecoming or draw for free at a daycare center." Having to work quickly with a model in front of you develops a sensitivity to gesture, to how the body leans and how weight is distributed, that's different from the skills you get "shading something for hours," Richmond explains. When you "go back to doing longer pieces, you've got an inner eye that sees things you missed before. It's great discipline for the developing eye." 4. THEY’RE NOT (NECESSARILY) OUT TO MOCK YOU. Caricatures have been defined as "portrait with the volume turned up." But that doesn't mean they have to be mean-spirited. Richmond says, “Caricature is a depiction of someone in a humorous way, but at its best it has a narrative behind it—you’re pointing out something about their presence, not just making fun of their features.” He explains that he’s not examining someone’s face to find a nose or a chin or dimples to blow out of proportion, but "trying to understand who you are as a person and exaggerate that.” "I want to make [clients] smile or laugh," says CeCe Holt, who sketches at events and amusement parks, and is also business manager for the non-profit International Society of Caricature Artists (ISCA). "I never want to make anybody cry." 5. THEY DON’T SWEAT IT WHEN SOMEONE DOESN’T LIKE THEIR LIKENESS … Just because caricaturists strive to capture your essence doesn't mean you're going to like it. People can be in denial about their appearance, with a radically different idea of their weight, for instance, or even whether they have freckles. In Holt’s experience, party guests usually don’t make a fuss about their caricatures, since they haven’t directly paid for them. But when the occasional amusement park patron kicks up a fuss, “I just say I’m sorry and move on to the next person.” Richmond is similarly blasé, pointing out that when a caricaturist is drawing a quick sketch for $15, the occasional bad portrait is bound to sneak in. "Sometimes they refuse to pay, or come back later and want their money back. Live caricature can be hair-raising, which is why I prefer working with art directors." 6. … BUT SOMETIMES CUSTOMERS RETALIATE. Occasionally, customers do try to turn the tables. Ipecacxink, a caricature artist at a Midwest theme park, writes in a Reddit AMA about a boy she accidentally made very upset with her drawing. "I went to lunch right after I did it. Apparently while I was gone, he came back and drew a circle with spikey hair, glasses, and frowny eyebrows and a note that said, 'How do you like someone making fun of you?!' under it. He then placed it on my chair. It was hilarious. I saved it." At Sardi's—the Times Square tourist destination known for its wall of caricatures—some of the celebrities depicted have gotten mad enough to take down their pictures, the restaurant's owner told AMNew York. It used to be that the in-house caricaturist (who's paid in meals instead of money) would hand over unfinished versions to the subjects first, to get the seal of approval, before going on to later exaggerate their features. That's stopped, but these days the caricatures have become less humorous, and more like regular portraits—which helps keep the peace between the restaurant and its famous clientele. Want to read more on caricaturists? Click the link Below Source: Brief Facts About Caricaturists | Secrets of Caricaturist Artists
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    What's the Word: WRITHEN pronunciation: [RITH-ən] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Old English, 14th century Meaning: 1. (Literary) Twisted or contorted out of normal shape or form. 2. (Of antique glass or silver) Having spirally twisted ornamentation. Example: "The glassblower twisted a unique writhen ornamentation on each vase he created." "It must have taken the carpenter weeks to carve this writhen banister." About Writhen The adjective “writhen” is based on the Old English verb “wriþan,” meaning “to twist” or “to wrap up.” Did you Know? “Writhen,” which describes twisted ornamentation, is closely related to the verb “writhe.” But “writhen” existed first, taken directly from an Old English word meaning “to twist,” “to bind,” or “to wrap up.” From it came the verb “to writhe,” which in its early definitions meant “to engulf” or “to tie up.” Over time, “writhe” came to describe a physical twisting or contorting motion, while today “writhen” describes objects designed to appear twisted and contorted, such as art and stemware made from twirled blown glass.
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    Fact of the Day - SAUNAS Did you know... 99% of Finnish people visit a sauna at least once a week. Just as England loves its tea and the Netherlands loves its bicycles, Finland loves its saunas — so much so, in fact, that 99% of Finns visit a sauna at least once a week. There are around 3.3 million saunas in the country of 5.5 million people, and they’re everywhere: homes, offices, even factories and underground mines. There are also Finnish proverbs about saunas, ranging from the egalitarian (“All people are created equal, but nowhere more so than in a sauna”) to the slightly dark (“If a sick person is not cured by tar, spirits, or sauna, then they will die”). The second of these relates to the health benefits of saunas, which were once considered anecdotal but have more recently been backed by data showing that visiting the steamy sites is associated with a reduction in the risk of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and other conditions. Reverence for the sauna is instilled in Finns from a young age, with Jarmo Lehtola of the Finnish Sauna Society explaining that traditionally, “children were taught to behave in a sauna as if they were in church.” Finland’s president even has their own official sauna, and saunas are regular features in Finnish embassies and consulates worldwide, where they have been used in important diplomatic talks. Finland is the happiest country in the world. Since 2012, the World Happiness Report has been published by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, an initiative of the United Nations. In addition to being in the top 10 every year since the beginning, Finland ranked first in the 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022 editions of the report — making it basically the happiest country in the world, at least by this ranking system. Using polling data from Gallup, the report is broken down into six categories: gross domestic product per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make your own life choices, generosity of the general population, and perceptions of corruption levels. Finland scored a 7.821 out of 10 in the most recent edition, and was once again joined near the top of the list by every other Nordic country: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland. The U.S., meanwhile, wasn’t that far down the list — the nation ranked 16th, just below Canada and just above the United Kingdom. The Finnish Sauna Culture BY MINNA | JANUARY 21, 2021 The Finnish sauna culture was added to UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on December 17, 2020. The list includes living cultural heritage practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, and know-how from around the world. It includes such practices as the Turkish coffee ceremony, Beijing opera, and Argentinian tango. The UNESCO Intangible Heritage List describing this new entry into the list includes the nomination document. That document describes the Finnish sauna culture and details the reasons why it should be included in the UNESCO list. So, in this blog post, we won’t go into those reasons or repeat what most people already know. Instead, we present you with 5 facts you may not have known about the Finnish sauna culture. Fact 1: The oldest still operational public sauna in Finland in Tampere Hermanni Lahtinen and his wife Maria Lahtinen established the Rajaportti sauna in 1906. This oldest still operational public sauna in Finland in Pispala, Tampere. At first, women and men bathed together but starting from 1931 onwards they had their separate saunas. Over the years, the sauna has been in the hands of different entrepreneurs. The association that runs the sauna today has been operating it since 1989. At the end of 2019, the association opened an internet archive showing different types of archival material related to the Rajaportti sauna. The archive is a fascinating collection of photographs, videos, and recordings. There are plenty of public saunas operating in different parts of Finland. Here are some public saunas in Helsinki; Forum Sauna in Turku where you can also enjoy cupping (see our next fact below); public saunas in Tampere; Kankaan sauna and Hakalan sauna in Jyväskylä. Hakalan sauna is a members-only sauna but they do accept visits by non-members on occasion; and Koivurannan sauna raft in Oulu. A washer washing a person in Elanto public sauna in Helsinki in 1950. Fact 2: Cupping still practiced in Finland Cupping (kuppaus) therapy is a form of alternative medicine in which heated cups create local suction on the skin. In Finland, the form of cupping that is practiced is so-called wet cupping. This means medicinal bleeding where the cups suck blood from small skin incisions. In the past, cupping was very much associated with Finnish sauna culture. Cupping in its different forms was a widespread therapy method throughout history. In Finland, the first literary sources referring to the practice date from the 15th century. The practitioners were mainly women. Then went from house to house offering their services. Back then, cupping was used to treat different types of pain, high blood pressure, rheumatism, etc. Until the middle of the 20th-century cupping was a wide-spread therapy method for these ailments in Finland. Something of its importance is evident in the way the verb kupata (to cup) has begun to mean other things as well. It can mean to exploit someone for money, to fleece off of somebody. This harks back to the way cupping teases blood out of a person. Kupata can also mean to loiter or to do something very slowly. This, in turn, describes the cupping process which is slow and deliberate. After around the 1950s, the popularity of cupping decreased significantly. But the practice never died completely. These days, there is an association for cupping practitioners in Finland. If you are interested in getting cupping here’s a link to a list of practitioners by area. The Rajaportti sauna archive includes videos about cupping and cupping traditions. It also includes a video of a cupping session. The video is in Finnish without subtitles but it shows one practitioner, Pirjo Kumpulainen, at her work. There is no scientific proof for any healing effects of cupping. Cupping practitioner Hilda Leskinen cupping with cow horns in 1927. Fact 3: Nazis made Finnish sauna known in Central Europe Although sauna-type facilities were common in Central Europe in the past, they had all but disappeared by the end of the 18th century. There, different types of heat treatments had replaced saunas. In Central Europe, Finnish sauna culture started to become known in the early part of the 20th century due to the success of Finnish track athletes. According to the Tuomo Särkikoski, interest in the effects of the Finnish sauna grew especially in Germany around the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The Germans had built a Finnish sauna for the Finnish Olympic athletes in the Döberitz Olympic village. Finnish sauna and Finnish athletes coming out of it even featured in one of Leni Riefenstahl’s movies. The movie premiered in Finland in 1938 and Riefenstahl herself came to the Finnish premier. Nazi propaganda viewed the sauna as an important way to increase the stamina of soldiers. They thought that sauna culture also fitted well with their idea of cleanliness and racial hygiene. Fact 4: A festival celebrating mobile saunas In one of our early blogs, we mentioned that Finland is the promised land of summer festivals. That is true. And there’s at least one festival dedicated solely to saunas. This time mobile saunas.The Mobile Sauna Festival is organized in Teuva Municipality almost every summer. Summer 2020 was a gap year, but they have announced that this year the festival will take place July 24. The participating saunas must be transportable and they have to be big enough for at least one person. The organizers are expecting over 50 mobile saunas from Finland and other countries to join the festivities. The program will include different types of sauna-related competitions. Here you can see pictures of participating saunas from previous years. Fact 5: There is no single Finnish sauna culture Like with so many other things associated with Finland, Finnishness, and Finns there really isn’t a single Finnish sauna culture. Families in different parts of the country have different sauna traditions. Also, sauna culture varies between genders. Practices related to sauna also vary based on where that sauna is located. Those living in apartment buildings with a single communal sauna may have very different practices than those living in one-family homes. For example, although Finns, in general, go to the sauna naked not everyone does that in mixed gender groups. Also, people like very different types of saunas. Some like them hot. Some like them more mellow. The preferred temperature can be anywhere between 65 and 100⁰C. These different preferences are very evident in public saunas where different people have access to the scoop with which to throw water on the sauna stove. So, when you are going to the sauna for the very first time, don’t hesitate to ask what type of sauna-related traditions your hosts have. Source: Sauna Facts | Finnish Sauna Culture
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    What's the Word: PROLEPSIS pronunciation: [pro-LEP-sis] Part of speech: noun Origin: Ancient Greek, 15th century Meaning: 1. The anticipation and answering of possible objections in rhetorical speech. 2. The representation of a thing as existing before it actually does or did so, as in he was a dead man when he entered. Example: "Tyrell expected objections, so he tried to include answers to possible questions in a prolepsis of his proposal to the HOA." "The new biography of Charlie Chaplin begins with his birth, then in a prolepsis, jumps to the height of his fame." About Prolepsi The word entered late Middle English via Latin, from the Greek "prolēpsis," which comes from the word "prolambanein," meaning "anticipate." Did you Know? Many children are masters of prolepsis: For example, a child wishing to stay up past her bedtime might try to head off possible objections by telling her father, “I don’t think we’re doing anything important at school tomorrow, so I don’t need as much sleep,” before making her request. A separate narrative form of prolepsis occurs in fiction. This prolepsis is the flash-forward, as used in Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol.” Ebenezer Scrooge is transported both into the past, as a reminder of how things used to be, and into the future as a warning of how things could be. This second move — jumping from the present into the future — is a prolepsis. The flashback to Christmas Past, by contrast, is called an “analepsis.”
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    Fact of the Day - BEER Did you know... Beer dates back at least 5,000 years. Beer is as old as history — and by some counts, even older. Many experts assert that the emergence of Sumerian cuneiform in the fourth millennium BCE marks the beginning of recorded history. Similarly, the first hard evidence of beer brewing also comes from the Sumerians of Mesopotamia, in a town called Godin Tepe (now part of Iran). In 1992, archaeologists there discovered traces of beer in jar fragments dated around 3500 BCE. However, some scholars suggest that beer is as old as grain agriculture itself — which would put the boozy beverage’s invention at around 10,000 BCE, somewhere in the Fertile Crescent. Strangely (or not), thousands of Sumerian tablets make mention of beer. In fact, it even makes an appearance in the Epic of Gilgamesh, often regarded as the oldest surviving piece of literature. But among all these references, no recipes for this ancient brew were ever recorded. The closest thing to step-by-step instructions is a text known as the Hymn to Ninkasi (aka the goddess of beer). Written around 1800 BCE, this hymn describes the malts, cooked mash, and vats used in the beer-making process. It seems that Sumerian beer had mostly two ingredients: malted barley and beer bread, or bappir, which introduced yeast for fermentation. The beer was then drunk from communal jars, and its sediments were largely filtered out by drinking the concoction from reed straws. In 1989, the Anchor Brewing Company of San Francisco worked with anthropologists to recreate this Sumerian concoction; they deemed their results “drinkable.” Thankfully, beer has undergone significant innovations since its invention thousands of years ago. The “beer before liquor” rule has no scientific basis. “Beer before liquor, never been sicker; liquor before beer, you're in the clear” is an adage of unknown origin claiming that low alcohol-by-volume (ABV) beers are best imbibed at the end of a night of drinking rather than early on. However, no scientific studies support this myth. Once in your stomach, alcohol is absorbed immediately into the bloodstream, so the order in which you drink that alcohol won’t positively or negatively affect your hangover future. The only kernel of truth is in how these drinks affect your decision-making abilities. If you switch to higher ABV beverages (like liquor) late into the evening, your impaired judgment might miscalculate how many drinks you’re actually having. In the end, it doesn’t matter what order you knock ’em back, but other factors can impact your morning hangover — such as smoking history, genetics, and food intake (contrary to popular belief, drinking water won’t save you). At the end of the day, the best advice is to just drink less; experts recommend never drinking more than four drinks in an evening. ( Interesting Facts ) Beer Facts to Make You Sound Smarter at Parties By Lee Breslouer | Published on 4/12/2016 Being able to sound smart at a party is an essential life skill, right there with knowing how to change a tire... or being able to call AAA to change the tire for you. And since we're gonna bet you'll be at a party sometime within the next few days (or perhaps you're currently staring at your phone trying to avoid eye contact with everyone at a party), we wanted to give you some fun things to say when you're standing around drinking beer. Drink in these random fun facts about beer history, brewery names, Oktoberfest, and a whole lot more -- all of which will enable you to sound smarter at parties. The first modern American IPA was Anchor Liberty Ale A single-hopped, dry-hopped West Coast IPA before there was such a thing as West Coast IPAs (remember, this was first released in 1975), Anchor's Liberty Ale still features Cascade hops. Perhaps the only way the beer's changed in the last 40+ years is that it's currently available in cans. And obviously the high watermark in the existence of Liberty Ale is that it was selected as one of America's 25 essential IPAs. Beer cans debuted way back in 1933 Before a guy named Krueger terrorized suburban children (and me) in their dreams, there was a brewery with the same name in Newark, NJ that teamed up with a canning company to package Krueger Special Beer. Sadly, that beer had only a 3.2% ABV, which means it could have been around 7% more delicious. But that's all the law allowed back then. Bless your lucky stars you're alive in 2016. Schlitz invented the brown bottle + tall boys Despite the fact that you're more likely to see Schlitz in a can out in the wild than a bottle, back in 1911, things were different. The Milwaukee-founded brand was the first to block out the sun via a brown bottle, which keeps your beer as fresh as possible until you pour it into a glass. Schlitz also invented the tall boy, likely to ensure that people would have something fun to carry around in tiny paper bags. North Dakota drinks more beer than anyone It seems impossible that Nevada would be out-drank by any other state, considering how much booze is consumed solely in Las Vegas (NV came in seventh place), but if the US had a drinking competition, North Dakota would drink more beer per person than any other state. Each resident drank 43.6 gallons of the stuff in 2013, according to 24/7 Wall Street. New Hampshire and Montana came in second and third place, respectively. 7.3 million liters of beer were served at Oktoberfest The fact that Oktoberfest is held mostly in September is one of those head-scratchers. But one thing that makes perfect sense is that in a little more than two weeks from mid-September to October in 2015, Germans and beer-loving tourists from all over the world drank 7.3 million liters of beer during the Oktoberfest celebrations. And we're sure there's not a direct correlation between all that beer being consumed and 180 missing passports being turned into lost & found at the fest. And a singular wheelchair, CNN found. Smuttynose's sexy-sounding brewery name has a creepy backstory It's not often obvious what your favorite brewery is named after. For example, Dogfish is not named after the sea creature named dogfish. It's a place in ME where founder Sam Calagione spent his summers... and that place was named after the sea creature. But we digress! Smuttynose is named after an island off the NH coast where a double murder happened in the 1870s. Plenty of other brewery names aren't obvious either, so we compiled a bunch of our favorite backstories. Mississippi and Alabama only legalized homebrewing in 2013 Homebrewing is a cornerstone of the craft beer movement in the US. Many homebrewers are encouraged by their success brewing at home, and open up microbreweries. And some of those microbreweries become billion-dollar companies. The outdated laws in MS and AL might explain why this hasn't happened yet in those two states. But that all changed in 2013, thank heavens. Perhaps those states will soon legalize dancing and rock 'n' roll. Every American craft brewery combined employs fewer people than Anheuser-Busch Considering that Anheuser-Busch is a global beer-making conglomerate, it shouldn't be surprising that it employs a ton of people. But what might be surprising is that the craft beer industry in total employs over 121,000, which is still fewer people than just AB, at over 150,000. And that doesn't even include the hundreds of its employees that are horses. Click below on Know Your Beer Fact to learn more beer. Source: Interesting Facts About Beer | Know Your Beer Facts
  9. 1 point
    What's the Word: DEUCEDLY pronunciation: [DOO-sid-lee] Part of speech: adverb Origin: German, 17th century Meaning: 1. Quite; extremely; utterly. Example: "After a few early wins, I had nothing but deucedly bad luck in the casino." "Tyrone didn’t want to miss the concert, but he had a deucedly persistent head cold." About Deucedly “Deucedly” is based on the adjective “deuced,” which is related to the Middle English “dewes” (meaning “two”) and the Latin “duo.” Did you Know? In dice games, a score of two, or “a deuce,” is usually a losing roll. “Deuce” became a synonym for “bad luck” by the end of the Middle Ages. Accordingly, “deuced” is an adjective describing something cursed by bad luck, and “deucedly” began its life as an adverb suggesting the same. Now, it simply describes the extreme intensity of any kind of situation, not limited to negative situations associated with bad luck.
  10. 1 point
    https://store.epicgames.com/en-US/p/fort-triumph Fort Triumph is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://store.epicgames.com/en-US/p/rpg-in-a-box RPG in a Box is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://freeweekend.ubisoft.com/rainbow6-siege/en-US Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege Free Week https://freebies.indiegala.com/vorax-alpha Vorax Alpha is currently free on IndieGala. Follow the first commenter's instructions to download the game. https://freebies.indiegala.com/mumps Mumps is currently free on IndieGala.
  11. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - ABRAHAM LINCOLN Did you know... Abraham Lincoln considered joining the Donner Party expedition. In the spring of 1847, American newspapers printed horrifying reports about an ill-fated group of pioneers who had become trapped in the Sierra Nevada over the winter. With few provisions and facing unbearable cold, nearly half of the group’s 81 members perished before rescue parties could find them, four to five months later. Eventually, the Donner Party’s tragic tale became embedded in American history, but it could have had a much greater impact had a young Illinois lawyer chosen to join the group. In the 1840s, emigrants were itching to go west in search of gold, new beginnings, and a glimpse of the West Coast’s famed beauty. So it wasn’t strange that Abraham Lincoln, then working as a lawyer, helped at least one traveler settle his affairs before beginning the journey. An Irish entrepreneur named James Reed had known Lincoln from their days serving together in the Black Hawk War in 1832. According to the historian Michael Wallis, Reed — a founder of the Donner Party — extended an invitation to the 37-year-old lawyer and his family to join the voyage. Lincoln was likely tempted: He reportedly had a lifelong interest in visiting California. But his wife, Mary Todd, was adamant they should remain in Illinois considering the difficulty of 2,000 miles of wagon travel with a young son and a baby on the way. The Donner Party departed Springfield, Illinois, without the Lincolns on April 15, 1846. Mary Todd was present as the wagons pulled away, waving farewell to an expedition that would go on to face extreme peril. Abraham Lincoln, however, traded his dream of westward travel for political ambitions that took him much further in history when he became the 16th President 15 years later. Abraham Lincoln created the Secret Service. In a strange twist of fate, one of President Abraham Lincoln’s final acts was the creation of the Secret Service. Signed into law on April 14, 1865 — the same day Lincoln was assassinated at Ford’s Theatre — the Secret Service was established as a group of investigators with an entirely different mission than their purpose today. During the 1800s, one-third of all American currency was counterfeit, a problem so staggering that Lincoln created a commission to find a fix. The solution was an investigative squad that could bust the bogus banknote problem, giving way to the first iteration of the Secret Service. The Secret Service initially served under the Department of the Treasury, though officers would occasionally provide security for the President if other law enforcement was unavailable. It would take another President’s assassination — William McKinley’s in 1901 — for Congress to assign the Secret Service to permanent presidential detail, though the department is still responsible for investigating financial crimes and fraud today. ( Interesting Facts ) Things You May Not Know About Abraham Lincoln by CHRISTOPHER KLEIN | UPDATED:MAY 7, 2020 | ORIGINAL:NOV 16, 2012 1. Lincoln is enshrined in the Wrestling Hall of Fame. The Great Emancipator wasn’t quite WWE material, but thanks to his long limbs he was an accomplished wrestler as a young man. Defeated only once in approximately 300 matches, Lincoln reportedly talked a little smack in the ring. According to Carl Sandburg’s biography of Lincoln, Honest Abe once challenged an entire crowd of onlookers after dispatching an opponent: “I’m the big buck of this lick. If any of you want to try it, come on and whet your horns.” There were no takers. Lincoln’s grappling exploits earned him an “Outstanding American” honor in the National Wrestling Hall of Fame. 2. Lincoln created the Secret Service hours before his assassination. On April 14, 1865, Lincoln signed legislation creating the U.S. Secret Service. That evening, he was shot at Ford’s Theatre. Even if the Secret Service had been established earlier, it wouldn’t have saved Lincoln: The original mission of the law enforcement agency was to combat widespread currency counterfeiting. It was not until 1901, after the killing of two other presidents, that the Secret Service was formally assigned to protect the commander-in-chief. The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C, 1865. 3. Grave robbers attempted to steal Lincoln’s corpse. Secret Service did come to Lincoln’s protection, but only in death. In 1876 a gang of Chicago counterfeiters attempted to snatch Lincoln’s body from his tomb, which was protected by just a single padlock, in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois. Their scheme was to hold the corpse for a ransom of $200,000 and obtain the release of the gang’s best counterfeiter from prison. Secret Service agents, however, infiltrated the gang and were lying in wait to disrupt the operation. Lincoln’s body was quickly moved to an unmarked grave and eventually encased in a steel cage and entombed under 10 feet of concrete. 4. John Wilkes Booth’s brother saved the life of Lincoln’s son. A few months before John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln, the president’s oldest son, Robert Todd Lincoln, stood on a train platform in Jersey City, New Jersey. A throng of passengers began to press the young man backwards, and he fell into the open space between the platform and a moving train. Suddenly, a hand reached out and pulled the president’s son to safety by the coat collar. Robert Todd Lincoln immediately recognized his rescuer: famous actor Edwin Booth, brother of John Wilkes. (In another eerie coincidence, on the day of Edwin Booth’s funeral—June 9, 1893—Ford’s Theatre collapsed, killing 22 people.) 5. Lincoln is the only president to have obtained a patent. Benjamin Franklin isn’t the only American political leader who demonstrated an inventive mind. After being aboard a steamboat that ran aground on low shoals and had to unload its cargo, Lincoln, who loved tinkering with machines, designed a method for keeping vessels afloat when traversing shallow waters through the use of empty metal air chambers attached to their sides. For his design, Lincoln obtained Patent No. 6,469 in 1849. 6. Lincoln personally test-fired rifles outside the White House. Lincoln was a hands-on commander-in-chief who, given his passion for gadgetry, was keenly interested in the artillery used by his Union troops during the Civil War. Lincoln attended artillery and cannon tests and met at the White House with inventors demonstrating military prototypes. Although there was a standing order against firing weapons in the District of Columbia, Lincoln even test-fired muskets and repeating rifles on the grassy expanses around the White House, now known as The Ellipse and the National Mall. 7. Lincoln came under enemy fire on a Civil War battlefield. When Confederate troops attacked Washington, D.C., in July 1864, Lincoln visited the front lines at Fort Stevens on two days of the battle, which the Union ultimately won. At one point the gunfire came dangerously close to the president. Legend has it that Colonel Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., a future Supreme Court justice, barked, “Get down, you fool!” Lincoln ducked down from the fort’s parapet and left the battlefield unharmed. Night attack on Fort Stevens, while President Lincoln was there, on July 11, 1864. 8. Lincoln didn’t move to Illinois until he was 21. Illinois may be known as the Land of Lincoln, but it was in Indiana that the 16th president spent his formative years. Lincoln was born in a Kentucky log cabin in 1809, and in 1816 his father, Thomas, moved the family across the Ohio River to a 160-acre plot in southern Indiana. Lincoln did not migrate to Illinois until 1830. 9. Poisoned milk killed Lincoln’s mother. When Abraham was 9 years old in 1818, his mother, Nancy, died of a mysterious “milk sickness” that swept across southern Indiana. It was later learned that the strange disease was due to drinking tainted milk from a cow that had ingested poisonous white snakeroot. 10. Lincoln never slept in the Lincoln Bedroom. When he occupied the White House, the 16th president used the current Lincoln Bedroom as his personal office. It was there that he met with Cabinet members and signed documents, including the Emancipation Proclamation. Source: Facts About Abraham Lincoln | Facts You May Not Know About Abraham Lincoln
  12. 1 point
    What's the Word: SCRUTATOR pronunciation: [skroo-TAY-ter] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, 16th century Meaning: 1. A person who scrutinizes or investigates. Example: "Detective Sherlock Holmes is one of literature’s most famous scrutators." "After the fire in our house, the insurance company sent a scrutator to explore its causes." About Scrutator “Scrutator” is taken from the Latin “scrūtātor,” meaning “searcher” or “examiner.” Did you Know? From Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes to Stieg Larsson’s Lisbeth Salander, fictional scrutators have brought readers along as they investigate, ask questions, and explore various mysteries. TV and movie scrutators have pulled audiences even deeper into their worlds. For example, “Law and Order” detectives Lennie Briscoe and his partner Rey Curtis spent years entertaining viewers as they interviewed witnesses and suspects in nearly every type of business or organization in New York City, from garbage dumps to Wall Street offices to fish markets to daycare centers.
  13. 1 point
    Already completed all 8 gyms, 3 of the Team Star members, and 4 of the Titans. My current team consists of: Pawmot Farigiraf Ceruledge Baxcalibur Tinkaton Lokix Yes, I benched my stater, Quaxly, right after it's final evo. My team level is currently between 52 and 55. Plan to finish off the remaining 2 Team Star members and the final Titan before doing Victory Road. Should be able to knock that out quickly. This game has been a complete cakewalk so far.
  14. 1 point
    Pokémon Scarlet and Pokémon Violet are upcoming role-playing video games developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo and The Pokémon Company for the Nintendo Switch. Announced in February 2022, they are the first installments in the ninth generation of the Pokémon video game series and are set to release in late 2022. Scarlet and Violet are described by The Pokémon Company as open world games, including both urban areas and open wilderness in the game without borders between the two. The game introduces three new starter Pokémon: Sprigatito, Fuecoco, and Quaxly. Various towns blend seamlessly into the wilderness with no borders. You’ll be able to see the Pokémon of this region in the skies, in the seas, in the forests, on the streets—all over! You’ll be able to experience the true joy of the Pokémon series—battling against wild Pokémon in order to catch them—now in an open-world game that players of any age can enjoy.
  15. 1 point
    Episode 3 now has a Steam page listing: https://store.steampowered.com/app/2159170/Light_Fairytale_Episode_3/ and is currently dated for a Q2 2023 release. It was also stated that Episode 03 will likely be longer than 1 & 2 combined.
  16. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - WORLD WIDE WEB Did you know... Few inventions are as indispensable to modern life as the World Wide Web. Created by British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1989, this now-ubiquitous application consists of interconnected hyperlinks that connect information located on servers around the world. After sending a request to a server for a particular webpage, a web browser interprets that information and displays it on computers, tablets, phones, or even watches. Today, there are nearly three times as many connected devices as there are people living on Earth, and the web forms the backbone of human communication and commerce around the globe. These eight fascinating World Wide Web facts show how one of modern life’s most pivotal inventions came to be — and what its future might look like. ( Interesting Facts ) Fast Facts About the World Wide Web By Michele Debczak | March 12, 2019 Though the World Wide Web has only been around for a few decades, it's practically impossible to imagine life without it today. In honor of its 30th birthday—a milestone celebrated by today's Google Doodle—here are some facts about the system that keeps the world connected. 1. The World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. Thirty years ago, CERN computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee proposed an idea for a database of hypertext links that would allow people to send data and communicate across a network. Berners-Lee wasn't looking to transform modern life when he invented the World Wide Web; he had just gotten tired of having to switch computers whenever he needed to access information that wasn't on his main work computer. 2. There's a difference between the internet and the World Wide Web. Though the terms are often used interchangeably, the internet and the World Wide Web are not the same. Many experts peg the start of the internet to September 2, 1969, when a team of computer scientists at UCLA got two computers to send data to each other through a network for the first time. Twenty years later, the World Wide Web made this technology user-friendly and accessible to the public. 3. The world's first website is still online. Many websites from the early days of the Web have gone dark, but the first one is still live. Berners-Lee brought the site online from a lab in the Swiss Alps in 1991. Even though it looks primitive, the site has actually been updated from its original state several times. 4. The first image ever uploaded is very '90s. In 1992, Berners-Lee needed a photo to test out the World Wide Web's new image-hosting capabilities. An IT developer shot a photograph of a comedy band, Les Horribles Cernettes, which was comprised of other CERN employees at the Swiss lab where they worked [PDF]. When the picture was uploaded, it made history as the first image ever shared on the Web. 5. Berners-Lee has mixed feelings about his invention today. Over the past 30 years, Berners-Lee has watched his creation evolve into a force he could have never envisioned. In an open letter published to mark the World Wide Web's 30th birthday, he wrote, "while the web has created opportunity, given marginalized groups a voice, and made our daily lives easier, it has also created opportunity for scammers, given a voice to those who spread hatred, and made all kinds of crime easier to commit." He urged people to fight to minimize the negative consequences of the Web, such as harassment, polarizing discourse, and the spread of misinformation. Source: Facts About the World Wide Web | World Wide Web Facts
  17. 1 point
    What's the Word: ALABASTRINE pronunciation: [al-ə-BAS-trin] Part of speech: adjective Origin: French, 16th century Meaning: 1. Made of or resembling alabaster, in particular in being white or smooth. Example: "The chandelier was made of an alabastrine glass that gently diffused the lights." "The landscape designer commissioned an alabastrine statue to contrast against the red rose bushes." About Alabastrine “Alabastrine” is taken from the French “alabastrin,” which is based on the Latin “alabastrinus,” both meaning “made of alabaster.” Did you Know? Alabaster, a mineral, is known for its distinctive color (or lack thereof): It is creamy white, but translucent enough to refract light so that it appears to glow from within. To compare a substance or color to alabaster, call it “alabastrine.” For example, creamy translucent marble could be described as “alabastrine,” in the same way a pale, smooth gourd might be alabastrine, and in the era of black-and-white films, Greta Garbo and Veronica Lake were known for their alabastrine complexions.
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