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  1. 3 points
    74 pages of discussion... Oh man this thread brings back so many memories of a time when this forum wasn't basically dead. Anyways: Bleach anime is confirmed to be back for the final season. Plus Burn the Witch, created by Tite Kubo as well, which is set in the same universe as Bleach, two years after the end of Bleach timeline-wise, is getting an anime.
  2. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/702150/Project_Mercury/ Project Mercury is currently free on Steam.
  3. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/628950/Nephise_Begins/ Nephise Begins is currently free on Steam.
  4. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - WRITTEN LANGUAGE Did you know... that a written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language by means of a writing system? Written language is an invention in that it must be taught to children, who will pick up spoken language or sign language by exposure even if they are not formally instructed. (Wikipedia) A pangram is a sentence that contains every letter in the language. For example, "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." The term "lynch" is derived from the name of Colonel Charles Lynch (1736-96), a Virginia landowner who began to hold illegal trials in his backyard in 1790. The shortest and oldest word in the English language is "I." The word "oysterhood" means "reclusiveness" or "an overwhelming desire to stay at home." An ambigram is a word that looks the same from various orientations. For example, the word "swims" will be the same even when turned upside down. English is the official language for maritime and aeronautical communications. English is the third most spoken native language in the world. Standard Chinese and Spanish are first and second, respectively. If you wrote out all the numbers (e.g. one, two, three . . . ), you would not use the letter "b" until the word "billion." The longest word in the English language is not "supercalifragilisticexpialidocious." The longest word in the English language is 45 letters long: "Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis." It is the scientific name for a type of lung disease. Almost all of the 100 most frequently used words in English come from Old English. These words include, "a," "the," "and," pronouns, prepositions and conjunctions (from, with, when), and the various forms of the verbs "to have" and "to be." The Oxford English Corpus contains over 2.5 billion words. The Oxford English Corpus is a collection of 21st-century texts and is used to track the way English changes over time. Most average adult English speakers know between 20,000–35,000 words. Words have a lifespan of anywhere between 1,000 and 20,000 years. More commonly used words tend to last longer. Those who read fiction have a larger vocabulary than those who do not. Fiction usually contains a wider range of vocabulary than nonfiction does. More people in the world have learned English as a second language than there are native English speakers. "The English language is nobody's special property. It is the property of the imagination: it is the property of the language itself."- Derek Walcott Shakespeare added 1,700 words to the English language during his lifetime. A new word is created every 98 minutes, which is about 14.7 words a day. In 2018, approximately 1.53 billion people speak English as a primary, auxiliary, or business language. This is about 1 in 7 people on Earth. The letter "e" is the most commonly used letter in the English language. Only one word in all of English has the letters X, Y, and Z in order: Hydroxyzine. This unique word is a type of medicine that prevents sneezing and anxiety. Though not commonly used, the day after tomorrow is called "overmorrow." English is the most commonly used language in the sciences. The 1066 Norman Conquest drastically changed the English language. When the Normans (French) conquered England, they brought with them thousands of French words associated with the church, court systems, and government, such as baron, noble, parliament, governor, banquet. (The Norman Conquest changed the English language forever) English is not the official language of the United States. An anagram is a rearrangement of the letters in a word or phrase to form a different word or phrase. For example, the word "stifle" is an anagram of "itself." The most complex word in the English language is "set." This small word has over 430 definitions and requires a 60,000 word definition that covers 24 pages in the Oxford English Dictionary. There are only five words in the English language that consist of all vowels (aa, ae, ai, oe, and eau). The word "queue" sounds the same even if the last four letters are removed. Before it meant "line," a queue meant the tail of a beast in medieval pictures and designs. The longest common word with all the letters in alphabetical order is "almost." More English words begin with the letter "s" than any other letter. ("It has been estimated that the vocabulary of English includes roughly 1 million words, but this is a very rough estimate.") According to University of Warwick researchers, the top 10 funniest words in the English language are booty, tit, booby, hooter, nitwit, twit, waddle, tinkle, bebop, and egghead. The word "good" has the most synonyms of any other word in the English language, at 380. Yes, there is a word in English meaning "shapely buttocks." That word is "callipygian." It is from the Greek "kallipygos," meaning kallos (beauty) + pyge (buttocks). The longest common word with no vowels is "rhythms." The most commonly misused word in the English language is "ironic." Irony is often confused with sarcasm, coincidence, or paradox. "Rhinorrhea" is the medical term for "runny nose." The first number spelled out that contains an "a" is one thousand. China has more English speakers than the United States. The English words "moose," opossum," "pecan," "raccoon," "skunk," and "squash" originated from the now-extinct language of the Algonquian people. They were a native tribe that lived at the site of the earliest English colony on what is now Roanoke Island in the United States. The opposite of "sparkle" is "darkle." The word “whatever” consistently ranks as the most annoying English word. The language that is most closely related to English is Frisian, a West Germanic language spoken in parts of the Netherlands and Germany. The longest word you can make using only four letters is "senseless." The word "good-bye" is a contraction of "God be with ye." Capitonyms are words which change their meaning if the first letter is capitalized. For example: Turkey (the country) and turkey (the bird). The most commonly used noun in the English language is the word "time." The word "the" is the most commonly used English word overall, followed by "be," "to," "of," "and," "a," "in," "that," "have," and "I." The 25 Most Common Nouns in the English Language 1. time - 2. person - 3. year - 4. way - 5. day 6. thing - 7. man - 8. world - 9. life - 10. hand 11. part - 12. child - 13. eye - 14. woman - 15. place 16. work - 17. week - 18. case - 19. point - 20. government 21. company - 22. number - 23. group - 24. problem - 25. fact Acronyms that have Become Accepted English Words SCUBA - self-contained underwater breathing apparatus SNAFU - situation normal, all fouled up (or a differed "F" word) LASER - light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation RADAR - radio detection and ranging SONAR - sound navigation and ranging MODEM - modulator/demodulator YUPPIE - young urban professional Fun English Contronyms (Words with Contrary Meanings) Word - Contronymic Definition Apology - A statement of contrition for an action, or a defense of one Bill - A payment, or an invoice for payment Bolt - To secure, or to flee Bound - Heading to a destination, or restrained from movement Buckle - To connect, or to break or collapse Cleave - To adhere, or to separate Clip - To fasten, or detach Dust - To add fine particles, or to remove them Fast - Quick, or stuck or made stable Fine - Excellent, or acceptable or good enough Garnish - To furnish, as with food preparation, or to take away, as with wages Left - Remained, or departed Let - Allowed, or hindered Refrain - To desist from doing something, or to repeat Rock - An immobile mass of stone or figuratively similar phenomenon, or a shaking or unsettling movement or action Splice - To join, or to separate Strike - To hit, or to miss in an attempt to hit Trim - To decorate, or to remove excess from Wind up - To end, or to start up Brief History of the English Language Date Event 6000 BC - The English Channel is formed, cutting of the British Isles from mainland Europe. 600 BC - The first languages in the British Isles are Celtic languages, such as Welsh and Scots Gaelic. Words of Celtic origin include bog, clan, glen, pet, slew, slogan, trousers. 55 BC - The Romans invade Britain and introduce Latin. 450 AD - Anglo-Saxons, the first people who spoke the language which over time evolved into English, conquer England. Their language is often called Anglo-Saxon or Old English. Many wordS still exist, such as cow, house, bread, and sword. 475 - The Undley Bracteate medallion is found in Lakenheath in Suffolk, which is the first evidence of written English. 731 - The VenerabLe Bede completes his Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, which is the first text to mention the English language and the English people. 800 - Vikings from Denmark and Norway begin to invade Britain. They leave behind several words in EnglisH, such as "you," "husband," "law," and "anger. 871 - King Alfred of Wessex is the first person to call the language English 1066 - The Normans from France invade England and bring with them an early form of French, which becomes the high-status language in England. 1362 - On October 13, the Chancellor of England opens Parliament with a speech in English rather than French for the first time. 1400 - English begins to supercede French again, and Middle English begins to develop. Chaucer's Canterbury Tales is published. 1476 - The printing press revolutionized society. Interest grows in creating a standard way of writing English. 1520 - William Tyndale translated the New Testament into English, which meant more people could read the Bible themselves. The Catholic Church tortured and burned Tyndale at the stake for his efforts. 1550 - British scholars introduce more Latin and Greek words into English. 1580 - William Shakespeare infuses the English language with his sonnets and plays. He also invents words, which are still used today. 1611 - The King James Bible is published. 1655 - The first newspaper in English, the London Gazette is first published. 1755 - Samuel Johnson published his Dictionary of the English Language, which helps standardize spelling. 1922 - The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins transmission, which dramatically influenced the way English is used and spoken. 2015 - The Oxford English Dictionary honors "emoji" as its Word of the Year. The Ten Most Common Letters in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary Letter Percentage of Words 1. E - 11.1607 2. A - 8.4966 3. R - 7.5809 4. I - 7.5448 5. O - 7.1635 6. T - 6.9509 7. N - 6.6544 8. S - 5.7351 9. L - 5.4893 10. C - 4.5388 The plural of cul-de-sac is culs-de-sac. The word "embox" means to "place something in a box." The chess term “checkmate” is from a 14th-century Arabic phrase, “shah mat," meaning “the king is helpless.” A "blatteroon" is a senseless blabber or boaster. An aptonym (or euonym) is a personal name that is appropriate to their job, such as Liz Potter, Katherine Barber, or Martin Shovel. The ampersand used to be the 27th letter of the alphabet. The synonym for the word synonym is poecilonym. It's from the Greek "poikilos" (various) + "-onym" (name). Source: Bizarre English Language Facts by Karin Lehnardt
  5. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - BANH MI (Banh Mi Bagettes) Did you know... that Bánh mì or banh mi is the Vietnamese word for bread? In Vietnamese cuisine, it also refers to a type of baguette which is often split lengthwise and filled with various savory ingredients as a sandwich and served as a meal. Plain banh mi is also eaten as a staple food. (Wikipedia) For some, the bánh mì sandwich is just breakfast — cheap calories in a tidy little package. For others, it’s emblematic of the death of colonialism, the long overdue repudiation of horrific racism, bigotry and European arrogance. The Vietnamese were told not to change French dishes because they weren’t worthy of eating the same food as their masters — that they were an inferior people because of their simple rice and fish diet. From humble beginnings to global recognition, the history of the bánh mì sandwich is the history of modern Vietnam. Down a tiny cement alley on the outskirts of Ho Chi Minh City, a lady in a colorful áo bà ba — or “pajama suit”, as foreigners call them — waits behind her aluminum food cart with the air of someone who doesn’t laugh all that often. She has everything she needs right in front of her: stacks of baguettes, eggs, pickled veggies, herbs, Maggi sauce, chili flakes, Laughing Cow cream cheese and various meats. When two students in matching white uniforms roll up on an electric scooter, she’s all business. They exchange a couple of words, and fifteen seconds later, she hands them two bánh mì sandwiches, snatching their 10,000 VND (0.44 USD) notes. Nothing extraordinary, just another routine part of life in Vietnam. But it wasn’t always this way. (How many Vietnamese get their breakfast © Aleksandr Shilov/shutterstock) The French Colony of Cochinchina The history of the bánh mì sandwich began, oddly enough, with the spread of Christianity in Asia. From as early as the 17th century, French missionaries were in Vietnam converting people to Catholicism. They were often harassed by local authorities who grew wary of foreign influence, and France, as their sovereign, felt obligated to protect them. Unfortunately for Vietnam, when the Emperor Tự Đức executed two Spanish missionaries in 1857, the French happened to have a military fleet nearby fighting China in the Second Opium War. To punish the Vietnamese, the French attacked Tourane, which is present-day Da Nang. They wanted to force the emperor to allow Catholics to practice their faith, but the emperor refused to accept French demands. The French attacked and held parts of Saigon, but still, the emperor refused to be swayed. When the French military finished with China in 1860, it attacked Vietnam with 70 ships, and over the course of the next two years, they took over all of Saigon and the surrounding area. By 1862, it was the French defining the terms. They felt they were owed substantial payments for their costly war, so they demanded three provinces and free use of trading ports throughout the country. This was the birth of the French Colony of Cochinchina. (French Governor's Palace in Saigon (1875) Original photo by Emile Gsell via Tommy Truong79/Flickr) In those days, it wasn’t feasible to send large amounts of food all the way from France, so the new authorities introduced crops and livestock to Vietnam in order to keep up their European diets — things like coffee, milk and deli meats. But wheat simply refused to grow here. It had to be shipped in, and only the French could afford it. They used this inequality to reinforce their notions of European superiority. The locals weren’t worthy of bread. The Fall of European Colonialism Up until World War I, the Vietnamese diet hadn’t changed much, even with all the new ingredients available. As Simon Stanley describes in this excellent article, when war broke out in Europe, the warehouses of two large German exporters were seized by French troops. When the troops sailed for France to join the war effort, those stores of goods flooded the markets in Saigon — at prices everyone could afford. For the first time, many poor Vietnamese could afford to eat cold cuts, cheeses and baguettes. (French Governor-General of Indochina (1913) © Jean Martin/WikiCommons) The bánh mì sandwich as we know it today only came about after the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Until then, Vietnamese ate bread in much the same way the French had: baguettes with a platter of cold cuts, butter and cheese. After the French left, Vietnamese in the south were free to modify French dishes to include local ingredients. Mayonnaise replaced butter, and veggies replaced the more expensive cold cuts. The bánh mì morphed into a dish everyone could afford. Made in Saigon The bánh mì sandwich was born in Saigon in the late 1950s. When Vietnam split into two countries in 1954, approximately one million northerners fled south. Among them were Mr. and Mrs. Le, credited as the first to create what we now call the bánh mì sandwich. They were the first people to put the ingredients inside the bread so the customers could take it with them. This was long before plastic and styrofoam made everything portable. The bánh mì sandwich revolutionized dining in Saigon — perfect for the hustle of life in the modern world. The family still runs a small restaurant in District 3, called Banh Mi Hoa Ma. Bánh Mì Hòa Mã, 53 Đường Cao Thắng, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Thanks to American wheat shipments and the change to local ingredients, the bánh mì sandwich grew immensely popular. It was — and still is — a cheap meal, rich in both flavor and calories. New food carts and restaurants popped up all over the Republic of Vietnam, which was then the name of South Vietnam. Bakeries opened as well to supply the bread. An entirely new industry grew to supply people with bánh mì sandwiches. (Banh mi food cart with distinctive Saigon lettering © Jean-Marie Hullot/WikiCommons) The Bánh Mì Sandwich Meets the World After the fall of Saigon in 1975, millions of people fled Vietnam. They went to places like San Diego, Houston, Seattle and Paris, which already had an established Vietnamese community. The refugees, though light in possessions, brought with them their skills and rich traditions. Many of them opened small restaurants to serve other Vietnamese, making changes to incorporate local ingredients in their new homes. (One of many American versions © telse/shutterstock) Over time, Americans and Europeans found they enjoyed Vietnamese food as well. Vietnamese entrepreneurs sensed this growing popularity and took advantage of it with food trucks and franchised restaurants. Now, the bánh mì sandwich is everywhere. It’s in American strip malls and restaurants around the world. For most Vietnamese people, though, it still comes from an aluminum food cart on the side of the street — a flaky sandwich to get the day going. The history is interesting, but today’s breakfast is more important. Source: Writer, Matthew Pike
  6. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - TORNADOES Did you know.... that a tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud? (Wikipedia) There are a number of facts about tornadoes. The biggest, the meanest, the longest and of all different kinds. This marvelous yet destructive beauty of nature can be a site to look at but a chilly experience to feel. Many people are so crazy with tornadoes that they want to see it with their own eyes but none of them have been alive to tell the tale. A tornado is nothing but a giant funnel that is a fascinating sight to watch. A violent tornado, however, can leave a mass trail of destruction behind. 1: A tornado is a strong, turbulent column of fast moving air, keeping in contact with the earth’s surface. It is thus like a vertically formed cloud carrying dense water vapors, called the cumulonimbus cloud. The bottom end of the vortex is surrounded by a cloud of dust and debris. 2: Tornadoes are formed from the extremely large thunderstorms called super cells. 3: Tornadoes can be very destructive in nature with their speed ranging from 110mph to 300mph. 4: Tornadoes can last to about 1-2 hours or 4 hours, in extreme cases, and can be as tall as 75 feet. 5: Tornadoes also occasionally occur in south-central and eastern Asia, northern and east-central South America, Africa, North West and South East Europe, West and South East Australia, and New Zealand. Most commonly, tornadoes are observed to occur in the Tornado Alley, ranging from the states of Texas to Iowa, in the United States. Except Antarctica, tornadoes can occur in any place. 6: The most destructive tornado recorded till date was the one Bangladesh on April 26, 1989, which killed approximately 1300 people. 7: Bangladesh has had at least 19 tornadoes in its history killing more than 100,000 people which is almost half of the total toll in the rest of the world. 8: The most record-breaking tornado in history was the Tri-state Tornado, which spiraled through parts of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana on March 18, 1925. It holds records for longest path length (219 miles, 352 km), longest duration (about 3.5 hours), and fastest forward speed for a significant tornado (73 mph, 117 km/h) anywhere on Earth. It has been said that that tornado was an F5, which can be extremely violent and destructive. The letter “F” is used to denote the Fujita Scale, depending on the magnitude of the damage cause by the tornado. F0 being the least amount of damage and F6 being the maximum. 9: The effects causes by tornado can be devastating and the damage caused can be one mile wide and 50 mile long. 10: The sky turns to a characteristic greenish color when a tornado is on the rising. . For the detection of tornadoes, a Pulse-Doppler radar is used which collects data based on the velocity and reflectivity of the air of the surroundings. Effects like debris balls and hook echoes are observed 11: Like anything else on this planet, everything that takes birth, must die, even the tornadoes have a definite lifecycle. They last up to 1-2 hours. The down pouring rainfall drags a rapidly descending region of air which is known as the rear flank downdraft (RFD). It drags the super cell’s Meso cyclone (area of organized rotation) to the ground with it. This RFD, when becomes cool, chokes the tornado, stopping its power source of warm air and finally dissipates the vortex. 12: The tornadoes can be of different shapes and structures. They can be either a multiple vortex tornado, or a watersoupt tornado (tornadoes occurring over a water body). Their sizes differ too. Some are rope like, thin and long, and others can be spiral and wide. 13: A tornado normally appears transparent until it picks dust and mud from the ground. 14: There are many myths and misconceptions about tornadoes too. Some believe that areas near rivers, lakes and mountains are safe from tornadoes. But the fact is that tornadoes can occur almost anywhere. 15: In the late 1980s, a tornado swept through Yellowstone leaving a path of destruction up and down a 10,000-foot mountain. It is also believed that the low pressure in a tornado causes buildings to “explode” as the tornado passes overhead. But the fact remains that, rapid winds traveling at a speed of more 200mph and the debris slams into the buildings causing most structural damage. 16. Most tornadoes spin in the cyclonic direction while some rotate in the anticyclonic direction. 17: Cyclonic is counterclockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in Southern Hemisphere. Similarly, anticyclonic is a high pressure or ridge circulation in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere. 18: Most tornadoes travel few miles before they exhaust themselves. 19: Areas which are prone to tornadoes have basement shelters. 20: Tornadoes are the fastest winds on the earth and can be and their rapid rotation often form a visible funnel of condensed water. 21: Tornadoes can be formed any time throughout the year but a major number of tornadoes are formed during late April to May. 22: In the northern parts of USA, the peak session for tornadoes is much later. This is because it takes longer to warm the northern parts of the plains and hence the tornadoes form later. 23: Tornadoes can be detected through weather radar and give advanced warning. 24: Waterspouts are tornadoes that form over a body of water. 25: The United States averages around 1200 tornadoes each year. 26: During a tornado, basement and other underground areas are safest place to hideout. 27: Tornadoes are a work of creation and should always be stir-cleared away from as you never know how damaging the consequences can be. 28: Tornadoes are sometimes called Twisters. 29: Only 2% of all tornadoes are labeled as “violent tornadoes” that can last over an hour.
  7. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - THE EIFFEL TOWER Did you know... that the Eiffel Tower is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France? It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. (Wikipedia) The Eiffel Tower, one of the most visited attractions in Paris - nay, the world - welcoming almost seven million visitors per year, opened 129 years ago today. Read on for some very fascinating facts. 1. Completed on March 31, 1889, the tower was the world’s tallest man-made structure for 41 years until the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York in 1930. 2. It is 324 metres tall (including antennas) and weighs 10,100 tonnes. 3. It was the tallest structure in France until the construction of a military transmitter in the town of Saissac in 1973. The Millau Viaduct, completed in 2004, is also taller, at 343 metres. 4. It is possible to climb to the top, but there are 1,665 steps. Most people take the lift. 5. The lifts travel a combined distance of 103,000 km a year – two and a half times the circumference of the Earth. 6. Victor Lustig, a con artist, "sold" the tower for scrap metal on two separate occasions. 7. During cold weather the tower shrinks by about six inches. 8. Gustave Eiffel, the engineer and architect behind the tower, was also involved in a disastrous attempt by the French to build a canal in Panama, and his reputation was badly damaged by the failure of the venture. 9. Eiffel also designed interior elements of the Statue of Liberty. 10. He died while listening to Beethoven's 5th symphony. 11. Since its opening more than 250 million people have visited the tower. 12. Today the tower welcomes almost 7 million people a year, making it the most visited paid-for monument in the world. 13. Its construction took two years, two months and five days - 180 years fewer than Paris's other great attraction, Notre Dame. 14. During the German occupation, the tower's lift cables were cut, and the tower closed to the public. Nazi soldiers then attempted to attach a swastika to the top, but it was so large it blew away and had to be replaced with a smaller one. 15. In 1944, as the Allies approached Paris, Hitler ordered Dietrich von Choltitz, the military governor of Paris, to demolish the tower, along with other parts of the city. The general refused. 16. Repainting the tower, which happens every seven years, requires 60 tonnes of paint. 17. The tower was the main exhibit at the 1889 Exposition Universelle (World’s Fair), held to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution. 18. One attendee at the 1889 World's Fair was Sir John Bickerstaffe, Mayor of Blackpool. So impressed was he at the new attraction, he has a similar tower built on the English seafront.19. The tower appears in the 1985 Bond film A View to a Kill. There is a scene in the Jules Verne restaurant, and a fight in the stairway. 20. Semolina Pilchard climbs the Eiffel Tower in the Beatles song I Am the Walrus. 21. There are a number of other replicas around the world, including one in Las Vegas and one at the Window of the World theme park in Shenzhen, China. 22. The tower played a part in the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne, in 1914. One of its transmitters jammed German radio communications, hindering their advance. 23. It was originally intended to stand for 20 years before being dismantled, but its use as a wireless telegraph transmitter (in cases such as the one above) meant it was allowed to stay. 24. French car manufacturer Citroen used the tower as a giant billboard between 1925 and 1934 – the company name was emblazoned on the tower using a quarter of a million light bulbs – and was recorded as the world’s biggest advertisement by the Guinness Book of Records. The world's 10 most visited cities Annual arrivals (millions) Hong Kong - 26.6 Bangkok - 21.2 London - 19.2 Singapore - 16.6 Macau - 15.4 Dubai - 14.9 Paris - 14.4 New York - 12.7 Shenzhen - 12.6 Kuala Lumpur - 12.3 25. In 2008 a woman with an objects fetish married the Eiffel Tower, changing her name to Erika La Tour Eiffel in honour of her ‘partner’. 26. The tower comprises 18,000 metallic parts, joined together by 2.5 million rivets. 27. To mark the 125th anniversary of the Eiffel Tower’s completion the British Virgin Islands launched a special tower-shaped $10 coin. 28. A number of aviators have flown an aircraft under the arches of the tower. In 1926 Leon Collet was killed after a failed attempt. 29. The tower sways around six to seven centimetres (2-3 inches) in the wind. 30. Gustave Eiffel kept a small apartment of the third floor for entertaining friends. It is now open to the public. 31. The Eiffel Tower and Margaret Thatcher share the same nickname - La Dame de Fer ("The Iron Lady"). 10 reasons you should visit Paris. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/france/paris/articles/paris-reasons-to-visit-2018/ 32. In 1960 Charles de Gaulle proposed temporarily dismantling the tower and sending it to Montreal for Expo 67. The plan was rejected. 33. The names of 72 engineers, scientists and mathematicians are engraved on the side of the tower, each of whom contributed to its construction. 34. In the computer game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, the tower is toppled by an airstrike. 35. There are 20,000 light bulbs used on the Eiffel Tower to make it sparkle every night. 36. Ever wanted to build your own Eiffel Tower? There's a LEGO set for that - number 10181 (it contains 3,428 bricks). 37. It costs €19 to take the lift to the top. 38. The majority of visitors (10.4%) are French, following by Italy and Spain (8.1% each), USA (7.9%), Britain (7.4%), Germany (5.8%) and Brazil (5.5%). 39. In 1905 a local newspaper organised a stair climbing championship at the tower. A M.Forestier won, taking three minutes and 12 seconds to reach the second level. 40. Pierre Labric cycled down the stairs of the tower in 1923. He won a bet, but was arrested by local police.
  8. 2 points
    https://store.na.square-enix-games.com/en_US/product/604614/tomb-raider-game-of-the-year-steam Tomb Raider: Game of the Year Edition is currently free on Steam. Go to the link above to get the complete version with all DLC. https://store.steampowered.com/app/289690/LARA_CROFT_AND_THE_TEMPLE_OF_OSIRIS/ Lara Croft and the Temple of Osiris is currently free on Steam. https://store.steampowered.com/app/797410/Headsnatchers/ Headsnatchers is currently free on Steam. https://store.steampowered.com/app/442070/Drawful_2/ Drawful 2 is currently free on Steam. https://www.gog.com/game/mable_the_wood Mable & The Wood is currently free on GOG.
  9. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ENGLISH VOCABULARY Did you know... that the English language is kinda nuts, isn’t it? After being built up, mish-mashed, and altered over so many years, we now have this giant and wonderful hodgepodge of words to choose from when forming sentences. It makes writing nerds super happy (or is it elated … maybe ecstatic? No, definitely delighted!), and the best part is that we’re not even close to being done with all the additions and changes. Though, we could probably do without “LOL” in the dictionary. The word “chicken” has been used to describe cowards since the 14th century, but it didn’t become popular slang in American culture until the 1940’s. Just 10 years after that, in 1953, kids started playing the game “chicken” to test the courage of their peers. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) “Porpoise” (you know, those adorable dolphin-esque sea mammals) literally means “pork-fish.” n Hollywood’s early days, people regularly threw custard pies at comedy sketches. Those pies were called “magoos.” (And yes, I included this because it kind of sounds like Magoosh.) The shortest “-ology” is oology, which is the study of birds’ eggs. Egg collecting became popular in the 1800s before the invention of binoculars made it easier to study birds. Serious collectors were notoriously obsessive about obtaining rare bird eggs. For example, in 1872, Charles Bendire, a U.S. Army soldier and noted oologist, was willing to have his teeth broken to retrieve a rare hawk’s egg that got stuck in his mouth. (Apparently he put it there for safe keeping while he climbed back down the tree.) “Abracadabra” has an adjective form! It’s “abracadabrant” and, according to the Learn English Network, it describes anything that seems to have happened by magic. A “rounce-robble-hobble” was the nickname given to thunderclaps in Elizabethan English. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The name Rebecca can also be used as a verb to mean “demolish a gate.” If you have any friends named Rebecca, this is your cue to go tell her not to Rebecca. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The words “bookkeeper” and “bookkeeping” are the only words in the English language that has three consecutive double letters without needing a hyphen. Any number with a series of repeating digits, like 7777, is called a “repdigit.” Makes total sense, actually. “Pangram” = a sentence that contains all 26 letters of the English alphabet. Here’s one: “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.” There are 10 words hidden inside the word “therein” — you don’t even need to rearrange it to find them! They are: the, there, he, in, rein, her, here, ere, therein, herein. A 672-sided shape is called a “hexahectaheptacontakaidigon.” No thanks, not even going to try to pronounce that. Never tell your significant other that they look “erinaceous” because it means they look like a hedgehog. Unless they think hedgehogs are cute, in which case, go for it. Speaking of significant others, the Old English name for honeymoon is “flitterwochen,” which means “fleeting weeks.” Can we start using this one again? The letter E makes up 11% of the entire English language. “Uhtceare” (pronounced oot-kay-are-a) is a noun describing the act of waking up before dawn, but being so worried about something that you can’t go back to sleep. Some of our students may recognize this feeling as the one they experienced the night before the big test. A “squib” means, technically, “a type of small explosive” or “the head of an asparagus” (big jump, I know). But if you’re like me, you’re thinking, “No, a squib is someone born into a wizarding family but doesn’t have any magic powers … like Filch.” Thanks, Harry Potter. If you’re not like me, the last two sentences never happened. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The word “eyeball” was invented by Shakespeare, along with hobnob, skim milk, and luggage. The word “selfie” was the Oxford Dictionary’s Word of the Year in 2013 because the use of the term increased 17,000% from 2012 to 2013. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) And finally, my favorite: To “snirtle” is to try and suppress a laugh. It’s classified as any suppressed laugh that’s a just bit shorter than a snicker or a snigger. I’m going to use this all the time. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) Source: Maizie on Magoosh
  10. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ST. PATRICK DAY Did you know... that Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick, is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick, the foremost patron saint of Ireland? (Wikipedia) Every March 17, countries around the world celebrate St. Patrick’s Day in observance of the death of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland credited for bringing Christianity to the country. Initially a religious feast day in the 17th century, St. Patrick’s Day has evolved into a day of celebrating Irish culture with parades, music, dancing, special foods, and of course, a lot of green. In honor of St. Patrick’s Day, here are a few interesting St. Patrick’s Day facts! Saint Patrick didn’t wear green. His color was “Saint Patrick’s blue.” The color green became associated with St. Patrick’s Day after it was linked to the Irish independence movement in the late 18th century. Despite his Irish notoriety, Saint Patrick was British. He was born to Roman parents in Scotland or Wales in the late fourth century. According to Irish legend, Saint Patrick used the shamrock as a metaphor for the Holy Trinity when he was first introducing Christianity to Ireland. Saint Patrick is credited for driving the snakes out of Ireland, but according to the fossil record, Ireland has never been home to snakes as it was too cold to host reptiles during the Ice Age. The surrounding seas have kept snakes out since. There isn’t any corn in the traditional St. Patrick’s Day meal of corned beef and cabbage. The name is a reference to the large grains of salt historically used to cure meats, which were also known as “corns.” Saint Patrick was born “Maewyn Succat” but changed his name to “Patricius” after becoming a priest. Irish immigrants began observing St. Patrick’s Day in Boston in 1737 and the first St. Patrick’s Day parade in America was held in New York City in 1766. In Chicago, the Plumbers Local 110 union dyes the river Kelly green. The dye lasts for around five hours. On or around St. Patrick’s Day, the Irish taoiseach, or prime minister, presents the U.S. president with a crystal bowl of live shamrocks as a symbol of the close ties between the two countries. While St. Patrick’s Day is now associated with wearing green, parades (when they're not canceled) and beer, the holiday is grounded in history that dates back more than 1,500 years. The earliest known celebration was held on March 17, 1631, marking the anniversary of the death of St. Patrick in the 5th century. Learn more about the holiday’s history and how it evolved into the event it is today. 1. The Real St. Patrick Was Born in Britain St. Patrick (Aleroy4/Getty Images) Much of what is known about St. Patrick's life has been interwoven with folklore and legend. Historians generally believe that St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, was born in Britain (not Ireland) near the end of the 4th century. At age 16 he was kidnapped by Irish raiders and sold as a slave to a Celtic priest in Northern Ireland. After toiling for six years as a shepherd, he escaped back to Britain. He eventually returned to Ireland as a Christian missionary. 2. There Were No Snakes Around for St. Patrick to Banish from Ireland St. Patrick depicted with his foot on a snake. (Archive Photos/Getty Images) Among the legends associated with St. Patrick is that he stood atop an Irish hillside and banished snakes from Ireland—prompting all serpents to slither away into the sea. In fact, research suggests snakes never occupied the Emerald Isle in the first place. There are no signs of snakes in the country’s fossil record. And water has surrounded Ireland since the last glacial period. Before that, the region was covered in ice and would have been too cold for the reptiles. 3. Leprechauns Are Likely Based on Celtic Fairies Leprechauns are known as mischievous Irish fairies. (CSA-Archive/Getty Images) The red-haired, green-clothed Leprechaun is commonly associated with St. Patrick’s Day. The original Irish name for these figures of folklore is “lobaircin,” meaning “small-bodied fellow.” Belief in leprechauns likely stems from Celtic belief in fairies— tiny men and women who could use their magical powers to serve good or evil. In Celtic folktales, leprechauns were cranky souls, responsible for mending the shoes of the other fairies. 4. The Shamrock Was Considered a Sacred Plant Three-leaf clovers symbolize spring. (Marco Dubrick/EyeEm/Getty Images) The shamrock, a three-leaf clover, has been associated with Ireland for centuries. It was called the “seamroy” by the Celts and was considered a sacred plant that symbolized the arrival of spring. According to legend, St. Patrick used the plant as a visual guide when explaining the Holy Trinity. By the 17th century, the shamrock had become a symbol of emerging Irish nationalism. 5. The First St. Patrick’s Day Parade Was Held in America Men march in the 1895 Saint Patrick's Day Parade in New York City. (Museum of the City of New York/Byron Collection/Getty Images) While people in Ireland had celebrated St. Patrick since the 1600s, the tradition of a St. Patrick’s Day parade began in America and actually predates the founding of the United States. Records show that a St. Patrick’s Day parade was held on March 17, 1601 in a Spanish colony in what is now St. Augustine, Florida. The parade, and a St. Patrick’s Day celebration a year earlier were organized by the Spanish Colony's Irish vicar Ricardo Artur. More than a century later, homesick Irish soldiers serving in the English military marched in Boston in 1737 and in New York City on March 17. Enthusiasm for the St. Patrick’s Day parades in New York City, Boston and other early American cities only grew from there. In 2020, parades throughout the country, including in New York City and Boston were canceled or postponed for the first time in decades due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus. 6. The Irish Were Once Scorned in America While Irish Americans are now proud to showcase their heritage, the Irish were not always celebrated by fellow Americans. Beginning in 1845, a devastating potato blight caused widespread hunger throughout Ireland. While approximately 1 million perished, another 2 million abandoned their land in the largest-single population movement of the 19th century. Most of the exiles—nearly a quarter of the Irish nation—came to the shores of the United States. Once they arrived, the Irish refugees were looked down upon as disease-ridden, unskilled and a drain on welfare budgets. 7. Corned Beef and Cabbage Was an American Innovation Corned Beef and cabbage. (Bhofack2/Getty Images) The meal that became a St. Patrick’s Day staple across the country—corned beef and cabbage—was an American innovation. While ham and cabbage were eaten in Ireland, corned beef offered a cheaper substitute for impoverished immigrants. Irish-Americans living in the slums of lower Manhattan in the late 19th century and early 20th, purchased leftover corned beef from ships returning from the tea trade in China. The Irish would boil the beef three times—the last time with cabbage—to remove some of the brine.
  11. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - IDES OF MARCH Did you know... that the Ides of March was a day in the Roman calendar that corresponds to 15 March? It was marked by several religious observances and was notable for the Romans as a deadline for settling debts. In 44 BC, it became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar which made the Ides of March a turning point in Roman history. While it's true that William Shakespeare wrote the play Julius Caesar and the famous line "Beware the Ides of March," Shakespeare did not come up with the concept of the "Ides of March." The Ides were actually established long before Shakespeare ever wrote his play. The phrase actually refers to the date of March 15 on the Roman calendar. In the Roman calendar, the days are labeled based on what day of the month it is in correspondence with the cycle of the moon. In the ancient Roman calendar, the first day of the month, which signifies the start of the month and begins with the new moon cycle, was always called the "Calends." The "Nones" happened on the half moon on either the fifth or seventh day of the month depending on the month, according to Time and Date. The "Ides" marked the 15th day in the months of March, May, July and October. In all of the other months, the Ides fell on the 13th day, supposedly when the full moon occurred. Death of Julius Caesar This piece of art shows the aftermath of the murder of Gaius Julius Caesar on March 15, 44 B.C. otherwise known as the Ides of March. EDWARD GOOCH/GETTY IMAGES Thus, the phrase "Beware the Ides of March," simply means to beware of March 15. While It wasn't until after Shakespeare wrote the phrase in his play that it became a popular one, there are some historical events that occurred on March 15 that make the day significant. The most well-known event that happened on the Ides of March was the murder Julius Caesar by his own senators. The story goes that despite several bad omens prior to and on March 15, 44 B.C. Caesar decided to go to a meeting of the Senate anyway. There, a plan was put in motion by multiple senators to assassinate the ruler and he was stabbed repeatedly until he died. When Shakespeare wrote his play on Caesar more than a thousand years later the warning from a soothsayer, or fortune teller, he included was "Beware the Ides of March." Thus that phrase, as well as "Et tu, Brute?" became well associated with Caesar as a historical figure as well as a theatrical one. The Ides Is Not Always On The 15th Of The Month In the Roman calendar, there were three component parts of every month: the Kalendae or Kalends was the first of the month, the Nonae which came nine days before the Ides and the Idus. The Ides of March, May, July and October fall on the 15th, and on every other month they were on the 13th. Thus in April, the Ides will fall on the 13th. Romans counted inclusively, so the Nones could be on the 7th or the 5th. The Pre-Julian Republican calendar as preserved in a reconstruction of the Fasti Antiates Maiores with the Ides of March underlined. Painted calendar from the beginning of the 1st century BCE. The original is now in Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano (Palazzo Massimo). Image via Wikimedia. IMAGE VIA WIKIMEDIA AND IS IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. Julius Caesar Was Not Stabbed In The Main Roman Senate House In The Forum When you walk through the Roman Forum today, the main Curia (Senate House) is distinctive as one of the most imposing structures within it. Diocletian later rebuilt this version of the senate house, called the Curia Julia. However, the Curia Julia was not finished by the Ides of March in 44 BCE; it wouldn't be completed until the reign of Augustus. Many tourists point it out as the place where Caesar was stabbed, but this event actually happened in a small area near the Circus Flaminius and the Tiber called the Curia Pompeia, within the Theater of Pompey's complex. Meetings of the senate were not always held in the main senate house in the forum. The legal and religious stipulation was simply that the senate meet in a consecrated space and thus there were a number of curiae within the city of Rome. Photo of the Curia Julia in the Roman Forum, as reconstructed by Diocletian in the 3rd century CE and then later added onto by Theodoric. In the early middle ages, it was turned into a consecrated Church, which preserved the structure quite well until Mussolini rebuilt it in the early 20th century as a symbol of his Roman renaissance. PHOTO BY SARAH E. BOND The Place Where Caesar Was Stabbed Is Now A Cat Sanctuary The place where we believe Caesar was stabbed is now populated by a number of cats. Torre Argentina is a sunken area not far from the Pantheon, and many stop to look at the gatti that inhabit the space. Last time I was there, I counted 23 cats in this small area, but I am told there are around 150. You can now "adopt" one of these sacred cats that walk around the ruins. A group of dedicated Romans provide them with healthcare, love and food every day. Cats chill in Largo di Torre Argentina in Rome. You can even do a distant adoption of these cats through the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary foundation. IMAGE VIA WIKIMEDIA UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION-SHARE ALIKE 3.0 UNPORTED LICENSE. They Often Do Recreations Of Caesar Being Stabbed Every March 15 You can tune in today and watch Roman archaeologist Darius Arya walk around the site where we think Caesar was killed by his assassins. At 9:00 a.m. and then 10:30 a.m. (Eastern), Dr. Arya will be Periscoping the experience and live-streaming it on YouTube. Caesar Was Probably Killed Around 1 p.m. This is a timetable of the events leading up to Caesar's death and tried to reconstruct it hour-by-hour. According to the ancient sources, Caesar died near the 7th hour of the day, perhaps around 1 p.m. An hour-by-hour reconstruction of the death of Caesar on the Ides of March, 44 BCE. GRAPHIC IS BY SARAH E. BOND
  12. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - WAR DOGS Did you know... that dogs in warfare have a very long history starting in ancient times. From being trained in combat, to their use as scouts, sentries and trackers, their uses have been varied and some continue to exist in modern military usage? (Wikipedia) Military working dogs (MWD) stand side by side with their handlers in more ways than one. They do an important job to help keep soldiers and civilians from harm’s way. Long History in Combat The earliest recorded use of dogs in times of war dates back to around 600 BC. War dogs were used extensively by the Romans, Greeks and Egyptians. Beginning with the Revolutionary, canines have been in every major conflict in a variety of roles, but weren’t officially recognized as military dogs until World War II where they were used to carry messages, as sentries, scouts and assault or detection dogs. Today, MWD are trained to do a wide variety of specialized tasks. Military Working Dog Breeds When the military began training dogs during WWII, they used more than 30 different breeds. However, over the years the list of acceptable breeds has been reduced to just a handful – the German Shepherd, Dutch Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, and Retrievers. The German Shepherd is preferred because of specific and consistent traits that includes moderately aggressive behavior, easy to train, dependable, predictable, intelligent and adaptable to most climates. In 1941, British advertisements began targeting local dog owners asking them to loan their dogs to fight for their country. Would you loan your dog? About 3,300 people across the world did! A group of civilians came together on the belief that their sled dogs could effectively serve the army in a variety of functions. Together, they formed a coalition called Dogs for Defense. This group was created in 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor. They would become the primary training force for sentry dogs. The U.S. Army was involved in the development of this organization and encouraged dog owners across the country to donate their dogs for training. The most used dog breeds The German Shepherds, Dobermans, Boxers, Bull Terriers and Labradors. The Belgian Malinois is preferred by US Navy Seals because the breed, while similar to German Shepherds, is smaller and more compact. The Malinois is better suited for tandem parachute jumping or rappelling. During the 2013 raid on Osama Bin Laden, a Malinois named Cairo was with the Navy Seal team. Labrador, Golden and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Viszlas and short or wire-haired pointers are the preferred breeds as single purpose dogs. These dogs are trained to locate explosives or drugs, but never both. When a dog gives an alert, the handler needs to know if it’s for danger or to make an arrest. There are around 2,500 military dogs in service today, and approximately 700 serving overseas. Training and Care is Expensive The value of a fully trained explosive detection dog is more than $150,000. But you can’t put a price on a well trained, loyal dog that saves human lives. The Pentagon tried to create a machine between 2004 and 2010 to replicate the ability of a bomb sniffing dog. After spending $19 million dollars, it was shut down as a failure. Explosive detection dogs have a 98% accuracy rate, while machines have a measly 50%. Some Dogs are High Jumpers Navy Seal dogs are trained to parachute and rappel from helicopters and airplanes, ready for action the moment their paws hit the ground. Training Begins in Texas The Department of Defense Military Working Dogs Training School (DoD MWD) is located at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas. They began training sentry dogs at the base in 1958. Today over 1,000 dogs are put through complex training techniques by a staff of trainers from all branches of the military. Around 425 students from all branches of the US military go through training to become canine handlers. The military even has puppy development specialists who work with pups until they begin training at around 6-7 months of age. Puppies are taught basic social skills and prepared for training as a military working dog. Not all Dogs Make It Through Training Around 50% of young dogs never make it through training. MWD must have the right balance of excitability and aggression, be free of physical issues, be highly reward motivated and attack on command. Some pups are dropped from the program because they display stress when having to actually bite a human. Many Dogs are Foreign Born Around 85% of canines entered into military service are purchased mainly from Eastern Europe. Average Career The average career span for a military working dog is 8-9 years, depending on health, and more than 90% of retired dogs are adopted by a former handler. The most common jobs Guard dogs, messenger dogs, scout dogs, detection dogs, assault dogs and even parachute dogs. The Army’s initial canine members were trained for sentry duty. The dogs were trained to alert their handlers to any strangers in their vicinity and to attack on command. Sentries were the primary use of dogs during World War II because of the worry that enemy submarines would invade. As that threat began to diminish over time, the role of dogs in the war shifted to scouts and messenger dogs. A plan was developed to train “assault dogs” to attack enemy soldiers without any human guidance or commands. This plan, of course, failed. Perhaps the strangest use of dogs were the “Paradogs”. A group of dogs who were taught how to parachute and then dropped behind enemy lines. With the German’s new landmine innovations, general bomb detection methods had become obsolete. Thus, detection dogs were created. Although the idea seemed strong, it was not understood at the time how sharp the canine sense of smell truly is, resulting in mostly ineffective training methods for mine detection. Every Military Working Dog is a Noncommissioned Officer In the spirit of tradition, to make sure handlers don’t mistreat their dogs, each canine holds the rank of noncommissioned officer – one rank higher than the handler. Robby’s Law Military dogs in the past were considered surplus equipment and either abandoned by the US government or euthanized after their tour of duty ended. Thankfully, that changed in 2000 when President Clinton signed Robby’s Law. This gives handlers or their families first dibs to adopt a MWD after the dog retires. The 2016 National Defense Authorization Act mandates the return of retired MWD back home to US soil and gives former handlers and their families the first right to adopt a retiring military dog. After the war, it was discovered that dogs are actually able to pick out the chemical components within explosives. World War II paved the way for how military dogs are used in in the modern era Now that we know more about dogs’ behavior and their acute sense of smell, we now deploy dogs in a much more effective manner. US War Dog Memorial Dedicated in 2006, the United States War Dog Memorial guards the gateway to the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial in Holmdel, New Jersey. The bronze statue of a Vietnam soldier kneeling beside his dog rests on a black granite base. The memorial honors all of America’s war dogs and their handlers – past, present and future.
  13. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - RMS TITANIC Did you know... that RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner operated by the White Star Line that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning hours of April 15, 1912, after striking an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. (Wikipedia) Construction started: March 31, 1909 Launched: May 31, 1911 Length: 882 feet (269 metres) Height: 175 feet (53 metres) Place built: Belfast, United Kingdom Builder: Harland and Wolff Sister ships: HMHS Britannic, RMS Olympic On April 15, 1912, at 2:20 a.m., what was deemed one of the most luxurious and safe ships ever built, hit an iceberg and sank off the coast of Newfoundland, taking more than 1,500 lives. The ship, the world's largest passenger ship at the time, was on its maiden voyage, headed from Southampton, England, to New York City. It would take 73 years for the ship's wreckage to be found. Dr. Robert Ballard and scientist Jean-Louis Miche located the remains of the Titanic on September 1, 1985. While the tragedy has inspired myriad movies, books, and articles, the ship and its passengers still hold secrets and little-known facts that might surprise you. Actress Dorothy Gibson, who was aboard the Titanic and survived, starred in a film called "Saved From the Titanic," which was released just one month after the ship sank. American silent film actress Dorothy Gibson was one of the approximately 700 survivors of the collision. Upon arriving in New York City unscathed, she immediately began filming "Saved From the Titanic," the first film to depict the events of the sinking. It was released in May 1912, a month after the crash. She is famous for wearing the same clothes and shoes in the movie as she had worn during the actual sinking. While the film was successful, it only exists in memories now. The only known print of the film was destroyed in a fire. Another survivor, Lawrence Beesley, tried to crash the filming of the 1958 film "A Night to Remember" because he wanted to symbolically go down with the ship. According to IMDB, Beesley was on the set of "A Night to Remember," which is considered the most accurate of all Titanic films. He allegedly tried to jump into the scene depicting the ship's sinking, in order to symbolically go down with the ship. Legend has it that director Roy Ward Baker refused, as it would have been a union violation and could have halted filming. Beesley was a survivor from the second class, and wrote a memoir about his experience entitled "The Loss of the SS Titanic." The 700 third-class passengers had to share two bathtubs. The movie "Titanic" made third class seem like a real party. Twentieth Century Fox Even though, by all accounts, the third-class accommodations on the Titanic were much better than those on an average ship, they were still pretty rough. The total amount of third-class passengers ranged from 700 to 1,000, and they all had to share two bathtubs. One of the ship's musicians wasn't officially declared dead until 2000. The ship's musicians as portrayed in the 1997 film "Titanic." Twentieth Century Fox Roger Bricoux was the Titanic's cello player and just 21 years old when he perished during the ship's sinking. But Bricoux wasn't officially declared dead until 2000, though all of the musicians died on April 15, 1912. The French army even called him a deserter when he failed to show up to serve in World War I. The Association Française du Titanic (French Association of the Titanic) worked to clear his name and officially put Bricoux to rest, but didn't succeed until 88 years after the Titanic sank. The ship's band played music right until the very end to try and calm passengers. The Titanic's orchestra. Wikipedia They have been called heroes, and apparently played music for more than two hours after hitting the iceberg. The ship's lookouts had to rely on their eyesight alone — the ship's binoculars were locked inside a cabinet that no one could find the key to. The ship's lookouts had to rely on their eyesight alone. Wikimedia Commons The ship's lookouts, Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee, didn't have access to binoculars during the journey, and therefore couldn't see very far. The ship's second officer was replaced at the last minute, and forgot to hand off the key to the locker that housed the ship's binoculars. The key resurfaced at auction in 2010, where it was sold for over $130,000. It is likely that the crew didn't spot the iceberg in time because they didn't have binoculars. Newspaper boy Ned Parfett sells copies of the Evening News telling of the Titanic maritime disaster, outside the White Star Line offices at Oceanic House in London. Topical Press Agency/Getty Images According to the official 1912 inquiry findings, only 37 seconds elapsed between actually seeing the iceberg, calling downstairs, and deciding what course of action to take. At the memorial of Frederick Fleet — one of the lookouts — a prankster left a pair of binoculars with a note reading "Sorry for bringing these 100 years too late." Frederick Fleet. Wikimedia Commons Fleet was the lookout who called out the now-famous words, "Iceberg, right ahead." He survived the sinking, but tragically went on to commit suicide in 1965, after the death of his wife. On the centennial anniversary of the Titanic's sinking, a prankster removed a memorial wreath from his gravestone, and replaced it with a pair of binoculars and a note apologizing for the lateness of the binoculars. The Titanic was plagued by tragedy from the start. Eight people alone died during the ship's construction. The Titanic and its sister ship the Olympic under construction in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Wikimedia Commons Eight men died during the construction of the ship, but only five of the names are known: Samuel Scott, John Kelly, William Clarke, James Dobbin, and Robert Murphy. A plaque memorializing the eight men in Belfast was unveiled in 2012. Want to know and read more about The Titanic? Click here.
  14. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ZOOS (Gerenuks stand on their hind legs to peer over their enclosure at the San Diego Zoo. (In the wild, this species of antelope uses this adaptation to reach tree leaves.) The San Diego Zoo is one of the most prestigious zoos in the world, featuring many conservation projects and a safari park.) Did you now... that a zoo is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed? The term "zoological garden" refers to zoology, the study of animals, a term deriving from the Greek 'zoion, "animal," and logia, "study.". Wikipedia A zoo is a place where animals live in captivity and are put on display for people to view. The word “zoo” is short for “zoological park.” Zoos contain wide varieties of animals that are native to all parts of the Earth. Though people have kept wild animals for thousands of years, those collections have not always resembled modern zoos. The first zoos were created as private collections by the wealthy to show their power. These private collections were called menageries. Wall carvings found in Egypt and Mesopotamia are evidence that rulers and aristocrats created menageries as early as 2500 BCE. They left records of expeditions to distant places to bring back exotic animals such as giraffes, elephants, bears, dolphins, and birds. There is evidence that ancient zoo owners hired animal handlers to make sure their animals thrived and reproduced. Zoos also existed in later civilizations, including China, Greece, and Rome. The Aztec emperor Montezuma II, in what is today Mexico, maintained one of the earliest animal collections in the Western Hemisphere. It was destroyed by Hernan Cortes during the Spanish conquest in 1520. Modern Zoos The model of the modern, public zoo became popular in 18th century, during the Age of Enlightenment. The Age of Enlightenment was a period in European history when science, reason, and logic were promoted as ideals of society and government. The scientific focus of the Age of Enlightenment extended to zoology. During this time, people started wanting to study animals for scientific reasons. Scientists wanted to research animal behavior and anatomy. To do this, scientists and zookeepers had to keep animals in places that were close to, or resembled, the animals’ natural habitats. The first modern zoo, built in 1793, opened in Paris, France. The menageries of French aristrocrats, including the king and queen, were taken by leaders of the French Revolution and relocated to the Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes. The facility is still a busy and popular zoo in downtown Paris. Early zoos like the Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes were more like museums of living animals than natural habitats. Animals were kept in small display areas, with as many species as space would allow. Today, zoos are meant to entertain and educate the public but have a strong emphasis on scientific research and species conservation. There is a trend toward giving animals more space and recreating natural habitats. Zoos are usually regulated and inspected by the government. Types of Zoos Urban and Suburban Zoos Urban zoos, located in large cities, still resemble the smaller zoos that were popular 200 years ago. Often, these zoos sit in the middle of cities, making expansion difficult. There is little room for urban zoos to grow, and many of the zoo’s buildings are historic landmarks that cannot be destroyed or redesigned. In many urban zoos, animals are kept in relatively small enclosures. Some animal activists argue that keeping animals in urban settings is cruel because of cramped conditions, noise, and pollution. Urban zoos are common in Europe, while many zoos in the United States developed as sprawling parks in suburbs outside cities. These open-range zoos give animals more territory to roam and provide more natural habitats. This popular technique of building realistic habitats is called landscape immersion. The San Diego Zoo, in southern California, is the largest zoo in the United States. It is a suburban zoo that houses more than 4,000 animals (800 different species) in its 0.4 square kilometers (100 acres). Landscape immersion divides animals into their natural habitats, such as the tundra (with reindeer and polar bears) or bamboo forest (featuring pandas.) The San Diego Zoo also includes a wild animal park, which is even more expansive (almost 8 square kilometers or 2,000 acres.) Safari Parks Larger than urban and open-range zoos, safari parks are areas where tourists can drive their own cars to see non-native wildlife living in large, enclosed areas. These attractions allow the animals more space than the small enclosures of traditional zoos. Fuji Safari Park, in Susono, Japan, offers a traditional zoo as well as a drive-through safari park. Visitors can take their own cars or one of the park’s buses. Fuji Safari Park offers night tours, so visitors can see nocturnal animals, or animals that are active at night. At the park, visitors can also feed some animals, such as lions, from bus windows. Not all parks encourage or even allow visitors to feed animals. Safari parks, especially in Europe, are often part of larger theme parks or resorts. They include golf courses and fairground attractions, such as games and rides. Game Reserves Game reserves are large swaths of land whose ecosystems and native species are protected. The protections allow animals to live and reproduce at natural rates. Animals are allowed to roam free. In the 1800s, a trip to hunt “big game” (large animals such as elephants or lions) was called a safari. While some game reserves allow traditional hunting safaris today, others limit visitors to a “photo safari,” where visitors can shoot photographs, not animals. Animals in all game reserves are protected from illegal hunting, which is a threat to many endangered species. Legal hunts are regulated by the government. Hunters must purchase licenses and are strictly limited to the type and number of animals they can hunt. Poachers, or hunters without licenses, kill animals for valuable body parts. Elephants, for example, are killed by poachers for their ivory tusks. There are game reserves in Asia, the Americas, and Australia. However, most game reserves are in Africa. Millions of visitors flock to sites across Africa to see the same animals that captivated audiences thousands of years ago. The biggest attractions are Africa’s “Big Five” species—lions, leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and water buffalo. The Big Five are not Africa’s largest species (although the elephant is): They are the most difficult to find and, when legal, to hunt. Only recently has a single zoo, Gondwana Game Reserve in South Africa, offered all Big Five animals in one place. Gondwana sits on 10,000 hectares (24,710 acres) near the center of South Africa’s southern coast. Like many large game reserves, Gondwana has diverse ecosystems that occur naturally and has no need for landscape immersion. In Gondwana, grasslands coexist with shrubland called fynbos. Visitors to Gondwana, like many game reserves, can stay in hotels right in the park. Petting zoos Petting zoos feature domesticated animals that are gentle enough for children to pet and feed. Sheep, goats, donkeys, and rabbits are common petting zoo animals. These types of zoos are found at parks and inside of larger zoos. Sometimes mobile petting zoos travel with fairs or carnivals from city to city. Specialization Most zoos have specialized enclosures and habitats for specific animals. Zoos in cold climates, such as Novosibirsk, Russia, must recreate warm ecosystems for animals like lemurs. Lemurs are a type of primate native to the island of Madagascar, off Africa’s east coast. The summer temperatures of both Siberia and Madagascar are about the same—around 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit). However, Madagascar receives about 200 to 250 millimeters (8 to 10 inches) of rain each summer, making it a humid jungle environment. Novosibirsk gets just 60 to 65 millimeters (2 to 3 inches) of rain and snow. The difference in winter temperatures is even more drastic: Madagascar is about 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). Lemurs’ fur can keep them warm at this temperature. Winter in Novosibirsk is -10 degrees Celsius (13 degrees Fahrenheit). The Novosibirsk Zoo has two species of lemur with a specialized heated enclosure with high humidity. Some zoos are dedicated entirely to certain species. Aquariums are types of zoos that exclusively house aquatic animals. The Sydney Aquarium in Australia has exhibits of all of Australia’s major water systems and is home to more than 650 native Australian species. Aviaries and bird parks are another type of specialized zoo. The Jurong Bird Park in Singapore has more than 8,000 birds of 600 species from around the world. Jurong has more than 1,000 flamingoes in an African wetlands exhibit that features a daily simulated thunderstorm. Conservation The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the international organization for zoos, is concerned with the health of animals in zoos. The focus of environmental efforts takes the form of research, captive breeding of rare animals, and conservation. Researchers at zoos can study animals up-close. They can observe behavior such as mating and nutrition choices. Biologists and veterinarians are also available to treat sick or injured animals. Captive breeding of endangered species makes zoos valuable places for animal survival. Animals such as the black soft-shelled turtle, native to India and Bangladesh, are extinct in the wild. But they survive in several zoos around the world, with their health looked after by biologists. The goal of many captive breeding programs at zoos is the re-introduction of animals into the wild. The California condor, a very large bird native to the west coast of the United States, has been re-introduced to its native habitat after breeding in zoos and wildlife parks. There are several breeding pairs of California condors in the wild today. Critics of captive breeding programs say that releasing a few animals into the wild does little to help the species population. Animals are extinct in the wild largely due to loss of habitat. The re-introduction of animals, especially large mammals that require vast territory for survival, does nothing to recover lost habitat. People continue to develop land for homes and businesses. Zoos often have conservation projects in the native habitats of the animals they keep in captivity. For instance, the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums established a partnership with people in rural Papua New Guinea to save tree kangaroos. These rare species are threatened by loss of habitat and the growing population of Papua New Guinea: Villagers hunt the tree kangaroo for meat. A zoo program introduced a rabbit-farming program to address the nutritional needs of the villagers. Zoos also set up conservation sites where the hunting of tree kangaroos was outlawed. zoos say they play an important role in protecting endangered species. Zoo-Literacy Many books of fiction, nonfiction, and historical fiction concern zoos. Life of Pi is a novel by Canadian author Yann Martel. The father of the main character, Pi, is a zookeeper at the Pondicherry Zoo in India. When traveling across the Pacific Ocean, from India to Toronto, Canada, the boat carrying Pi, his family, and all the animals of the zoo sinks. The only survivors, alone on a lifeboat in the middle of the ocean, are Pi and the zoo's Bengal tiger, whose name is Richard Parker. Faithful Elephants: A True Story of Animals, People, and War is a nonfiction book written by Yukio Tsuchiya and illustrated by Ted Levin. The book tells the story of three elephants of the Uneo Zoo in Tokyo, Japan, in the time leading up to World War II. Pride of Baghdad is a graphic novel written by Brian K. Vaughn and illustrated by Niko Henrichon. The factual story, of lions that escaped from the Baghdad Zoo as the war in Iraq began, is told from the lions' point of view. City of Brotherly Animals The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1874. The Philadelphia Zoo remains one of the most important zoos and facilities for breeding rare and endangered animals. Modern Menageries People still enjoy collecting animals to display in their private homes. The American entertainer Michael Jackson, for instance, had a menagerie that included tigers, giraffes, parrots, and, of course, his pet chimpanzee, Bubbles. The Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar kept an enormous private zoo that included elephants, buffalo, and camels. Some of Escobar's hippopotamuses, native to Africa, escaped into the Colombian jungle. After Escobar's death, the rest of the animals were sold or donated to zoos around the world.
  15. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - Pianos Did you know... that the largest piano ever made was by Adrian Mann, a piano tuner from New Zealand? It weighs 1.4 tons and is 5.7 meters long. It took this 25-year-old 4 years to build it! There are 18 million non-professional piano players in the US alone! The piano has been a huge contribution to both classical and modern music. It was first created in the early 1700s. It originated from a harpsichord and has changed in size and shape several times since then. Now we have grand pianos, digital pianos, and synthesizers. Here are fifteen interesting facts about this very popular instrument. The piano was invented in Italy in 1709 by Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori. The piano was originally called the pianoforte because of its ability to play notes both quietly (piano) and loudly (forte). The harpsichords that came before were only able to play softly. The piano has over 12,000 parts, 10,000 of which are moving. It is an enormous number of small pieces that need to work perfectly to get the sound that you want out of the instrument. There are 230 strings needed for a piano to make its full range of sound. The strings are made out of steel and produce their sound when struck by tiny hammers inside the piano. Each string usually holds about 170 pounds of tension. This is one of the reasons why piano tuning is a job for a specialist! The piano can be considered both a string instrument and a percussion instrument. Most believe it is percussion because the hammers are striking the strings inside. The range of the piano goes from the lowest note you can play on a double-bassoon to the highest note you can play on a piccolo. That is an entire orchestral range in one instrument! Many people refer to the piano keys as “ivories,” but actually they haven’t been made out of ivory since the 1940’s. They are now made out of plastic to protect endangered resources. The exact middle of a piano keyboard is NOT middle C. It is actually the space between E and F above middle C. What are those pedals at the bottom of the piano for? The pedal on the left is a damper pedal. It moves the hammers closer to the string, which makes the sound softer. The middle pedal is a sostenuto pedal. It sustains only the notes you press, and then allows you to play others without sustain. The right pedal is the sustain pedal and is used the most often. The first piano invented was so expensive that average rich families could not afford. You could only really find these expensive instruments in homes of aristocrats and royalty for nearly a century before it became more accessible to the rest of the public. The largest piano ever made was by Adrian Mann, a piano tuner from New Zealand. It weighs 1.4 tons and is 5.7 meters long. It took this 25-year-old 4 years to build it! There are 18 million non-professional piano players in the US alone! The best piano brand is considered to be Steinway. The Steinway family has been making pianos since 1853! One of Cristofori’s original pianos is still in existence at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City! The piano has been part and parcel of classical music for more than three centuries and has contributed greatly to modern music. First created in the early 1700’s the instrument originated from the harpsichord and has undergone various transformations over the years. Various forms of the piano include the grand piano, upright piano, digital piano and the most recent forms – keyboards and synthesizers. In addition to being one of the most popular musical instruments in existence, it also makes for a great piece of furniture. But there’s a lot more to pianos than meets the eye. Here are 10 The first piano was invented in 1709 Harpsichord maker Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori invented the very first piano in Italy in 1709. His first creation was called gravicèmbalo col piano e forte which, in Italian, means harpsichord with loud and soft. This name was later shortened to ‘fortepiano’ to then just ‘piano’. As you may already know, the harpsichord is only capable of producing sound in certain volume and expression, so having an instrument that is sensitive to touch was a game changer. The first piano invented was so expensive that even average rich families could not afford it. You could predominantly find the instrument in the homes of aristocrats and royalty for nearly a century before it became more accessible to the rest of the public. Via Normans There are only three Cristofori pianos left Today, there are only three original Cristofori pianos in the world. One is located at the National Museum of Musical Instruments in Rome, the second is in the Metropolitan Museum in New York, and the third is in the Museum of Musical Instruments, Leipzig University in Germany. There’s massive tension in there A typical piano has about 220-230 steel strings. These produce the instrument’s sound when struck by the hammers, so they must be strung extremely tight to produce this sound. Each string usually holds around 168 pounds of tension, making the total tension of most standard pianos around 18-20 tons. However, some of the largest grand pianos hold up to whopping 30 tons of tension! This is truly incredible and exactly what makes piano tuning such a specialist, intricate job that can only be done by a professional. Via Normans It’s not a string instrument Despite having more than 200 strings, the piano is not a string instrument. It is actually a percussion instrument since its sound is produced as a result of the hammers that hit on the strings. The Upright piano is slower than the grand It may be unnoticeable to some pianists; however, the action on a grand piano is faster than the one on an upright, allowing you to play much faster. This is because a grand piano has a repetition lever, allowing the musician to repeat the notes when the key is only half way up. On an upright, vertical action requires the key to go all the way up to reset it. Via Normans Digital pianos only came to be in 1980 1700s, a digital piano was not brought to the market until 1980! The quest for an electronic instrument, however, had begun in the 1920s and, around 30 years later, the electric piano was born. It was an acoustic instrument with a pick up that would let you amplify it and quickly gained huge popularity – the electric piano was used by famous musicians such as Ray Charles and Duke Ellington. Then, in 1960s synthesizer appeared, which then influenced many genres of music thereafter. Finally, in the 1980s, the modern digital piano was introduced as we know it today! This opened a whole world of possibilities and also solved a lot of disadvantages of acoustic pianos, allowing musicians to practice silently, amplify the instrument, save space and tuning costs. Via Normans The world’s largest piano was constructed by a 25-year old Actually, Adrian Mann was only about 21 years old when he started constructing the grandiose instrument, which weighs 1.4 tonnes and measures 5.7 metres in length. Adrian is a piano tuner from New Zealand and he must love pianos to have dedicated 4 years of his early 20s to his masterpiece. The most expensive piano costs $3.22 million Designed by Canadian manufacturer Heintzman Pianos, the Crystal Piano is as beautiful as it is expensive. It features a gorgeous transparent design and was played for the first time at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games by Chinese pianist Lang Lang. It was later sold at an auction for $3.22 million, making it the most expensive piano in the world. Via Normans
  16. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - BILLIE HOLIDAY (STRANGE FRUIT) Did you know... that "Strange Fruit" is a song performed by Billie Holiday, who first sang and recorded it in 1939. Written by teacher Abel Meeropol as a poem and published in 1937, it protested American racism, particularly the lynching of African Americans. ... The great majority of victims were black. Composer: Abel Meeropol Form: Song en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Strange_Frui In March 1939, a 23-year-old Billie Holiday walked up to the mic at West 4th's Cafe Society in New York City to sing her final song of the night. Per her request, the waiters stopped serving and the room went completely black, save for a spotlight on her face. And then she sang, softly in her raw and emotional voice: "Southern trees bear a strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black body swinging in the Southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees..." When Holiday finished, the spotlight turned off. When the lights came back on, the stage was empty. She was gone. And per her request, there was no encore. This was how Holiday performed "Strange Fruit," which she would determinedly sing for the next 20 years until her untimely death at the age of 44. "Strange Fruit" was originally a poem Holiday may have popularized "Strange Fruit" and turned it into a work of art, but it was a Jewish communist teacher and civil rights activist from the Bronx, Abel Meeropol, who wrote it, first as a poem, then later as a song. His inspiration? Meeropol came across a 1930 photo that captured the lynching of two black men in Indiana. The visceral image haunted him for days and prompted him to put pen to paper. After he published "Strange Fruit" in a teachers union publication, Meeropol composed it into a song and passed it onto a nightclub owner, who then introduced it to Holiday. The song reminded Holiday of her father When Holiday heard the lyrics, she was deeply moved by them — not only because she was a black American but also because the song reminded her of her father, who died at 39 from a fatal lung disorder, after being turned away from a hospital because he was black. Because of the painful memories it conjured, Holiday didn't enjoy performing "Strange Fruit," but knew she had to. “It reminds me of how Pop died,” she said of the song in her autobiography. “But I have to keep singing it, not only because people ask for it, but because 20 years after Pop died, the things that killed him are still happening in the South.” The protest anthem became Holiday's downfall While civil rights activists and black America embraced "Strange Fruit," the nightclub scene, which was primarily composed of white patrons, had mixed reactions. At witnessing Holiday's performance, audience members would applaud until their hands hurt, while those less sympathetic would bitterly walk out the door. One individual who was determined to silence Holiday was Federal Bureau of Narcotics commissioner Harry Anslinger. A known racist, Anslinger believed that drugs caused black people to overstep their boundaries in American society, and that black jazz singers — who smoked marijuana — created the devil's music. When Anslinger forbid Holiday to perform "Strange Fruit," she refused, causing him to devise a plan to destroy her. Knowing that Holiday was a drug user, he had some of his men frame her by selling her heroin. When she was caught using the drug, she was thrown into prison for the next year and a half. Upon Holiday's release in 1948, federal authorities refused to reissue her cabaret performer’s license. Her nightclub days, which she loved so much, were over. Still determined to soldier on, she performed to sold-out concerts at Carnegie Hall, but still, the demons of her difficult childhood, which involved working at a brothel alongside her prostitute mother, haunted her and she began using heroin again. In 1959, Holiday checked herself into a New York City hospital. Suffering from heart and lung problems and cirrhosis of the liver due to decades of drug and alcohol abuse, the singer was an emaciated version of herself. Her once heartfelt voice now withered and raspy. Still bent on ruining the singer, Anslinger had his men go to the hospital and handcuff her to her bed. Although Holiday had been showing gradual signs of recovery, Anslinger's men forbid doctors to offer her further treatment. She died within days. "Strange Fruit" was declared 'song of the century' Despite her tragic demise, Holiday has a lasting legacy in the world of jazz and pop music. She garnered 23 Grammys posthumously and was recently inducted into the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Among the many songs that Holiday is celebrated for, "Strange Fruit" will always be one of her defining works. It allowed her to take what was originally an expression of political protest and transform it into a work of art for millions to hear. In 1999 Time designated "Strange Fruit" the "song of the century." Source: Biography
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    What's the Word? - SWAIN pronunciation: [sweyn] Part of speech: noun Origin: Old Norse, 14th century meaning: 1. A young lover or suitor. 2. A country youth. Example: "The eager swain showed up at her door with a bouquet of flowers to ask her to prom." "He didn’t often leave the farm, but the swain went into town for supplies once a month." About Swain It’s an old-fashioned term for a beau, boyfriend, or suitor. While the term isn’t used much these days, we highly recommend introducing your new boyfriend as your swain — the charming moniker might win over mom and dad. Did you know? In Old Norse, “sveinn” meant boy, or servant. Old English adopted swain to describe the young man attending a knight. It picked up a few more definitions over the years, with swain meaning a country youth, and then a gentleman suitor. The courting version stuck around in romantic literature.
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    What's the Word? - REDOLENT pronunciation: [RED-ihl-ənt] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, 15th century meaning: 1. Strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something) 2. Strongly smelling of. Example: "The small homes are redolent of the initial ones in the city." "The aromas of spring are redolent with flowers and freshly cut grass." About Redolent You can use redolent to describe anything that reminds you of something else, but the original usage was related to smell. In Latin, "red" means back, or again, and "olere" means to smell. That gives us "redolent" in Latin, meaning giving out a strong smell. The spelling and meaning passed through to Old French and into Middle English in the 15th century. Did you know? Scent is one of the most powerful triggers for memory. Incoming smells pass through the olfactory bulb in your nose, directly to the hippocampus and amygdala. These areas in your brain are responsible for emotion and memory. This pathway explains why a kitchen redolent of baking cookies reminds you of Grandma.
  20. 1 point
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    What's the Word? - DALLY pronunciation: [DAL-ee] Part of speech: verb Origin: Old French, 15th century meaning: 1. Act or move slowly. 2. Have a casual romantic liaison with. Example: "I was enjoying the spring weather so much that I dallied on my way back to the office." "He’s not looking for a serious relationship, but he has been known to dally with a new romance." About Dally Here’s a handy little verb with two different definitions. You probably won’t dally if you’re going to dally with someone. If you’re dallying (having a casual romantic relationship), there’s not a long courtship, so you won’t dally (delay) going on a few dates. Did you know? In Old French, “dailer” meant to chat. As the word progressed into English it adopted the definition of moving slowly — or to have a romantic entanglement. There is a connecting thread here. You might waste time by having a leisurely chat, and that conversation could lead to romance — all forms of dallying.
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    https://shop.battle.net/product/call-of-duty-warzone https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/call-of-duty-warzone/9mwwnmh6z0jh?activetab=pivot:overviewtab https://store.playstation.com/en-ca/product/UP0002-CUSA08829_00-CODWARZONE000001 Call of Duty: Warzone is free to play on PC, Xbox One and PS4.
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    What's the Word? - EDACIOUS pronunciation: [ə-DAY-shəs] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin. early 19th century meaning: 1. Relating to or given to eating. 2. Having an insatiable appetite Example: "Her priority was planning the edacious elements of the party." "She knew her edacious uncle would eat at least twice as much as any other guest." About Edacious If edacious is an adjective to describe the insatiable quality of a hunger, then edacity is the noun given to that particular desire. English language construction rules give us a few options to apply to Latin roots. A word ending in “-ious” will most likely be an adjective, and “-ity” words will be your nouns. Did you Know? This hungry adjective comes from the Latin word “edax” (gluttonous), coming from the verb “edere,” which means to eat. Edacious went through a similar transition, as initially it meant anything related to eating, but it evolved to specifically imply a voracious, devouring appetite.
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    What's the Word? - DIPHTHONG pronunciation: [DIF-thawng] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, 15th century meaning: 1. A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another (as in coin, loud, and side). 2. A digraph representing the sound of a diphthong or single vowel (as in feat). Example: "Practicing a new diphthong was the most difficult part of her Chinese lesson." "As a songwriter she has to account for how the diphthong of the word affects the musicality." About Diphthong Don’t let the “PHTH” scare you off. You use diphthongs every time you speak. It’s the linguistic term for using two vowel sounds together. It starts off as one vowel and then progresses to another. Even a short word like “cry” contains a diphthong — that “Y” is pronounced with an “I” moving into “EE.” Did you Know? Within the same language you’ll find the diphthongs changing to reflect regional dialects and accents. With a Midwestern American English accent, dog is pronounced with a single “O” sound. But with a New York accent, it turns into a diphthong with an “AW” sound. You can listen for the diphthong, and you can see it reflected through special linguistic symbols (digraphs) also called diphthongs.
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