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  1. 3 points
    74 pages of discussion... Oh man this thread brings back so many memories of a time when this forum wasn't basically dead. Anyways: Bleach anime is confirmed to be back for the final season. Plus Burn the Witch, created by Tite Kubo as well, which is set in the same universe as Bleach, two years after the end of Bleach timeline-wise, is getting an anime.
  2. 2 points
    https://store.na.square-enix-games.com/en_US/product/604614/tomb-raider-game-of-the-year-steam Tomb Raider: Game of the Year Edition is currently free on Steam. Go to the link above to get the complete version with all DLC. https://store.steampowered.com/app/289690/LARA_CROFT_AND_THE_TEMPLE_OF_OSIRIS/ Lara Croft and the Temple of Osiris is currently free on Steam. https://store.steampowered.com/app/797410/Headsnatchers/ Headsnatchers is currently free on Steam. https://store.steampowered.com/app/442070/Drawful_2/ Drawful 2 is currently free on Steam. https://www.gog.com/game/mable_the_wood Mable & The Wood is currently free on GOG.
  3. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ENGLISH VOCABULARY Did you know... that the English language is kinda nuts, isn’t it? After being built up, mish-mashed, and altered over so many years, we now have this giant and wonderful hodgepodge of words to choose from when forming sentences. It makes writing nerds super happy (or is it elated … maybe ecstatic? No, definitely delighted!), and the best part is that we’re not even close to being done with all the additions and changes. Though, we could probably do without “LOL” in the dictionary. The word “chicken” has been used to describe cowards since the 14th century, but it didn’t become popular slang in American culture until the 1940’s. Just 10 years after that, in 1953, kids started playing the game “chicken” to test the courage of their peers. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) “Porpoise” (you know, those adorable dolphin-esque sea mammals) literally means “pork-fish.” n Hollywood’s early days, people regularly threw custard pies at comedy sketches. Those pies were called “magoos.” (And yes, I included this because it kind of sounds like Magoosh.) The shortest “-ology” is oology, which is the study of birds’ eggs. Egg collecting became popular in the 1800s before the invention of binoculars made it easier to study birds. Serious collectors were notoriously obsessive about obtaining rare bird eggs. For example, in 1872, Charles Bendire, a U.S. Army soldier and noted oologist, was willing to have his teeth broken to retrieve a rare hawk’s egg that got stuck in his mouth. (Apparently he put it there for safe keeping while he climbed back down the tree.) “Abracadabra” has an adjective form! It’s “abracadabrant” and, according to the Learn English Network, it describes anything that seems to have happened by magic. A “rounce-robble-hobble” was the nickname given to thunderclaps in Elizabethan English. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The name Rebecca can also be used as a verb to mean “demolish a gate.” If you have any friends named Rebecca, this is your cue to go tell her not to Rebecca. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The words “bookkeeper” and “bookkeeping” are the only words in the English language that has three consecutive double letters without needing a hyphen. Any number with a series of repeating digits, like 7777, is called a “repdigit.” Makes total sense, actually. “Pangram” = a sentence that contains all 26 letters of the English alphabet. Here’s one: “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.” There are 10 words hidden inside the word “therein” — you don’t even need to rearrange it to find them! They are: the, there, he, in, rein, her, here, ere, therein, herein. A 672-sided shape is called a “hexahectaheptacontakaidigon.” No thanks, not even going to try to pronounce that. Never tell your significant other that they look “erinaceous” because it means they look like a hedgehog. Unless they think hedgehogs are cute, in which case, go for it. Speaking of significant others, the Old English name for honeymoon is “flitterwochen,” which means “fleeting weeks.” Can we start using this one again? The letter E makes up 11% of the entire English language. “Uhtceare” (pronounced oot-kay-are-a) is a noun describing the act of waking up before dawn, but being so worried about something that you can’t go back to sleep. Some of our students may recognize this feeling as the one they experienced the night before the big test. A “squib” means, technically, “a type of small explosive” or “the head of an asparagus” (big jump, I know). But if you’re like me, you’re thinking, “No, a squib is someone born into a wizarding family but doesn’t have any magic powers … like Filch.” Thanks, Harry Potter. If you’re not like me, the last two sentences never happened. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) The word “eyeball” was invented by Shakespeare, along with hobnob, skim milk, and luggage. The word “selfie” was the Oxford Dictionary’s Word of the Year in 2013 because the use of the term increased 17,000% from 2012 to 2013. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) And finally, my favorite: To “snirtle” is to try and suppress a laugh. It’s classified as any suppressed laugh that’s a just bit shorter than a snicker or a snigger. I’m going to use this all the time. (Source: Paul Anthony Jones / Huffington Post) Source: Maizie on Magoosh
  4. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ST. PATRICK DAY Did you know... that Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick, is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick, the foremost patron saint of Ireland? (Wikipedia) Every March 17, countries around the world celebrate St. Patrick’s Day in observance of the death of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland credited for bringing Christianity to the country. Initially a religious feast day in the 17th century, St. Patrick’s Day has evolved into a day of celebrating Irish culture with parades, music, dancing, special foods, and of course, a lot of green. In honor of St. Patrick’s Day, here are a few interesting St. Patrick’s Day facts! Saint Patrick didn’t wear green. His color was “Saint Patrick’s blue.” The color green became associated with St. Patrick’s Day after it was linked to the Irish independence movement in the late 18th century. Despite his Irish notoriety, Saint Patrick was British. He was born to Roman parents in Scotland or Wales in the late fourth century. According to Irish legend, Saint Patrick used the shamrock as a metaphor for the Holy Trinity when he was first introducing Christianity to Ireland. Saint Patrick is credited for driving the snakes out of Ireland, but according to the fossil record, Ireland has never been home to snakes as it was too cold to host reptiles during the Ice Age. The surrounding seas have kept snakes out since. There isn’t any corn in the traditional St. Patrick’s Day meal of corned beef and cabbage. The name is a reference to the large grains of salt historically used to cure meats, which were also known as “corns.” Saint Patrick was born “Maewyn Succat” but changed his name to “Patricius” after becoming a priest. Irish immigrants began observing St. Patrick’s Day in Boston in 1737 and the first St. Patrick’s Day parade in America was held in New York City in 1766. In Chicago, the Plumbers Local 110 union dyes the river Kelly green. The dye lasts for around five hours. On or around St. Patrick’s Day, the Irish taoiseach, or prime minister, presents the U.S. president with a crystal bowl of live shamrocks as a symbol of the close ties between the two countries. While St. Patrick’s Day is now associated with wearing green, parades (when they're not canceled) and beer, the holiday is grounded in history that dates back more than 1,500 years. The earliest known celebration was held on March 17, 1631, marking the anniversary of the death of St. Patrick in the 5th century. Learn more about the holiday’s history and how it evolved into the event it is today. 1. The Real St. Patrick Was Born in Britain St. Patrick (Aleroy4/Getty Images) Much of what is known about St. Patrick's life has been interwoven with folklore and legend. Historians generally believe that St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, was born in Britain (not Ireland) near the end of the 4th century. At age 16 he was kidnapped by Irish raiders and sold as a slave to a Celtic priest in Northern Ireland. After toiling for six years as a shepherd, he escaped back to Britain. He eventually returned to Ireland as a Christian missionary. 2. There Were No Snakes Around for St. Patrick to Banish from Ireland St. Patrick depicted with his foot on a snake. (Archive Photos/Getty Images) Among the legends associated with St. Patrick is that he stood atop an Irish hillside and banished snakes from Ireland—prompting all serpents to slither away into the sea. In fact, research suggests snakes never occupied the Emerald Isle in the first place. There are no signs of snakes in the country’s fossil record. And water has surrounded Ireland since the last glacial period. Before that, the region was covered in ice and would have been too cold for the reptiles. 3. Leprechauns Are Likely Based on Celtic Fairies Leprechauns are known as mischievous Irish fairies. (CSA-Archive/Getty Images) The red-haired, green-clothed Leprechaun is commonly associated with St. Patrick’s Day. The original Irish name for these figures of folklore is “lobaircin,” meaning “small-bodied fellow.” Belief in leprechauns likely stems from Celtic belief in fairies— tiny men and women who could use their magical powers to serve good or evil. In Celtic folktales, leprechauns were cranky souls, responsible for mending the shoes of the other fairies. 4. The Shamrock Was Considered a Sacred Plant Three-leaf clovers symbolize spring. (Marco Dubrick/EyeEm/Getty Images) The shamrock, a three-leaf clover, has been associated with Ireland for centuries. It was called the “seamroy” by the Celts and was considered a sacred plant that symbolized the arrival of spring. According to legend, St. Patrick used the plant as a visual guide when explaining the Holy Trinity. By the 17th century, the shamrock had become a symbol of emerging Irish nationalism. 5. The First St. Patrick’s Day Parade Was Held in America Men march in the 1895 Saint Patrick's Day Parade in New York City. (Museum of the City of New York/Byron Collection/Getty Images) While people in Ireland had celebrated St. Patrick since the 1600s, the tradition of a St. Patrick’s Day parade began in America and actually predates the founding of the United States. Records show that a St. Patrick’s Day parade was held on March 17, 1601 in a Spanish colony in what is now St. Augustine, Florida. The parade, and a St. Patrick’s Day celebration a year earlier were organized by the Spanish Colony's Irish vicar Ricardo Artur. More than a century later, homesick Irish soldiers serving in the English military marched in Boston in 1737 and in New York City on March 17. Enthusiasm for the St. Patrick’s Day parades in New York City, Boston and other early American cities only grew from there. In 2020, parades throughout the country, including in New York City and Boston were canceled or postponed for the first time in decades due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus. 6. The Irish Were Once Scorned in America While Irish Americans are now proud to showcase their heritage, the Irish were not always celebrated by fellow Americans. Beginning in 1845, a devastating potato blight caused widespread hunger throughout Ireland. While approximately 1 million perished, another 2 million abandoned their land in the largest-single population movement of the 19th century. Most of the exiles—nearly a quarter of the Irish nation—came to the shores of the United States. Once they arrived, the Irish refugees were looked down upon as disease-ridden, unskilled and a drain on welfare budgets. 7. Corned Beef and Cabbage Was an American Innovation Corned Beef and cabbage. (Bhofack2/Getty Images) The meal that became a St. Patrick’s Day staple across the country—corned beef and cabbage—was an American innovation. While ham and cabbage were eaten in Ireland, corned beef offered a cheaper substitute for impoverished immigrants. Irish-Americans living in the slums of lower Manhattan in the late 19th century and early 20th, purchased leftover corned beef from ships returning from the tea trade in China. The Irish would boil the beef three times—the last time with cabbage—to remove some of the brine.
  5. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - IDES OF MARCH Did you know... that the Ides of March was a day in the Roman calendar that corresponds to 15 March? It was marked by several religious observances and was notable for the Romans as a deadline for settling debts. In 44 BC, it became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar which made the Ides of March a turning point in Roman history. While it's true that William Shakespeare wrote the play Julius Caesar and the famous line "Beware the Ides of March," Shakespeare did not come up with the concept of the "Ides of March." The Ides were actually established long before Shakespeare ever wrote his play. The phrase actually refers to the date of March 15 on the Roman calendar. In the Roman calendar, the days are labeled based on what day of the month it is in correspondence with the cycle of the moon. In the ancient Roman calendar, the first day of the month, which signifies the start of the month and begins with the new moon cycle, was always called the "Calends." The "Nones" happened on the half moon on either the fifth or seventh day of the month depending on the month, according to Time and Date. The "Ides" marked the 15th day in the months of March, May, July and October. In all of the other months, the Ides fell on the 13th day, supposedly when the full moon occurred. Death of Julius Caesar This piece of art shows the aftermath of the murder of Gaius Julius Caesar on March 15, 44 B.C. otherwise known as the Ides of March. EDWARD GOOCH/GETTY IMAGES Thus, the phrase "Beware the Ides of March," simply means to beware of March 15. While It wasn't until after Shakespeare wrote the phrase in his play that it became a popular one, there are some historical events that occurred on March 15 that make the day significant. The most well-known event that happened on the Ides of March was the murder Julius Caesar by his own senators. The story goes that despite several bad omens prior to and on March 15, 44 B.C. Caesar decided to go to a meeting of the Senate anyway. There, a plan was put in motion by multiple senators to assassinate the ruler and he was stabbed repeatedly until he died. When Shakespeare wrote his play on Caesar more than a thousand years later the warning from a soothsayer, or fortune teller, he included was "Beware the Ides of March." Thus that phrase, as well as "Et tu, Brute?" became well associated with Caesar as a historical figure as well as a theatrical one. The Ides Is Not Always On The 15th Of The Month In the Roman calendar, there were three component parts of every month: the Kalendae or Kalends was the first of the month, the Nonae which came nine days before the Ides and the Idus. The Ides of March, May, July and October fall on the 15th, and on every other month they were on the 13th. Thus in April, the Ides will fall on the 13th. Romans counted inclusively, so the Nones could be on the 7th or the 5th. The Pre-Julian Republican calendar as preserved in a reconstruction of the Fasti Antiates Maiores with the Ides of March underlined. Painted calendar from the beginning of the 1st century BCE. The original is now in Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano (Palazzo Massimo). Image via Wikimedia. IMAGE VIA WIKIMEDIA AND IS IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. Julius Caesar Was Not Stabbed In The Main Roman Senate House In The Forum When you walk through the Roman Forum today, the main Curia (Senate House) is distinctive as one of the most imposing structures within it. Diocletian later rebuilt this version of the senate house, called the Curia Julia. However, the Curia Julia was not finished by the Ides of March in 44 BCE; it wouldn't be completed until the reign of Augustus. Many tourists point it out as the place where Caesar was stabbed, but this event actually happened in a small area near the Circus Flaminius and the Tiber called the Curia Pompeia, within the Theater of Pompey's complex. Meetings of the senate were not always held in the main senate house in the forum. The legal and religious stipulation was simply that the senate meet in a consecrated space and thus there were a number of curiae within the city of Rome. Photo of the Curia Julia in the Roman Forum, as reconstructed by Diocletian in the 3rd century CE and then later added onto by Theodoric. In the early middle ages, it was turned into a consecrated Church, which preserved the structure quite well until Mussolini rebuilt it in the early 20th century as a symbol of his Roman renaissance. PHOTO BY SARAH E. BOND The Place Where Caesar Was Stabbed Is Now A Cat Sanctuary The place where we believe Caesar was stabbed is now populated by a number of cats. Torre Argentina is a sunken area not far from the Pantheon, and many stop to look at the gatti that inhabit the space. Last time I was there, I counted 23 cats in this small area, but I am told there are around 150. You can now "adopt" one of these sacred cats that walk around the ruins. A group of dedicated Romans provide them with healthcare, love and food every day. Cats chill in Largo di Torre Argentina in Rome. You can even do a distant adoption of these cats through the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary foundation. IMAGE VIA WIKIMEDIA UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION-SHARE ALIKE 3.0 UNPORTED LICENSE. They Often Do Recreations Of Caesar Being Stabbed Every March 15 You can tune in today and watch Roman archaeologist Darius Arya walk around the site where we think Caesar was killed by his assassins. At 9:00 a.m. and then 10:30 a.m. (Eastern), Dr. Arya will be Periscoping the experience and live-streaming it on YouTube. Caesar Was Probably Killed Around 1 p.m. This is a timetable of the events leading up to Caesar's death and tried to reconstruct it hour-by-hour. According to the ancient sources, Caesar died near the 7th hour of the day, perhaps around 1 p.m. An hour-by-hour reconstruction of the death of Caesar on the Ides of March, 44 BCE. GRAPHIC IS BY SARAH E. BOND
  6. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - WAR DOGS Did you know... that dogs in warfare have a very long history starting in ancient times. From being trained in combat, to their use as scouts, sentries and trackers, their uses have been varied and some continue to exist in modern military usage? (Wikipedia) Military working dogs (MWD) stand side by side with their handlers in more ways than one. They do an important job to help keep soldiers and civilians from harm’s way. Long History in Combat The earliest recorded use of dogs in times of war dates back to around 600 BC. War dogs were used extensively by the Romans, Greeks and Egyptians. Beginning with the Revolutionary, canines have been in every major conflict in a variety of roles, but weren’t officially recognized as military dogs until World War II where they were used to carry messages, as sentries, scouts and assault or detection dogs. Today, MWD are trained to do a wide variety of specialized tasks. Military Working Dog Breeds When the military began training dogs during WWII, they used more than 30 different breeds. However, over the years the list of acceptable breeds has been reduced to just a handful – the German Shepherd, Dutch Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, and Retrievers. The German Shepherd is preferred because of specific and consistent traits that includes moderately aggressive behavior, easy to train, dependable, predictable, intelligent and adaptable to most climates. In 1941, British advertisements began targeting local dog owners asking them to loan their dogs to fight for their country. Would you loan your dog? About 3,300 people across the world did! A group of civilians came together on the belief that their sled dogs could effectively serve the army in a variety of functions. Together, they formed a coalition called Dogs for Defense. This group was created in 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor. They would become the primary training force for sentry dogs. The U.S. Army was involved in the development of this organization and encouraged dog owners across the country to donate their dogs for training. The most used dog breeds The German Shepherds, Dobermans, Boxers, Bull Terriers and Labradors. The Belgian Malinois is preferred by US Navy Seals because the breed, while similar to German Shepherds, is smaller and more compact. The Malinois is better suited for tandem parachute jumping or rappelling. During the 2013 raid on Osama Bin Laden, a Malinois named Cairo was with the Navy Seal team. Labrador, Golden and Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Viszlas and short or wire-haired pointers are the preferred breeds as single purpose dogs. These dogs are trained to locate explosives or drugs, but never both. When a dog gives an alert, the handler needs to know if it’s for danger or to make an arrest. There are around 2,500 military dogs in service today, and approximately 700 serving overseas. Training and Care is Expensive The value of a fully trained explosive detection dog is more than $150,000. But you can’t put a price on a well trained, loyal dog that saves human lives. The Pentagon tried to create a machine between 2004 and 2010 to replicate the ability of a bomb sniffing dog. After spending $19 million dollars, it was shut down as a failure. Explosive detection dogs have a 98% accuracy rate, while machines have a measly 50%. Some Dogs are High Jumpers Navy Seal dogs are trained to parachute and rappel from helicopters and airplanes, ready for action the moment their paws hit the ground. Training Begins in Texas The Department of Defense Military Working Dogs Training School (DoD MWD) is located at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas. They began training sentry dogs at the base in 1958. Today over 1,000 dogs are put through complex training techniques by a staff of trainers from all branches of the military. Around 425 students from all branches of the US military go through training to become canine handlers. The military even has puppy development specialists who work with pups until they begin training at around 6-7 months of age. Puppies are taught basic social skills and prepared for training as a military working dog. Not all Dogs Make It Through Training Around 50% of young dogs never make it through training. MWD must have the right balance of excitability and aggression, be free of physical issues, be highly reward motivated and attack on command. Some pups are dropped from the program because they display stress when having to actually bite a human. Many Dogs are Foreign Born Around 85% of canines entered into military service are purchased mainly from Eastern Europe. Average Career The average career span for a military working dog is 8-9 years, depending on health, and more than 90% of retired dogs are adopted by a former handler. The most common jobs Guard dogs, messenger dogs, scout dogs, detection dogs, assault dogs and even parachute dogs. The Army’s initial canine members were trained for sentry duty. The dogs were trained to alert their handlers to any strangers in their vicinity and to attack on command. Sentries were the primary use of dogs during World War II because of the worry that enemy submarines would invade. As that threat began to diminish over time, the role of dogs in the war shifted to scouts and messenger dogs. A plan was developed to train “assault dogs” to attack enemy soldiers without any human guidance or commands. This plan, of course, failed. Perhaps the strangest use of dogs were the “Paradogs”. A group of dogs who were taught how to parachute and then dropped behind enemy lines. With the German’s new landmine innovations, general bomb detection methods had become obsolete. Thus, detection dogs were created. Although the idea seemed strong, it was not understood at the time how sharp the canine sense of smell truly is, resulting in mostly ineffective training methods for mine detection. Every Military Working Dog is a Noncommissioned Officer In the spirit of tradition, to make sure handlers don’t mistreat their dogs, each canine holds the rank of noncommissioned officer – one rank higher than the handler. Robby’s Law Military dogs in the past were considered surplus equipment and either abandoned by the US government or euthanized after their tour of duty ended. Thankfully, that changed in 2000 when President Clinton signed Robby’s Law. This gives handlers or their families first dibs to adopt a MWD after the dog retires. The 2016 National Defense Authorization Act mandates the return of retired MWD back home to US soil and gives former handlers and their families the first right to adopt a retiring military dog. After the war, it was discovered that dogs are actually able to pick out the chemical components within explosives. World War II paved the way for how military dogs are used in in the modern era Now that we know more about dogs’ behavior and their acute sense of smell, we now deploy dogs in a much more effective manner. US War Dog Memorial Dedicated in 2006, the United States War Dog Memorial guards the gateway to the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial in Holmdel, New Jersey. The bronze statue of a Vietnam soldier kneeling beside his dog rests on a black granite base. The memorial honors all of America’s war dogs and their handlers – past, present and future.
  7. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - RMS TITANIC Did you know... that RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner operated by the White Star Line that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning hours of April 15, 1912, after striking an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. (Wikipedia) Construction started: March 31, 1909 Launched: May 31, 1911 Length: 882 feet (269 metres) Height: 175 feet (53 metres) Place built: Belfast, United Kingdom Builder: Harland and Wolff Sister ships: HMHS Britannic, RMS Olympic On April 15, 1912, at 2:20 a.m., what was deemed one of the most luxurious and safe ships ever built, hit an iceberg and sank off the coast of Newfoundland, taking more than 1,500 lives. The ship, the world's largest passenger ship at the time, was on its maiden voyage, headed from Southampton, England, to New York City. It would take 73 years for the ship's wreckage to be found. Dr. Robert Ballard and scientist Jean-Louis Miche located the remains of the Titanic on September 1, 1985. While the tragedy has inspired myriad movies, books, and articles, the ship and its passengers still hold secrets and little-known facts that might surprise you. Actress Dorothy Gibson, who was aboard the Titanic and survived, starred in a film called "Saved From the Titanic," which was released just one month after the ship sank. American silent film actress Dorothy Gibson was one of the approximately 700 survivors of the collision. Upon arriving in New York City unscathed, she immediately began filming "Saved From the Titanic," the first film to depict the events of the sinking. It was released in May 1912, a month after the crash. She is famous for wearing the same clothes and shoes in the movie as she had worn during the actual sinking. While the film was successful, it only exists in memories now. The only known print of the film was destroyed in a fire. Another survivor, Lawrence Beesley, tried to crash the filming of the 1958 film "A Night to Remember" because he wanted to symbolically go down with the ship. According to IMDB, Beesley was on the set of "A Night to Remember," which is considered the most accurate of all Titanic films. He allegedly tried to jump into the scene depicting the ship's sinking, in order to symbolically go down with the ship. Legend has it that director Roy Ward Baker refused, as it would have been a union violation and could have halted filming. Beesley was a survivor from the second class, and wrote a memoir about his experience entitled "The Loss of the SS Titanic." The 700 third-class passengers had to share two bathtubs. The movie "Titanic" made third class seem like a real party. Twentieth Century Fox Even though, by all accounts, the third-class accommodations on the Titanic were much better than those on an average ship, they were still pretty rough. The total amount of third-class passengers ranged from 700 to 1,000, and they all had to share two bathtubs. One of the ship's musicians wasn't officially declared dead until 2000. The ship's musicians as portrayed in the 1997 film "Titanic." Twentieth Century Fox Roger Bricoux was the Titanic's cello player and just 21 years old when he perished during the ship's sinking. But Bricoux wasn't officially declared dead until 2000, though all of the musicians died on April 15, 1912. The French army even called him a deserter when he failed to show up to serve in World War I. The Association Française du Titanic (French Association of the Titanic) worked to clear his name and officially put Bricoux to rest, but didn't succeed until 88 years after the Titanic sank. The ship's band played music right until the very end to try and calm passengers. The Titanic's orchestra. Wikipedia They have been called heroes, and apparently played music for more than two hours after hitting the iceberg. The ship's lookouts had to rely on their eyesight alone — the ship's binoculars were locked inside a cabinet that no one could find the key to. The ship's lookouts had to rely on their eyesight alone. Wikimedia Commons The ship's lookouts, Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee, didn't have access to binoculars during the journey, and therefore couldn't see very far. The ship's second officer was replaced at the last minute, and forgot to hand off the key to the locker that housed the ship's binoculars. The key resurfaced at auction in 2010, where it was sold for over $130,000. It is likely that the crew didn't spot the iceberg in time because they didn't have binoculars. Newspaper boy Ned Parfett sells copies of the Evening News telling of the Titanic maritime disaster, outside the White Star Line offices at Oceanic House in London. Topical Press Agency/Getty Images According to the official 1912 inquiry findings, only 37 seconds elapsed between actually seeing the iceberg, calling downstairs, and deciding what course of action to take. At the memorial of Frederick Fleet — one of the lookouts — a prankster left a pair of binoculars with a note reading "Sorry for bringing these 100 years too late." Frederick Fleet. Wikimedia Commons Fleet was the lookout who called out the now-famous words, "Iceberg, right ahead." He survived the sinking, but tragically went on to commit suicide in 1965, after the death of his wife. On the centennial anniversary of the Titanic's sinking, a prankster removed a memorial wreath from his gravestone, and replaced it with a pair of binoculars and a note apologizing for the lateness of the binoculars. The Titanic was plagued by tragedy from the start. Eight people alone died during the ship's construction. The Titanic and its sister ship the Olympic under construction in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Wikimedia Commons Eight men died during the construction of the ship, but only five of the names are known: Samuel Scott, John Kelly, William Clarke, James Dobbin, and Robert Murphy. A plaque memorializing the eight men in Belfast was unveiled in 2012. Want to know and read more about The Titanic? Click here.
  8. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - ZOOS (Gerenuks stand on their hind legs to peer over their enclosure at the San Diego Zoo. (In the wild, this species of antelope uses this adaptation to reach tree leaves.) The San Diego Zoo is one of the most prestigious zoos in the world, featuring many conservation projects and a safari park.) Did you now... that a zoo is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed? The term "zoological garden" refers to zoology, the study of animals, a term deriving from the Greek 'zoion, "animal," and logia, "study.". Wikipedia A zoo is a place where animals live in captivity and are put on display for people to view. The word “zoo” is short for “zoological park.” Zoos contain wide varieties of animals that are native to all parts of the Earth. Though people have kept wild animals for thousands of years, those collections have not always resembled modern zoos. The first zoos were created as private collections by the wealthy to show their power. These private collections were called menageries. Wall carvings found in Egypt and Mesopotamia are evidence that rulers and aristocrats created menageries as early as 2500 BCE. They left records of expeditions to distant places to bring back exotic animals such as giraffes, elephants, bears, dolphins, and birds. There is evidence that ancient zoo owners hired animal handlers to make sure their animals thrived and reproduced. Zoos also existed in later civilizations, including China, Greece, and Rome. The Aztec emperor Montezuma II, in what is today Mexico, maintained one of the earliest animal collections in the Western Hemisphere. It was destroyed by Hernan Cortes during the Spanish conquest in 1520. Modern Zoos The model of the modern, public zoo became popular in 18th century, during the Age of Enlightenment. The Age of Enlightenment was a period in European history when science, reason, and logic were promoted as ideals of society and government. The scientific focus of the Age of Enlightenment extended to zoology. During this time, people started wanting to study animals for scientific reasons. Scientists wanted to research animal behavior and anatomy. To do this, scientists and zookeepers had to keep animals in places that were close to, or resembled, the animals’ natural habitats. The first modern zoo, built in 1793, opened in Paris, France. The menageries of French aristrocrats, including the king and queen, were taken by leaders of the French Revolution and relocated to the Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes. The facility is still a busy and popular zoo in downtown Paris. Early zoos like the Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes were more like museums of living animals than natural habitats. Animals were kept in small display areas, with as many species as space would allow. Today, zoos are meant to entertain and educate the public but have a strong emphasis on scientific research and species conservation. There is a trend toward giving animals more space and recreating natural habitats. Zoos are usually regulated and inspected by the government. Types of Zoos Urban and Suburban Zoos Urban zoos, located in large cities, still resemble the smaller zoos that were popular 200 years ago. Often, these zoos sit in the middle of cities, making expansion difficult. There is little room for urban zoos to grow, and many of the zoo’s buildings are historic landmarks that cannot be destroyed or redesigned. In many urban zoos, animals are kept in relatively small enclosures. Some animal activists argue that keeping animals in urban settings is cruel because of cramped conditions, noise, and pollution. Urban zoos are common in Europe, while many zoos in the United States developed as sprawling parks in suburbs outside cities. These open-range zoos give animals more territory to roam and provide more natural habitats. This popular technique of building realistic habitats is called landscape immersion. The San Diego Zoo, in southern California, is the largest zoo in the United States. It is a suburban zoo that houses more than 4,000 animals (800 different species) in its 0.4 square kilometers (100 acres). Landscape immersion divides animals into their natural habitats, such as the tundra (with reindeer and polar bears) or bamboo forest (featuring pandas.) The San Diego Zoo also includes a wild animal park, which is even more expansive (almost 8 square kilometers or 2,000 acres.) Safari Parks Larger than urban and open-range zoos, safari parks are areas where tourists can drive their own cars to see non-native wildlife living in large, enclosed areas. These attractions allow the animals more space than the small enclosures of traditional zoos. Fuji Safari Park, in Susono, Japan, offers a traditional zoo as well as a drive-through safari park. Visitors can take their own cars or one of the park’s buses. Fuji Safari Park offers night tours, so visitors can see nocturnal animals, or animals that are active at night. At the park, visitors can also feed some animals, such as lions, from bus windows. Not all parks encourage or even allow visitors to feed animals. Safari parks, especially in Europe, are often part of larger theme parks or resorts. They include golf courses and fairground attractions, such as games and rides. Game Reserves Game reserves are large swaths of land whose ecosystems and native species are protected. The protections allow animals to live and reproduce at natural rates. Animals are allowed to roam free. In the 1800s, a trip to hunt “big game” (large animals such as elephants or lions) was called a safari. While some game reserves allow traditional hunting safaris today, others limit visitors to a “photo safari,” where visitors can shoot photographs, not animals. Animals in all game reserves are protected from illegal hunting, which is a threat to many endangered species. Legal hunts are regulated by the government. Hunters must purchase licenses and are strictly limited to the type and number of animals they can hunt. Poachers, or hunters without licenses, kill animals for valuable body parts. Elephants, for example, are killed by poachers for their ivory tusks. There are game reserves in Asia, the Americas, and Australia. However, most game reserves are in Africa. Millions of visitors flock to sites across Africa to see the same animals that captivated audiences thousands of years ago. The biggest attractions are Africa’s “Big Five” species—lions, leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and water buffalo. The Big Five are not Africa’s largest species (although the elephant is): They are the most difficult to find and, when legal, to hunt. Only recently has a single zoo, Gondwana Game Reserve in South Africa, offered all Big Five animals in one place. Gondwana sits on 10,000 hectares (24,710 acres) near the center of South Africa’s southern coast. Like many large game reserves, Gondwana has diverse ecosystems that occur naturally and has no need for landscape immersion. In Gondwana, grasslands coexist with shrubland called fynbos. Visitors to Gondwana, like many game reserves, can stay in hotels right in the park. Petting zoos Petting zoos feature domesticated animals that are gentle enough for children to pet and feed. Sheep, goats, donkeys, and rabbits are common petting zoo animals. These types of zoos are found at parks and inside of larger zoos. Sometimes mobile petting zoos travel with fairs or carnivals from city to city. Specialization Most zoos have specialized enclosures and habitats for specific animals. Zoos in cold climates, such as Novosibirsk, Russia, must recreate warm ecosystems for animals like lemurs. Lemurs are a type of primate native to the island of Madagascar, off Africa’s east coast. The summer temperatures of both Siberia and Madagascar are about the same—around 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit). However, Madagascar receives about 200 to 250 millimeters (8 to 10 inches) of rain each summer, making it a humid jungle environment. Novosibirsk gets just 60 to 65 millimeters (2 to 3 inches) of rain and snow. The difference in winter temperatures is even more drastic: Madagascar is about 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). Lemurs’ fur can keep them warm at this temperature. Winter in Novosibirsk is -10 degrees Celsius (13 degrees Fahrenheit). The Novosibirsk Zoo has two species of lemur with a specialized heated enclosure with high humidity. Some zoos are dedicated entirely to certain species. Aquariums are types of zoos that exclusively house aquatic animals. The Sydney Aquarium in Australia has exhibits of all of Australia’s major water systems and is home to more than 650 native Australian species. Aviaries and bird parks are another type of specialized zoo. The Jurong Bird Park in Singapore has more than 8,000 birds of 600 species from around the world. Jurong has more than 1,000 flamingoes in an African wetlands exhibit that features a daily simulated thunderstorm. Conservation The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the international organization for zoos, is concerned with the health of animals in zoos. The focus of environmental efforts takes the form of research, captive breeding of rare animals, and conservation. Researchers at zoos can study animals up-close. They can observe behavior such as mating and nutrition choices. Biologists and veterinarians are also available to treat sick or injured animals. Captive breeding of endangered species makes zoos valuable places for animal survival. Animals such as the black soft-shelled turtle, native to India and Bangladesh, are extinct in the wild. But they survive in several zoos around the world, with their health looked after by biologists. The goal of many captive breeding programs at zoos is the re-introduction of animals into the wild. The California condor, a very large bird native to the west coast of the United States, has been re-introduced to its native habitat after breeding in zoos and wildlife parks. There are several breeding pairs of California condors in the wild today. Critics of captive breeding programs say that releasing a few animals into the wild does little to help the species population. Animals are extinct in the wild largely due to loss of habitat. The re-introduction of animals, especially large mammals that require vast territory for survival, does nothing to recover lost habitat. People continue to develop land for homes and businesses. Zoos often have conservation projects in the native habitats of the animals they keep in captivity. For instance, the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums established a partnership with people in rural Papua New Guinea to save tree kangaroos. These rare species are threatened by loss of habitat and the growing population of Papua New Guinea: Villagers hunt the tree kangaroo for meat. A zoo program introduced a rabbit-farming program to address the nutritional needs of the villagers. Zoos also set up conservation sites where the hunting of tree kangaroos was outlawed. zoos say they play an important role in protecting endangered species. Zoo-Literacy Many books of fiction, nonfiction, and historical fiction concern zoos. Life of Pi is a novel by Canadian author Yann Martel. The father of the main character, Pi, is a zookeeper at the Pondicherry Zoo in India. When traveling across the Pacific Ocean, from India to Toronto, Canada, the boat carrying Pi, his family, and all the animals of the zoo sinks. The only survivors, alone on a lifeboat in the middle of the ocean, are Pi and the zoo's Bengal tiger, whose name is Richard Parker. Faithful Elephants: A True Story of Animals, People, and War is a nonfiction book written by Yukio Tsuchiya and illustrated by Ted Levin. The book tells the story of three elephants of the Uneo Zoo in Tokyo, Japan, in the time leading up to World War II. Pride of Baghdad is a graphic novel written by Brian K. Vaughn and illustrated by Niko Henrichon. The factual story, of lions that escaped from the Baghdad Zoo as the war in Iraq began, is told from the lions' point of view. City of Brotherly Animals The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1874. The Philadelphia Zoo remains one of the most important zoos and facilities for breeding rare and endangered animals. Modern Menageries People still enjoy collecting animals to display in their private homes. The American entertainer Michael Jackson, for instance, had a menagerie that included tigers, giraffes, parrots, and, of course, his pet chimpanzee, Bubbles. The Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar kept an enormous private zoo that included elephants, buffalo, and camels. Some of Escobar's hippopotamuses, native to Africa, escaped into the Colombian jungle. After Escobar's death, the rest of the animals were sold or donated to zoos around the world.
  9. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - Pianos Did you know... that the largest piano ever made was by Adrian Mann, a piano tuner from New Zealand? It weighs 1.4 tons and is 5.7 meters long. It took this 25-year-old 4 years to build it! There are 18 million non-professional piano players in the US alone! The piano has been a huge contribution to both classical and modern music. It was first created in the early 1700s. It originated from a harpsichord and has changed in size and shape several times since then. Now we have grand pianos, digital pianos, and synthesizers. Here are fifteen interesting facts about this very popular instrument. The piano was invented in Italy in 1709 by Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori. The piano was originally called the pianoforte because of its ability to play notes both quietly (piano) and loudly (forte). The harpsichords that came before were only able to play softly. The piano has over 12,000 parts, 10,000 of which are moving. It is an enormous number of small pieces that need to work perfectly to get the sound that you want out of the instrument. There are 230 strings needed for a piano to make its full range of sound. The strings are made out of steel and produce their sound when struck by tiny hammers inside the piano. Each string usually holds about 170 pounds of tension. This is one of the reasons why piano tuning is a job for a specialist! The piano can be considered both a string instrument and a percussion instrument. Most believe it is percussion because the hammers are striking the strings inside. The range of the piano goes from the lowest note you can play on a double-bassoon to the highest note you can play on a piccolo. That is an entire orchestral range in one instrument! Many people refer to the piano keys as “ivories,” but actually they haven’t been made out of ivory since the 1940’s. They are now made out of plastic to protect endangered resources. The exact middle of a piano keyboard is NOT middle C. It is actually the space between E and F above middle C. What are those pedals at the bottom of the piano for? The pedal on the left is a damper pedal. It moves the hammers closer to the string, which makes the sound softer. The middle pedal is a sostenuto pedal. It sustains only the notes you press, and then allows you to play others without sustain. The right pedal is the sustain pedal and is used the most often. The first piano invented was so expensive that average rich families could not afford. You could only really find these expensive instruments in homes of aristocrats and royalty for nearly a century before it became more accessible to the rest of the public. The largest piano ever made was by Adrian Mann, a piano tuner from New Zealand. It weighs 1.4 tons and is 5.7 meters long. It took this 25-year-old 4 years to build it! There are 18 million non-professional piano players in the US alone! The best piano brand is considered to be Steinway. The Steinway family has been making pianos since 1853! One of Cristofori’s original pianos is still in existence at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City! The piano has been part and parcel of classical music for more than three centuries and has contributed greatly to modern music. First created in the early 1700’s the instrument originated from the harpsichord and has undergone various transformations over the years. Various forms of the piano include the grand piano, upright piano, digital piano and the most recent forms – keyboards and synthesizers. In addition to being one of the most popular musical instruments in existence, it also makes for a great piece of furniture. But there’s a lot more to pianos than meets the eye. Here are 10 The first piano was invented in 1709 Harpsichord maker Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori invented the very first piano in Italy in 1709. His first creation was called gravicèmbalo col piano e forte which, in Italian, means harpsichord with loud and soft. This name was later shortened to ‘fortepiano’ to then just ‘piano’. As you may already know, the harpsichord is only capable of producing sound in certain volume and expression, so having an instrument that is sensitive to touch was a game changer. The first piano invented was so expensive that even average rich families could not afford it. You could predominantly find the instrument in the homes of aristocrats and royalty for nearly a century before it became more accessible to the rest of the public. Via Normans There are only three Cristofori pianos left Today, there are only three original Cristofori pianos in the world. One is located at the National Museum of Musical Instruments in Rome, the second is in the Metropolitan Museum in New York, and the third is in the Museum of Musical Instruments, Leipzig University in Germany. There’s massive tension in there A typical piano has about 220-230 steel strings. These produce the instrument’s sound when struck by the hammers, so they must be strung extremely tight to produce this sound. Each string usually holds around 168 pounds of tension, making the total tension of most standard pianos around 18-20 tons. However, some of the largest grand pianos hold up to whopping 30 tons of tension! This is truly incredible and exactly what makes piano tuning such a specialist, intricate job that can only be done by a professional. Via Normans It’s not a string instrument Despite having more than 200 strings, the piano is not a string instrument. It is actually a percussion instrument since its sound is produced as a result of the hammers that hit on the strings. The Upright piano is slower than the grand It may be unnoticeable to some pianists; however, the action on a grand piano is faster than the one on an upright, allowing you to play much faster. This is because a grand piano has a repetition lever, allowing the musician to repeat the notes when the key is only half way up. On an upright, vertical action requires the key to go all the way up to reset it. Via Normans Digital pianos only came to be in 1980 1700s, a digital piano was not brought to the market until 1980! The quest for an electronic instrument, however, had begun in the 1920s and, around 30 years later, the electric piano was born. It was an acoustic instrument with a pick up that would let you amplify it and quickly gained huge popularity – the electric piano was used by famous musicians such as Ray Charles and Duke Ellington. Then, in 1960s synthesizer appeared, which then influenced many genres of music thereafter. Finally, in the 1980s, the modern digital piano was introduced as we know it today! This opened a whole world of possibilities and also solved a lot of disadvantages of acoustic pianos, allowing musicians to practice silently, amplify the instrument, save space and tuning costs. Via Normans The world’s largest piano was constructed by a 25-year old Actually, Adrian Mann was only about 21 years old when he started constructing the grandiose instrument, which weighs 1.4 tonnes and measures 5.7 metres in length. Adrian is a piano tuner from New Zealand and he must love pianos to have dedicated 4 years of his early 20s to his masterpiece. The most expensive piano costs $3.22 million Designed by Canadian manufacturer Heintzman Pianos, the Crystal Piano is as beautiful as it is expensive. It features a gorgeous transparent design and was played for the first time at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games by Chinese pianist Lang Lang. It was later sold at an auction for $3.22 million, making it the most expensive piano in the world. Via Normans
  10. 2 points
    Fact of the Day - BILLIE HOLIDAY (STRANGE FRUIT) Did you know... that "Strange Fruit" is a song performed by Billie Holiday, who first sang and recorded it in 1939. Written by teacher Abel Meeropol as a poem and published in 1937, it protested American racism, particularly the lynching of African Americans. ... The great majority of victims were black. Composer: Abel Meeropol Form: Song en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Strange_Frui In March 1939, a 23-year-old Billie Holiday walked up to the mic at West 4th's Cafe Society in New York City to sing her final song of the night. Per her request, the waiters stopped serving and the room went completely black, save for a spotlight on her face. And then she sang, softly in her raw and emotional voice: "Southern trees bear a strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black body swinging in the Southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees..." When Holiday finished, the spotlight turned off. When the lights came back on, the stage was empty. She was gone. And per her request, there was no encore. This was how Holiday performed "Strange Fruit," which she would determinedly sing for the next 20 years until her untimely death at the age of 44. "Strange Fruit" was originally a poem Holiday may have popularized "Strange Fruit" and turned it into a work of art, but it was a Jewish communist teacher and civil rights activist from the Bronx, Abel Meeropol, who wrote it, first as a poem, then later as a song. His inspiration? Meeropol came across a 1930 photo that captured the lynching of two black men in Indiana. The visceral image haunted him for days and prompted him to put pen to paper. After he published "Strange Fruit" in a teachers union publication, Meeropol composed it into a song and passed it onto a nightclub owner, who then introduced it to Holiday. The song reminded Holiday of her father When Holiday heard the lyrics, she was deeply moved by them — not only because she was a black American but also because the song reminded her of her father, who died at 39 from a fatal lung disorder, after being turned away from a hospital because he was black. Because of the painful memories it conjured, Holiday didn't enjoy performing "Strange Fruit," but knew she had to. “It reminds me of how Pop died,” she said of the song in her autobiography. “But I have to keep singing it, not only because people ask for it, but because 20 years after Pop died, the things that killed him are still happening in the South.” The protest anthem became Holiday's downfall While civil rights activists and black America embraced "Strange Fruit," the nightclub scene, which was primarily composed of white patrons, had mixed reactions. At witnessing Holiday's performance, audience members would applaud until their hands hurt, while those less sympathetic would bitterly walk out the door. One individual who was determined to silence Holiday was Federal Bureau of Narcotics commissioner Harry Anslinger. A known racist, Anslinger believed that drugs caused black people to overstep their boundaries in American society, and that black jazz singers — who smoked marijuana — created the devil's music. When Anslinger forbid Holiday to perform "Strange Fruit," she refused, causing him to devise a plan to destroy her. Knowing that Holiday was a drug user, he had some of his men frame her by selling her heroin. When she was caught using the drug, she was thrown into prison for the next year and a half. Upon Holiday's release in 1948, federal authorities refused to reissue her cabaret performer’s license. Her nightclub days, which she loved so much, were over. Still determined to soldier on, she performed to sold-out concerts at Carnegie Hall, but still, the demons of her difficult childhood, which involved working at a brothel alongside her prostitute mother, haunted her and she began using heroin again. In 1959, Holiday checked herself into a New York City hospital. Suffering from heart and lung problems and cirrhosis of the liver due to decades of drug and alcohol abuse, the singer was an emaciated version of herself. Her once heartfelt voice now withered and raspy. Still bent on ruining the singer, Anslinger had his men go to the hospital and handcuff her to her bed. Although Holiday had been showing gradual signs of recovery, Anslinger's men forbid doctors to offer her further treatment. She died within days. "Strange Fruit" was declared 'song of the century' Despite her tragic demise, Holiday has a lasting legacy in the world of jazz and pop music. She garnered 23 Grammys posthumously and was recently inducted into the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Among the many songs that Holiday is celebrated for, "Strange Fruit" will always be one of her defining works. It allowed her to take what was originally an expression of political protest and transform it into a work of art for millions to hear. In 1999 Time designated "Strange Fruit" the "song of the century." Source: Biography
  11. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/the-stanley-parable/home The Stanley Parable is currently free on Epic Game Store. https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/watch-dogs/home Watch Dogs is currently free on Epic Game Store. https://dark-1.com/2020/03/17/OdiumFree.html Odium to the Core is currently free on Dark-1. https://itch.io/c/759545/self-isolation-on-a-budget A list of every game that has generously been made free to claim/download during this hellish time on Itch.io. https://store.steampowered.com/app/1100600/Football_Manager_2020/ Football Manager 2020 is free to play for the next 6 days on Steam. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/blackbeards-cove/9p1s74tqsgrn?activetab=pivot:overviewtab Blackbeard's Cove is currently free on Microsoft Store. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/helicopter-flight-simulator-3d-checkpoints/9nblggh4nl4s?activetab=pivot:overviewtab Helicopter Flight Simulator 3D - Checkpoints is currently free on Microsoft Store. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/high-speed-trains-3d/9n14pq4n25j3?activetab=pivot:overviewtab High Speed Trains 3D is currently free on Microsoft Store. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/overlap-elimination/9nbw9nn8qqp8?activetab=pivot:overviewtab Overlap Elimination is currently free on Microsoft Store.
  12. 1 point
    What's the Word? - LETHOLOGICA pronunciation: [lee-thə-LAH-jih-kə] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, early 20th century meaning: 1. The inability to remember a particular word or name. Example: "Her lethologica increased when she was meeting multiple people at a time." "Use mnemonic devices to avoid lethologica when you're studying for a big test." About Lethologica We’ve got the Greek word “lethe” for forgetfulness and the Greek word “logos” for word, and you can understand lethologica as being unable to remember a word or a name. It can be a symptom of a medical condition, or it can just be a case of forgetfulness. Did you know? Lethe comes from Greek mythology — it’s the river in Hades that makes the souls of the dead forget their previous life. Lethologica is a somewhat obscure term for being unable to remember a certain word. A related medical condition is called aphasia — loss of ability to understand or express speech.
  13. 1 point
    I'm actually excited about this... hopefully they'll do a proper ending in the anime!
  14. 1 point
    What's the Word? - BILDUNGSROMAN pronunciation: [BIL-dungz-ro-mahn] Part of speech: noun Origin: German, early 20th century meaning: 1. A novel dealing with one person's formative years or spiritual education. 2. Coming-of-age story Example: "She had an entire shelf in her home library devoted to Bildungsroman." "The Bildungsroman told the story of his journey from a one-room schoolhouse to graduating from medical school." About Bildungsroman It's an intimidating word for a literary style popular with all types of readers. "Bildung" is German for education, and "roman" is a novel. Simply put, it's a coming-of-age book. Now you can feel snooty about reading your guilty pleasure Young Adult books.. Did you know? "Emma" by Jane Austen, "David Copperfield" by Charles Dickens, "Their Eyes Were Watching God" by Zora Neale Huston, and "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee — all Bildungsroman. Any story that concerns the moral, educational, and philosophical development of a young person falls into this family.
  15. 1 point
    https://subsoap.itch.io/faerie-solitaire-classic Faerie Solitaire Classic is currently free on itch.io. https://glander.itch.io/art-sqool Art Sqool is currently free on itch.io. https://itch.io/s/28598/fidel-dungeon-rescue-quarantine-giveaway Fidel Dungeon Rescue is currently free on itch.io. https://colorfiction.itch.io/0n0w 0°N 0°W is currently free on itch.io. https://colorfiction.itch.io/nightline Nightline is currently free on itch.io. https://colorfiction.itch.io/voltark The Sands of Voltark is currently free on itch.io. https://colorfiction.itch.io/becalm becalm is currently free on itch.io. https://amicableanimal.itch.io/central-limit-theorem Central Limit Theorem is currently free on itch.io. https://shinyogre.itch.io/monad monad is currently free on itch.io. https://rainsdowne.itch.io/the-rainsdowne-players The Rainsdowne Players is currently free on itch.io.
  16. 1 point
    What's the Word? - WANGLE pronunciation: [WANG-ɡəl] Part of speech: verb Origin: Unknown, late 19th century meaning: 1. Manage to obtain (something) by persuading or cleverly manipulating someone. 2. Manipulate a situation in your favor. Example: "She was desperate to wangle an invitation to the exclusive party." "If you can wangle it, we have room in the car for one more." About Wangle The origin of wangle is unknown because it doesn’t seem to be inspired by another language, but that’s not to say we don’t know where it started. “Wangler'' was printer’s slang in the 19th century, meaning to fake. Wangle came to be used outside of the print shop to refer to any kind of manipulation. Did you Know? Wangle is a fun bit of slang to describe coercion or manipulation, but it had largely fallen out of use. That is until J.K. Rowling slipped it into “Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.” If a word is good enough for the Minister of Magic, it deserves to wangle its way back into our vocabulary.
  17. 1 point
    https://freeweekend.ubisoft.com/anno1800/en-US Play the award-winning Anno 1800 for free from March 12-15. https://freebies.indiegala.com/doodle-god/ Doodle God is currently free on IndieGala.
  18. 1 point
    https://shop.battle.net/product/call-of-duty-warzone https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/call-of-duty-warzone/9mwwnmh6z0jh?activetab=pivot:overviewtab https://store.playstation.com/en-ca/product/UP0002-CUSA08829_00-CODWARZONE000001 Call of Duty: Warzone is free to play on PC, Xbox One and PS4.
  19. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - CHINESE ZODIAC AND WESTERN ASTROLOGY Did you know... that the Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme based on the lunar calendar that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle? The 12-year cycle is an approximation to the 11.85-year orbital period of Jupiter. (Wikipedia) With Chinese New Year coming up, and 2020 is the year of the Rat, it is worth trying to understand the Chinese zodiac, a system of divination that differs from Western astrology. The main similarities between the two systems is that both systems are based on date and time of birth, with 12 symbols or signs used to communicate across meaning. We've listed some of the main differences, to make things a little easier to understand. The 12 Signs In both systems, there are the same number of signs: 12. Two are superficially similar: Ox/Bull and Goat/Ram. The Chinese signs are: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. The Western signs are: Ram, Bull, Twins, Crab, Lion, Virgin, Scales, Scorpion, Centaur, Sea-Goat, Water Bearer, and Fish. Origins of the Signs In Chinese astrology, the 12 signs are derived from a myth that when God was developing a calendar, all creatures on Earth were summoned to participate in a race. The first 12 to cross the line were awarded signs in the Chinese zodiac. This differs from Western astrology where the 12 signs are based on constellations' positions relative to the earth. The constellations were named according to Greek mythology. Zodiac Months — Another Similarity The Chinese zodiac animals were assigned months on the traditional Chinese solar calendar. Each animal sign corresponds with two of the 24 solar terms, for a period similar to a Western zodiac month. This means that the Western astrological signs and Chinese zodiac months have a half-month overlap, as can be seen in the diagram right. The Chinese cycle starts with the month of the Rat around December 7 (including solar terms 'Major Snow' and 'Winter Solstice', i.e. half of Sagittarius and half of Capricorn). Read more about the Solar Terms here. More Than Just Your Birth Year or Month Within the simplified Western astrological framework, signs are divided per month, while the Chinese signs are divided on a year-by-year basis when it comes to popular astrology. This means that in Chinese beliefs, people who were born in the same year have similar traits, as opposed to the Western belief that those born in the same month-long time frame have similar traits. However, of course, there is more to it. In Western astrology, apart from the constellations, the planets, for example, symbolize basic motivations in the human psyche. Beside the yearly zodiac, Chinese astrology has three other pillars that create your fate, making four pillars in total: birth year, birth month, birth day, and birth hour. When comparing the four pillars to Western astrology, the main difference is that Western astrology focuses on celestial alignment (of constellations with planets, stars, the moon, etc.), while the four pillars are based on the alignment of blocks of time in the Chinese calendar. Lunar, But Mostly Solar In the popularly-used Chinese astrology system (the lunar calendar), each month begins with a new moon and lasts for 29 or 30 days. The Chinese New Year date and length of a lunar year change by up to a month relative to a solar calendar. However, "professional" or conventional Chinese astrology mainly uses the traditional solar calendar when it comes to making predictions and laying out horoscopes. In this method, a year begins on February 4th (within a day). The Western astrological calendar is based on the Earth's orbit around the sun (and resulting celestial alignment), which gives every zodiac month a set date (within a day), lasting between 29 and 31 days. This is why Western zodiac star signs are also known as sun signs. Lunar Phases in China and the West Chinese astrology places emphasis on the lunar phase at the time of your birth. There are four moon phases: new moon, waxing moon, full moon, and waning moon. New moon types are those seeking innovative environments, waxing moon people are known for being hard working, full moon types are diplomatic, while waning moon people desire peaceful surroundings. The Western system, comparatively, considers two moon nodes; the North or Ascending Node, and the South or Descending Node. While still playing a role in sensitive areas, in Western astrology the planets are seen as more important factors. Involving the Elements The Chinese astrology system identifies five elements: fire, earth, metal, water, and wood. Each element is linked to motivating forces in your life. Because the animals are on 12-year cycles and there are five elements, the entire Chinese zodiac-element cycle lasts 60 years. In this system, each sign has a fire, earth, metal, water, and wood variety depending on your birth year. Fire signs are inspired by excitement, earth signs are motivated to secure foundations, metal signs are driven to create order, water signs are compelled to form emotional bonds, and those born under the wood element have a desire to explore. In the Western system, only four elements are identified: fire, earth, air, and water, and each element is associated with three signs with psychological features. Each sign has one element associated with it. Water signs are driven by emotion, earth signs are practical, fire signs are impulsive, and air signs are intellectually oriented. Your Chinese Zodiac Year Is Bad Luck! A feature of the Chinese zodiac that is incomparable to anything in the West is that it is bad luck when your year comes around (every 12 years you "offend the god of age"). Your horoscope is no more unlucky (or lucky) than usual in your Western zodiac month. Pigs beware in 2020 (a Rat year). Read more here about how to make sure you're lucky in your zodiac year.
  20. 1 point
    Cold Steel 3 PC Demo is now available: https://store.steampowered.com/app/991270/The_Legend_of_Heroes_Trails_of_Cold_Steel_III/ Just click download Demo over on the right-hand side.
  21. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/gonner/home Gonner is currently free on Epic Game Store. https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/product/offworld-trading-company/home Offworld Trading Company is currently free on Epic Game Store. https://freebies.indiegala.com/to-ash/ To Ash is currently free on IndieGala.
  22. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - THE GREAT BARRIER REEF Did you know... that The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres? The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia. (Wikipedia) The Great Barrier Reef: it’s one of the most iconic, most beautiful and most diverse locations on earth. Stretching from Cape York in northern most Queensland down to Bundaberg on the central coast, this enormous living organism (the world’s largest) is nothing short of breathtaking. And it’s right on our doorstep. It's the only place on earth where two Unesco World Heritage Sites meet. Officially a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1981, just one accolade was not enough for this jaw-droppingly beautiful part of the world; so it got two. The Reef hugs the coastline of the incomparable Wet Tropics, the oldest rainforest in the world. Both are home to some of the rarest creatures and prehistoric plant life on earth, giving it near-on magical status. Pretty spectacular stuff. It's bigger than Tasmania and Victoria, combined. Stretching 2,300 kilometres along two-thirds of the Queensland coast, the Great Barrier Reef is enormous. It’s the only living structure in the world that can be seen from space and covers an area bigger than two Australian states. Big doesn’t begin to cover it. You'll find a 3rd of the world's Coral here More than 400 coral species can be found in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, making it not only an impressive feat of Mother Nature but an important, and highly protected, habitat to thousands of marine species found nowhere else on earth. And it's home to nearly 5,000 marine and mammal species Thanks to its abundant coral reefs and protected coral cays (we’re talking 600+ pristine beaches and remote tropical islands), the Great Barrier Reef is home to some of the world’s most unique creatures. More than 1,500 species of fish, 215 bird species, 3,000 species of molluscs, six of the world’s seven species of marine turtle, 30 species of whale and dolphin, and one of the world’s most important dugong populations all call this stretch of ocean home. You can volunteer on The great Barrier Reef Visiting the Great Barrier Reef is a life-changing experience in itself, but helping ensure its survival for generations to come will stay with you forever. Destinations such as Heron Island, Lady Elliot Island and Lady Musgrave Island are award-winning for their eco-sustainable accommodation and on-site research and volunteer programs. Ensuring facilities and guests leave no footprint, you can be beachside one day, rehabilitating a baby turtle or learning about coral health the next. The Reef "TAX" helps fund much-needed research To ensure the ongoing protection of the Great Barrier Reef, a ‘reef tax’ of AUD$6 per day is paid by any visitor to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. While the entire region hugely benefits from tourism, these much-needed funds go toward the ongoing research and protection conducted by marine park officers. You'll find some of the most famous dive sites in the world here While the average depth of the Great Barrier Reef hovers around 35 metres, the Continental Shelf drops to depths of more than 2,000 metres, making it a hotbed of marine life activity. Offering some of the most impressive diving locations in the world, depending on the time of year you could be swimming with whales on Norman Reef, watching a shark feeding frenzy at North Horn or be drifting next to manta rays off Lady Elliot Island. Being spoilt for choice on the Reef is just a way of life. November is Coral spawning season Each year the Great Barrier Reef puts on the world’s largest, most impressive coral spawning event. Releasing eggs and sperm into the ocean at exactly the same time, cloud-like plumes rise to the surface to fertilise. This synchronised reproduction happens over a period of just a few days and is key in helping the reef grow and repair. Oh, and it’s wildly beautiful to witness. If you time your visit right… Swim with Australia's great 8 Snorkelling is one of the best ways to encounter the Great Eight; just remember to keep your eyes peeled. While the Southern Great Barrier Reef is manta ray territory, you’ll see Humpback whales migrating the length of the Queensland coast during the winter months. Turtles stretch the length of the Great Barrier Reef; you’ll likely spot at least one on a snorkelling trip. But, if you want to witness hatchlings taking their first tiny steps toward their life in the ocean, head straight to Mon Repos in Bundaberg. If swimming with the world’s most iconic sea creatures is on your bucket list, then you’ve come to the right reef. View The Great Barrier Reef from above In 2012 Google launched the very first underwater ‘Street View’ on the Great Barrier Reef. The Underwater Earth project uses data and imagery from the ground-breaking Catlin Seaview Survey project – a series of expeditions aiming to explore and survey the health of coral reefs worldwide – so you can spy on the antics of the Reef’s inhabitants. Here are more interesting facts about The Great Barrier Reef! The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. It is found in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia. The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest living structure. It is made up of around 2900 individual reefs and 900 islands. The Great Barrier Reef is around 2600 kilometres (1616 miles) in length. Astronauts can see the Great Barrier Reef from space. Marine animals called coral play an important role in the formation of the Great Barrier Reef. Coral create calcium carbonate which forms a hard, shell-like skeleton. The Great Barrier Reef is home to a wide range of life, including fish, sea turtles, giant clam, seahorse, sea snakes, nudibranch, sea turtles, stingray, sharks and many more. Over 1500 different species of fish live in the Great Barrier Reef, including clownfish, star of the animated film Finding Nemo. Whales, dolphins and dugong can also be seen in the Great Barrier Reef. Climate change is perhaps the biggest threat to the Great Barrier Reef. Warmer ocean temperatures put stress on coral and lead to coral bleaching. The Great Barrier Reef is a popular tourist destination with around 2 million visitors every year.
  23. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - FRENCH CULTURE The skyline of Paris viewed from the top of Notre Dame. (Image: © William Perugini | Shutterstock) Did you know... that Some classic French dishes include boeuf bourguignon — a stew made of beef braised in red wine, beef broth and seasoned with garlic, onions and mushrooms — and coq au vin, a dish made with chicken, Burgundy wine, lardons (small strips or cubes of pork fat), button mushrooms, onions and optional garlic? Most people associate French culture with Paris, which is a center of fashion, cuisine, art and architecture, but life outside of the City of Lights is very different and varies by region. France doesn't just have culture; the word "culture" actually comes from France. "'Culture' derives from the same French term, which in turn derives from the Latin colere, meaning to tend to the earth and grow, cultivation and nurture," Cristina De Rossi, an anthropologist at Barnet and Southgate College in London, told Live Science. Historically, French culture was influenced by Celtic and Gallo-Roman cultures as well as the Franks, a Germanic tribe. France was initially defined as the western area of Germany known as Rhineland but it later came to refer to a territory that was known as Gaul during the Iron Age and Roman era. Languages French is the official language and the first language of 88 percent of the population, according to the BBC. It is the dominant language of the country's 70 million residents, but there are a number of variants based on region. French is the second most widely learned foreign language in the world, with almost 120 million students, according to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. About 3 percent of the population speaks German dialects, and there is a small group of Flemish speakers in the northeast, according to the BBC. Arabic is the third-largest minority language. Those living near the border of Italy may speak Italian as a second language, and Basque is spoken by people living along the French-Spanish border. Other dialects and languages include Catalan, Breton (the Celtic language), Occitan dialects, and languages from the former French colonies, including Kabyle and Antillean Creole. Religion Catholicism is the predominant religion of France. In a survey by the French Institute of Public Opinion (IFOP), 64 percent of the population (about 41.6 million people) identified themselves as Roman Catholic. The other religions in France include Islam, Buddhism and Judaism. From 23 to 28 percent of people in France do not subscribe to a religion, according to the CIA. Values The French take immense great pride in their nation and government and are typically offended by any negative comments about their country. Visitors, particularly Americans, often interpret their attitude toward foreigners as rude. "From around the 16th century, in Europe, culture became a term for the cultivation of the mind, the intellect, knowledge, learning, creative faculties and acceptable ways of behaving," said De Rossi. The French embrace style and sophistication and take pride in the fact that even their public spaces strike a regal tone. The French believe in égalité, which means equality, and is part of the country's motto: "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité." Many say they place a higher importance on equality than liberty and fraternity, the other two words in the motto. The French embody romance and passion, and there is an open attitude toward sex outside of marriage, according to a study by France's National Research Agency on AIDS. Even the country's top politicians have been known to carry out extramarital affairs without making an effort to conceal them. As a reflection of the country's secular nature, it is not uncommon for children are born to unmarried couples. In addition to traditional marriage, French couples also have the choice of getting a pacte civil de solidarité (PACS). This is a union that has many of the same benefits of marriage, like tax breaks, but can be dissolved with a notice or by marrying someone else or instead of a divorce. Two-thirds as many French couples are in a PACS as are married, according to The Economist. French cuisine Food and wine are central to life at all socioeconomic levels, and much socializing is done around lengthy dinners. A traditional French dish is coq au vin — chicken in Burgundy wine, lardons (small strips or cubes of pork fat), button mushrooms, onions and garlic. (Image credit: Dream79 Shutterstock) While cooking styles have changed to emphasize lighter fare, many still associate French cooking with heavy sauces and complicated preparation. Some classic French dishes include boeuf bourguignon — a stew made of beef braised in red wine, beef broth and seasoned with garlic, onions and mushrooms — and coq au vin, a dish made with chicken, Burgundy wine, lardons (small strips or cubes of pork fat), button mushrooms, onions and optional garlic. French fries, interestingly enough, may not be French. According to National Geographic, they may actually be from Spain or Belgium. The reason why Americans call fried potatoes French fries is because Thomas Jefferson discovered the treat while in France while serving there as American Minister from 1784 to 1789. He brought the idea back to the States. Clothing Paris is known as the home to many high-end fashion houses, such as Dior, Hermes, Louis Vuitton and Chanel. Many French people dress in a sophisticated, professional and fashionable style, but it is not overly fussy. Typical outfits include nice dresses, suits, long coats, scarves and berets. The term haute couture is associated with French fashion and loosely means fancier garments that are handmade or made to order. In France, the term is protected by law and is defined by the Paris Chamber of Commerce, according to Eva Domjian, a London-based fashion writer and editor. Domjian writes on her blog: "To earn the right to call itself a couture house and to use the term haute couture in its advertising and any other way, a fashion house must follow these rules: Design made-to-order for private clients, with one or more fittings. Have a workshop (atelier) in Paris that employs at least 15 people full-time. Each season (i.e. twice a year) present a collection to the Paris press, comprising at least 35 runs/exits with outfits for both daytime wear and evening wear." French art Art is everywhere in France — particularly in Paris and other major cities — and Gothic, Romanesque Rococo and Neoclassic influences can be seen in many churches and other public buildings. Many of history's most renowned artists, including Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro, sought inspiration in Paris, and they gave rise to the Impressionism movement. The Louvre Museum in Paris is among the world's largest museums and is home to many famous works of art, including the Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo. Holidays and celebrations The French celebrate the traditional Christian holidays of Christmas and Easter. They mark May Day, also known as Labor Day, on May 1. Victory in Europe Day on May 8 commemorates the end of hostilities in Europe in World War II. Bastille Day is celebrated on July 14. This is the day the Bastille fortress in Paris was stormed by revolutionaries to start the French Revolution.
  24. 1 point
    Shuyan Saga is currently free on IndieGala. https://freebies.indiegala.com/shuyan-saga/
  25. 1 point
    Hmm this arc is almost over on Black Clover and the manga is only about 20 chapters ahead of the anime... So I wonder if we're about to get a huge filler arc or if Perriot will be sensible for once and actually stop the anime for a couple seasons or more so they don't fuck it up like they did every single shounen they've touched in the last decade.
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