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  1. 2 points
    Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon is currently free on Ubisoft Connect. https://register.ubisoft.com/ghostrecon-giveaway/en-US Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon: Wildlands Fallen Ghosts DLC is currently free on Ubisoft Connect, Steam, Epic Games Store, PlayStation Store, Microsoft Store and Google Stadia. https://register.ubisoft.com/grw_dlc_giveaway/en-US https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/ghost-recon-wildlands--fallen-ghosts-dlc https://store.steampowered.com/app/573832/Tom_Clancys_Ghost_Recon_Wildlands__Fallen_Ghosts
  2. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/46500/Syberia/ https://store.steampowered.com/app/46510/Syberia_II/ Syberia and Syberia II are currently free on Steam.
  3. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/1260130/Banana_Hell/ Banana Hell is currently free on Steam https://sorceressgamelab.itch.io/tizahls-quest-full Tizahl's Quest is currently free on Itch.io.
  4. 2 points
    Seems like half the time now these Epic freebies are repeats that I've already got from Epic as a freebie prior.
  5. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/1748780/Minion_Masters__Mordars_Malediction/ https://store.steampowered.com/app/489520/Minion_Masters/ Minion Masters: Mordar’s Malediction DLC is currently free on Steam. The base game is free to play. https://masterdevmed.itch.io/unforgiven-carry-the-pain Unforgiven: Carry the Pain is currently free at Itch.io.
  6. 2 points
    Since my last post I've seen: Candyman [2021] Cry Macho [2021] Escape Room 2 [2021] Kate [2021] Meagan Leavey [2017] Nightbooks [2021] The Amateurs [2005] The Open Road [2009] The Texas Chainsaw Massacre [2003] Wyatt Earp [1994]
  7. 2 points
    ttps://freebies.indiegala.com/leisure-suit-larry-magna-cum-laude-uncut-and-uncensored Leisure Suit Larry: Magna Cum Laude: Uncut and Uncensored is currently free on IndieGala. https://laurahunt.itch.io/if-on-a-winters-night-four-travelers If on a Winter's Night, Four Travelers is free on Itch.io.
  8. 2 points
    https://store.steampowered.com/app/475150/Titan_Quest_Anniversary_Edition/ Titan Quest Anniversary Edition is currently free on Steam. https://store.steampowered.com/app/283270/Jagged_Alliance_1_Gold_Edition/ Jagged Alliance 1: Gold Edition is currently free on Steam.
  9. 2 points
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/speed-brawl Speed Brawl is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/tharsis Tharsis is currently free on Epic Games Store. https://freebies.indiegala.com/marvin-the-hatter Marvin The Hatter is currently free on IndieGala.
  10. 2 points
    BDRyan here (aka IkarosBD), just a quick heads-up that I have dropped my old persona and adopted a new one. I'm still the same 'ol person as before, just new name.
  11. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - MARMOT Yellow-bellied marmot Did you know.... that marmots are relatively large ground squirrels in the genus Marmota, with 15 species living in Asia, Europe, and North America. These herbivores are active during the summer when often found in groups, but are not seen during the winter when they hibernate underground. They are the heaviest members of the squirrel family. (Wikipedia) Facts About Marmots By: Charlotte Heal | February 21, 2017 These cute little fluff balls are often talked about and seen as somewhat mystical since they are so hard to spot during the snowy months; craning necks whilst on chair lifts and feverishly following marmot tracks (if you’re lucky enough to spot them). We thought we’d help you out by giving you a few fun and insightful facts to help you understand why they are so rarely spotted during the winter and also to share with your party whilst wiling away the time on that long bubble ride… Where do you find them? Marmots can be found throughout North America, Europe and Asia in mountainous regions such as the Rocky Mountains, the Alps, the Himalayas and the Carpathians up to heights of 14,000 feet. Alpine marmots prefer meadows and high-altitude pastures, where colonies live in deep burrow systems up to 20m long and can be as much as 3m deep underground. What do they eat? Marmots are mainly herbivores and eat a wide variety of plants, flowers and seeds, as well as grain, insects, spiders and worms. Interestingly they will choose young and tender plants over any other kind, and hold food in their forepaws while eating. They mainly emerge from their burrows to find food during the morning and afternoon. When the weather is suitable, they will cleverly eat large amounts of food in order to create a layer of fat on their body, enabling them to survive their long hibernation period. They are also excellent diggers, able to penetrate soil that even a pickaxe would have difficulty with! How do they communicate? They communicate with each other using a variety of visual and audio signals such as whistles, screams and tooth chattering. Scent glands are also used for territorial marking and conflict resolution between males. They’ll give one long whistle for flying predators, and two short bursts for the four-legged, grounded variety. The hoary marmot (found in North America) is sometimes called the ‘whistle pig’. This nickname was the inspiration for renaming the popular ski resort ‘Whistler’! What’s a day in the life of a Marmot like? Marmots usually live in self-dug burrows; they hibernate 7-8 months out of the year and can lose two thirds of their body weight during that period. During hibernation the marmot’s heartbeat slows to 3 or 4 beats per minute compared to an average range of 110-200 beats per minute when they are active. Once emerged from hibernation in the spring they often tunnel through several meters of snow. Marmots may be seen "sun bathing", but actually this is often on a flat rock and it is believed they are actually cooling themselves, using the rock as a temperature regulating device! One can often see an alpine marmot "standing" while they keep a look-out for potential predators or other dangers, but this is due to their very defensive nature and need to guard the colony from predators. Most likely resort for Marmot spotting? In Zermatt it is the clean air, lack of cars and petrol powered machines and rugged countryside that create an ideal habitat for marmots. In summer the hillsides are filled with them: sunbathing on the rocks or frolicking with their young. There is even an organised Marmot trail coming down from Blauherd to Findeln, with information points along the way, telling you all about these fascinating little creatures. Since the path also happens to wind its way down past the fabulous restaurant Chez Vrony you can celebrate successful marmot spotting on the terrace with a glass of wine and their delicious food. Source: Wikipedia - Marmot | Facts About Marmots
  12. 1 point
    What's the Word? - LATITUDINARIAN pronunciation: [la-də-t(y)oo-dn-ER-ee-ən] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, mid 17th century Meaning: 1. Allowing latitude in religion; showing no preference among varying creeds and forms of worship. Example: "Dan adopted a latitudinarian attitude so his children could seek out their own paths." "Some houses of worship embrace a modern, latitudinarian stance." About Latitudinarian This word comes from the Latin “latitudo, meaning “breadth,” plus the “-arian” suffix, which denotes a concern or belief in a specified thing. Did You Know? In modern times, being called a latitudinarian is likely to be a compliment. But that wasn’t always the case — the word was originally used in a derogatory fashion to describe more liberal, tolerant Anglican clerics.
  13. 1 point
    What's the Word? - LUCULLAN pronunciation: [luh-KUH-lən] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Roman, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. (Especially of food) extremely luxurious. Example: "Everything about the suites at the Plaza Hotel is Lucullan." "The convention ended with a Lucullan banquet." About Lucullan This word comes directly from the name of Licinius Lucullus, Roman general from the 1st century BC, famous for giving lavish banquets. Did You Know? Lucullan marble, also known as Lucullite, is a specific marble colored dark gray by carbon that is found along the Nile River Valley in Egypt. It has been used in world-famous architecture and sculptures, including the geometric flooring of the Temple of Herakles in Malibu’s Getty Villa Museum and the Furietti Centaurs sculptures in the Capitoline Museums in Rome.
  14. 1 point
    This week, Momonosuke struggles to make clouds to keep Onigashima afloat, Yamato takes her Zoan form to try dealing with the explosive weapons atop, and it seems Sanji has more tricks up his sleeves, whether he wants them or not. He'll need them.
  15. 1 point
    What's the Word? - ARTIFICER pronunciation: [ar-TIH-fə-sər] Part of speech: noun Origin: French, late 14th century Meaning: 1. A skilled craftsman or inventor. 2. (British military) a skilled mechanic in the armed forces. Example: "The artificer could fix any kind of engine." "Terry was a skilled artificer who had applied for multiple patents." About Artificer This word stems from Anglo-Norman French, probably as an alteration of Old French “artificien,” from “artifice.” Did You Know? In the fifth edition of the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons, the artificer characters are master inventors. They use a variety of tools to channel their impressive capabilities. They view magic as a complex system they need to decode and then utilize in their spells.
  16. 1 point
    This week, Anti rambles about To Your Eternity
  17. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - SMALLEST THINGS The world’s smallest artificial heart Did you know.... that from a human’s perspective, small can be anything from a single cell organism to miniature replicas of much larger things. We once thought that atoms were the building blocks of everything around us. But then, the protons, electrons, and neutrons opened a whole new world on the smallest scale. And just as we started to entertain the thought that these are fundamental particles, researchers showed that neutrons and protons themselves are made of multiple quarks. So, as far as we know, quarks and leptons (a family of elementary particles that include electrons) are the smallest, most fundamental matter in the universe. Below is a list of the smallest things. Smallest Things In The World by Bipro Das | February 7, 2020 Smallest Cannon According to the Guinness World Records, the world’s smallest working cannon (15 µm x 5 µm x 5 µm) was designed by a group of researchers, including Stuart Ibsen, Joseph Wang, and Sadik Esener, among others. It was developed as part of a study to create futuristic microscopic cannons that can be used to inject targeted medicine directly to patients’ skin tissue. Smallest Gun The record for the world’s smallest (functional) revolver goes to Miniature Revolver C1ST. It was designed by SwissMiniGun, a Switzerland based company. The gun, according to the company, operates the same way as a standard firearm would do. It is no bigger than 5.5 cm in length, fire 2.34 mm caliber rounds, and has a muzzle velocity of about 121 m/s. The bullet (muzzle) energy it produces is 0.97 J or about 0.71 foot-pounds. Since only a limited number of C1ST’s are ever produced, a vast majority of them remain in collector’s possession. Smallest Surviving Infant Weighing at just 245 grams at the time of the birth, Akel or Saybie, as the doctors and nurses nicknamed her, is the world’s smallest surviving infant. The baby was born at Sharp Mary Birch Hospital in San Diego, California. According to the University of Iowa’s Tiniest Babies Registry, Akel was seven grams less than the previous title holder at the time of her birth. The infant was delivered after a gestation period of mere 23 weeks and three days in the mother’s womb. A pregnancy usually lasts for 40 weeks or 9 months. Smallest Production Car The world’s smallest car, the Peel P50 is a three-wheeled, single-seater microcar, which was initially manufactured by the Peel Engineering Company in the 1960s for commercial purposes. It only has one door to its left, one central headlight, and a windscreen viper. The Peel P50 entered into the Guinness World Records in 2010, when Peel Engineering Ltd. (rebranded) restarted its production. Specific changes have been made to the car’s mechanical components to make it road legal. It includes the suspension, drive-train, and functional reverse gear, which was not present in the original version. The car is available in petrol as well as an electric model. The max. speed of both variants is 45 km/h. Back in 2016, a Peel P50 (initial production) was sold for US$ 176,000 in an auction. Read: 12 Smallest Stars in the Universe Smallest Fish A mature male specimen of the Photocorynus spiniceps, an anglerfish species, can measure anywhere between 6.2 to 7.3 millimeters in length. It is the smallest known of all mature fish species and vertebrates. The female individuals, however, can grow up to 50 millimeters. Anglerfish species, including the P. spiniceps, exhibit a unique behavior known as parasitism, in which smaller males depend on much larger females for their overall survival. While the males only provide sperm for reproduction. Smallest Horse Standing at just 56.7 cm, Bombel (“Bubble”) is the current smallest male horse in the world. It is a miniature Appaloosa (a North American horse breed with black spots) born and raised in Poland. At a young age, when Bombel was just two months old, he looked smaller even for a miniature horse. Both of its parents were normal-sized (miniature). The smallest horse ever was Thumbelina (43 centimeters), who died back in 2018. Smallest Computer In 2015, the University of Michigan unveiled the world’s smallest computer, Michigan Micro Mote (M3), measuring at just half a centimeter. The M3 carries a solar cell that produces 20nW (nanowatt), enough for the device to run uninterrupted under suitable conditions. While on standby, the device consumes as little as 2 nA. Each M3 computer features as much as eight layers that carry out different functions. These layers can be interchanged or tweaked to achieve a new sensing system. The Michigan Micro Mote can be used as motion detectors, pressure, and temperature sensor. Currently, the device has a small effective range of about 2 meters. If you’re wondering about small personal computers that you can actually buy, then there are a couple of options. The FXI Cotton Candy has a dual-core 1.2 GHz processor and 1 GB DRAM, all inside a USB shaped stick. There are Android mini PC’s for you to choose from. Read: The Smallest Spectrometer Ever Built | Made Of Single Nanowire Smallest Primate Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur at Kirindy Forest Reserve (Madagascar) With an average body length of 9.5 centimeters, Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur, or simply Berthe’s mouse lemur, is the world’s smallest primate. The species is found exclusively on the island country of Madagascar. At the time of its discovery, Berthe’s mouse lemur was misidentified as Pygmy mouse lemur, an identical but slightly larger species of mouse lemurs. It is now believed that Microcebus berthae has gone through extensive speciation. The species is listed as endangered in the Red List of threatened species due to large-scale deforestation in and near its habitat. Read: World’s Smallest House | About 20 Micrometer Long Smallest Radio In 2007, a team of researchers from the University of California, Berkeley designed one of a kind radio receiver out of a carbon nanotube measuring just 100 micrometers in length and 10 micrometers in diameter. It remains the world’s smallest radio to date. Being the tiniest, the nanotube radio certainly works in a much different manner than conventional radio. Here, all the functions are carried out by a single nanotube together with two electrodes, between which it is placed. It can not only tune into a radio signal but also demodulate and amplify it. An external speaker is used to play the audio. Read: World’s Smallest, Single Atom Transistor That Works At Room Temperature Smallest Camera (Image Sensor) World’s smallest camera The record for the world’s smallest camera goes to OmniVision OV6948, developed by OmniVision Technologies Inc, a California based digital imaging products. The camera measures 0.65 x 0.65 x 1.158mm, while its tiny sensor is just 0.575 x 0.575 x 0.232mm. It has a resolution of 200 x 200, with each pixel size just 1.75 µm across and generates color images using an RBG Bayer filter. The OmniVision OV6948 is designed to operate inside the smallest of places and something as intricate as human veins. The camera’s minimal power usage and heat output mean surgeons can carry operations for longer duration without any discomfort to the patients. Smallest Atom Once thought the smallest thing in the universe, atoms were created shortly (on a cosmic scale) after the Big Bang. Atoms are made up of three particles; protons and neutrons, which are composed of much smaller quarks, and electrons. In terms of mass, the smallest atom known to us is a hydrogen atom, which has one electron and one proton. It has an atomic weight of 1.008 and is the lightest element in the universe. Smallest Particle The standard model of Elementary particles We have already established that quarks and electrons are the smallest known particles in the universe. So far, researchers have been able to identify six types or flavors of quarks, namely, up (u), down (d), charm (c), strange (s), top (t), and bottom (b). Multiple quarks bond together to form a subatomic composite particle known as hadron. Protons and neutrons are the two most common types of hadrons that have an odd number of quarks (three), also known as baryons. For instance, a proton carries one down quark and two up quarks. Out of all six quarks, up and down quarks have the lowest masses. The quark model was initially suggested (independently) by American physicists George Zweig and Murray Gell-Mann in 1964. Read: Scientists Gain Control Of Smallest Unit Of Sound: Phonon Electrons, unlike protons and neutrons, are elementary are part of a broader group of fundamental particles known as leptons. Electrons are about 1900 times less massive than protons. Source: Smallest Things in the World
  18. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - JAPANESE ROCK GARDEN Ryōan-ji (late 16th century) in Kyoto, Japan, a famous example of a zen garden Did you know.... that the Japanese rock garden or "dry landscape" garden, often called a zen garden, creates a miniature stylized landscape through carefully composed arrangements of rocks, water features, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and uses gravel or sand that is raked to represent ripples in water. A zen garden is usually relatively small, surrounded by a wall, and is usually meant to be seen while seated from a single viewpoint outside the garden, such as the porch of the hojo, the residence of the chief monk of the temple or monastery. Classical zen gardens were created at temples of Zen Buddhism in Kyoto during the Muromachi period. They were intended to imitate the essence of nature, not its actual appearance, and to serve as an aid to meditation about the true meaning of existence. (Wikipedia) What makes a Japanese Garden a Japanese Garden? by Ruth MacRae | August 30, 2018 Japanese gardens are full of rich history, culture, beauty, and tradition. For over 1000 years, gardens in Japan have refined and evolved into many distinct styles and each style brings a diverse purpose or perspective from strolling gardens to oasis of meditation. But what makes a Japanese garden uniquely Japanese? It’s impossible to describe Japanese gardens in detail but here are some quick facts to help you understand Japanese gardens and their origins better. And to augment our tour, Garden and Art Tour of Japan. Quick Facts Japanese gardens express the beauty of nature, avoiding artificial, man-made components wherever possible. Garden design is an art form in Japan whose purpose is create a scenic arrangement similar to the way an artist composes a landscape in a painting. Lack of space means gardens are viewed as miniaturized landscapes in a small yard, balcony or window box. The intent is to mimic a larger scene. Bonsai is a response to the lack of garden space. When outdoor space is unavailable, bonsai can be brought indoors. Temples or shrines incorporate gardens into their design. Gardens historically belong to upper- class dwellings and warrior class houses. Today small gardens grace inner courtyards of a home. Japanese gardens were often built to be viewed from a mediation room, a study room or a wide veranda. In 2001 Tokyo passed a law that all buildings of a certain size are required to have a rooftop garden to combat urban heat. Today there are over 1000 rooftop gardens in Tokyo. One of modern trends in Japanese home gardens is the move away from traditional gardening to English-style gardens or a combination of these styles. . (On a personal note: we saw a change in gardens from our visit in 2007 to our second visit in 2015. It will be interesting to see if this trend continues when we visit Japan again this November). Garden maintenance is very important in Japan. For instance some gardens have “river washers” who sweep garden ponds and waters. Climate sensitive trees and delicate shrubs are shrouded with straw jackets to protect them from cool winter weather. Quick History Facts Japan’s first gardens (538-710) were based on Chinese building methods and Buddhist beliefs. None of these gardens exist today. Over the years many of the gardens have lost their religious importance and have attempted to imitate scenic beauty in miniature or reinterpret a garden from literary texts. Zen gardens with the focus on contemplation and meditation appeared from 1185-1336. Each historical period influenced garden design and reflected the society of that time. For example, during the Edo period gardens were made popular for strolling by the nobility who were patrons of the arts. The oldest Japanese text on garden-making is Sakuteiki (Records of Garden Making). The work was based on oral traditions which were published for the first time in the 11th century. Quick Facts on the Elements of a Japanese Garden The key elements of Japanese gardens are rocks, trees, ponds and running water. All elements are placed to harmonize with nature and each element has a different meaning. Even in gardens of a limited size. Other elements may include islands, hills, bridges, teahouses, koi, stone lanterns, gates and fences. Again each element has its own significance. Many Japanese gardens adopt six key attributes: spaciousness, seclusion, artifice, antiquity, waterways and panorama. Japanese Garden Types There are many types of Japanese gardens but some examples are: Shūyū Garden: This strolling garden is a series of paths that you follow and that can be enjoyed from a variety of viewpoints. Strolling gardens include ponds, islands, hills, streams, stepping stones, koi, and often tea gardens. An example of a stroll garden you will see on our tour is Korakuen Garden in Okayama. Tsukiyama: This garden is an artificial or man-made hill and pond garden. It represents nature in miniature and includes ponds, hills, stones, trees, streams, bridges, koi, moss, and paths. Many cherry, maple and ginkgo trees can be found in this type of garden. This type of garden is very popular for cherry blossom viewing in the spring and maple tree viewing in the fall. An example of a tsukiyama garden on our tour is Ginkaku-ji or Silver Pavilion in Kyoto Japanese Pond Garden: This type of garden is very similar to strolling gardens and hill and pond gardens. But in these gardens, water is central, associated with tranquility, renewal and the flow of life in the afterlife. An example of this type of garden on our tour is Daikakuji Temple in Kyoto. Kanshō Garden: This garden is designed to be enjoyed and contemplated from one specific place such as a verandah. An example of a kanshō garden that you will see on our tour is the rock and raked gravel garden, Ryōan-ji in Kyoto. Tsubo-niwa Gardens: These are small courtyard gardens located under overhanging roofs, between buildings or where buildings form a junction. Because there is very little natural light, many tsubo-niwa gardens feature sand and small rocks. It has been suggested that this type of garden opens up the home’s interior while still providing privacy and provides an architectural focus for the building. You will see several of these small courtyard gardens in temples and shrines on our tour. Be sure to check out our other Japan tours… There are so many different things to see and do in Japan, so I know that Japanese gardens may not rank at the top of every traveler's list to Japan. However it will be hard to ignore them because the Japanese are devoted to nature and gardens are fundamental to their culture and history. Many gardens are associated with historically significant temples and shrines and I would recommend that you include a few in your trip to Japan. These can easily be incorporated into one of our other Japan tours or we can customize the tour you want. It is almost impossible to mention just a few gardens; but if gardens aren’t your thing then here are my top five garden recommendations: Adachi Museum of Art in Yasugi (near Matsue This garden surrounds the museum and often is awarded the best Japanese garden in many prestigious garden magazines. Kenroku-en in Kanazawa: It is considered one of the top three gardens in Japan. Founded in the 1620’s it features the oldest fountain in Japan, a tea house, pagoda and stone bridges and incorporates the six characteristics of an ideal garden: spaciousness, serenity, venerability, scenic views, subtle design, and coolness. Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto: The most famous Zen garden, which is made of 15 stones placed on the pebbles. Purpose: Meditate on the meaning of life. Saihō-ji Temple or Kokedera in Kyoto: This temple is considered by many to be Kyoto’s most beautiful garden and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is named the Moss Temple as it houses 120 different kinds of moss. To enter the garden visitors must participate in the Buddhist practice of copying sutras called shakyo. This isn’t as difficult as it sounds! Ginkaku-ji in Kyoto: Ginkakuji consists of the Silver Pavilion, half a dozen other temple buildings, a beautiful moss garden and a unique dry sand garden. For the best views of the gardens and buildings walk along the circular route to see the grounds from different perspectives. Source: Wikipedia - Japanese Rock Garden | Facts About Japanese Rock Gardens
  19. 1 point
    What's the Word? - HISPID pronunciation: [HIS-pid] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, mid 17th century Meaning: 1. (Botany and zoology) covered with stiff hair or bristles. Example: "The hispid leaves had a prickly texture." "The hare’s fur was surprisingly hispid." About Hispid This word comes from the Latin “hispidum,” meaning “rough, hairy, bristly.” Did You Know? Not only are there lots of hairy plant species, but there are many specific ways to describe them. “Hirsute” describes a plant with a thick covering of stiff hairs, while “hispid” suggests fewer hairs of the same texture. “Canescent” means enough soft, short hairs to give the plant a grayish white color, and “tomentose” describes densely matted, wooly hairs.
  20. 1 point
    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/pc-building-simulator PC Building Simulator is currently free on Epic Games Store.
  21. 1 point
    What's the Word? - FlINDERS pronunciation: [FLIN-dərz] Part of speech: noun (plural) Origin: Late Middle English, 15th century Meaning: 1. Small fragments or splinters. Example: "The glass slipped from his hand and shattered into flinders." "When Scott rubbed his hand against the wood railing, he got a few flinders in his palm." About Flinders This word comes from the Scottish “flendris,” which is likely related either to the Norwegian “flindra,” meaning “chip, splinter,” or the Dutch “flender,” meaning “fragment.” Did You Know? Matthew Flinders was an English explorer who circumnavigated Australia in the early 19th century for the Royal Navy and charted much of its west coast for the first time. The Flinders River in Queensland, Australia was named in honor of him.
  22. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - CINEMATOGRAPHY Did you know..... that cinematography is the art of motion picture photography. Cinematographers use a lens to focus reflected light from objects into a real image that is transferred to some image sensor or light-sensitive material inside a movie camera. These exposures are created sequentially and preserved for later processing and viewing as a motion picture. Capturing images with an electronic image sensor produces an electrical charge for each pixel in the image, which is electronically processed and stored in a video file for subsequent processing or display. Images captured with photographic emulsion result in a series of invisible latent images on the film stock, which are chemically "developed" into a visible image. The images on the film stock are projected for viewing the motion picture. (Wikipedia) FACTS ABOUT FILMMAKING AND THE HISTORY OF FILM BY CHRISTIAN ROEMER Even though digital is the medium of choice these days, for about a hundred years or so, film reigned supreme. Pictures, movies, and even audio was recorded on film-like tapes. Movies – and film in particular – have changed dramatically over the course of their lifetimes, and it’s interesting to wonder if film will even exist in 50 years. For the sake of posterity and looking back at how primitive original film and movie technology was – although revolutionary at the time – we thought we would dig up 10 fun facts about the history of film and cinematography. After all, film has been around for more than 130 years, believe it or not. Technology has come a long way, and in the future when kids have no idea what film is, which is already happening today, we can point to these facts and remind them that the world wasn’t always a digital playground full of cell phones and USBs. 1. WHEN WAS FILM INVENTED? THE 1890S Motion pictures date all the way back to the 1890s when the first moving picture cameras were invented. However, the very first moving picture – The Roundhay Garden Scene – was actually a product of the 1880s. In 1888, French inventor Louis Le Prince filmed his family prancing around in a circle in a whopping two second clip. While that seems insignificant now, it’s innovation is what would eventually lead to commercialized cameras and motion pictures. Before the advancement of the Hollywood scene, movies were somewhat boring. They started out short and only included a single scene that was about a minute long. They were typically silent - except... 2. THE EARLIEST SHORT FILMS WERE SOMETIMES ACCOMPANIED BY BANDS Grandma's Reading Glass - George Albert Smith - 1900 What fun would it be sitting in a theatre while random, everyday scenes scrolled by silently on a screen? Awkward. To make up for the lack of sound in a film, sometimes a band would play live music while the movie was playing. After all, who wants to hear someone going to town on a bag of popcorn in a deaf theater? 3. THE PANORAMA SHOT WAS DEVELOPED IN 1987 Panning shot of a chicken running, at a slow shutter speed of 1/40 second 1987 is the year panning cameras were first used in film production, meaning the pan shot, also known as the panorama shot, was invented then. Before, cameras were stationary, so you had to move the entire camera and tripod to get any kind of movement. This was a huge advancement in film making and cinematography as an art form. 4. EARLY CAMERAS FILMED AT 16 FRAMES PER SECOND (FPS) By today’s standards, a 16 frames per second speed is pretty slow. For perspective, modern 35mm cameras film at 25 FPS. If you want your mind blown, some modern video games are played at 250 FPS. But hey, you’ve got to start somewhere, right? 5. 13 FRAMES PER SECOND IS THE SLOWEST SPEED THE HUMAN BRAIN WILL PROCESS IMAGES CONSECUTIVELY 13 FPS is the minimum speed that the human brain needs in order to process consecutive images as movement. Anything less than that and the human brain will process each frame as a separate picture. 16 FPS is pretty close to 13, which is why old movies look so choppy and unnatural. 6. THE FIRST FEATURE-LENGTH FILM WAS PRODUCED IN 1906 The Australian film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, was the first feature length film in history. You can see the cast, box office, and budget details on IMDB. It was over an hour long, and the reel length was about 4,000 feet. To put that in perspective, a small 5-inch reel of film holds up to 200 ft., a 6-inch holds 300 ft. and a 7-inch 400 ft. Depending on the size of the reel that, movie is housed in, that’s at least 10 reels of 7-inch film and at most 20 reels of 5-inch film. Imagine that! Crazy enough, it was almost lost forever, but a few pieces of the The Story of Kelly Gang film surfaced in 1975, which helped preserve some of the history-making movie. 7. THE FIRST MOVIE THEATERS OPENED IN 1907 The Nickelodeon Before 1907, most movies were shown in traditional theaters or at carnivals. With the advent of movie theaters, the films became the main attraction themselves. 8. A 1,000 FOOT LONG FILM WILL PRODUCE 11 MINUTES OF FOOTAGE AT 25 FPS A standard reel of film that runs at 25 FPS is 1,000 feet long. This 1,000 feet of film will produce about 11 minutes of footage. That means that projectionists at movie theatres had to change reels many times during a single motion picture to keep it going uninterrupted. Unlike today, where everything is digital and automated. 9. THE TITANIC MOVIE WAS 17.7 REELS LONG WHEN RELEASED Titanic came out in 1997 when film reels were still the only way to project a movie. With a run time of 3 hours and 15 minutes, each copy of Titanic was 17.7 reels long. That means, at 25 FPS, it consisted of over 17,700 feet of film. That’s over 3 miles for a single movie. For reference, the Titanic was 883 feet long … that’s nearly 20 Titanic's long. 10. MOVIE THEATRES NOW USE DIGITAL LIGHT PROCESSING (DLP) The Christie Mirage 5000, a 2001 DLP projector Most movie theaters these days use digital video projectors. The technology is called DLP which stands for Digital Light Processing. Since modern films are projected digitally, movie studios don’t ship huge reels of film to the theaters anymore, which in reality is a giant time and money save. Now, they just send the videos via the internet, satellite, or hard drive. Another huge advancement in the film industry! The improvements in film have brought many different ways for individuals to capture and create their own movies and memories over the years. Whether you have tapes, film, photos, or audio recordings, Legacybox can help digitize your memories so they can be enjoyed by generations to come. Source: Wikipedia - Cinematography | Film History Fun Facts
  23. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - SAMA-BAJAU Did you know... that the Sama-Bajau refers to several Austronesian ethnic groups of Maritime Southeast Asia. The name collectively refers to related people who usually call themselves the Sama or Samah; or are known by the exonym Bajau. They usually live a seaborne lifestyle and use small wooden sailing vessels such as the perahu (layag in Meranau), djenging (balutu), lepa, and vinta (pilang). Some Sama-Bajau groups native to Sabah are also known for their traditional horse culture. (Wikipedia) The Bajau People: “Sea Nomads” Of The Far East By Kara Goldfarb | Checked By Jaclyn Anglis Published May 25, 2018 | Updated December 8, 2020 The Bajau people have long lived on the waters of Southeast Asia, where they've evolved into sea-dwelling beings with bodies like no other humans on planet Earth. Bajau people at sea near Semporna, Malaysia in 2017. They live on the waters of Southeast Asia, dwelling in boats and living off the sea with hardly even a homeland that they call their own. They have little sense of time and age — hardly any clocks, calendars, birthdays, and the like for them. And they’ve even evolved for life on the sea, with internal organs and body capabilities unlike our own. They are the Bajau people, sometimes called “sea gypsies,” and they’re unlike any other humans on all of planet Earth. Traditional lepa boat of the Bajau people. History Of The Bajau People A chieftain of the Bajau people. 1954. The precise origin of the Bajau people remains unknown. But we do know enough to trace the basic path of their story. An ethnic group of Malay origin, the Bajau people have lived almost exclusively on the water for centuries. While other "sea nomad" groups have existed in history, the Bajau may be the last seafaring people still in existence today. They reside in Southeast Asia, in the waters southwest of the Philippines. A migratory people, they drift from place to place and remain unattached in any official sense to any of the neighboring countries. Without an official state record or even much of a written history to call their own, the story of the Bajau people is rooted in their own unique folklore and traditions, with oral history passed down from generation to generation. One such tale that captures the thrust of their story tells the tale of a man whose actual name was Bajau. A very large man, his people would follow him into the water because his body mass would displace enough water such that the river would overflow, making it easy for the people to collect fish. Eventually, they came to call on him for the sole purpose of helping to harvest fish. Neighboring tribes, jealous of the advantage he gave to his people, plotted to kill him by throwing poison arrows at Bajau. But he survived, the fellow tribes gave up, and the Bajau people lived on. Masters Of The Ocean A Bajau regatta in Semporna. 2015. Making their living primarily off of fishing, the Bajau people live on long houseboats known as lepas. Residing primarily on the waters off Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, they usually come ashore to trade or seek shelter during storms. When they do live not on boats, it's typically in small dwellings built on stilts over the water. Because the Bajau are exposed to the water so often and so early in life, they develop a mastery of the ocean that's hard to match. Children learn to swim young and begin fishing and hunting as early as eight years old. As a result, most of the Bajau are expert freedivers. They are able to dive down to depths more than 230 feet, can stay submerged 60 feet underwater for several minutes, and usually spend a total of around five hours a day underwater. In fact, they've evolved to live on and under the water in ways that make them scientifically distinct from other human beings. Research published in the journal Cell in 2018 found that the Bajau people have spleens 50 percent larger than the average human of neighboring areas. When people dive, the spleen contracts and a reservoir of oxygenated red blood cells are released into the bloodstream. A larger spleen means a larger reservoir of red blood cells and thus more oxygen and a greater ability to stay underwater. The Bajau have also developed remarkable underwater vision. These skills give them the advantage of being able to hunt for harder-to-come-by sea treasures like pearls and sea cucumbers. Each day, divers will spend hours underwater during which time they capture between two and 18 pounds of fish. And the only thing they wear to make the dives easier are wooden goggles, no wetsuits or flippers. Because they spend so much of their time diving, many of the Bajau people wind up with ruptured eardrums thanks to the pressure underwater — and some will purposefully perforate their eardrums to make diving easier. Experience what it's like to dive and hunt with the Bajau in this clip from a 2013 BBC documentary. In addition to diving, they use nets and lines to fish, as well as handmade spear guns for spearfishing. Melissa Ilardo, a geneticist who spent three summers with the Bajau people said, "They have complete control of their breath and body. They spear fish, no problem, first try." The Bajau People Today A Bajau man poses with his daughter. 2015. Today, more and more Bajau people are being made to live on land (some groups have long lived on land as there is no one completely unified group of people identified as Bajau). For several reasons, it's possible that the current generation could be the last able to sustain themselves off the water. For one, the global fish trade has disrupted the fishing traditions and ecosystems of the Bajau people. Higher competition in terms of fishing has compelled the Bajau to start utilizing more commercial tactics to catch fish, including the use of cyanide and dynamite. The Bajau have also switched to using a heavier wood to make their boats because the lighter wood they used to use came from a tree that's currently endangered. The new boats require engines, which means money for fuel. The stigma associated with being nomadic has also forced many to give up their lifestyle. Being accepted by surrounding cultures gives them access to government programs that provide aid and benefits they wouldn't otherwise receive. But for the Bajau people, fishing isn't just a trade and the water isn't just a resource. At the heart of their identity is their relationship with the ocean and its inhabitants. So when it comes to conservation, it's not just about conserving the marine life, but their culture as well — and the waters they've called home for centuries. Source: Wikipedia - Sama-Bajau | Facts About the Bajau People
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    As Luffy keeps Kaido's attention on him, Yamato and Mononosuke race to try and stop Onigashima from falling on Wano's capital. Meanwhile, Zoro holds his ground against King the stubborn Pteranodon bastard.
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    Fact of the Day - GEOGRAPHY Ortelius world map 1570 Did you know.... that geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be. Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Physical geography is concerned with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere. The four historical traditions in geographical research are spatial analyses of natural and the human phenomena, area studies of places and regions, studies of human-land relationships, and the Earth sciences. Geography has been called "the world discipline" and "the bridge between the human and the physical sciences". (Wikipedia) Weird and Wacky Geography Facts by Mental Floss The world is a big, mysterious place, where sometimes facts defy logic. Here are some mind-bending geography facts that might surprise you. 1. AFRICA IS IN A PRETTY CENTRAL LOCATION. Africa is the only continent that is in all four hemispheres: north, south, west, and east. It’s therefore also the only continent to have land on the prime meridian and the equator. 2. ALASKA IS BOTH THE WESTERNMOST AND EASTERNMOST STATE. Satellite photo showing the Seven Mountains of Semisopochnoi Alaska is the westernmost and northernmost state in the United States, which makes a lot of sense when you look at a map. But more surprisingly, the state manages to be the easternmost state as well. Parts of Alaska are so far west that the state actually stretches into the eastern hemisphere. Longitude lines converge at the top and bottom of the globe, so Pochnoi Point, Alaska, has the easternmost longitude of any point in the country. 3. THERE ARE THREE COUNTRIES THAT ARE COMPLETELY LANDLOCKED BY ANOTHER COUNTRY. Lesotho, San Marino, and Vatican City are the only countries to be surrounded by just one other country. Lesotho is landlocked within South Africa while San Marino and Vatican City are surrounded by Italy. 4. RENO, NEVADA, IS WEST OF LOS ANGELES. Dog Valley, west of Reno, an area of active faulting Even when looking at a map, this fact is hard to wrap your head around. Despite being in Nevada (and nearly 300 miles from the ocean), Reno is roughly 86 miles farther west than the coastal city Los Angeles. 5. MAINE ISN’T AS FAR NORTH AS YOU THOUGHT. Estcourt Station, Maine, is the northernmost community of New England. Despite being the highest town in the contiguous United States east of the Great Lakes (and therefore associated with frigid winters), it’s surprisingly farther south than other cities across the Atlantic. London, for example, is nearly 300 miles north of the small Maine community, and Estcourt Station is also farther south than Paris, Amsterdam, and Brussels. 6. CANADA HAS A LOT OF LAKES. Canada is the second largest country in the world, so it may not come as a surprise that it has a lot of lakes. But it might shock you that the country has more than half of all the natural lakes in the world. An impressive nine percent of the country is covered in fresh water. 7. THE ENTIRETY OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION COULD EASILY FIT IN TEXAS. If the entire world were as densely populated as New York City, the whole population would only cover 250,404 square miles. That means the entire world could fit into the state of Texas. For comparison, if the world had the same population density as Houston, Texas, it would cover 1,769,085 square miles. Even then, being able to hypothetically fit over 7 billion people in an area smaller than half the United States is pretty impressive. 8. AUSTRALIA MAY BE SURROUNDED BY WATER, BUT IT DOESN’T HAVE THE WORLD’S LONGEST COASTLINE. Being its own continent and completely surrounded by water, you’d think Australia would easily have the honor of being the country with the longest coastline. However, that title goes to Canada. Canada has 152,100 miles of coastline, compared to Australia’s measly 16,000 miles. In fact, Australia ranks seventh on the list of the world’s longest coastlines, coming in behind Indonesia, Greenland, Russia, Philippines, and Japan. 9. MT. CHIMBORAZO IS CLOSER TO SPACE THAN MT. EVEREST. Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth, so it would stand to reason that the top of the mountain would be the highest point on Earth (and therefore closest to space). But when you remember that Earth is slightly oval-shaped, things get interesting. Our planet is slightly inflated around the equator, meaning countries like Ecuador and Kenya have a bit of an edge. With this added elevation, the top of Ecuador’s Mount Chimborazo (which is only 20,564 feet tall) is closest to the stars. 10. ANTARCTICA IS HOME TO ALMOST ALL OF THE WORLD’S FRESH WATER. 90% of Earth fresh water is in Antarctica At 14 million square kilometers (about 5,400,000 square miles), the ice sheet in Antarctica is the largest solid ice mass on the planet. The enormous frozen structure contains about 90 percent of all the fresh water on Earth. 11. CHINA AND RUSSIA ARE BOTH BORDERED BY 14 COUNTRIES. Although China is just a little more than half the size of Russia—the largest country in the world—they share the same number of land neighbors. The 14 countries bordering China are: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan, and Nepal. Source: Wikipedia - Geography | Facts About Geography
  27. 1 point
    Lightfish is currrently free on IndieGala. https://freebies.indiegala.com/lightfish Dead by Daylight Dwightcrow charm Use the code DWIGHTCROW on PC and consoles from now to Oct 31st.
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    https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/europa-universalis-iv--catholic-majors-unit-pack https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/europa-universalis-iv--evangelical-majors-unit-pack https://www.epicgames.com/store/en-US/p/europa-universalis-iv--songs-of-yuletide Europa Universalis IV: Catholic Majors Unit Pack, Evangelical Majors Unit Pack and Songs of Yuletide DLC are also currently free on Epic Games Store.
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    Fact of the Day - KANGAROOS Did you know.... that the kangaroo is a marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods, meaning "large foot"). In common use the term is used to describe the largest species from this family, the red kangaroo, as well as the antilopine kangaroo, eastern grey kangaroo, and western grey kangaroo. Kangaroos are indigenous to Australia and New Guinea. The Australian government estimates that 42.8 million kangaroos lived within the commercial harvest areas of Australia in 2019, down from 53.2 million in 2013. (Wikipedia) Amazing Facts About Kangaroos BY HAYLEY HARDING | JULY 21, 2015 | UPDATED: JUNE 28, 2021 Kangaroos are more or less synonymous with Australia: They appear on the "Australian Made" logo, coins, and even the coat of arms for the country. Here are some more cool facts about these magnificent marsupials. 1. MALE KANGAROOS LIKE TO SHOW OFF. A study in the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society showed that female kangaroos like a little muscle on their romantic partners. Male kangaroos with larger biceps seem to have more success with mating, and some have even been spotted flexing their guns to attract attention. 2. NO, THE WORD KANGAROO DIDN'T COME FROM A MISTRANSLATION. A lot of people think the English word kangaroo emerged after Captain James Cook had his ship repaired in what is now Cooktown after it was damaged on the coral reef. There are a couple stories here, but one of the most prominent is that Cook asked a local what the animal was, and the local responded with what sounded like kanguru. The word supposedly meant "I don't know," but that was debunked by linguist John B. Haviland 's study on Guugu Yimithirr, the language of the area. There's a debate over what Cook wrote in his journal to describe the animal, but it was later found that gangurru does refer to a species of kangaroo in Guugu Yimithirr. 3. KANGAROOS ARE DIFFERENT FROM WALLABIES. While kangaroos (which grow to about 8 feet tall) are much bigger than wallabies (which stand between 12 and 24 inches tall), there's more to it than just size. A wallaby has brighter coloring than a kangaroo, and they also have different teeth, which is how scientists distinguish the two. Wallabies also eat leaves while kangaroos prefer grass. 4. THERE ARE TERMS FOR KANGAROOS DEPENDING ON THEIR SEX AND AGE. For many animals, males are boars or bucks while females are sows or does. These terms occasionally apply to kangaroos as well, but they're also referred to as jacks or boomers for males and jills or flyers for females. Young kangaroos are joeys (of course). A group of kangaroos is a mob or troop, and a group of tree kangaroos are called a colony. 5. KANGAROOS CAN HOP INCREDIBLY EFFICIENTLY. Kangaroos are the largest animal known to hop. They have feet specially designed for it and use their tails for balance and to help them move. But why do they do that? Scientists say it's the most energy efficient way to get around, which is important, because kangaroos have to cover large distances with little food or water. They're also pretty good at swimming. It's the only time they can move their hind legs independently of each other. Other than when they're in the water, they really can't get around on all fours. 6. KANGAROO MEAT IS A TRADITIONAL FOOD. Kangaroo meat was a source of food for Aboriginal people. Their meat is thought to help combat obesity because it's really lean—about 2 percent fat. If you want some, though, you'll have to be careful how you get it. Kangaroos are protected by federal legislation in Australia, and their meat usually only comes from specially licensed hunters as a part of population control programs. 7. CARS AND KANGAROOS DON'T MIX. Kangaroos are sort of like the Australian equivalent of deer. They get confused when they see headlights of cars and end up jumping in front of them. Kangaroos are much faster and heavier, though, so the impact can be much worse. To help solve this problem, cars that frequent areas without roadside assistance can be fitted with "roo bars"—similar to bull bars—to limit damage. 8. THE MASCOTS OF SEVERAL U.S. UNIVERSITIES ARE KANGAROOS. Kangaroos represent colleges and universities across the U.S. Austin College in Sherman, Texas, had its mascot supposedly come from Kangaroo Kourts, where upperclassmen would "try" freshmen. The University of Missouri-Kansas City's debate team picked their mascot back in 1936. And the University of Akron in Ohio's female kangaroo Zippy even won the Capital One Mascot of the Year in 2007. 9. KANGAROOS AREN'T CONFINED TO AUSTRALIA. Kangaroo at Toronto Zoo Although they're definitely the symbol of the nation, kangaroos aren't only found on the Australian mainland. You can also find them in nearby Tasmania and New Guinea. Occasionally, they can also be found in Europe and America, but that's usually only if they break out of zoos. Source: Wikipedia - Kangaroo | Cool Kangaroo Facts
  30. 1 point
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    Fact of the Day - STEAMBOATS A typical river paddle steamer from the 1850s-the Ben Campbell Did you know.... that a steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels. Steamboats sometimes use the prefix designation SS, S.S. or S/S (for 'Screw Steamer') or PS (for 'Paddle Steamer'); however, these designations are most often used for steamships. The term steamboat is used to refer to smaller, insular, steam-powered boats working on lakes and rivers, particularly riverboats. As using steam became more reliable, steam power became applied to larger, ocean-going vessels. (Wikipedia) The History of Steamboats Before Steam Engine Trains, There Was the Steamboat By Mary Bellis | Updated January 13, 2020 The era of the steamboat began in the late 1700s, thanks initially to the work of Scotsman James Watt. In 1769, Watt patented an improved version of the steam engine that helped usher in the Industrial Revolution and spurred other inventors to explore how steam technology could be used to propel ships. Watt's pioneering efforts would eventually revolutionize transportation. The First Steamboats John Fitch was the first to build a steamboat in the United States. His initial 45-foot craft successfully navigated the Delaware River on August 22, 1787. Fitch later built a larger vessel to carry passengers and freight between Philadelphia and Burlington, New Jersey. After a contentious battle with rival inventor James Rumsey over similar steamboat designs, Fitch was ultimately granted his first United States patent for a steamboat on August 26, 1791. He was not, however, awarded a monopoly, leaving the field open for Rumsey and other competitive inventors. Between 1785 and 1796, Fitch constructed four different steamboats that successfully plied rivers and lakes to demonstrate the feasibility of steam power for water locomotion. His models utilized various combinations of propulsive force, including ranked paddles (patterned after Indian war canoes), paddle wheels, and screw propellers. While his boats were mechanically successful, Fitch failed to pay sufficient attention to construction and operating costs. After losing investors to other inventors, he was unable to stay afloat financially. "Plan of Mr. Fitch's Steam Boat" Robert Fulton, the "Father of Steam Navigation" Before turning his talents to the steamboat, American inventor Robert Fulton had successfully built and operated a submarine in France but it was his talent for turning steamboats into a commercially viable mode of transportation that earned him the title of the "father of steam navigation." Fulton was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, on November 14, 1765. While his early education was limited, he displayed considerable artistic talent and inventiveness. At the age of 17, he moved to Philadelphia, where he established himself as a painter. Advised to go abroad due to ill health, in 1786, Fulton moved to London. Eventually, his lifelong interest in scientific and engineering developments, especially in the application of steam engines, supplanted his interest in art. As he applied himself to his new vocation, Fulton secured English patents for machines with a wide variety of functions and applications. He also began to show a marked interested in the construction and efficiency of canal systems. By 1797, growing European conflicts led Fulton to begin work on weapons against piracy, including submarines, mines, and torpedoes. Soon after, Fulton moved to France, where he took up work on canal systems. In 1800, he built a successful "diving boat" which he named the Nautilus but there was not sufficient interest, either in France or England, to induce Fulton to pursue any further submarine design. Fulton's passion for steamboats remained undiminished, however. In 1802, he contracted with Robert Livingston to construct a steamboat for use on the Hudson River. Over the next four years, after building prototypes in Europe, Fulton returned to New York in 1806. Fulton's 1806 submarine design for the U.S. government Robert Fulton's Milestones On August 17, 1807, the Clermont, Robert Fulton's first American steamboat, left New York City for Albany, serving as the inaugural commercial steamboat service in the world. The ship traveled from New York City to Albany making history with a 150-mile trip that took 32 hours at an average speed of about five miles per hour. Four years later, Fulton and Livingston designed the New Orleans and put it into service as a passenger and freight boat with a route along the lower Mississippi River. By 1814, Fulton, together with Robert Livingston’s brother, Edward, was offering regular steamboat and freight service between New Orleans, Louisiana, and Natchez, Mississippi. Their boats traveled at rates of eight miles per hour downstream and three miles per hour upstream. The Orleans, or New Orleans, first steamboat on the Ohio and Mississippi Steamboats Rise Can't Compete with Rail In 1816, when inventor Henry Miller Shreve launched his steamboat, Washington, it could complete the voyage from New Orleans to Louisville, Kentucky in 25 days. But steamboat designs continued to improve, and by 1853, the New Orleans to Louisville trip took only four and a half days. Steamboats contributed greatly to the economy throughout the eastern part of the United States as a means of transporting agricultural and industrial supplies. Between 1814 and 1834, New Orleans steamboat arrivals increased from 20 to 1,200 each year. These boats transported passengers, as well as cargoes of cotton, sugar, and other goods. Steam propulsion and railroads developed separately but it was not until railroads adopted steam technology that rail truly began to flourish. Rail transport was faster and not as hampered by weather conditions as water transport, nor was it dependent on the geographical constraints of predetermined waterways. By the 1870s, railroads— which could travel not only north and south but east, west, and points in between—had begun to supplant steamboats as the major transporter of both goods and passengers in the United States. Steamboats and Paddle Wheelers by Ted Barris | Published Online April 8, 2009 | Last Edited March 4, 2015 An old paddle steamer used in the Yukon by the gold miners of the last century Demonstrated in France on the Saône River in 1783, the paddle-wheel steamboat first appeared in North America for use on the Delaware River in 1787. After inauguration at New Orleans in 1811 by Robert Fulton, hundreds of boats worked the Mississippi River system between 1830 and 1870. Steamboats and Paddle Wheelers Steamboat refers to the flat-bottomed, shallow-draft, steam-powered vessels, generally associated with inland navigation, as opposed to deep-keeled, oceangoing steamships. As invented in 1685 by French physicist Denis Papin, the paddle wheel (driven by compressed steam from wood- or coal-fired boilers) was affixed to the boat hull either laterally (side-wheeler) or at the rear of the boat (sternwheeler) and provided forward and reverse propulsion. The first paddle steamer in Canadian waters, the ACCOMMODATION, was a side-wheeler launched for a 36-hour maiden voyage from Montréal to Québec in 1809. Other paddle-wheel steamboat firsts in Canada include the Frontenac on Lake Ontario (1816); the General Stacey Smyth on the Saint John River (1816); the Union on the lower reaches of the Ottawa River (1819); the Richard Smith visiting PEI (1830); the ROYAL WILLIAM steaming from Québec to Halifax (1831); the seagoing BEAVER, which first plied waters off BC (1836); the Spitfire, first steamboat into St John's harbour (1840); and the ANSON NORTHUP, first paddle wheeler to cross the international boundary on the Red River (1859). This is the Anson Northrup riverboat Paddle steamers figure significantly in Canadian history. The Swiftsure moved troops on the St Lawrence during the War of 1812. The Royal William, built at Québec, was the first vessel to cross the Atlantic almost entirely under the power of steam in 1833. BC steamers ferried thousands of gold seekers into the Fraser (1858), Cariboo (1862) and Yukon (1898) river valleys (300 steamboats worked BC and Yukon waterways between 1836 and 1957). The Red River steamer International was commandeered by the forces of Louis Riel at Fort Garry in 1870; and the Saskatchewan River stern-wheeler Northcote engaged Gabriel Dumont's Métis at the Battle of BATOCHE. Paddle steamers carried the first wheat exported from Manitoba, precipitated a sophisticated inland canal and lock system in Ontario, freighted the first locomotive to Winnipeg for the CPR, brought the first mail to the Klondike and ferried the first fresh fruits and missionaries into the Far North. The utilitarian steamboat was also a social force. Staterooms, grand pianos and fine wines came with first-class passage aboard even the frontier steamers, and cabin and boiler decks below had fiddle playing, folk dances and card games. After 1900, when railways replaced steamboats as the major means of freight transport, hunting and picnic excursions and moonlight cruises were commonplace aboard steamboats. The last fully operational stern-wheeler, the Samson V (built in 1936 for use on the Fraser River), was taken out of service in 1981. Stern-wheelers still operate, or are displayed, at various historic sites and attractions. In the Yukon, the steamer Keno, which transported silver, lead and zinc ore between Stewart City and Mayo Landing in 1922, has been preserved to commemorate the mining history of the Yukon Territory. The Keno now occupies a berth in Dawson City. In Edmonton, the Edmonton Queen cruises along the North Saskatchewan River, treating passengers to a scenic view of the river valley. Source: Wikipedia - Steamboat | Brief History of Steamboats | Canadian Encyclopedia - Steamboats and Paddle Wheelers
  32. 1 point
    Momonosuke bites Kaido, giving Luffy opportunities to hit the latter hard. While this is broadcasted throughout Onigashima, the clouds brought about from the dragons' appearance blocks the moon. As Luffy clashes with Kaido in half-beast form, the conflict breaks the clouds apart and gives the big cat and dog Minks another chance to finally take down their respective opponents. And they do so in great fashion.
  33. 1 point
    What's the Word? - OOLOGY pronunciation: [oh-AHL-ə-jee] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, 19th century Meaning: 1. The study or collecting of birds' eggs. Example: "The only scientific study Leo seemed interested in was oology." "Oology can lead to the illegal collection of wild birds’ eggs." About Oology This word comes from the combination of “oo-,” a Greek word-forming element meaning “egg” and a cognate with Latin’s “ovum.” This is combined with “-logy,” meaning “a speaking, discourse, treatise, theory, science” from the Greek “-logia.” Did You Know? In the 1960s, British naturalist Derek Ratcliffe compared peregrine falcon eggs from historical collections with more recent egg shells and was able to determine a decline in shell thickness over time. This helped establish the link between the use of pesticides and insecticides, and the declining British populations of birds of prey.
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  35. 1 point
    What's the Word? - ROBORANT pronunciation: [RO-bər-ənt] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, mid 17th century Meaning: 1. A medicine, treatment, etc. that has a strengthening or restorative effect. Example: "The antibiotic was an immediate roborant for his infection." "The ointment felt like a short-term roborant." About Roborant This word comes from the Latin “roborant-,” meaning “strengthening.” It comes from the verb “roborare,” from “robor-” meaning “strength.” Did You Know? “Roborant” can also be an adjective, meaning “having a strengthening or restorative effect.” For example, “The crux of the surgeon’s roborant treatment was physical therapy.”
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    What's the Word? - SELVAGE pronunciation: [SEL-vij] Part of speech: noun Origin: Late Middle English, 15th century. (Geological term is from the 1930s.) Meaning: 1. An edge produced on woven fabric during manufacture that prevents it from unraveling. 2. (Geology) a zone of altered rock, especially volcanic glass, at the edge of a rock mass. Example: "The curtain’s selvage was a different color, creating a noticeable border." "Tom wanted to study how the selvage of obsidian formed." About Selvage This word hails from late Middle English. It is an alteration of “self” + “edge,” patterned off of the early modern Dutch “selfegghe.” Did You Know? “Selvage” doesn’t just refer to fabric. For instance, in printing, it means the excess area of a printed or perforated sheet, such as the white border area of a sheet of stamps or the wide margins of an engraving. It can also refer to the clay-like material found along a geological fault.
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    What's the Word? - ANTHESIS pronunciation: [an-THEE-sis] Part of speech: noun Origin: Greek, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. The flowering period of a plant, from the opening of the flower bud. Example: "The roses’ anthesis happens in the early spring." "Spring’s anthesis is really on display when the azalea bushes bloom." About Anthesis This word stems from the Greek “anthesis,” a noun of action from “antheein,” meaning “to blossom.” That comes from “anthos,” meaning “flower.” Did You Know? If read quickly, “anthesis” can easily be mistaken for “antithesis,” a person or thing which is the direct opposite of something else. The antithesis of “anthesis” would be when leaves are falling in autumn.
  38. 1 point
    https://freebies.indiegala.com/i-like-the-flowers I Like the Flowers is currently free on IndieGala. https://le-capitaine.itch.io/butterflies-episode-1 Butterflies Episode 1: Rudies is currently free on Itch.io. https://thinline.itch.io/you-must You Must is currently free on Itch.io. https://echo7project.itch.io/blades-adrift Blades Adrift is curretnly free on Itch.io.
  39. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - CANADA Monument to Multiculturalism, by Francesco Pirelli in Toronto. Did you know... that Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. (Wikipedia) Fun Facts About Canada That Will Blow Your Mind By Daniel Reid | readersdigest.ca | Updated: Jun. 24, 2021 Thought you knew all there was to know about the true north strong and free? These fun facts about Canada will have you seeing our beautiful country in a whole new way. Canada is bigger than the European Union Ever been travelling abroad and had someone ask you if you know Kimberly from Vancouver or Theo from Montreal after you told them you were Canadian? Our country’s vast land area is often hard to comprehend for those who haven’t experienced it firsthand. Here are some fun facts about Canada to put its breathtaking scale into perspective: It’s bigger than the entire European Union (33 times bigger than Italy and 15 times bigger than France), more than 30 per cent larger than Australia, five times as big as Mexico, three times as big as India and about the same size as 81,975 Walt Disney Worlds put together. So, in other words, no, you don’t know Kimberly or Theo! Canada’s lowest recorded temperature is as cold as Mars One of the least surprising facts about Canada is that it can get pretty cold in the winter (anyone who’s ever had to chisel their car out of a block of ice in the morning knows this to be true). The average low for the month of January in Ottawa is -14.4 C (6.1 F). That’s pretty cold! However, a temperature recorded in 1947 in Snag, Yukon makes the rest of Canada’s winter weather seem like a relaxing beach vacation. A temperature of -63 C (-81.4 F) was recorded in the small village of Snag on Feb. 3, 1947. That’s roughly the same temperature as the surface of Mars! Learn more about the coldest day in Canadian history. There are more lakes here than anywhere else in the world Canada has a lot of great things in abundance, like hockey players, parkas and Tim Hortons franchises. But one of the most fascinating facts about Canada is that we also have more surface area covered by lakes than any other country in the world. It’s true! The Great White North has 563 lakes larger than 100 square kilometres. The Great Lakes alone contain about 18 per cent of the world’s fresh lake water. That’s a lot of water—and a lot of gorgeous scenery. Check out the 10 places in Canada every Canadian should visit. Canada has the world’s longest coastline If you walked and never stopped—not to eat, not to rest your feet, not to get some sleep—it would take you four-and-a-half years to walk the length of Canada’s coastline. While our country might not conjure up images of blue waters and white sandy beaches, Canada has the world’s longest coastline, bordered on three sides by three different oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific. To put that fun fact about Canada into perspective, that accounts for 202,080 of the world’s total 356,000 kilometres of oceanfront property. The only other country that even comes close is Indonesia, which has 54,716 km of coastline. Ready to explore that vast shoreline? These 10 essential east coast experiences are a great place to start. Canada has 10 per cent of the world’s forests One of the most widely-known facts about Canada is that we’ve got an abundance of trees, but did you know that Canada actually boasts 30 per cent of the world’s boreal forest and 10 per cent of the world’s total forest cover? An incredible 396.9-million hectares of forest and other wooded land can be found across the country, and 68 per cent of that is coniferous. The best part of all? Most of our forest land is publicly owned, and much of it can be explored in these 50 gorgeous parks across Canada. Canada has the only walled city in North America Quebec City has a special feature that makes it unique in Canada (and the U.S., for that matter it has walls. One of the most fascinating facts about Canada is that Quebec City is the only city north of Mexico that still has fortified walls. First the French, and later the English, built up Quebec City’s fortifications between the 17th and the 19th centuries. Quebec’s entire historic district, including the ramparts, has since been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Find out more must-see historical attractions across Canada. Canada has six times more oil than Russia It’s thick, it’s sticky and Canada has an estimated 176.8 billion recoverable barrels of it. That’s right, crude bitumen—a semi-solid source of petroleum—is available in abundance in Canada’s oil sands. There’s an estimated 249.67 billion accessible barrels of the black stuff in the world and Canada has about 70.8 per cent of it—four times more than Kazakhstan and six times more than Russia. Here’s what one recent immigrant wishes he’d known before moving to Canada. Canada’s national parks are bigger than most countries Canada is so vast, even our parks dwarf other countries. Just look at Nahanni National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories: not only is it a sight to behold with massive waterfalls, it’s also an incredible 30,050 square kilometres—bigger than Albania and Israel. Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta and the Northwest Territories is even bigger at 44,807 square kilometres, which makes it bigger than Denmark and Switzerland. Don’t miss this spectacular gallery of Canada’s most beautiful waterfalls. Canada has North America’s strongest current Here’s a fun fact about Canada for all you adrenaline junkies. If you’re up for the swim of your life (be sure to wear a life-jacket), check out the Seymour Narrows in British Columbia. The stretch of the Discovery Passage has some of the strongest tidal currents ever measured with flood speeds of 17 km/h and ebb speeds of 18 km/h. It’s on the other coast, of course, you’ll find those incredible 15 metre tides at the Bay of Fundy. Read up on that mind-blowing phenomenon in this roundup of fascinating Canadian geography facts. Alert, Nunavut, is the world’s northernmost settlement At the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, just 817 kilometres from the North Pole, you’ll find the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world: Alert, Nunavut. It might not have malls or movie theatres but Alert is the temporary home to military and scientific personnel working in the area. The “temporary home” part will make sense once you realize how cold this place gets: the warmest month, July, has a balmy average temperature of 3.4 C (38.1 F). By January, the coldest month, the mean temperature has plunged to -32.19 C (-26 F). No wonder they named it Alert. For more fun facts about Canada, check out the best Canadian attractions you’ve never heard of. Source: Wikipedia - Canada | Facts About Canada
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    What's the Word? - PIA pronunciation: [PI-ə] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, 14th century Meaning: 1. The delicate innermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord. Example: "The medical residents looked for studies that specifically focused on the pia." "The pia acts as a protective layer for the nervous system." About Pia This word stems from medieval Latin. In full, the literal translation is “tender mother,” translating Arabic “al-'umm ar-raḳīḳa.” Did You Know? The full name of this thin, fibrous membrane is “pia mater.” Even though the pia is a barrier that closely covers the brain, it allows blood vessels to pass through and nourish the brain. It also helps in production of cerebrospinal fluid.
  41. 1 point
    What's the Word? - BUTTLE pronunciation: [BUH-dl] Part of speech: verb Origin: Old French, time period unknown Meaning: 1. (humorous) Work as a butler. Example: "Niles buttled for the whole Sheffield family in the TV show “The Nanny.”" "It’s not as common to see someone buttle as it was in centuries past." About Buttle “Buttle” comes from the Old French “boteille” and later the Old French “butiller,” meaning “butler” or “officer in charge of wine.” Did You Know? There’s no way around it: “buttle” is a funny-sounding word! Since it’s not part of American vernacular, people tend to use it facetiously. But knowing the word “buttle” can really up your game — in Scrabble, it’s worth 8 points, and in Words With Friends, it’s worth 11 points.
  42. 1 point
    What's the Word? - GEMUTLICH pronunciation: [ge-MOOT-lik] Part of speech: adjective Origin: German, mid 19th century Meaning: 1. Pleasant and cheerful. Example: "The dinner party had a gemütlich, easygoing vibe." "Steven was known for his gemütlich demeanor." About Gemütlich This word comes from the Middle High German “gemüetlich,” meaning “pleasant.” Originally from “gemüete,” meaning “mentality, mind.” Did You Know? There is no single word in English that is a direct translation of “gemütlich.” Even though it’s often likened to “cozy,” that one word lacks the elements of belonging and friendliness intrinsic to the term. “Gemütlich” in its German usage is more of an overall aesthetic term.
  43. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - GLITTER Did you know... that glitter is an assortment of small, reflective particles that come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. Glitter particles reflect light at different angles, causing the surface to sparkle or shimmer. Glitter is similar to confetti, sparkles and sequins, but somewhat smaller. (Wikipedia) Incredible Facts You Never Knew About Glitter It's even been used for military purposes! Buuuuut it can also be not so great for the environment. by Juliana Kataoka | March 2017 1. There is an evolutionary reason why we are so attracted to glitter. Ever wonder why people are so mesmerized by these little, shiny dots? Well, according to this article from "Fast Co Design," it's because glitter reminds us of something else that also glistens, reflects, and that we can't live without: that's right, water. 2. Glitter has been around since ancient times. If we were to map out glitter's family tree, the mineral group mica would be at the top! According to this article in "The New Yorker," mica flakes have been used this way since the days of cave paintings. In fact, it was being used by some ancient civilizations (including the Egyptians, Chinese, Greeks, and Romans) since as early as 40,000 B.C.! 3. But glitter as we know it today was actually invented by accident by a machinist. Glitter as we know it today was invented in 1934 by the American machinist Henry Ruschmann. He basically created a machine that crushed plastic in large quantities. According to this article from "The Huffington Post," the company he founded remains one of the industry's largest in the United States to this day. 4. Glitter is made more or less like this: According to this Reddit AMA (answered by a guy who worked in a glitter factory), the color is applied to a sheet of plastic polymer that is glued to a sheet of reflective material, such as aluminum. The new sheet goes into a rotary crusher and the result is glitter in small pieces of identical size. The smaller the glitter, the longer it takes to make because there are more cuts needed. 5. Did you know that glitter has even been used for military purposes? According to this article by Mental Floss, for some time the US Air Force used a military strategy called "chaff," which consisted of releasing glitter from the back of warplanes to confuse the radar of enemy forces. The UK also tried a similar trick to fool German radar, using strips of aluminum-coated paper. 6. Here is a brief guide to getting glitter off any part of your body: Fingernails: To remove glitter nail polish, moisten a cotton ball with acetone, place it on the nail, secure it with an elastic band or wrap it with tinfoil, and leave it there for a few minutes. The acetone will practically melt away most of the polish that's sticking the glitter to the nail, which makes removal very easy. The face: According to makeup artist Hannah Levy Nunes, when you're applying makeup and get glitter in an area where you don't want it, the quickest way to get it off is by using adhesive tape. Try to use tapes specifically meant for the skin, such as a micropore medical tape, for example. And remember, you shouldn't use stationery glitter near your eyes. "You can use it everywhere except the eyes. It's itchy, and your eyes could become inflamed or you could even scratch your cornea!" explains the makeup artist. The face and body after partying: To get the glitter to come off easily with water, apply a little cream makeup remover or even conditioner. Just be careful not to rub too hard, or else you might irritate the skin. The oilier makeup removers only work if you used a product to glue the glitter onto your skin, such as eyelash glue, for example. Otherwise, they may have the opposite effect and make the glitter stick even better! If a lot of glitter still remains even after you've showered, you can use the tape trick, or even use one of those adhesive lint and hair removers for clothes. Hair: A recent beauty trend is glitter roots, which consists of applying glitter to the roots of your hair. But if there's a technique for putting it on, there's usually one for taking it off, too. Here it is: separate the part that you slathered with glitter and saturate it with conditioner. Pass a fine-tooth comb through it, and then rinse thoroughly. Then simply wash your hair as you normally would. If, after shampooing, there are still some remnants of glitter, when your hair is dry, you can then use paper towels sprayed with a little hairspray and dab the area with the sticky towels to remove the excess pieces of glitter. 7. Glitter at the scene of a crime is every investigator's dream. The glitter particles spread all over the place — on the victim, at the crime scene, in the car, on the criminal's clothes — and it can be a fundamental piece of evidence to incriminate a criminal. That's what happened in this case of a pedophile who tried to attack a little girl who left home wearing glittery tennis shoes. 8. Glitter can be an enemy to the environment. Glitter is at the center of an ecological controversy. Because they're so tiny, glitter particles can pass through sewage treatment filters and then end up being dumped into the ocean. Since they're made of plastic, it can take up to 400 years for each tiny particle to degrade. And in the meantime, they interfere with ocean life and could even end up in YOUR stomach! 9. But if you still want to sparkle without messing up the planet, don't worry! You can buy eco-friendly glitter! It's made from ingredients like vegetables, seaweed, minerals, and other biodegradable materials. This special glitter is perfect for all those who want to keep on shining without messing with Mother Earth. Source: Wikipedia - Glitter | Facts About Glitter
  44. 1 point
    What's the Word? - RIMPLE pronunciation: [RIM-pl] Part of speech: verb Origin: Middle English, date unknown. Meaning: 1. To form into small folds or undulations; to wrinkle; especially (of water) to ripple. Example: "Serena hates it when the bed sheets rimple." "Some women don’t like taffeta in their formal wear because it is prone to rimpling." About Rimple This word’s origins are murky, but it possibly stems from Old English’s “hrympel,” meaning “wrinkle” or might be influenced by the Middle Dutch “rumpelen,” related to Old English “hrimpan,” meaning “to fold, wrinkle.” Did You Know? “Rimple” can also be used as a noun. Example: Troy folded rimples into the paper to create origami.
  45. 1 point
    I've been playing through A Plague Tale: Innocence (PS5 version), really dark game but immersive story. After I beat this, will fire up Destroy all Humans remake.
  46. 1 point
    This week, Anti rambles about I've Been Killing Slimes for 300 Years and Maxed Out My Level and After Being Rejected, I Shaved and Took in a High School Runaway! (P.S: "I've Been Killing Slimes for 300 Years and After Being Rejected, I Shaved and Took in a High School Runaway!" sounds like an anime title in its own right) This week, Anti rambles about So I'm a Spider, So What?
  47. 1 point
    Fact of the Day - STUDIO GHIBLI Did you know.... that Studio Ghibli Inc. is a Japanese animation film studio headquartered in Koganei, Tokyo. The studio is best known for its animated feature films, and has also produced several short subjects, television commercials, and one television film. The studio's mascot and most recognizable symbol is a character named Totoro, who is a giant cat-like spirit from the 1988 anime film My Neighbor Totoro. Among Studio Ghibli's highest-grossing films are Spirited Away (2001), Howl's Moving Castle (2004) and Ponyo (2008). The studio was founded on June 15, 1985 by directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and producer Toshio Suzuki, after the successful performance of Topcraft's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984). It has also collaborated with video game studios on the visual development of several video games. (Wikipedia) Things Even Die-hard Fans Don't Know About Studio Ghibli Films Studio Ghibli has had a profound effect on the animation industry over the years. But as famous as they are, there's a lot you don't know about them. BY ARCHITA MITTRA | PUBLISHED AUG 17, 2019 It's not a surprise that many of us wish that our lives were like a Studio Ghibli film. Studio Ghibli films have a charm of their own. Most of them are wholesome, without being overtly sentimental and they teach us important lessons about life, as well as remind us not to take the little moments for granted. Often, they carry socially relevant messages that gently nudge us to pause and think deeper about certain issues. In addition to being aesthetically delightful, they are also laden with Easter eggs and several of the films have interesting backstories that are almost as fascinating as the movies themselves. How many of these fun facts do you already know? Miyazaki's Inspiration For Princess Mononoke Came From Diverse Sources Princess Mononoke (1997) has often been hailed as Studio Ghibli's best and most nuanced of all films, especially for its strong critique of environmental destruction and war, themes that were also explored in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984). Being a pacifist throughout his life, Miyazaki's inspiration to make this film came from a variety of sources. Firstly, he was impacted by the wars in former Yugoslavia that contributed to the strong anti-war tone in the film. A manga called "Mudmen" that refers to the Asaro Mudmen from Papua New Guinea perhaps provided the basis for the conception of San and the Spirit of the Forest. Miyazaki's own childhood encounters with blacksmiths in turn led to the creation of Irontown in the film. Finally, John Ford's westerns also provided some ideas and the magical forest depicted in the film was inspired by the Shiratani Unsuiky forest in Japan. A Worm Was Named After The Catbus In My Neighbor Totoro My Neighbor Totoro (1988) is a heart-warming film that can be re-watched anytime to rediscover the magic of childhood. It also showcased the Ghibli mascot as a forest spirit that loves cuddles, affection and children. While the figure of Totoro itself is a mixture of several animals (including a racoon, cat and an owl), a species of velvet worms (Eoperipatus totoro) in the animal kingdom has been named after its resemblance to the Catbus- another beloved character in the film. The Water In Ponyo Was Hand-Drawn By Miyazaki Almost every frame in a Ghibli film is a work of art in itself- beautifully detailed and illustrated that captures a small moment in life. And it appears that Miyazaki seems to prefer the personal and traditional touch of hand-drawn animation over CGI imagery. In fact, his attention to detail is so on-point that he drew most of the waves and the sea in Ponyo On The Cliff (2008) by himself. The film which is loosely based on the "Little Mermaid" fairytale literally features the director's own artistry. The Tale Of Princess Kaguya Is Based On An Anonymous Science Fiction Fairytale The Tale of Princess Kaguya (2013) is one of Ghibli's more recent efforts. It tells a poignant story about a magical princess who must return to her immortal realm on the moon following a bittersweet stay on the planet. However the story isn't a Ghibli original, but based on an anonymous Japanese folktale dating back to 1592. The story has been characterized as a proto science fiction story on account of its references to the moon and the fact that Princess Kaguya or "Lil' Bamboo" is technically an extraterrestrial being. Moreover, it has been adapted onscreen before- Princess of the Moon (1987) and Claire (2001), both of which are live-action films. The Character Of Howl From Howl's Moving Castle Is Different In The Book Howl's Moving Castle (2004) which is based on the book of the same name by British fantasy author Diana Wynne Jones is perhaps one of the Ghibli films that are more well-known to western audiences. It's a rather unusual and pretty colorful love story and the characters of Sophie Hatter (who is cursed to look like an aged woman) and Howl (a young wizard) have been particularly praised. However, the character of Howl as he appears in the film is notably different from the book. For one, Howl in the book is more vain and prone to throwing tantrums while Howl in the movie has the vibe of a somewhat brooding Byronic hero. Moreover, the movie Howl can also transform himself into a bird. The Same Characters Appear Across Films If You Can Spot Them There are some creatures that reappear in Ghibli films and you have to be an astute fan to spot them. For instance, near the end of The Secret World of Arietty (2010), when Arietty and her family leave the house in search of a new home, there's a racoon in that scene. The same racoon appeared in Pom Poko (1994). Similarly, the fox squirrel that was seen near the robot in Laputa's garden in Castle In The Sky (1986) had previously appeared in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984). Gaiman Wrote Two Scripts For Ghibli And Miramax Princess Mononoke (1997) was immensely successful, broke numerous records, and even made Ghibli films familiar to a western audience. In fact, Neil Gaiman was hired with the task of adapting the Japanese script to English. However, while Ghibli wanted Gaiman to retain the Japanese flavor and cultural nuances, Miramax wanted the script to be westernized. Unable to reach a compromise, Gaiman wrote two scripts for the two companies and let them figure out the rest. Porco Rosso Was Supposed To Be An In-Flight Film. Porco Rosso (1992) wasn't supposed to be a full-length film. It was originally planned as a short in-flight film for the Japan Airlines of 30 to 45 minutes. However the war in Yugoslavia that had recently broken out made the director consider a more serious and extensive approach. Set during the 1930s, the film follows the adventures of a war veteran who presently freelances as bounty hunter, who is suddenly transformed into a pig. The title literally translates to "Red Pig" in Italian. Nevertheless, before the film was released in the theaters, it was showcased as an in-flight film. Kiki Is Almost Hit By A Bus Named "Studio Ghibli" Kiki's Delivery Service (1989) follows the adventures of young Kiki, a loveable witch who moves into the city and begins a flying courier service as well as makes new friends on the way. There's a scene near the beginning of the film where she's almost hit by a passing bus. Now that would have been a pretty unremarkable detail had it not been for the fact that the bus bore the name "Studio Ghibli" on it. That's a pretty clever self-insert, don't you think? Whisper Of The Heart Has A Spin-Off Sequel The numerous Easter Eggs also seems to suggest that all Ghibli films are set more-or-less in the same universe, due to the many meta-references and the reappearances of familiar faces. For instance, Whisper Of The Heart (1995) is a beautiful coming-of-age romance film that ends with a happily ever after. The heroine in the film Shizuku is a passionate bookworm and she meets her future boyfriend when she notices that a certain Seiji is the one who had checked out her library books. Her love for reading also gives way for her talent for writing and she even writes a fantasy story. And it seems that stories do have a life of their own. For example, there's a scene in the library where she is looking for a new book and one of the books on the shelf is called "Totoro"- a not-so-subtle reference to My Neighbor Totoro (1988). Moreover the cat figurine "The Baron" that features in her fantasy novel also appears The Cat Returns (2002) which is a sort of spin-off sequel to the film. There's another stray cat Muta who is introduced in there and who appears in The Secret World of Arietty (2010). Looks like the Ghibli films are all full of interconnected and delightful secrets! Source: Wikipedia - Studio Ghibli | Amazing Studio Ghibli Facts
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    Fact of the Day - EXTREMADURA Towering over 2,400 m, the Calvitero is considered to be Extremadura's highest point. Did you know... that Extremadura is an autonomous community of Spain. Its capital city is Mérida. The provinces Cáceres and Badajoz are a part of Extremadura. Extremadura is bordered by Portugal to the west. To the north, it borders Castile and León. To the south, it borders Andalusia. To the east, it borders Castile-La Mancha. (KidsKiddle) Things You Should Know About Extremadura by Irene Corchado Resmella | April 2018 Despite being known for its Iberian ham, its vast open landscapes and for being an ideal birdwatching destination, Extremadura still is by far Spain’s most overlooked region by international travelers. Yet this fascinating area has many treasures and secrets to be discovered. Read on to discover 10 things you may not know about Extremadura. It’s a wine-lovers paradise Spain is a world-leading wine producer, but fierce competition means many high-quality wines are unheard of abroad. Did you know, for example, that Extremadura has the second biggest wine-making area in Spain (over 80,000 hectares)? The main Denomination of Origin is Ribera del Guadiana, and two of the best areas to try local wines are Cañamero (Caceres province) and the Tierra de Barros area (Badajoz province). Many cities around the world are named after places in Extremadura Most Spanish conquistadors of the Americas hailed from Extremadura, and that’s why you can find towns and cities sharing their name on both sides of the Atlantic. Mérida is Extremadura’s capital city and also a large city in México. Trujillo is a Peruvian city sharing its name with one of Extremadura’s most beautiful towns (and with cities in Colombia, Venezuela and Puerto Rico). Cáceres has a Colombian counterpart. Medellín is Colombia’s second largest city, but not many know that the original Medellín is a small town in Badajoz province. Even fewer know that there are other cities called Medellín in Mexico, Argentina and the Philippines. It boasts six UNESCO sites Despite still being Spain’s most underrated and overlooked region for foreign travelers, Extremadura is a perfect destination for history, architecture and nature lovers. It proudly boasts six UNESCO sites, comprising three World Heritage Sites: Mérida’s archaeological ensemble, Cáceres’ medieval city centre and Guadalupe’s Royal Monastery; two Biosphere Reserves: Monfragüe and Tajo International Natural Parks; and one Geopark: Villuercas-Ibores-Jara. Extremadura has some crazy festivals If you think famous Tomatina is crazy, wait until you see the quirky festivals northern Extremadura has in for you. In January, head up to the mountain town of Piornal to take part in its Jarramplas festival, where a local guy wearing a colourful demon-inspired costume walks the streets playing the drum while everybody else throws huge turnips at him. Jarandilla de la Vera celebrates an equally crazy festival in December, involving fire and called Los Escobazos. Locals wearing flame-resistant clothing and a broom gather in the main square and smack each other for three hours with their brooms, which are on fire. It has been featured in ‘Game of Thrones’ The popular TV series chose three locations in Extremadura for filming scenes of its seventh season, all of them within Cáceres province. Trujillo’s Arab castle became Casterly Rock, while Cáceres’ magnificent medieval streets were chosen to serve as King’s Landing. Not far from Cáceres is the Los Barruecos Natural Park, a protected area, is home to one of Europe’s biggest colonies of white stork. In the series, the park served as the perfect background for the season’s most important battle. Spain’s only blue flag award-winning inland beach is in Extremadura Extremadura may be far from the coast, but that doesn’t mean the region lacks places for swimming. Not only is it the Spanish region with the most freshwater coastline and a great place for wild swimming, it’s also home to Spain’s only Blue Flag-awarded inland beach – Orellana reservoir. Located within a special protection area for birds in Badajoz province, it’s one of the biggest reservoirs along River Guadiana. It has a secret language only 6,000 people speak In a small and remote corner in the northwest of Extremadura, between Salamanca province and Portugal, you can hear a Fala. This secret language is only spoken by around 6,000 people from three villages – San Martín de Trevejo, Eljas and Valverde del Fresno. There are several hypotheses about its origins, linking a Fala with Galician, Portuguese, and the Castilian language spoken in the former Kingdom of León. Despite being such a little-known language, spelling and pronunciation still varies from one town to another. Spain’s famous omelette was invented in Extremadura There have been numerous claims from different cities as the place of origin of the famous Spanish tortilla. A recent study published by scientist Javier López Linaje revealed that the Spanish omelette was invented by two landowners from Villanueva de la Serena (Badajoz province) in 1798. To show how proud villanovenses are of their omelettes, the local authorities have announced a monument will be erected in its honour. Extremadura is the cheapest region in Spain to buy a house According to the latest data released by Tinsa, the Spanish home valuation specialists, Extremadura is Spain’s cheapest region for buying a house. The average price per square metre is only €768 (US$950), a figure that contrasts sharply with the €2,159 (US$2670) per square metre you would pay on average in the Madrid community. Extremadura is also one of the three Spanish regions where the house prices continue to fall year after year. If you’re looking for your dream country house in Spain on a budget, Extremadura will offer plenty to choose from. It’s home to a ghost town Granadilla was a thriving little town in northern Extremadura until the mid-1950s when plans to build a reservoir and the declaration of a ‘flood zone’ forced everyone to leave. Granadilla itself was never flooded, but it got surrounded by water and, even today, it’s only accessible by one pot-holed road. After decades of neglect, a restoration process started in the eighties, and some 20 houses have been restored so far. The castle tower and a walk around the fortress offer fantastic panoramic views over the remains of the old city and the nearby reservoir. Source: Kids Encyclopedia Facts | Facts About Extremadura
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    What's the Word? - SCUMBLE pronunciation: [SKUM-bəl] Part of speech: verb Origin: Unknown location, late 17th century Meaning: 1. [With object] modify (a painting or color) by applying a very thin coat of opaque paint to give a softer or duller effect. 2. Modify (a drawing) with light shading in pencil or charcoal to give a softer effect. Example: "Today’s online art lesson will teach students how to scumble." "Pablo decided to scumble the sharp lines in his painting." About Scumble Even though the word’s specific roots are unknown, “scumble” is possibly related to the verb “scum,” an antiquated version of “skim.” Did You Know? Scumbling became a popular artistic technique during the 15th century. Some art historians believe Renaissance-era painter Titian invented the technique.
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    https://store.steampowered.com/news/app/627690/view/2990941584246749771 Idle Champions of the Forgotten Realms: Warden's Champions of Renown Pack is currently free on Steam. The base game is free to play.
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