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  1. Today
  2. DarkRavie

    New Game: What's the Word?

    What's the Word? - JAPE pronunciation: [jayp] Part of speech: VERB Origin: English, 14th century meaning: 1. Say or do something in jest or mockery. 2. To make a joke of something. Example: "He managed to jape at the beginning of his speech, so it wasn't quite so dry." "The children laugh and jape while they wait in the lunchline." About Jape Jape, as a verb, means to make a joke, but you can also use it as a noun. On April Fools' Day you might pull a jape, or a practical joke, on your family. May we suggest filling the bathroom with balloons overnight? Did you know? Jape is an English word that doesn't have a clear etymology from a foreign or ancient language. Chaucer used it in the 14th century in the senses of both trickery and mockery. Then somehow it gained the meaning of sexual intercourse. Most writers stopped using it then for fear of misinterpretation, but jape is still used in literary or formal writing.
  3. DarkRavie

    Fact of the Day

    Fact of the Day - THE GUILLOTINE Did you know... that a guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading? The device consists of a tall, upright frame with a weighted and angled blade suspended at the top. The condemned person is secured with stocks at the bottom of the frame, positioning the neck directly below the blade. And FYI, France didn't stop executing people by guillotine until 1977! (Wikipedia) We think of this beheading instrument as something from the distant past, but the French were using the guillotine up until the same year Saturday Night Fever and Star Wars were released. The last person to be executed by guillotine was Tunisian agricultural worker Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of the kidnapping, torture, and the murder of a woman. He lost his head on February 24, 1977. Interesting Guillotine Facts 1. Guillotine – the name of the decapitation device can be traced back to France during the 1790s and the name became a household word during the French Revolution. 2. Though we believe that France gave the world the guillotine, it is not absolutely true. Guillotine was actually a borrowed concept because similar devices for execution were already in use hundreds of years earlier during the Middle Ages. 3. During the Middle Ages there was a device named ‘Planke’ that was used in Flanders and Germany. Again, there was Halifax Gibbet – a sliding axe that was put to use by the English. 4. However, the inspiration for the guillotine possibly came from Scottish Maiden that was extensively used between 16th century and the 18th century. 5. Some believe that guillotine’s concept came from another Italian device from the Renaissance era that went by the name ‘mannaia’. 6. Historical evidences actually put forward some baffling stuff. Historians say that the French people actually used primitive devices similar to guillotine way before the French Revolution actually started. 7. Though primitive guillotine-like devices were already in use in France, the most used tools for beheading (which was actually a capital punishment) were the axe and the sword, both of which were often very clumsy. 8. Since the sword and the axe turned out to be ineffective tools for smooth beheading, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin – a freemason as well as a French physician came to the government in late 1789 and asked for replacing the sword and the axe with a tool that would be lightning fast and neatly decapitate a person. 9. Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin was very much against capital punishment but since he was in no position of putting an end to it once and for all, he wanted that the beheadings be done in a more humane fashion. 10. Unfortunately, the members of National Assembly declined Dr. Guillotin’s request. Not only was the request rejected, the members of the Assembly actually made fun of Dr. Guillotin and laughed at his proposal. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin - Wikipedia 11. The idea of such tool was once again revived in 1792 but this time it was Charles-Henri Sanson – a public executioner who made the request. 12. Sanson’s request was backed by Academy of Surgeons’ secretary, Dr. Antoine Louis. This time, the request was sanctioned. 13. Once the sanction was in place, Dr. Louis came up with the design of the machine. The first prototype of the machine was then created by Tobias Schmidt – a harpsichord maker of German origin. 14. Tobias started working on the prototype in April 1792 and completed the machine in under 1 week. Once the prototype of ready, the executioner was asked to test it by calves, sheep, corpses etc. The first test run took place on April 17, 1792. 15. It was then time for first human victim. A notorious thief named Nicolas Pelletier was the one selected for live human beheading. Pelletier was known for viciously assaulting his victims. The authorities fed Pelletier to the machine on April 25, 1792. Nicolas Jacques Pelletier 16. Since the machine was designed by Dr. Antoine Louis, it was named as Louisette and some called it Louison. Later the name was changed to guillotine because the idea was initially proposed by Dr. Guillotin. 17. This change in name was completely unexpected for Dr. Guillotin and he never wanted to get his name associated with the killing machine. 18. When in 1790s guillotine hysteria swept through France, Dr. Guillotin tried his best to get as far as possible from the machine. In early 19th century, Dr. Guillotin’s family sent a petition to French government to change the name of the machine. However, this was not accepted and the name continued to be in use. 19. In 1790s France was under the infamous Reign of Terror and many thousands of people who were against the French Revolution found their necks right under the blade of the guillotine. 20. Gradually guillotine beheadings became a public spectacle. Hundreds of people gathered around the stage of execution to watch public beheading using the guillotine. The machine became so popular that songs and poems and even jokes were written on its name. My French Life™ - Ma Vie Française® 21. That was not all! There was actually a restaurant named Cabaret de la Guillotine which was in business mostly because of the spectators who would grab a bite after watching a public beheading. Apart from that there were souvenirs made available for purchase and there was even a program that would read out the list of guillotine victims. 22. Watching guillotine beheadings actually became a daily habit of many people. There was a particular group of women who were known as Tricoteuses (knitting women), who would actually occupy seats right next to the scaffold and watch beheading after beheading and in the time between two consecutive decapitations, they would just sit there and knit. 23. Not just the adults, even the children were so fascinated by guillotine that they actually had miniature guillotines as toys. These toys would be about 2-foot in height with a real blade. 24. These miniature guillotines were fully operational and though they were not big enough to decapitate a human, they were good enough for decapitating dolls and live rodents. Children actually did get involved in such grisly acts as their favorite game. Luckily the toys were later banned in several cities of France to eliminate the possibilities of vicious influence on children. 25. Not just toy guillotines, there were something known as Novelty guillotines. These too were small but instead of being used as toys, they were actually place on dinner tables of upper class people. The only grisly act these guillotines were involved in was chopping down vegetable and breads. And lets not forget they were used to chop the tip off cigars too! ORNATE BRASS METAL GUILLOTINE CIGAR CUTTER 26. People who operated the guillotines enjoyed celebrity status nationwide. They actually had quite some reputation to defend during the French Revolution as the fame of many of these operators actually depended on how quickly they would behead multiple victims and that too pretty neatly. 27. Some executioners actually made guillotine operation a family business. One of the most famous was the Sanson family (see #11). Several generations of the family actually worked as state executioner between the years 1792 and 1847. Two of the most famous victims of the Sanson family were Marie Antoinette and King Louis XVI. 28. There was yet another popular family – the Deibler family. Only the father and son duo were in business since 1879 to 1939. The Deibler family was well-known for their clothing choices while appearing on the scaffold. In fact so popular was their clothing choices that they actually created fashion trends! 29. Not just general public. Even the criminals were pretty much fascinated by guillotine to such an extent that they often had tattoos craved on their bodies with slogans etched on skin that would say which executioner family their heads belonged to. 30. France wasn’t the only country to make use of guillotine. Even Germany under Nazi rule made use of the guillotines to execute people during 1930s and 1940s. Guillotine in the basement of German Reichstag 31. The Nazi installed 20 guillotines across the country and used them to execute around 16,500 men and women during the period extending from 1933 to 1945. Most of the people who were executed by the Nazis using guillotines were either political dissidents or resistance fighters. 32. The French gave the guillotine a nice name. They used to call it as National Razor because it was used for capital punishment. 33. France kept using guillotine till late 1970s. The last person who was put under the National Razor was Hamida Djandoubi – a person convicted of murder. This guy was executed in 1977. That was the last time guillotine was ever used in this world. Its usage stopped because in 1981, France decided to abolish capital punishment forever. 34. Guillotine was definitely an effective killing machine because it severed the head of a victim in just 0.005 seconds. 35. The primary reason for such swift action was the razor sharp blade that was dropped from a height of 226 centimeters or 89 inches. The blade itself was pretty heavy but to make it even heavier, a separate metal weight known as the mouton was added. Guillotine schematic 36. A single person was not actually in charge of making a guillotine. In fact different parts of the machine were manufactured separately by different people like blacksmiths, carpenters, craftsmen and metal workers. The different parts were then carried to the execution site and assembled. 37. Guillotines were never put into mass production. Only a handful of them were produced and installed in key places. Interestingly, the guillotines were actually properties of the executioners and they were put in charge of maintaining the quality of the machines. Each executioner had multiple guillotines that they would cycle between use and maintenance. 38. Since the guillotine was extremely swift, several people asked whether the severed heads retained consciousness or not. Many attempts were made by experts and scientists to figure this out. The debate about severed heads retaining consciousness reached its maximum popularity during 1793. 39. That was the year when an assistant to the head executioner picked the severed head of one of the victims and slapped hard on the face. Claims were made by many spectators that the cheeks of the severed head actually flushed in anger. 40. Many other experiments were conducted the name of the decapitated person was called out loud to see if the eyes of the severed head reacted. Other would simply put the severed head in ammonia or on a candle flame to see if there were any reactions. Some doctors even asked many victims to either blink or keep one of their eyes opened after the execution took place. Source: Facts Legend
  4. Yesterday
  5. Koby

    Free Games Megathread

    https://store.steampowered.com/app/348510/Autobahn_Police_Simulator/ Autobahn Police Simulator is currently free on Steam.
  6. CardGames

    CardGames/AnimeDamage/MegaChamp's Random PS4 Streams

    Hey everyone. With my self isolation approaching the 2 week mark... I've decided to do another Kingdom Hearts 3 stream. There are a couple of reasons for this. The first (and main reason) being that I think I have FINALLY fixed my audio issues so I want to test to make sure these issues have finally been fixed. The other being... well... I'll be honest. I like Kingdom Hearts. I really do. But the more I play this game on my own... the more it becomes clear to me that this game isn't the greatest to stream. There's like... 10 to 20 to maybe 30 minutes of me being able to actually play and then 5 to 10 minutes (sometimes longer) of cutscenes that I have to sit through. The world I'm at is the Frozen one. Another movie I never watched. I've also heard this is the worst world of the game. But I'm also concerned that I would get to easily and to often lost in the Pirates of the Caribbean and Big Hero 6 world(s). So it's either now or never. I'm choosing the former. maybe I can talk about all these game recommendations I've been getting to. lol. That aside I suppose it doesn't matter. I kind of want to stream it again so that's what I'm going to do. As always it's up to the individual on coming to watch it or not. It'll be this Thursday at 5:30 p.m. EST as always. Don't worry. I'll Let It Go. *gets shot at*
  7. CardGames

    What Games Are You Currently Playing?

    Looks like I might be getting into Nier at just the right time again. Just like what happened when I got into Persona. lol. I appreciate the attempt to calm my nerves on difficulty. It doesn't matter much right now though with me having no funds though. So it's something I can try to do when the prevailing circumstances calm down and I (hopefully) obtain another job.
  8. Even though I've been hearing A LOT about these games recently... I've also heard that this specific game ends on a cliffhanger and I don't tend to like those so if I eventually get these games I may wait for the 4th game to be released before getting this one. But I can maybe still try to get 1 & 2. We'll see. lol
  9. DarkRavie

    New Game: What's the Word?

    What's the Word? - ABSTEMIOUS pronunciation: [əb-STEE-mee-əs] Part of speech: adjective Origin: Latin, early 17th century meaning: 1. Not self-indulgent, especially when eating and drinking. 2. Abstaining. Example: "He threw his abstemious diet out the window and indulged in cake on his birthday." "The family was very abstemious, keeping no sugar or junk food in the house." About Abstemious “Abstemius” in Latin is spelled slightly differently from its English counterpart, abstemious, but they mean the same thing. “Ab” means from and “temetum” means alcoholic drink. An abstemious man is one who does not indulge in excessive food or drink. Did you know? There’s a fun trick hidden in the word abstemious. Take a look at the vowels — notice anything? Each vowel appears only once and in alphabetical order. Feel free to use this bit of trivia at your next happy hour.
  10. DarkRavie

    Fact of the Day

    Fact of the Day - KATHMANDU VALLEY Kathmandu valley seen from Palanse, Bhaktapur Did you know... that The Kathmandu Valley, historically known as Nepal Valley or Nepa Valley, lies at the crossroads of ancient civilizations of the Indian subcontinent and the broader Asian continent, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists? There are seven World Heritage Sites within the valley. (Wikipedia) Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage property is inscribed as seven Monument Zones. These monument zones are the Durbar squares or urban centres with their palaces, temples and public spaces of the three cities of Kathmandu (Hanuman Dhoka), Patan and Bhaktapur, and the religious ensembles of Swayambhu, Bauddhanath, Pashupati and Changu Narayan. The religious ensemble of Swayambhu includes the oldest Buddhist monument (a stupa) in the Valley; that of Bauddhanath includes the largest stupa in Nepal; Pashupati has an extensive Hindu temple precinct, and Changu Narayan comprises traditional Newari settlement, and a Hindu temple complex with one of the earliest inscriptions in the Valley from the fifth century AD. The unique tiered temples are mostly made of fired brick with mud mortar and timber structures. The roofs are covered with small overlapping terracotta tiles, with gilded brass ornamentation. The windows, doorways and roof struts have rich decorative carvings. The stupas have simple but powerful forms with massive, whitewashed hemispheres supporting gilded cubes with the all-seeing eternal Buddha eyes. As Buddhism and Hinduism developed and changed over the centuries throughout Asia, both religions prospered in Nepal and produced a powerful artistic and architectural fusion beginning at least from the 5th century AD, but truly coming into its own in the three hundred year period between 1500 and 1800 AD. These monuments were defined by the outstanding cultural traditions of the Newars, manifested in their unique urban settlements, buildings and structures with intricate ornamentation displaying outstanding craftsmanship in brick, stone, timber and bronze that are some of the most highly developed in the world. Criterion (iii): The seven monument ensembles represent an exceptional testimony to the traditional civilization of the Kathmandu Valley. The cultural traditions of the multi ethnic people who settled in this remote Himalayan valley over the past two millennia, referred to as the Newars, is manifested in the unique urban society which boasts of one of the most highly developed craftsmanship of brick, stone, timber and bronze in the world. The coexistence and amalgamation of Hinduism and Buddhism with animist rituals and Tantrism is considered unique. Criterion (iv): The property is comprised of exceptional architectural typologies, ensembles and urban fabric illustrating the highly developed culture of the Valley, which reached an apogee between 1500 and 1800 AD. The exquisite examples of palace complexes, ensembles of temples and stupas are unique to the Kathmandu Valley. Criterion (vi): The property is tangibly associated with the unique coexistence and amalgamation of Hinduism and Buddhism with animist rituals and Tantrism. The symbolic and artistic values are manifested in the ornamentation of the buildings, the urban structure and often the surrounding natural environment, which are closely associated with legends, rituals and festivals. Integrity All the attributes that express the outstanding universal value of the Kathmandu Valley are represented through the seven monument zones established with the boundary modification accepted by the World Heritage Committee in 2006. These encompass the seven historic ensembles and their distinct contexts. The majority of listed buildings are in good condition and the threat of urban development is being controlled through the Integrated Management Plan. However the property continues to be vulnerable to encroaching development, in particular new infrastructure. Authenticity The authenticity of the property is retained through the unique form, design, material and substance of the monuments, displaying a highly developed traditional craftsmanship and situated within a traditional urban or natural setting. Even though the Kathmandu Valley has undergone immense urbanization, the authenticity of the historic ensembles as well as much of the traditional urban fabric within the boundaries has been retained. Protection and management requirements The designated property has been declared a protected monument zone under the Ancient Monument Preservation Act, 1956, providing the highest level of national protection. The property has been managed by the coordinative action of tiers of central government, local government and non-governmental organizations within the responsibilities and authorities clearly enumerated in the Integrated Management Plan for the Kathmandu World Heritage Property adopted in 2007. The implementation of the Integrated Management Plan will be reviewed in five-year cycles allowing necessary amendments and augmentation to address changing circumstances. A critical component that will be addressed is disaster risk management for the property.
  11. Xykan

    Free Games Megathread

    https://register.ubisoft.com/rayman-legends/en-US Rayman Legends is currently free on Ubisoft Uplay.
  12. Xykan

    Free Games Megathread

    https://www.bigfishgames.com/promotions/playaparttogether Big Fish is giving away free games. Enter TOGETHER to redeem each one. https://no-wand-studios.itch.io/the-fall-of-lazarus The Fall of Lazarus is currently free on Itch.io. https://store.steampowered.com/app/436082/Dying_Light__Volatile_Hunter_Bundle/ Dying Light - Volatile Hunter Bundle DLC is free on Steam. https://freebies.indiegala.com/ring-runner-flight-of-the-sages/ Ring Runner: Flight of the Sages is currently free on IndieGala.
  13. Alaia

    Boruto: Naruto Next Generations

    Boruto is pretty ok in my opinion
  14. Koby

    Free Games Megathread

    https://store.steampowered.com/app/1060320/One_Drop_Bot/ One Drop Bot is currently free on Steam.
  15. Cold Steel 3 certainly seems to take much longer to progress while trying to do everything you can during each segment. I'm nearing 20 hours of gameplay and still in the middle of the first chapter during the first field day for Class VII. My characters are around level 15 to 17 and so far all the battles have been a cakewalk. I don't believe I've even had to heal even once during any battle up to this point. Brave Orders is new in this installment and while Crafts certainly seem to be higher cost CP-wise and less effective, BO's really seem to break the battles with their abilities such as the one that makes you fully invincible for 4 turns and any damage an enemy attempts to inflict on you gets reflected back at them. It's been fun thus far, but I'm definitely missing the old Class 7 members.
  16. Koby

    Resident Evil 3 Remake (2020)

    Finally got around to playing the demo... Only took about 15 minutes to run through it though. Knife now no longer has durability as it's unbreakable. This is a good thing considering how much more action is in RE3 than RE2. The new dodge mechanics work nicely for jumping back while firing at zombies in a narrow hall way, but I had mixed results with using it during close combat often resulting in getting bitten trying to utilize the dodge to run past the zombie. Zombies still take several bullets to the head sometimes. I found myself shooting zombies 3-4 times in the head with the pistol before they go down sometimes. Though sometimes a single shot will do a headshot. However using the shotgun a single shot to the chest would take the zombie out for good. So the shotgun will definitely be my best friend as usual in RE games, provided we maintain enough ammo of course. Graphics look as great as ever. Nemesis is still far more terrifying than Mr. X or Jack ever thought about being. Also I threw everything I had at him: two grendades, 3 shotgun blasts, and about 30 rounds from the handgun and nothing seemed to faze him. Luckily it was close to the end of the demo and I was able to run back around and to the place I needed to go with him right on my tail and the demo ended. Otherwise I'm not sure what I'd have done. Honestly based on the demo alone... I can already say that 2 is more my jam and overall going to be better received than 3. RE fans generally prefer the slower horror aspect over the balls to the wall action but oh boy running from Nemesis for a large part of the game is going to be terrorfyingly frustrating I bet. I doubt I'll get through RE3 nearly as quickly as I did RE2 though... and I'm really hoping they go on to remake Code Veronica and some of the other side-games now that 2 & 3 are done.
  17. Last week
  18. Koby

    What Games Are You Currently Playing?

    They just announced that Nier Replicant will be getting remastered too. You heard wrong. There is difficulty settings you can choose and most people play on Nitemare so they can have a "harder" time, but easy and normal modes are an extreme cakewalk. Cold Steel is easy to "break" in the sense that each of them have ways of making yourself near invincible if you go out of your way to do so. Like setting up characters to have 100% Evasion, aka Evade tanks. Or setting up characters to dish out "delay" on enemies so much that they never even get a turn to go before you wipe them out, etc. In Cold Steel 3 they've lessened the ability to become an Evade Tank or extreme Delayer, at least so far from what I've seen, but they've introduced Brave Orders which makes bosses a cake walk. Altina has a Brave Order that makes ALL your party 100% invincible for 4 turns and it reflects the damage back at the enemy so they get hurt with their own attacks.
  19. CardGames

    What Games Are You Currently Playing?

    I kept hearing too much about it and someone told me about a demo and I luckily found it. I played the Nier Automata demo last night. How come no one told me about this game before now? lol. That was probably the most fun I've had playing a game since I played the Final Fantasy 7 Remake. Expect me to to play the full version at some point in the future. Eventually. in a year in 2021. lol Here are some more games I keep hearing about so feel free to try your best to recommend and/or convince me to get them. I already tried looking for some demos for them. Hollow Knight (no demo. It's listed as 8th Hardest Nintendo Switch game so that turns me away. I don't like anything difficult) Trails of Cold Steel games (there's only a demo for the 3rd game. Apparently it's similar to Persona sort of. But I've also heard that this is hard as well) Xenoblade Chronicle games (I keep hearing about these games every so often. No demo either. Not due to Smash Ultimate. But the 'time shenanigans' turns me away because this is what seems to have ruined the Kingdom Hearts series. But I don't know anything about them clearly.)
  20. Predaking-117

    Latest One Piece Manga Dicussion [Spoilers]

    OP is on break next week, but great progress has been made. Kyoshiro makes an appearance and shows his true colors as an ally to Kinemon, as well as saying all the men & weapons they saved up for the big day have not been destroyed. The Raid on Onigashima will proceed as planned! I will say the moment when Luffy, Kidd, & Law jumped onto one of the enemy ships & decimated it was a blast.
  21. DarkRavie

    New Game: What's the Word?

    What's the Word? - MUMMER pronunciation: [mə-mər] Part of speech: NOUN Origin: Old French, 15th century meaning: 1. An actor in a traditional masked mime, especially of a type popular in England in the 18th and early 19th centuries. 2. A pantomimist. Example: "Our trip to England included a theatrical performance by a traditional mummer." "The mummer performed on the corner every day, occasionally receiving donations from the crowd." About Mummer Mummer is thought to be a combination of the Old French verb “momer,” meaning to wear a mask, and the Middle English verb “mommen,” meaning to mutter or be silent. This gives us mummer, or one who practices the art of pantomime. Today you’ll typically find a mime wearing a full face of white paint instead of a mask. Did you know? While pantomime plays featuring mummers as actors reached peak popularity in the 18th and early 19th centuries, some more modern mimes have also gained notoriety. Charlie Chaplin’s Tramp character was a breakout star in silent films. And perhaps the most famous mime, Marcel Marceau, charmed the world as Bip the Clown.
  22. DarkRavie

    Fact of the Day

    Fact of the Day - MUMMIES Did you know... that a mummy is a dead human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions? (Wikipedia) When you think of ancient Egypt, your mind probably summons images of hieroglyphics, pharaohs, and mummified remains. Mummies have been wrapped up in countless creepy myths and exaggerated legends over the centuries, but how much do you really know about their history? I know I was surprised to learn they weren’t even the first culture to embalm and enclose their lost loved ones in the lifelike manner — or the ghastly reason shipping the remains to Europe became popular during the Middle Ages. The Practice Didn't Start In Egypt According to reports from Public Radio International, an ancient South American culture known as the Chinchorro were the first to mummify their deceased loved ones 2,000 years before Egyptians formed their own technique. The Egyptian Process Took 70 Days The Smithsonian Institute explains how a special priest would perform the ritual by reciting prayers throughout the process, starting by removing all of the internal organs. They saved those to either be placed in jars around the body or later, embalm and replace them back inside. They would then use a type of salt called “natron” to remove all the moisture from the body. After making the deceased appear as lifelike as possible by filling in sunken areas with linen and adding fake eyes, they would begin wrapping them with hundreds of yards of linen. Resin was used between the layers of cloth to keep it secure. They Left The Heart In Place Despite removing every other organ, the Smithsonian Institute also revealed that ancient Egyptians would never remove the deceased’s heart as they believed it to be “center of a person’s being and intelligence.” Egyptians Mummified Animals, Too Archaeologists uncovered more than a few critters entombed beside human remain — millions of them, in fact. The History Channel claims that “researchers believe [they] produced more than 70 million animal mummies between 800 BC and 400 AD.” This included cats, birds, cows, frogs, baboons, and countless other creatures who were either personal pets of the deceased or intended as offering or protection for them in the afterlife. They Only Weighed A Few Pounds When unwrapped, a typical mummy would weight just about five pounds, according to EgyptAbout.com. Mouths Were Often Left Open In fact, the British Museum explains how there was a whole ritual known as an “opening of the mouth ceremony.” This required a special tool and was done so the deceased could eat, drink, breathe, and speak in the afterlife, per their beliefs. Mummification Was A Lucrative Business The highly skilled Egyptian embalmers were paid well for their careful work. According to reports from NPR, they even formed trade unions to protect their personal techniques. Remains Were Used In Medicine In The Middle Ages The Smithsonian Magazine revealed the troubling special ingredient many medieval Europeans believed helped cure whatever might ail them: mummy flesh. Grave robbers would travel back from Egypt with remains and sell them to everyone from royals to regular civilians for a pretty penny. Essentially, they were treating any ache or pain by cannibalizing ancient humans. Victorians Held "Unwrapping" Parties Known as “mummy unrollings,” Atlas Obscura explains how folks would gather in the 1800s at the height of “Egyptomania” to watch as their host would slowly reveal a mummy underneath the layers of ancient linen.
  23. DarkRavie

    New Game: What's the Word?

    What's the Word? - SWASH pronunciation: [swawsh] Part of speech: verb Origin: Imitative, 16th century meaning: 1. (of water or an object in water) move with a splashing sound. 2. (of a person) flamboyantly swagger about or wield a sword. Example: "Break out the kiddie pool and let the little ones play and swash in the water." "He loves to watch Olympic fencing as the graceful fighters swash back and forth." About Swash As a verb, swash describes splashing water, but it also applies to a particularly flamboyant swagger, especially while wielding a sword. Just picture Inigo Montoya from “The Princess Bride” — “My name is Inigo Montoya. You killed my father. Prepare to die.” Did you know? The etymology of swash can’t be traced back to a particular language; it’s imitative. That means the word imitates a particular sound, such as the swish-swash of moving water back and forth. You can also call an imitative word an onomatopoeia.
  24. DarkRavie

    Fact of the Day

    Fact of the Day - EVAPORATION Did you know... that evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gas phase? The surrounding gas must not be saturated with the evaporating substance. When the molecules of the liquid collide, they transfer energy to each other based on how they collide with each other. (Wikipedia) Evaporation happens when a liquid turns into a gas. It can be easily visualized when rain puddles “disappear” on a hot day or when wet clothes dry in the sun. In these examples, the liquid water is not actually vanishing—it is evaporating into a gas, called water vapor. Evaporation happens on a global scale. Alongside condensation and precipitation, evaporation is one of the three main steps in the Earth’s water cycle. Evaporation accounts for 90 percent of the moisture in the Earth’s atmosphere; the other 10 percent is due to plant transpiration. Substances can exist in three main states: solid, liquid, and gas. Evaporation is just one way a substance, like water, can change between these states. Melting and freezing are two other ways. When liquid water reaches a low enough temperature, it freezes and becomes a solid—ice. When solid water is exposed to enough heat, it will melt and return to a liquid. As that liquid water is further heated, it evaporates and becomes a gas—water vapor. These changes between states (melting, freezing, and evaporating) happen because as the temperature either increases or decreases, the molecules in a substance begin to speed up or slow down. In a solid, the molecules are tightly packed and only vibrate against each other. In a liquid, the molecules move freely, but stay close together. In a gas, they move around wildly and have a great deal of space between them. In the water cycle, evaporation occurs when sunlight warms the surface of the water. The heat from the sun makes the water molecules move faster and faster, until they move so fast they escape as a gas. Once evaporated, a molecule of water vapor spends about ten days in the air. As water vapor rises higher in the atmosphere, it begins to cool back down. When it is cool enough, the water vapor condenses and returns to liquid water. These water droplets eventually gather to form clouds and precipitation. Evaporation from the oceans is vital to the production of fresh water. Because more than 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by oceans, they are the major source of water in the atmosphere. When that water evaporates, the salt is left behind. The fresh-water vapor then condenses into clouds, many of which drift over land. Precipitation from those clouds fills lakes, rivers, and streams with fresh water. Evaporation on a Farm Water evaporates from a sugar beet field after a summer shower in Borger, Netherlands. Evaporation is a key step in the water cycle. PHOTOGRAPH BY BUITEN-BEELD/ALAMY STOCK PHOTO Source: National Geographic Evaporation facts for kids Kids Encyclopedia Facts (A simple picture explaining the evaporation of water, though in real life you can not see the water, but only steam) Evaporation is when a liquid becomes a gas without forming bubbles inside the liquid volume. If bubbles are formed we are talking instead about "boiling". For example, water left in a bowl will slowly disappear. The water evaporates into water vapor, the gas phase of water. The water vapor mixes with the air. The reverse of evaporation is condensation. When the molecules in a liquid are heated, they move faster. This makes them full of energy and so the particles collide with each other, and eventually they become so far apart that they become a gas. Differences between evaporation and boiling During evaporation only the molecules near the liquid surface are changing from liquid to vapor. During boiling the molecules inside the volume of the liquid are also changing to vapour. For this reason during evaporation no bubbles are formed, instead they are formed during boiling. Evaporation can happen at any temperature, while boiling happens only at a specified temperature called the "boiling point". Evaporation happens slowly, but boiling happens quickly. Rate of evaporation Some liquids evaporate more quickly than others. There are many factors that affect the evaporation rate. The rate of evaporation depends on the liquid's exposed surface area (faster when increased), the humidity of surroundings (slower when increased), the presence of wind (faster when increased) and the temperature (faster when increased). Liquid with high boiling points (those that boil at very high temperatures) tend to evaporate more slowly than those with lower boiling temperatures. Evaporation is a very essential part of the water cycle. Thermodynamics Evaporation is an endothermic process, in that heat is absorbed during evaporation. Applications Industrial applications include many printing and coating processes; recovering salts from solutions; and drying a variety of materials such as lumber, paper, cloth and chemicals. The use of evaporation to dry or concentrate samples is a common preparatory step for many laboratory analyses such as spectroscopy and chromatography. Systems used for this purpose include rotary evaporators and centrifugal evaporators. When clothes are hung on a laundry line, even though the ambient temperature is below the boiling point of water, water evaporates. This is accelerated by factors such as low humidity, heat (from the sun), and wind. In a clothes dryer, hot air is blown through the clothes, allowing water to evaporate very rapidly. The Matki/Matka, a traditional Indian porous clay container used for storing and cooling water and other liquids. The botijo, a traditional Spanish porous clay container designed to cool the contained water by evaporation. Evaporative coolers, which can significantly cool a building by simply blowing dry air over a filter saturated with water. Combustion vaporization Fuel droplets vaporize as they receive heat by mixing with the hot gases in the combustion chamber. Heat (energy) can also be received by radiation from any hot refractory wall of the combustion chamber. Pre-combustion vaporization Internal combustion engines rely upon the vaporization of the fuel in the cylinders to form a fuel/air mixture in order to burn well. The chemically correct air/fuel mixture for total burning of gasoline has been determined to be 15 parts air to one part gasoline or 15/1 by weight. Changing this to a volume ratio yields 8000 parts air to one part gasoline or 8,000/1 by volume. Source: Kiddle Encyclopedia
  25. Antigonius

    Anti rambles about...

    Anti continues the interseasonals with a ramble about Maria Holic!
  26. Jag

    Hello, Everyone

    How did you find Kametsu? I wanted to grab the best version of Steins;Gate I could. After going through my usual search criteria (finding the highest rated blu-ray rip on AniDB then searching for that version on nyaa) it appeared that deanzel's had the most care put into it. As I grab that, I wanted to read the release thread here on the forums. So I'm posting mainly to get to that. What do you think of the place so far? I've only just followed through the new user guide, but I can say at least you guys care about who gets to post here. How active are you planning on being? I'm mostly a lurker. I'll probably look around for things I'm interested in, but I haven't had the time or attention to post on forums in a long time. What are your top five anime? Wow, you came at me with a hard question... Cowboy Bebop and FLCL are tied for my favorite of all time, but I don't know that I can reliably rank anything else. My most fervent wish for new anime is that they would make more No Game No Life, but you can't expect anything long-running out of Madhouse other than Hunter X Hunter. Top five video games? Favorites are EarthBound and Chrono Trigger which probably shows my age. Again, I'm not great at ranking anything, but my most played games are in the Zelda, Half-Life and Dark Souls series. What other hobbies do you have? Mostly computer stuff. I recently got into building Docker containers to run just about anything. Make any graphics? No, my spouse is the artsy one. Do you have any questions for us? Not really.
  27. DarkRavie

    New Game: What's the Word?

    What's the Word? - POTATION pronunciation: [po-TEY-shən] Part of speech: noun Origin: Latin, 15th century meaning: 1. A drink. 2. The action of drinking alcohol. Example: "Sit down and join me for a potation." "A majority of the plans for the bachelor party concerned copious potation." About Potation Head to your favorite watering hole, and order a potation. It’s not a fancy cocktail made by a mixologist; it’s just a drink. Potation is a bit of an old-fashioned term for a beverage, usually alcoholic. Bartender’s choice when you ask for a potation. Did you know? Po-TEY-tion, po-TAH-tion. Actually, potation has nothing to do with potatoes. The Latin verb “potare” means to drink, and that turned into “potation” in Old French and then Middle English. The noun form means a drink, or the action of drinking.
  28. DarkRavie

    Fact of the Day

    Fact of the Day - SIEGE OF PARIS Did you know... that the siege of Paris of 845 AD was the culmination of a Viking invasion of France? The Viking forces were led by a Norse chieftain named "Reginherus", or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. (Wikipedia) Ragnar Lothbrok, the notorious Viking, is still a historical mystery veiled in myths, or even believed to be a collective personage for several different Viking leaders. He is the father of the famous Vikings Björn Ironside, Ivar the Boneless, Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye, Halfdan Ragnarsson, and Ubba. However, history is most certain of one thing. Among all raids led by Ragnar, is the Vikings’ raid of Paris in 845. The adventurous Danish Viking Reginheri after a series of vicious attacks over the region of what was then Frankia and what would be later known as France managed to capture the city of Paris. His steps were followed by other great Viking leaders – Earl Siegfried and Rolf the Ganger. At that time, Paris, a small walled island city on the Seine was the seat of the Frankish king Charles the Bald. After the first siege of Paris, the Frankish continueD to experience attacks from the Norsemen, but would manage to withstand another besieging in 885. (Ragnar Lodbrok. The Dockyards) The First Viking attack on Paris – 845 The year is 845. The city of Paris, situated on the small island Île de la Cité will wake up to the sounds of the city bell. The city was being attacked by the Norsemen who have been scavenging the area for the past 4 years, yet who had never tried taking over the city of Paris. The spring waters of the Seine brought over 120 Viking barques carried the 5000 warriors, under the command of the Danish Viking Reginheri. Before their arrival, they’ve sacked the city of Rouen. Chieftain Raginheri had some score to settle with the Frankish leader. Not so long ago, in 841, King Charles gifted him with lands in Turnholt, where the Vikings could build their settlement, but the Danish Chieftain soon lost the favor of the Frankish king. King Charles, afraid of losing the Abbey of Saint-Denis to the Danes who were coming towards Paris, gathered his army. King Charles the Bald assembled his men, divided them into two garrisons, and ordered them to fortify on the two shores of the river Seine. The tactics of the Frankish leader, however, did not pay off and the Vikings effortlessly destroyed one of the garrisons, and even took prisoners. (Ragnar/Raginheri and Aslaug) On the 28th and 29th of March, the Danes without much resistance or even need of a siege took over Paris. The fate of these 111 souls who the Norsemen captured when battling the garrisons was too sealed. Their lives were sacrificed to the might of the Northerners’ god, the all mighty Odin. The Price of Peace The Frankish King Charles, afraid for the safety of the citizens of Paris and his own skin offered a tribute to Chieftain Raginheri. The freedom of Paris was worth 7000 livres of silver and gold. Raginheri wanted revenge for the deeds of the Frankish king who paid the substantial amount. After the withdrawal of Raginheri from the city some villages along the coast were still pillaged, that including the holy Abbey of Saint-Denis, which the king wanted to protect so much. The same year, the Vikings' King Horik and his men ravaged the archbishopric city of Hamburg. The king of East Frankia sent his count Cobbo as a diplomat to resolve the issue with the Vikings and made a peace treaty with the Danish king. As Raginheri returned to King Horik who was his superior, he explained the ease with which he entered the city yet lost many men to the plague at Saint Germain in Paris. King Horik, afraid the plague was a curse for the Vikings’ attack on the Abbey, ordered the execution of those raiders who survived and freed the captured Christian. During the 860 many of the villages around Paris and the city itself again suffered pillaging and ravaging attacks from the Norsemen. The King of West Frankia – Charles died in 877 and left the city in a chaotic state. As a result, several different rulers’ unsuccessfully reigned for short periods and all failed to create a defense against the raging Vikings. At last, in 884, the King of Germany and Italy Charles the Fat took the throne of Frankia. One year later, the river Seine once again carried Norsemen under the command of Earl Siegfried the Sinric. That time, the boats of the Northerners brought along another of their fiercest warriors, Rolf the Ganger, or Rollo. He raided the region of Neustria from 877. The legends said he was so big no horse could carry him and thus, he received his nickname The Walker. This time, however, the Franks had learned their lessons and spent the last years improving their defense system in expectation of the next Vikings’ attack. Count Odo, son of Robert the Strong, followed his father’s example and took it upon himself to continue the fortification of Paris. (Alongside the river, he erected the defensive tower Grand Châtelet and two bridges, both with defensive towers on each end. Thus, in 885, the city of Paris was this time prepared to face the attack of the Vikings.) The Second Viking Siege of Paris 885-886 (The great army of Vikings, possibly around a few thousand men, gathered in Rouen under the command of Siegfried the Sinric. Rouen, still remembering the last Vikings’ raid chose to surrender in order to avoid any harm.) The Vikings first demanded tribute from Count Odo the Protector of Paris, who refused. Siegfried then decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine. Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Vikings’ barques to pass the towers and reach the city of Paris. The towers themselves were heavily guarded by men of Count Odo, his brother Robert, and few other Parisian royals. In late November the same year, the Danes asked for another tribute, which was again denied. In response, they began their attack on the Grand Châtelet on the right bank. The Norsemen used mangonels and catapults to hurl large pieces of stone and javelins, and started to climb the walls but the defenders poured boiling oil and wax on them. At sundown the Vikings ceased their attempts and regrouped, the Parisians used the night and rebuilt their tower. After seeing the renewed tower the next morning, the Danes concentrated on taking down the city gates, again with no success. Following the coming of the night, the Vikings crossed the river and made a camp on the opposite bank and continued building siege weapons. Next day, they renewed their efforts, throwing something similar to grenades and trying to take down the tower and enter the city. The siege of the Vikings continued for 2 months, during which they made incredible efforts and tactics in order to enter the city and scavenged the lands for provisions. In February 886, the Vikings made an attempt to take down the wooden bridge by setting it on fire with burning boats, again with no success. However, the bridge’s weakened support got destroyed by the flood and debris after a heavy rain. With the bridge’s tower and its defenders left isolated, it was an easy target. Since the Parisian warriors who were fortified inside refused to give themselves up peacefully, the Danes killed them once the tower was stormed. Tired of standing in one place, the Vikings separated into groups, leaving some to continue the siege, while others went on and pillaged the nearby lands. This gave count Odo the opportunity to send for help, and soon the Vikings that were still holding the siege were attacked from the back. Earl Siegfried, knowing his men were weary and weakened asked one more time for a small tribute of around 60 pounds of silver and left the siege in April. (Statue of Rollo in Falaise) The Vikings who maintained the siege were Rolf the Ganger and his men. After several clashes with the Parisians, the Vikings managed to capture and kill Count Henry of Saxony and made another attempt to take the city in the summer but were again repulsed. The Imperial Army, the hope of Count Odo, arrived in October and quickly scattered the Norsemen and put an end to the siege. King Charles and his imperial army instead of hunting the Norsemen down, sent them sailing up Yonne to the revolting Burgundy and promised them 700 livres for dealing with the revolt, which he paid upon their return in 887. The Beginning of the Norman Dynasty The Vikings sailed back to their land, but again in 911 Rolf returned to the lands of Frankia with the intent to raid and sack. However, Charles the Simple negotiated with Rolf, made him a count and married him to his daughter Gisela and gave him the city of Rouen. He later divorced Gisela and remarried his former wife Poppa. The County of Rouen later , around the 11th century became the Duchy of Normandy and the dynasty of Rolf continued ruling the lands and expanding their territories.
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